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tory of a friend, in the greater part ceived the most polite and favourof the incidents of whose life I able answer polille. My friend have participated.

was appointed to the post in the “ Uncertain for some time whe beginning of April 1768, and set ther I should accept the appointe out for Hanover on the isth of ment of chief physician to the king July following. of England at Hanover, which had “I fondly hoped that his depar. become vacaut by the death of M. ture would be the era of his en. Wer hoff, I had inquired of M. trance upon a more bappy career, Zimmerinan what he would do in and felicitated myself as having case it should be offered him, and contributed to his establishment : I understood by his answer that he but I was soon fadly undeceived. would accept it with plealure. The carriage in which himself and When I had refused it notwithstand his family travelled was overturned ing the intreaties of Haller, who, at the gates of Hanover ; his mocharged with the commission of ther-in-law broke her ieg; and this offering it to me, had used his accident rendered unhappy the first utmost endeavours to induce my moments of their abode. A few acceptance of it, I proposed to him days after his arrival he lost the lord to recommend M. Zimmerman, of the regency most attached to who was influenced by none of those him. The disorder of which I reasons that had induced me to de. have already mentioned that he cline it: Haller refused. I believe had experienced the first attacks at I have before mentioned that these Brug, continued to increase, and two gentlemen were not such good was accompanied with such acute friends as they ought always to pains as rendered the exercise of have been; and all I could obtain his duty sonietimes painful to him. of Haller was, to say that I had The jealousy of a colleague, now no thought of M. Zimnierman; and more, brought upon him a multithat was not sufficient. By direct. tude of those trifling irritations ly thanking M. de Munchausen, I which if he had enjoyed good health thought I could mention him myhe would not have felt, but which felf; it was easy to support my re- the state of his nerves rendered alcommendation by strong reasons; most insupportable. Several per. and beside this, I did not recom sons vainly considered that he ought mend a person wholly unknown. to do anything to gain their good I also addressed myself to the Ba- will, and wished to have hina conron de Waimoden, now field mar. tinually with them. Women shal of the king's armies, who, who have drank coffee with king though out of administration, and • George the Second persuade themnon-reldent at the time, had over • felves that I ought to be as much public affairs all that influence 6 at their command as I should which ability, personal considera "have been at his.'— They wilhed tion, and connexions with capable to make him their flave, and that ministers, will always produce; was a part for which he was not lastly, I interested in his favour the at all calculated. He knew it was Baron de Hochstetten, with whom for the disorder, and not for the I had the honour of being acquainte patient, to regulate the number ed, and who was himself very inti. and the hours of the phyfician's vi. mately connected with M. de fits, and he always conducted himself Munchausen, from whom I re- upon this principle, but persons


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whole caprices he thus thwarted conditions, to come to pass the
did not (as may be fupposed) take fummer at the baths of Willemsbad
much pains to render his abode near Hanau ; which he refused,
agreeable. The health of his wife, because he knew that he should
which always depended upon his not enjoy there, any more than at
own, broke rapidly; that of his Pyrmont, the repose which his own
children, which had never been state of health so strongly demand-
strong, did not improve. He of. ed. .
ten wrote to me from Hanover, as - But if at Hanover M. Zim-
he had done from Brug, Save my merman found some persons ill in-
• wife, or rather fave mysell; fave clined towards him, he found also
• these children that are dearer to friends of great merit and amiable
e me than life;' and each of his conduct in both sexes. I think
letters caused me very sincerely to that at the head of these he always
regret having contributed to his placed M. de Walmoden (who was
removal. Happily, the confi. constantly giving him proofs of his
dence of the public drove him attachment), M. Stube, secretary
into continual occupation, which is of state, and Mad. de Doering his
the surest protection against trou- fifter, whose mind and virtues he
bles of the mind. The patients of has so well described, and whose
Hanover, the consultations of all friendship performed for him in the
the north, and the patients who end every thing that could be ex-
came in person to consult him, pected of it. His correspondence
drew him from his melancholy; all with his absent friends, who were
his hours were taken up; he paff. numerous, continued to be one of
ed whole months in full occupa. the pleasures of his life.”
tion. The greatest relaxations he "The pleasure which I received
knew were in some vifits to princes from his letters was perpetually
who desired his advice in cases of damped, as I have already laid, by
great importance, and whom he expressions of his uneasiness, and
never quitted without having in- especially from the end of 1769 by
spired them with as much attach- the melancholy occasioned by the
ment as eftecm; and in several declining health of his wife, whom
journeys to Pyrmont, where he pasl. he had the misfortune to lose on
ed part of the water season, which the 23d of June, 1770. The por.
was of service to him for the first trait he has drawn of her is ex.
and second year; but which after tremely interesting: Leave me
wards acted as tonics so often do to myself! I exclaimed a thou-
upon irritable persons: they caused 'sand times to my surrounding

• friends,' &c. This loss overcame " Another reason, however, hin, and his disorders increased would have been sufficient to make every day; he described most mihiin leave off his vists; he did not nutely the seat and the progress of find there the repose that he want. his pains, and requested of me, as ed: all the patients wished to have of his other friends in whom he his advice; many came there on placed any confidence, means of his account only; and this was so cure, which I was far from being well known, that in 1780 the he. able to give him. I saw clearly a reditary prince, now landgrave, of local disorder, but I could not ima. Heffe Cassel, invited him, at the gine what it was: I referred him same time offering very agreeable to some skilful surgeon; but there


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he fent me of her, several years af. come and pass a few months in the ter they had been married.”

summer at St. Petersburg, because " It was at this period that he me wished to be personally ac. resumed his great work on Soli- quainted with him. His letier to • tude,' which was his favourite the empress was full of expres. performance, near thirty years af. fions of gratitude; but he wrote ter he published his first eflay. It to M. de Grosse that he feared be is in four volumes; the two first could not undertake the journey of which appeared in 1784, and without endangering his health, the two last in 1786. There is a though, if her majesty continued to translation of it, or rather of part desire it, he would undertake it. of it, in French, in one fmall vo. The empress dispensed with it in lume Svo."

the most gracious manner by writ. “ His work upon Solitude was ing to him, that she did not with received with great éclat, not only ' his health Mould suffer on acin Germany, but wherever German count of the pleasure the should js read, and procured him a corre. "experience from the journey.' This (pondence which gratified him ex: correspondence lasted fix years, till tremely; I mean that of the em. the commencement of 1791, when press of Ruflia, to whom the book the empress dropped it all at once. had been fent without his know. The ordinary subjects of their let. ledge: it was not indeed to be ex. ters were politics, literature, and pected that he should think of ofa philosophy. All those of the fering to tich a sovereign a work empress contain the not clevatwhich so well paints eie happiness 'ed sentiments, and every mark of to be enjoyed in retirement from an amiable mind.' Phyfic was never the world. That princess, how. once mentioned; but she often said ever, was so well pleased with it, to him, and seemed to wish him to that the determined herself to send say in public, that her health her thanks to the author. The was good, and did not coft her 26th of January 1786, a courier thirty sols a year. She, however, from M. de Groffe, envoy from Rur. caused it be proposed to him, with. Gia to Hamburgh, brought M. Zime out appearing in it herself, to esta. merman a small box containing a blish himself at St. Petersburg as ring fet with diamonds of extraor. her first phyfcian; and he was of. dinary Gize and beauty, with a gold. fered a falary of 10,000 roubles. en niedal, bearing on one side the When he had refused the offer, the figure of the empress, and on the desired him to procure young phy. other the happy reform of the Ruf- ficians and surgeons for her arinies. fian monarchy. That princess had and for those towns of the empire also added a note in her own hand that were in want of them; fevewriting, containing these remark- ral of those he sent have become able words: “Tu M. Zimmerman, rich and happy; and, in gratitude • Counsellor of State, and Phyfi. for the service he had rendered the •cian of his Britannic Majesty, to state, she sent to him the cross of • thank him for the excellent pre. the order of Wladomir; another * cepts he has given mankind in time the sent him two elegant • his book upon Solitude.' This note golden medals, ftruck in honour of was accompanied by a letter from M. Orloff, upon account of the M. de Grosse, who proposed to plague at Moscow, and the destruchim, by the deure of the empress, to tion of the Turkish fest.

" In the journey which Zim- and town to which he had devoted merman made to Berlin he had a hiinself, as well as of all the north long audience with the king at of Europe." Potzdam; of which audience he “ It was precisely at this epoch narrated the principal circumstances that a train of troubles began, which to a friend, who seems to bave com. had two different causes, and which municated his letter to fome incona embittered the latter years of this fiderate person, and it was publishe excellent man's life. et mutilated and falsified, without “ His letter upon his presentathe knowledge of the author; who, tion to the king in 1771 had been however, had it printed again after criticised with the greatest severity, his journey to Potzdam in 1786.” and the gentleman who caused it

M. Zimmerman arrived at to be printed without the author's Potzdam on the 230 June, and re. consent certainly did wrong. His mained there till the i1th July; account of his journey in 1786, he immediately perceived that there which it was natural enough to were tid hopes of restoring the king; publishi, but which contained seve. and he took care not to fatigue an ral episodes, and among them one irritable and weakened body by upon the irreligion of the people active remedies, that would have of Berlin, which irritated, or servaugmentel its weakness, and occa ed as a prétext to persons who fioned violent symptoms, without wished to be irritated, was still producing any poflible good effect. more severely scrutinized. Fickie Upon his return to Hanover he gave minds are displeased when they can a history of his journey, which is only smile and Nut the book. This replete with interesting facts, and is was a cause of trouble to him; but still read with pleasure. Of this did not prevent him from employ. performance there are two French ing himself upon other works, of trandations."

which the same hero was the ob“In 1788, when the king of jeet. He forgot that to write the England was ill, the Hanoverian history of a king during the life of miniftry sent him to Holland, that his cotemporaries is to write it too he might be nearer London, in case foon, and that those only who nehis presence should become neces. ver knew, are permitted to praise fary there. He remained at the him." Hague ten days, and did not leave “ The second cause of his vexait till all danger was over. To be tions at this time was his love for invited by one king who knew religion, humanity, and good or, mankind so well; to be sent by a der; and it was this that inflicted ministry, who for twenty years had the mortal stroke." witnessed his ability, into Holland, [Dr. Tissot, in this part of his to be there ready to succour another work, details Dr. Zimmerman's king attended by physicians of the account of the secret order of the first reputation, afforded new and Illuminated : a fect, the object of striking testimonies to his reputa- which, he had persuaded himself, tion as a medical man; flattered was to destroy the Christian religibim extremely, and made him feel on, and to overthrow every throne that delightful sensation which is and every government.] naturally consequent on public "A correspondence soon com.. esteem. He was beloved, and en- menced between M. Zimmerman joyed the confidence of the prince and a great number of persons who


faw and thought as he did; but, ploy the measures which he (M.' although this correspondence gave Zimmerman) had recommended; him infinite satisfaction, it never- and farther, that, in order to extend theless impaired his force.

their influence, the affair should be “ Among these correspondents represented to the diet of Ratisbon he met with one of whom he no as an object which demanded the more thought while writing the most serious deliberation." • Memoirs of Frederic,' than he “ M. Zimmerman was, without had thought of the empress of Rufe doubt, much flattered by receiving fia when writing his treatise on marks of approbation from fo en. • Solitude.'. In 1791 he received lightened a judge; but this cirsome very pressing letters from M. cumitance constituted but a small Hoffman, a man of great learning, portion of the pleafure wbich he and professor of eloquence at Vic experienced from the emperor's let. enna, who appeared very zealous ter. To form a juft idea of this for the cause of good order, pro- pleasure, it is necessary to imagine posed establishing a journal for its that we behold a man very indus: defence, and requested directions, triously and almost solely employed advice, and materials. TI. Zin- for several years past, in discover merman was very pun&tual in an. ing the sources, exposing the dan(u'ering him; and in several letters ger, and endeavouring to point out hinted at means to be employed by expedients to prevent the dreadful the princes for supprefling these consequences of a scourge fallen on new revolutionists. In a short time the earth, of which he had already M. Hoffnan informed him that the feen millions of vi&tims, and the emperor (Leopold II.) patronised ravages of which extended withi his journal, and was determined to astonishing rapidity ; who had not exert his utmost authority to crush till then had the least success, who the league. Thus informed of the had made a multitude of enemies sentiments of this prince, M. Zini. by his courage and perseverance, merman thought it proper to ad. but who at last fees the greatest dress to him a memorial, in which monarch in Europe adopt his ideas, he explained all he knew of the 'thank him for bis zeal, approve his principles of the sect, and the dan. measures, and put his own hand to ger of it, with the best methods of the execution of the work. But preventing its faral consequences. after having participated with M: This memorial was presented the Zimmerman in his gratification, let beginning of February, and on the us conceive what he felt when, a 28th he received a letter in which few days after, he was informed of the emperor testified his approba. the unexpected death of the emcion of the work, and presented peror, accompanied with very myf. him with a mark of his gratitude: terious circumstances. It is eafy to it was a box set in diamonds, with imagine what a severe stroke this his cypher. A letter from the per- sudden death of his patron must son whom he had employed to pre- have inflicted upon his susceptible sent his work, and with whom the mind. emperor had converfed concerning “M. Hoffman, having loft his it, entered into very minute details protector, was persecuted by his relative to the intentions of that enemies, who compelled him to prince, and declared that Leopold abandon his journal, the first works was resolved immediately to em- of the kind that had opposed the


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