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delenbourg and Zinn), he went to “Shortly after his marriage, the pass some months in Holland, poft of physician to the town of where he became extremely at. Brug, the salary of which is very tached to M. Gaubius; and from nioderate considering the extent thence to Paris, where he spent of the place, its revenue, and the much of his time with M. Senac, duties attached to the ftuation, be. in whon he found a great resem: came vacant, and the principal ci. blance to his former instructor M. tizens requested. M. Zimmerman to Brendel.

undertake ii. It is natural to love In 1952,M.Zimmerman return the places where we have passed çd in Berne, where he almost im: our youth; and he had there relamediately enjoyed great confidence tions, friends, and an excellent in bis practice, and had the plea- house, which, notwithstanding his sure of again finding his early ac- agreeable qtuation at Berne, deter. quaintance, who received him with mined him to return io his nala! the utmost cordiality. It was then foil. that he published in the Neuchatel " It was # this time that an acJourual, without his name, a Leto, quaintance commenced between M. tér to M. ****, a celebrated Phy- Zimmerman and myself; an ac. fician, concerning M. Haller." quaintance which has been endear.

“While he refided at Berne, ed by reciprocal affection." Haller came there to see his friends, “ His reputation in practice was and to re-establish his health. At established 'when he arrived at the end of several weeks he deter. Brug, and he became immediately mined to return no more to Goet. the physician not only of the town, tingen, but to fix his abode, at but of all the country round, in Berne; in consequence of which which the patients were very pu. he expressed a wish that his pupil merous. But this was still not suffi. and friend wouid go to Goettingen cient wholly to occupy his ardent to bring his family to him. Zim, mind, or satisfy bis thirst for know. merman undertook this journey ledge; each freth acquisition only with the more pleasure, as he, in served to increase the defire for common with all who had the hap. more. M. Zimmerman read much, piness of that lady's acquaintance, not only in physic, but in morality, had the most perfect esteem for ma. pbilosophy, literature, history, trao dame Haller.

vels, and periodical publications, «Zimmerman's beart was suf. Even novels he did not despise. I ceptible of strong attachments, and is indeed difficult to discover why he formed one for a lady in all re. good works of that sort should be fpects worthy of him. She was re. lightly esteeined. There are no li. lated to Haller, and widow of a terary productions in which man is Mr. Stek. Her maiden name was so well drawn, the resources of his Meley. She poffelled good sense, mind so well disclosed, and the le. a, cultivated mind, elegant tafte; cret recesses of his heart so clearly and what is still more valuable, that developed. Good novels are che na: sweetnefs of manner, that equahi. tural history of moral man, and lity of temper, ihat fouthing charın ought on that account to be read of wice, which fo frequently re. with attention. English novels, called his finking fpirits during the and those of M. Wieland, with time that it pleafed heaven to con. whom he was intimately acquaintitinue their uniun.*

ed, gave him the greateft pleasure;


and he amused' his mind by com whenever knowledge is properly
mitting to paper the ideas which estimated.
(as with every man who thinks). " The greater part of these en.
were produced by every perufal. joyments M. Zimmerman loft when
These he afterwards formed into he went to. Brug: I do not mean
small pieces, and had them insert. to say that there are no persons of
ed in a journal intitled the Moni- good sense, no enlightened or amia.
teur, which was printed at Zurich, ble people in small towns; perhaps,
and which I have heard commend. there are even more, proportion:
ed by very good judges.

ably, than in large ones; and I “ What he wrote to me on this know, by the letters I had from occafion explains the intention him there, that there were such in with which he composed his moft Bruz; but in a small town the considerable work, and that to number of such persons can be but which he was most attached, name. few; they have their profefuons, ly, his Treatise on Solitude;' ' I their callings, and their family du.

love solitude, and I find pleasure ties, to occupy their attention; . no where but at hone; I write to they belong to fociety, and they • procure myself amusement. It do not like to separate from it in was natural for him to be happy at order to give themselves up wholly homė: beside his wife, his mother. to ove friend. In this there is much in-law, a very sensible woman, live to commend. Beside, a man of leted there with him; and in a cwelve ters wants a public library, bookmonth after his marriage he had sellers, literary friends, and the become a father. Yet he had not newest publications, which an inalways loved folitude, and he once dividual who is not rich cannot knew how to be happy away from easily procure, and which lose their home. This fudden change was value if there is no one to conin a great measure owing to the verse with about the:1). A person place of his abode, and it had the who loves his profeffion is defirous greatest influence over every mo. of associating with others who like ment of his life. Ever since he it also, with whom he may confuls, had first quitted Brug to go to col. aud. to whom he may iinpart his lege, he had lived either at Berne discoveries. or at Goettingen, and he had form. “M, Zimmerman felt too deeped at both those places connexi. ly all these wanis; he complained ons with sensible, intelligent, of them, and his letters frequently and amiable young men, , whose recalled to my mind some of those conversation he truly enjoyed, as spoiled children who, when they they enabled him to acquire have not all the playthings they knowledge, to display his talents, want, will not amure themselves and exercise his genius; a high with those which they have; and gratification, no doubt, to those whofe enjoyment of what they who are happily fo endowed. He have, is destroyed by reflections on lived with associates of his own what they have not." age, and he found among his pa- “ He found 10 allurements at tients persons worthy his regard. Brug, because he thought there He had also within his reach every could be none there; having al. atlistance necessary for the cultiva. ways had a very tender and delicate tion of letters and the sciences, nervous system, the frequent sen. which is a very strong inducement fation of discontent threw him in.

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to the hypochondria, and the hypn. during that period' presented me, chondria increased his taste for so. weekly, and sometimes oftener, litude, which may also exist with. with an exact account of his occuout any trouble of the mind.” pation as a physician, of his stu.

“ M. Zimmerman's taste for so. dies, of his plans, of his manner litude did not, however, render hini of living, of his troubles, and of neglectful of the functions which bis pleasures. bis employment imposed upon him, "Without haring ever seen him, and which he fulfilled with the I knew him intimately, because no greatest tenderness and most scruman was ever more open and unpulous exactness. It was a duty, reserved to his friends, and I had and the discharge of it gave him him always in my mind's eye." pleasure; besides, he loved phy. “ Froni the time of his going to sic; an extraordinary, difficult, or Brug, he wrote for the Journal of dangerous disorder engaged his ex. Zurich. Two of the pieces he tremest attention, and he scarcely published in it, excited much coaever quitted his patient.”

versation in every place where the “ Upon leaving his patients M. Journal was read.' •The first of Zimmerman usually returned home; these was a dream that he had and when he went into company it in the night of the sth of Nowas generally either to please Mad. óvember 1755, concerning the Zimmerman, or upon some parti. state of the soul after death, cular occafions, when he was ra. which he related without addither compelled by necessity than 'tion or abridgment;' the second courted by pleasure.”

was a plan of a catechism for " When the fits of the hypo. ! small towns;' a fatire upou sevechondria had left him, which ral ridiculous cuftoms; and, as the sometimes happened, his gaiety re. same customs are to be found in turned, and for a few days he towns of great inequality, more would, from choice, mix in society, than one thought itself the obje& the true spirit of which, and what of the raillery, and became extreme. can alone render it interesting, is, ly angry; and one of the authors that every one brings his fhare of of the Journal was very near being amusement according to his means; ill-treated while passing through that those who are most able give W******." most; that every one carries thi “ His first essay upon Solitude ther that good-humour which con. appeared toward the end of 1756. It fifts in the making himself agree is a very short work, and has beco able to every body; and, above translated within thefe few years all, that nobody can think he has into Italian by M. Antoni, a very a right to receive more than he able physician of Vicenza." gives.

“ He formed also the plan of “In this situation Zimmerman bis treatise upon • Experience in passed fourteen years of his life, • Phyfic,' of which he sent me a dividing his time between the study very detailed sketch; and it was nd the practice of phy Gic, in read. in speaking to me about this work ng good books on other subjects, that he defined a quack to be, 'a in composing, and in correspond wise man who profits from the ng with his friends. His letters folly of others; although there


certainly never was a man who dif- likely to procure it for him. One liked that sort of wisdom more was Haller, with whom he was no than himself.

longer on such good terms as for. , “ The first volume did not ap: merly; and the other. was the Ba. pear till the end of 1763, and was ron de Kl, who was here for his not translated before 1774. It is health, and who having been a the art of observing, illustrated by long time minister at one of the some excellent remarks, with the courts of Germany, had a great best rules for drawing advantage deal of interest with the ministers from observations."

of several others. These two gen“In 1758 M. Zimmerman pub- tlemen turned their thoughts tolifhed his work on · National Pride,' ward the Electorate of Hanover; four editions of which were and M. Zimmerman was so well rapidly prioted, each under his own known, that he might have been inspection : it was translated into presented any where with confi. French at Paris in 1769, and has dence. The Hanoverian minister just been reprinted there."

wrote to the Baron de KL, to in. “ From 1758 to 1763 he devoted treat that he would endeavour to to his treatise on • Experience', all procure for M. Zimmerman one of the leisure time which an extensive the first places in the king's gift, practice among not only the people in some of the principal towns of of Brug, but those of the surround the electorate. Zimmerman, howe ing country to a great distance, and ever, would not accept of a place even ftrangers who came to confult any where but at Hanover, in or. him, afforded. In 1760 he was der that he might be near M. Werladmitted a member of the society at hoff, for whom he had the greatest Berlin; and fince that time of se- respect and attachment. He thereveral other literary bodies, who fore obtained no appointment. were eager to receive him. He be. Haller even advised him againft it, longed tu the societies of Zurich, and thought he would do much Berne, Balle, Munich, Palermo, better to ascend the chair of pracPezaro, Goettingen, and to those of tical Professor of Phyfic at Goettino Phyfic of Paris, London, Edin- gen, which he was sure of proburgh, Copenhagen, and lastly, in curing for him. Zimmerman nei. 1786, he was received into the ther much affected that sort of oce acadeiny of St. Petersburgh. cupation, nor the air of Goettine'

" M. Zimmerman had some idea gen, which he was afraid would of writing a treatise on the Va- not agree either with his own . pours and on Hypochondria,' dir. health, or that of his wife or of orders on which he had made some his mother-in-law; he refused the goud observations; but he foon place, as did allo M. (redelenje abandoned the project. His em bourg, and it was at last given to M. ployments (as plainly appeared to Schroeder. Some time after this it his friends) did not prevent him was in agitation to send for him to from being extremely discontent. Berne, upon the de-th of his friend ed with his situation. I was sorry M. Ith; but this, though designed for it, and felt that he was made by the majority of the lords of the for a more conspicuous scene of ac, council of health, was overturned tion. I negle&ted nothing that by those secret instigators, who, in might interest in his favour the two republics as in monarchies, have persons who appeared to me most often more influence over affairs


B 4

than the persons publicly appointed refuse this offer; but in his answer to conduct them, who are some. he informed them of the great retimes utierly at a loss to conceive gret he should feel in embracing a what it is that impedes the effects profefion that would obiice him of their measures.

to give up his own); the negocia. “ After that time M. Zimmer. tion continued for some months, man had many offers, which, wiihand at laft, on ihe first of April out being objects of great iniport 1765, he absolutely declined the ance, proved how much confidence engagement. was repoled in him. One of ihese * In 1761 he became a member was made him by Count Stadion, of the Patriotic Society of scbintzwho, after having bet n prime mi. pach, originally projected and arnister to the elector of Mentz, had ranged by M. Hirzel, at that time retired to Varrhausen, a fine feat a physician, and now counsellor of in Suabia; where he deGred to have state at Zurich, and by the late his advice and his fociety, and for M. J. Iselin, secretary of state at which he promiled him an agree. Balle, two of those men in whole able house and a considerable fa. names Switzerland will for ever lary. Zimmerman did not like the glory, and which had for its object idea of leaving a place which he lo conne&t together the distinguish. found too smali, for one ftill small. ed men of each canton; to pro. er, and refused the count's offer. duce a general spirit of patriotism; He was the same year invited by to form an exact reprelcntation of the city of Orbe; and the wisdom Switzerland, according to such de. of the members at the head of the signs as the best informed men in municipality made the invitation each piovince could give; to peras honourable as if it had come suade the whole country that it froin some great court: for courts formed but one family, and that not uufrequently call upon a cele.. jo whatever part of the canton a brated, in preference to a capable Switzer mhould find himself, it man; but the heads of the town, if should be to him as a home; in a they are men of enlightened un. word, to maintain a perpetual, derstandings, will never make au indisoluble friendship, love, choice of a physician, unless he be 'union, and concord.' Zimmerone to whom the health of the man was the common friend of the citizens may be entrusted with two founders, and the first person safety.

to whom they communicated the “In November 1764, the plan. It met with his warmeft apcounts of Moizech, who were at probation; and he became one of Berne, having received a commis. the nine members who met at lion to find uut a librarian for the Schintznach in May 1761, and ne. king, to which post very agree. ver failed to attend the meetings able and advantageous conditions during the time he remained in were attached, thought, from seve- Switzerland. ral conversations they had had with “ The meeting of 1764, when M. Zin merman, and from his M, Hirzel was president, was the work on National Pride, which first that was very numerous; he cvinced ex eolive knowledge, that was extremely well received, and the post would suit hini, and they very happy there. The firt letter in confequence made him an offer that he wrote to me after his return of it. Zimmerman did not at forft to Brug, whereiu, be speaks princi


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