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pally of his conversations with M. celebrity, M. Zimmerman was not. Hirzel and Gefner the poet, as well the less unhappy; and perhaps 3s that which I received from him his celebrity made him feel the in 1775, soon after he had been more sensibly, that the theatre on with the famous Schonpach, breathe which he was placed was not capaan air of the utmost gaiety, and cious enough for the energies of are full of that kind of writing his mind: to which may also be which the English call bumour; of added another cause of melanchowhich other nations have so little ly. He began to feel the first at. knowledge, that they have not tacks of that diforder, which aftereven a term of language by which wards, in the year 1771, obliged to express it. '

him to go to Beriin. The confi. “ In 1765 he was sent for to dent of all his complaints, I was Soleure, to attend one of the prin continually occupied with the cipal women in that city ; and no means of procuring for him a fitu. sooner was 'he known than he was ation that might be more agreeearnestly requested to settle there. able to him, a talk by no meanis The late Advoyer Glutz, a man of easy. The same disposition of the great merit, with whom he be- nerves that makes us feel so quick. came acquainted at Schintznach, ly the least trouble, and produces a and who was afterwards one of the desire of change, causes also that chiefs of the state, made the pro- irresolution and timidity which pogtion to the council, which was makes all change alarming. M. first to take cognizance of it; and Zimmerman's health has been beit was agreed to. But this council fore mentioned, but I must speak was not absolute; and those whom of it again. It has so great an inthe measure displeased artfully in- Anence over the manner of seeing, terpofed religion as an obstacle in of judging, and of deterinining, the way. They asked, "Would a that in many cases man becomes • protestant physician inform the inexplicable if it be not known. • fick of their danger foon enough He would not permit me in 1766,

to enable them to attend to their when I wrote my letter of thanks especial affairs; and would they to the king of Poland (who had • not run the risk of dying with done me the honour of naming me

out confession, without the holy his chief physician), to mention him • facrament, and without the ex. with M. Tralles as one of the two

treme unétion? This objection physicians in whom I had the fucceeded, as indeed it could not greatest confidence, and whom I fail, and the proposal was rejected considered as moft worthy of that in the grand council.

monarch's regard. M. Tralles re# However agreeable to M. Zim. fused. M. Zimmerman was after merman an establishment might wards forry; but it was too late; have been, in a city where he had the poft had been given away. The found many very diftinguished men year following I was more fortu. of genius and character, and an nate, and was able at last to proamiable and polite fociety, he cure for him that place which he laughed extremely on hearing, some fo well filled during the last time afterwards, that they had twenty-feven years of his life. I chofen a brother Jefuit apothe- am sorry to mention myself so of.

ten: but I know not how entirely á Though daily increasing his to separate myself from the hit.




tory of a friend, in the greater part ceived the most polite and favourof the incidents of whose life I able answer pollible. My friend have participated.

was appointed to the poft in the “ Uncertain for some time whe beginning of April 1768, and set ther I Mould accept the appointe out for Hanover on the rich of ment of chief physician to the king July following. of England at Hanover, which had “I fondly hoped that his depar. become vacant by the death of M, ture would be ihe era of his enWer hoff, I had inquired of M. trance upon a more happy career, Zimmerman what he would do in and felicitated myself as having case it Mhould be offered him, and contributed to his establishment : I understood by his answer that he but I was soon sadly undeceived. would accept it with pleasure. The carriage in which himself and When I had refused it notwithstand his family travelled was overturned ing the intreaties of Haller, who, at the gates of Hanover; his mocharged with the commiflion of ther-in-law broke her leg; and this offering it to me, had used his accident rendered unhappy the first utmost endeavours to induce my moments of their abode. A few acceptance of it, I proposed to him days after his arrival he lost the lord to recommend M. Zimmerman, of the regency most attached to who was influenced by none of those him. The disorder of which I reasons that had induced me to de. have already mentioned that he cline it: Haller refused. I believe had experienced the firft attacks at I have before mentioned that these Brug, continued to increale, and two gentlemen were not such good was accompanied with such acute friends as they ought always to pains as rendered the exercise of have been; and all I could obtain his duty fonietimes painful to himn. of Haller was, to say that I had The jealousy of a colleague, now no thought of M. Zimmierman; and more, brought upon bim a multithat was not sufficient. By direct. tude of those triding irritations ly thanking M. de Munchausen, I which if he had enjoyed good health thought I could mention him my. he would not have felt, but which felf; it was easy to support my re. the state of his nerves rendered alcommendation by strong reasons; most insupportable. Several perand beside this, I did not recom- fons vainly considered that he ought mend a person wholly unknown. to do anything to gain their good I also addressed myself to the Ba- will, and wished to have hina conron de Waimoden, now field mar. tinually with them. Women shal of the king's armies, who, who have drank coffee with king though out of administration, and George the Second persuade them. non-resident at the time, had over 'selves that I ought to be as much public affairs all that influence at their command as I Mould which ability, personal consideras have been at his.'—They wilhed tion, and connexions with capable to make him their fave, and that ministers, will always pruduce; was a part for which he was not lastly, I interested in his favour the at all calculated. He knew it was Baron de Hochstetten, with whom for the disorder, and not for tbe I had the honour of being acquaint. patient, to regulate the number ed, and who was himself very inti- and the hours of the phyfician's vimately connected with M. de fits, and he always conducted himself Munchausen, from whom I re- upon this principle, but persons whose caprices he thus thwarted conditions, to come to pass the did not (as may be supposed) take summer at the baths of Willemsbad much pains to render his abode near Hanau ; which he refused, agreeable. The health of his wife, because he knew that he should which always depended upon his not enjoy there, any more than at own, broke rapidly; that of his Pyrmont, the repose which his own children, which had never been state of health so strongly demand, strong, did not improve. He of. ed. ten wrote to me from Hanover, as 66 But if at Hanover M. Zim. he had done from Brug, Save my merman found some persons ill in• wife, or rather save myseli; save clined towards him, he found also these children that are dearer to friends of great merit and amiable me than life;' and each of his conduct in both sexes. I think letters caused me very Gincerely to that at the head of these he always regret having contributed to his placed M. de Walmoden (who was removal. Happily, the confi. constantly giving him proofs of his dence of the public drove him attachment), M. Stube, secretary into continual occupation, which is of state, and Mad. de Docring his the sureft protection against trou- fifter, whose mind and virtues he bles of the mind. The patients of has so well described, and whose Hanover, the consultations of all friendship performed for him in the the north, and the patients who end every thing that could be excame in person to consult him, pected of it. His correspondence drew him from his melancholy; all with his absent friends, who were his hours were taken up; he pass- dumerous, continued to be one of ed whole months in full occupa. the pleasures of his life.” tion. The greatest relaxations he “The pleasure which I received knew were in some visits to princes from his letters was perpetually who desired his advice in cases of damped, as I have already said, by great importance, and whom he expressions of his uneasiness, and never quitted without having in- especially from the end of 1769 by spired them with as much attach- the melancholy occasioned, by the ment as esteem; and in several declining health of his wife, whom journeys to Pyrmont, where he pasl. he had the misfortune to lose on ed part of the water season, which the 23d of June, 1770. The por. was of service to him for the first trait he has drawo of her is ex. and second year; but which after. tremely interesting: •Leave me wards acted as tonics so often do to myself! I exclaimed a thou. upon irritable persons: they caused sand times to my surrounding spasms.


• friends,'&c. This loss overcame " Another reason, however, him, and his disorders increased would have been sufficient to make every day; he described most mihimn leave off his visits; he did not nutely the feat and the progress of find there the repose that he want his pains, and requested of me, as ed: all the patients wished to have of his other friends in whom he his advice; many came there on placed any confidence, means of his account only; and this was so cure, which I was far from being well known, that in 1780 the he. able to give him. I saw clearly a reditary prince, now landgrave, of local disorder, but I could not ima. Heffe Caffel, invited him, at the gine what it was: I referred him same time offering very agreeable to some skilful surgeon; but there


was not one in his neighbourhood and whom it was impollible to in whom he had any confidence; know without esteeming. I should have said to him, “Come “ The reception he met with oa • to me;' but how could I propose his return to Hanover was also a à journey of two hundred leagues sensibe pleasure for him, and he to a man to whom the least motion hoped to enjoy at last a good state of a carriage was a torment. At last, of health; but the application that however, I advised, I pressed hiin to a crowd of consultations required go to Berlin, to M. Meckel, who foon deranged his nerves again; would be able to judge of his com pains were felt in the part where plaint, would superintend it, and the operation had been perforined, would choose a skilful surgeon to and the hypochondria returned; perform the operation, if it Nould belides, the education of his daugh. be judged necessary; and I con- ter, deprived of the care of her ceived it to be so. My solicita. grandmother, who had not long tions prevailed, and he arrived at survived her daughter, gave him Berlin on, the aith of June, 1771. some uneasinefs : he sent her to M. Meckel received him as the me in 1773, defiring me to superbeft of brothers, and insisted on his intend her progress; and she reliving with him, where for five mained bere two years, in the fanie months he enjoyed, every thing that house with myself, under the care could be agreeable in a most amiof two ladies of great merit. able family.

" It was when he came bere in “ The operation was performed 1775 to take her away, on which on the 24th of Junie, by M. Smuck- occasion he paffed five weeks with or, and M. Meckel found the case me, that I had for the first time so interesting as to be induced to the pleasure of seeing him, I will make it the subject of a small work, not say of beginning to know him, which is full of new and useful re. for I 'found I kuew him already; marks.

the friend speaking, recalled to me * As soon as he was sufficiently every inftant the friend writing, recovered to bear company, he pro- and perfe&tly resembled the portrait fited of the society of the most en. in my mind's eye. I far the lightened persons of Berlin, not man of genins, who instantly peronly of men of letters, but of the ceives an object under every point moit distinguished personages of of view, and whose imagination every description, and of the high enables him to present it under the est rank. This was one of the most agreeable. His conversation happiest times of his life. He enwas instructive, brilliant, and in. joyed the inexpressible pleasure of terspersed with a multitude of ina cure after a long and painful dif- teresting facts and pleasant stories : order, the charms of a deiightful his phyfiognomy was always ani private society, the happiness of mated and expreffive : he spoke being received with the utmost fa- with great precision on every sub. tisfa&tion, and of becoming ac- ject; when be conversed upon me quainted and connecting himself dicine, which was frequently the with the most diftinguithed men of case, I observed in him the most letters in Germany. His moft inti- profound principles and the clearest mate connexion was with M. Sul- understanding. . When he accom. ger, whom he had long admired, panied me in my visits to pa


fents whose cases were dangerous, Goettingen he went to Strasburg, or when I read to him the consult. where, incited by a friend, who ations I received on the most dif. like himself was full of genius and ficult cases, I always found in him emulation, but who enjoyed an exthe greatest fagacity in discovering cellent state of health, he gave the causes and explaining the symp- himself up to a study too laborious toms, great accuracy in form for neşyes naturally weak, and ing the indications, and exquisite which were at that time affected judgment in the choice of reme- with regret at leaving Goettingen: dies; he prescribed very few, but he again fell into the most profound made use only of such as were ef- melancholy, and wrote to his faficacious. In short, I foon per- ther, intreating him more earnestly ceived him to be an upright, vir- to dispense with his travels to tuous, honest man; and his ftay France, Holland, and England, here was much shorter than I could than another would have done for have wished it. He took away permission to make such a tour. A with him his daughter, who was ihort time afterwards, about the end possessed of all the qualities neces- of December 1777, he entirely loft sary to justify the extreme tender- his senses." ness of a father, whose happiness For near twenty years he has The would have been, had not her been a perfect imbecile, happily health received a stroke from ex exempt from all pain and grief, in treme grief a short time after the a good air, and with an excellent left Lausanne, from which it never man, where M. Hotze placed him, recovered, which threw her into a and wl:ere he wants for nothing. decline for five vears, and was dur. " M. Zimmerman, already ing all that time the occasion of wounded by this misfortune, had the keenest sensations of grief to the additional misery of seeing the M. Zimmerman, who had at that fatal stroke approach that was to epoch another subject of uneasiness, spatch his amiable daughter from perhaps ftill more diftreffing, the him. She died in the suminer of Itate into which his son had fallen., 1781, Mrs. de Doering, indeed,

" This voung gentleman had remained, but even she was going been fubje&t from early youth to a to leave him ; a new employment fpecies of eruption called the teto called her husband elsewhere, and ter or ringworm, which chiefly she saw clearly that the only means affected the head, the face, and be- of saving M. Zimmerman would hind the ears. While it was be to unite him to a companion our, the child was very well, gay, who Nould be worthy of him. and fenfible; but no sooner did it This companion was the daughter strike in again, than he became of M. de Berger, physician to the weak, his talents difappeared, and king at Luneburg, and brother of he fell into a melancholic apathy, Baron de Berger, of whom I have rare at that age. This altergation already spoken. The marriage did of health and illness continued till not take place till the beginning of his father sent him to Goettingen October 1782. “It is Mrs. Doer. at the close of the year 1772, when "ing that has made this choice for he had the satisfaction to learn that me, and I bless God for it every his whole syfteni was absolutely “day of my life.' I Mould wound. changed; he recovered his gaiety, the modesty of Mrs. Zimmerman if and displayed great talents. From I were to insert here the character


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