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comes a new vine, a stick is given. which is called by us Tokay. As Then follows the severelt labour foon as the grapes begin to grow of the vineyard, the digging or ripe, guards are placed in the vineturning up the soil: this is re- yards, not only to prevent the peated three or four times before grapes from being stolen, but to the vintage. Soon after the first drive away the birds from them. digging, the sticks are driven in, " At last the season of rejoicing to which the shoots, when they are comes, the vintage. In every about two feet long, are lightly country this is a time of mirth and bound: when they are grown to gaiety; but particularly so about five feet they are better bound, Tokay. Many of the great nobili. once pretiy fast above, and once ty, though they have no estate looser in the middle. Weeds by here, and live in distant parts of this time again begin to grow, and Hungary, have a vineyard here, the soil is again turned up to de- and business as well as pleasure stroy them, and to keep it light: brings many of them at this seabut during the flowering of the fon; and the dealers in this article vine nothing is done; nature is come likewise to make their conleft entirely to herself. This be tracts, and the friends of all coning over, the sticks are driven firm- cerned, from a tacit invitation, er in the ground; the vines which come to join in the general festimay have come untied are bet. vity: the vintage is preceded by ter fecured; the too luxurious fairs, so that during this season all growth is taken away, and the is life and bustle. vines are so ordered that they may “ To the troken-beers, or halfrequire no farther care till the vin. dried luscious grapes, Tokay, that ta ge; only the soil is once inore is, the Tokay ausbruche, is indebted turned up. Now the husband for all its richness : but these de. man's toil is over, and he waits pend greatly on the weather; every for the bleffing of Providence in a year dues not produce them either fine vintage-with anxiety--for in the same quantity' or quality; in very uncertain are his profits. fome years they fail altogether. If
" Though in warm feasons the the frosty mornings set in too soon, earliest grapes are ripe in the mid- änd, before the grapes are ripe, dedle of August, it is the latter end stroy the connection' between them of September before the greater and the vines, the aufbruche is part are eatable; and as the grapes harsh and four; yet frosty mornfor pressing must be fully ripe, the ings, when not too soon, are ad.. vintage is delayed as long as por. vantageous to them: if wet weafible; generally to the feast of ther fets in at the time they ougnt, Saint Simon and Saint Jude, which through the influence of the sun, is the 28th of October; and if the to lose their watery parts, and to weather is fine, the later the beibe turned to syrup, it may easily be ter, on account of having the great conceived what will be the conseer quantity of the half-dried luf- quence. Thele troken-beers are alcious grapes, or, as they are here ways trifling in quantity compared called, troken-beers; which are with the other grapes; and in some absolutely necessary to form the years, as I have just said, there are ausbruche, that kind of Tokay wine none at all. which is so much esteemed, and “The season for gathering being
L 2 come,
come, young and old, with merry come to the top, and are taken out hearts and active hands, repair to with a net or lieve: thus it remains the vineyards, and ease the vines in the fame veilel, covered over for of their precious loads; but in do- a couple of days, till fermeritation ing this the truken-beers are picke begins; and this is fuitercd to con. ed from the rest, and kept apart; tinne about three days, according to and they are often fold to those the weather; that is, till the ferwho make aufbruche, by those who mentation bas properly mixed the do not. The spoil carried home, fleshy pulp of the troken-beers with the ordinary grapes are trod a part, the common juice: it should be and the juice is taken out, and stirred every morning and evening, then the remaining juice is presled and the feeds carefu,ly taken out. out from the ikins and stalks, both If the fermentation is continued too are conimonly put together in tubs, long, the wine receives from the no difference being generally made fins a disagreeable brown colour, between the juice trod out and that and forms a deal of veast and sedia prelied out. This when fermented ment in the calk. Nothing bow forms the common wine; which remains to be done, but to pour is not fent out of the country as a this liquor through a cloth or Geve delicacy, and never reaches our into the barrels in which it is to be island. The troken-beers are like. kept. The residuum is then pretiwile trod, and then have the con- ed; some even after this, pour the sistency of honey: to this is added common juice upon this presled rethe common juice; and as the rich fiduum; but if the press is good the ness of the aufbruche or nafchlafs 'common wine gains little by is.' depends on the greater quantity of '“When a considerable quantity the juice of the troken-beers, the of the troken-beers remains a Mort proportions vary according to the time together, some of their thick intent of the owner. The common juice or syrup is expressed and runs proportion for an antal of aus. out: this is carefully collected as a bruche, which contains seventeen great delicacy; it is called essence, or eighteen English gallons, is two and has the consistence of treacle. bushel of troken.beers; and for a No art is used to fine there wines, calk of mafchlass, which is only a nor to make them keep. The bar. less rich liquor, the fame quartity rels should be kept füll, and their is taken: but then the cask is about outsides free from wet and mil. equal to two antals; so that only dew. half ihe quantity of troken-beers “ Ausbruche is not exclusively are used to make maschlass as are made about Tokay : there is a Saint • used to make ausbruche. But as George, a Ratchdorf, and a me.
the police does not interfere in this nische ausbruche, and this latter I matter, and every one does as he prefer to that of Tokay; it is red; thinks proper, these two liquors are some is made likewise in the county often very near alike, and the prin- of Oedenberg. cipal difference then consists in the “The best wine does not long size of the casks.
remain in the place of its growth: “ The mixture being made, it is a great part of it is foon sent into strongly stirred together. By this the cellars of the nobility in other operation the seeds are separated parts of Hungary; and the greatelt from the fielh of ile grapes, and quantity is to be found in the corne
ties of Zips and Liptau in the North, drank of it, and then added twenty froni whence it is rent into Poland. creutzers (about eight-pence) for The Polith magnates are the best each glass to the scot of every customers, particularly for the aur. drinker of Tokay.-- Tokay is no bruche, which is the dearest Eu, doubt a fine wine, but I think no ropean wine that is: here in the ways adequate to its price: there country, a bottle of the best is va- are few ut my countrymen, except lued always at about a ducat, that on account of its Icarceners, who is, near half-a-guinea. I dined would not prefer to it good claret once at the coffee-house at Pest or Burgundy, which do not coft an with a few friends: we had only a bove one-fourth of the price. Some plain dinner, for which we paid but of the sweetish Spanish wines, beg. a moderate price: besides common ging its pardon, are in my opinion wine we had some Tokay: when equally good; and uvless it be very the waiter came to be paid, he ask- old, it is too sweet for an Englished each how many glasses he had man's palate."
ACCOUNT of the Ferment for Bread used at DEBRETZIN.
TIGHTER, whiter, and bet- twenty-four hours, and after that it
U ter flavoured bread than is divided into small pieces about that made here I never ate; nor the size of a hen's egg or a small did I ever see elsewhere such large orange, which are cried by being loaves. Were I not afraid of being placed upon a board and exposed to accused of taking advantage of the a dry air, but not to the fun; when privilege of travellers, I should say dry they are laid by for use, and they were nearly half a yard cubed. may be kept half a year. This is As this bread is made without yeast, the ferment, and it is to be used in about which such a hue and cry is the following manner: for a baking often raised, and with a substitute of fix large loaves, įx good hand which is a dry mass, that may be fulls of these balls are taken and easily transported, and kept half a dissolved in seven or eight quarts year or more, I think it may be of of warm water. This is pournse to my country, for me to detail ed through a fieve into one end the Debretzin art of making bread. of the bread-trough, and three The ferment is thus made: two quarts more of warm water are good handfulls of hops are boiled poured through the fieve after it, in four quarts of water; this is and what remains in the fieve is poured upon as much wheaten bran well presled out: this liquor is as can be well moistened by it; to mixed up with so much flour as to this are added four or five pounds form a mass of the size of a large of leaven; when this is only warm, loaf: this is strewed over with tour, the mass is well worked together to the fieve with its contents is put mix the different parts. This mass upon it, and then the whole is cois then put in a warm place for vered up warm, and left till it has
risen enough, and its surface has be. warm room half an hour; and after gunto crack: this forms the leaven. that they are put in the oven, Then fifteen quarts of warm water, where they remain two or three in which fix handfulls of salt have hours according to the fize. The been diffolved, are poured through great advantage of this ferment is, the fieve upon it, and the necessary that it may be made in great quaa. quantity of flour is added, and mix tities at a time, and kept for use. ed and kneaded with the leaven; Might it not on this account be this is covered up warm, and left useful on board of shins, and like. for about an hour. It is then form- wise for armies when in the field?" ed into loaves, which are kept in a
The EFFECTS of Beneficence more extensive than are foreseen, or
- intended, illustrated in the Story of Dr.ClemENT.
[From the PHILANTHROPE.]
6 M R . Eden of Wildrose-hall post-chaise drove up to his door; and
I had made his fortune in In- a servant informed him, that an dia. A very short tiine before his re- old gentleman wished for permis. turn to England, having seen at Cal.Gon to pass the night in his house. cutta an amiable and beautiful young He learned too that the stranger lady, the cousin and companion of was just come from the Continent; lady Alwin, the wife of colonel that he was on his way from Col. Aluin; and never considering her chester to London ; that the driver, small or no dowry as any objection, not well acquainted with the coun he asked and received her hand. He try, and confounded with the vio. regarded her beauty, amiable dispo- lence of the tempeft, had mistaken fitions, and elegant accomplish., the lane that led to Wildrose-hall ments as sufficient do:vry ; nor was for the road to Rumford; and that he disappointed in his choice, for the gentleman was so very ill, that The was as deserving as she was he could not venture to go even as fair. On bis return to Britain, he far as the nearest inn. It is need. purchased a fine house aud exten- less to say that he was received five park in the western part of Er- with the kindeit welcome. For, sex; and having nothing where. besides that Mr. Eden's humanity withal to accuse himself during his would have so inclined him; there residence in the East, and being was something particularly interest
therefore as easy in mind as in ex- ing in the gray hair, dignified cou. · ternal circumstances, he flattered rage, open countenance, and de
himself with the prospect of happi. jected air of the stranger. He re. ness.
mained some days at the hall till he “ One dark autumnal evening, somewhat recovered, and in that soon after he had taken poffeffion' time the prepoffeffions of Eden in of his villa, while sitting in his par. his behalf grew into strong attache lour during a dreadful storm of ment. rain, thunder, and lightning, a “I have been indeed unfortu.
Date;' o nate," said the old gentleman, "his successor considered me as no giving some account of himself as less necesary to himself than I soon as his strength permitted him; "bad been to his father. At and I know not that my misfor. " length, however, my melancholy tunes are at an end. I'was hap- 'was growing into despondency; • pily established in the early part “I had been eighteen years in a
of my life as a physician in the state of captivity; my health was • North of England. By the death • visibly impaired, and the young of a maternal uncle in the island emperor with an humanity which
of Antigua, and whose name I 'I must commend, consented to 6 was by his will appointed to ale "my departure. Nor did he part • sume, I fucceeded to a considera- with me without expressions of • ble fortune. It was necessary, friendship; and an ample com• however, that I should go thither pensation, not for the bondage I
to receive the investiture and had endured, but for the services
poffeffion of his property and I had rendered him. I returned •eftates. The vessel in which I by Italy and Germany, on ac' failed was seized by a Moorish n count of the troubles in France; • pirate; was carried to Barbary; and coming from Hainburgh to • and I was never heard of, I be. Colchester, I am not more af. • lieve, by my friends : for the go. "flicted with fatigue and weak. 'vernor of Mogadore learning my "ness, than with anxiety to receive • profession, sent me immediately intelligence of my family, which "to Fez, to render what affistance consisted, at the time I left them,
I could to the emperor of Mo. of a wife, and infant of three rocco, who was at that time af. years old. If they survive, I may . flicted with a dangerous malady. yet be happy: I left them in easy
I was willing, froin every confi. circumstances, and to the care of deration, to give him all the aid an affectionate friend. But if (in my power; and hoped that if they survive not!' he fighed, and "I was successful, my freedom his voice faltered, if they survive • might be the price of my services. 'not! would to heaven that I also • But I was cruelly disappointed. were dead! or had never re• My success in restoring the em. " turned! . peror to health, inade hiin con “ Eden's sympathy, and desire of
ceive me so necessary to his wel. affording him relief, need not be fare, that he would not suffer me doubted. He inquired by what to depart: fu chat observing my address he might procure him the . impatience, he allowed me to important information he so anxi. • have no communication with any ously witlied for. I have already 6 person whatever, who could give written,' said he, from Col. • notice of my fituation to any of 'chester, and have also written • the British consuls. In all other from this place. I persuade my• respects I must do hin the justice "self that in the space of a day, or . of acknowledging, that I was few hours, I shall be certified of • treated with the utmost kindness, my happiness, or utter misery. I ' and lived even in a state of bar. was Dr. Clement in the city of • barous luxury. After the empe. • Leeds.' Merciful heaven !' in. • ror's death, my situation for some terrupted Eden. Dr. Clement of • time underwent no change, for • Leeds! my friend, my deliverer,