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fions of Dependence;" "TheCount de Santerre, by a Lady, in 2 Vols;" "The Orphan of Bollenbach, or Pblyc3rp the Adventurer;" "The Mytterious Wife, bv Gabrielli, in 4 Vols;" "The Church of St. Siffrid, in 4. Vols;"." Azemia, a Defcriptive and Sentimental Novel, by J. A. M. Jenks, in 2 Vols;" "jocelina, or the Reward of Benevolence, bv IfaSella Kelly, in 2 Vols;" "The Caftie of Bucktholme,, in 3 Vols;" "Miliftina, or the Double Intereft, in 2 Vols;" "Count Donamar, tranflated from .the German, in 3 Vols;" "Advertifcni'nr fcr a Hufband, in 2 Vols;" " The Orphans of Snowdon, by Mifs Guuning, in 3 Vols;" "The Spoiled Child, by Mrs. H well, in . Vols;" "Dif, obeiiienrr. by the Author of Plain Strife, in 2 Vols;" "Henry bomimrviiie, a 'Tale,in 2 Vols; "The Days of Chivalry, in 2 Vols;"

"The Irifh Heirefs, in 3 Voh?" "Percy, or the Friends;" "Lo»e at firfl Sight, vvdt«rtd from the French, by Mri. Gunning, in i Vols;" " Edmund and Eleonora, or Memoirs of the Houfesof Somcnerfield and Gratton, by E. Marfhall, A.M. in 2 Vols;" "Phedora, or the Foreft of Minfki, by Mary Charlton, in 4. Vols;" "Edmund of the Foreft, in 4 Vols;" "The Sorrows of Edith, or the Hermitage of the Cliffs, by Mrs. Burke, in 2 Vols;" "TheHiftory of Sir George Warrington, or the Political Quixote, bv the Author of the Female Quixore, in 3 Vols;" "-Rofe Cecil;" "The Governefs, or Courtland Abbey;" " Ifidoraof Galiicia, by Mrs. Hugill, in 2 Vols;" "Bungay Caftie, by Mrs. Bonhote, in a Vols;" and "The Cootradiaion, by the Rev. W. Cole."

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FOREIGN LITERATURE

Of the Year 17 97.

IN our fliort and imperfect Catalogue of the Foreign Literature of the Year 1797, we have very few articles to inlert belonging to the Ruffian Empire. At Riga, Mr. Herder has pubiifhed two treatifes in Theology, in which his wellknown ab.lities and liberality appear to eminent advantage. The firft is entitled "of the Redeemer of Men, according to our three firft GofpehV' and the fecond, which completes his defign, "of the Son of God, the Saviour of the World, according to the Gofpel of John, &c." The object of the author is, to affift the unprejudiced in difiinguifhing fact from fi&ion, and to folve the queftions, What are the Gofpels? What is Chriftianity? What was it in the beginning? What is it to us f In profecuting it, Mr. Herder rejects all dogmatifm and myfticifm, and lias afforded fuch a practical view of our religion, as may be read with pleafure and profit by every rational believer. We cannot, however, furmife what were the grounds on which the author built his hypothefis, that Mark was neither an epitomifer of Matthew, nor a compiler from him and Luke, but that he wrote his gofpel before either of them, and adhered more clofely to the moil ancient Hebrew gofpel, to which the others nude additions.

—At the fame place, M. H. Storch has pubiifhed the fecond volume of his valuable collections on the fubjecrt of the hiftory of Ruffia, and given to his work the title of "An Hiltnrico-ftatifhcal Picture of the Ruffian Empire at the Clofe of the Eighteenth Century." From his long refidence in Ruffia, and travels into its remotefl parts, and from the documents to which he has had accefs, we may entertain the expectation that our author will be enabled to give us a full and interefting account of that country.— "Catherine the Second at the Bar of Humanity," fhted to be pubiifhed at Peterfburgh, is a fhort, but fpirited (ketch of the.principal features of that extraordinary woman, and the principal tranfaclipns of her reign, which the author ha« brought forwards in order to determine, in what point of view the philanthropic fliould confider Catherine, and whether hecanjuftly give her the name of Great? A fufficient knowledge of Ruffim politics, manly fentiment, and ftric^ impartiality, mark our author's pages, and induce him, with great juftice, in our opinion, to decide the quefiion in the negative.—At Peterfburgh, a fp endid edition of "the Poems of Anacreon" has been pubiifhed, in the original Greek, accompanied with a Ruffian tranflation. tranflation.— AtRig3,Mr.Fr.Schu!z has publiflied the rirft volume of " a Selection of Mifcellaneous Maxims, for the ufe of thofe who know the World, or who wifh to know it, with a German Tranflation." The pieces which form this collection, are chiefly extraifisd from D'Agueffeau, D'Alembertj Bellegardi;, Crebillon the younger, Duclos, Fontenelle, Pafcal, Roufleau, and Voltaiir.

The firft work which we have to announce in Swedilii literjiure, is fhe tixteeirh volume of the" Tranfaftions of tiie Rova! Swedifli Academy," Part I.—rV. publiflied at Stockholm. Tliis volume contains feveral valuable papers in mafheniatics, natural hiftotv, and mechanics, by Mi-'flrs. Schiceter, Ol. Swartt, Modeer, Achard, Swederus, Lidbeck, and Vke-admhal Chapman. The communications Of the latter are iir.ted in the foreign Reviews to be of very great importance to the fcience of fhip-buiiding.—At the fame place have appeared "New Tranfa&ions of the Roval Academy of Sciences, for the'Year 1756," Parts !.—IV. To this volume, like wife, vice-admiral Chapman ha1; contributed a valuable eflay en the bed form for anchors, the proper proportion of their par:?, and the weight they flionld have in a fliip of a given fize. Of the other fcientific papers which it contains, the moft important belong to- the he-jds of aftronomy, natural hiftory, and anatomy; and were communicated by M. O. von Acrel, M. Profperin,'M. Schrccter, M. L. Nordnwrk, Dr. Melanderhielro, Mr. S. CEdnv. n, M. P. N. von f^edda, and M. J. L. Odhelius. Among the curious articles which it piefents to 01s, is adrfcrip'.ion of a man, born •without immls, ai ms, feet, or legy, ■vrh'. caa write, carve wood, draw,

paint, turn, make watches, ice. and who has acled as counfe.lor ia fevernl caufes.—The fourth and fifth volumes of the u TranfaQtons of the Royal Academy of Belles Lettres, Hiftory, and Antiquities,'* publiflied at the fame, place, among other lefs important artkles,fpcecbes on the creation of member*, and biographical notices, contains a curious eflay on the origin and names of the celeftial confteliations, bjr Dr. Melanderhielm, intended to prove that the Hindoos were the inventors of aftronorny; an anfwer in the -tfinnative to the qaeftion, whether we can form any certain judgment of the manners oiF a people from the decline or flourifhing of the fine arts among them? bjr_ A. G. biifverftolpe; Remarks on the •Situation and State of the Fiimifts Nation, at the Time when it was fii ft reduced under permanent Subjeftion to bweJen, by Prof. H. G. Porthan; Hiftory of. Belles Lettres among the Romans, by F. H. Eberh.irdt; and an Enquiry into the Antiquity of Gunpowder in ^general, and in Sweden in particular, bvM. f. Murberg.—At Stockholm, likewife, Dr. C. W. Liideke has publiflied fhe feventh volume of his curious and iuttrefting "General Archive of Swedifti Literature, under the Reign of Guftavus III." noticed in the department of our Regifter for the year 170,5—-At the fame place, M. Olarve Agrel, who was formerly fecretary to the Svredifli conftilate at Morocco, has publiflied " Letters on Morocco, ftc.** which appear to turniih authentic information refpecVing the pi eftm ffott, policv, manners, dec. of that empire, written in a lively and interetting manner. On his -way odt the author ("pent feme time at Gibraltar, and other parts of Spain, of which he gives a brief account.

At

—At Wexio, Dr. Olave Wallavift, bifhop of that fee, has publiQied ** A Sketch of a Manual of Promotion to ecclefiaftical Offices,'with biftorical Remarks on the Laws and Cuftoms refpecting itfince the Reformation," which will give full information to thofe who wifh to be acquainted with the modes of obtaining church dignities in Sweden. With refpect to the ftate of literature in Denmark, our information ■ftill continues exceedingly fcanty. Wt hope that the paucity of DiuiiQi productions (for few indeed have ve met with, or heard of > is not to be attributed to refkictions which ( rumour reports to have taken place in that country on the liberty of the prefs. The circumftances which we mentioned when noticing Mr. Cramer's publication, in our but volume, wnuai feem, however, to countenance fuch a report. If it be well founded, the meafure has originated in a thort li^hteJ policy, incomputable with the liberal views which for feme years paft have appeared to actuate the Danifh government, and will ultimately defeat iisown ends.—At Copenhagen, M. C J. R. Chriftiaui, German preacher to the court, lias puhiifhed a work entitled "Eflays for the Improvement cf Mankind, &c." confifting of valuable treatifes, partly written by the editor, and partly J>y Venturini, Marezoll, and others, the object of which is to diflemiuate knowledge bv promoting and recommending regular fyft.ms of education for youth. It fhonld feem tbat M. Chriftiani is at the head of art infiitutiou at Copenhagen, in which the principles developed in tbcfe efTay> are carried into practice, with no fmall degree of reputation to the worthy tutor.—At the fame place, M. Chev. de Hauch lias pubLfljfid "Elements- oi experimental

fhyfics;" which are fpoken of as forming a judicious and ufefui work, comprehending the moft modern difcoveries in phyfics and cheroiftry.—In tliis department of oUr Regifter for the year 179a, we had the opportunity of announcing the firft part of an important work entitled "Symbolse Botanicae, &c. or more accurateDefcriptions chiefly cf Plants, collected by P. ForlkaoJ, in his Travels in the Eaft, &c." publifhed by profeflbr Vahl. During the prefent year the third part has made its appearance, and is fpoken of in high terms of approbation by the foreign journalifts. Of the date of the fecond part of the fame work, we have not been able to obtain any information. At Copenhagen hath appeared "An Alphabetical Index to the corrected and enlarged Edition of FabriciuVs Syftern of Entomology, containing the Orders, Genera, and Species^* which is faid to be on a good plan, and well executed. —At Kiel, profeffbr Olivarius has commenced a refpeftable periodical work, of which a' number is to appear once in three months; intended to prefent the public with a regula» account of the ftate of literature, &c. in the north of Europe. Its title is " Le Nord Litteraire, rhyiique, Poin tique, et Morale."

On turning our view towards the Bativian republic, we ftill find our materials for a Ikttch of Dutch literary productions very limited and imperfect. At Amfterdam, thefociety for promoting the general weal has publifhed two "Prize Effays concerning the Duties of a worthy •Mafter and Miftrefs of a Family in common Life, with Remarks on the CauHs of the little Happinefx apparent in many Houfeholds," a-* hounding in fcnfible and judicious advice, that may prove uft-ful in correcting correifting errors and bad management in the domeftic relations.—At the fame place, the above fociety have publiflied "Prize Eflays on the Defects of the lower Schools;" and "on the bed Theory of RewardsandPuniflimentsin Schools;" which are particularly adapted to the circumftanees and regulations of the new republic, but afford hints that may contribute to the improvement of fchools, and fcholaftic difcipline, in other countries.—At Leyden, M. Voorda has publiflied "twenty-eight Decades of controverfial Theles," on various fubjeets in jurifprudence.—In this department of our annual labours for the year 1788, we introduced to our readers the firft volume of M. Sepp's " Wonders of God contemplated in the moft minute Creatures, or the Infefts of the Netherlands defcribed, &c. " publiflied at Amfterdain. We have now to announce the completion of the third volume of that arduous and beautiful work, publiflied at the fame place, which comprifes the firft and fecond clafles of Papilio?, and the firft and fecond clafles of Phaleirec. —At the i*me place hath appeared "An Account of the laft-Revolution of the United Provinces," which is reprefented to be a faithful and well written narrative of that event.—At the fame place, M. J. H. van Swinden has publiflied ** An Eulogy on P. Nieuwland, read in the Society Felix mentis." The fubje£t of this warm and elegant eulogy, who died at the age of thirty, was a perfon of extraordinary genius and talents, which pointed him out as 3 proper perfon to fill the chair of profeflbr of natural knowledge, the higher mathematics, civil and military architecture, hydraulics and aftronoiriy, at Leyden. It appears that the f" »ties of his office were difcharged

by him with eminent reputation, while he occafioi.ally diftinguiflied himfclf by works of fancy and tafte.—At Dordrecht, M. Hceuflt has publiflied a paraphraftic Latin verfion, '^Anacreonti quae tribuuntur Carminum," which rs not deftitute of merit, although the elegiac meafure chofen by the author is not the beft adapted to convey the fpirit of the light effufions of hi-: original.—At Rotterdam, M. Henry Collot d'Efcury has publiflied a volume of "Juvenile Poems,'' in Latin, which are faid to reflect creuit on his genius and claflical attainments.—At Amfterdam hath appeared a volume of "Oriental Apologues and Tales, by the Abbe Blanchet," well known by his fingulari'ies, humour, and extreme fenfibility; which are told in a manner that will entertain and pleafe the reader. Many of them have appeared, in different forms, in other publications; and f >me are translated from the Englifli.

Among the productions of Germany, for the year 1797, in Biblical Literature and Criticifm, we meet with the "Academical Lectures of Sam. Fred. Nathan Moras, on the Interpretation of the New Teftament, prepared for the Prefs, with a Preface, and Additions, bv H. C. Abr. Eichrtadt, P. D." vol. I. publiilied at Leipfic. Profeflbr Morus's Leftures were a kind of free comment on Ernefti, and defervedly obtained for the author a high degree of reputation, on account of the extenfive erudition and critical acumen difplayed in them. From the fpecimen before us, the editor appears well qualified to deliver them to the world in a manner not unworthy of their refpettable author. —At the fame place, M. C Aug. Hempel has publiflied-" Explanatory Lectures pn thethree Epiftles of John, with a new Latin Paraphrafe on them," by the fame author.

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