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vowel of the second, joined toge. of them, each would hear names ther, form the precise found want, and sounds not common to both.

Each reciprocally would mark down “The composition of many of such names, in the sounds of its the Chinese characters often dif. own characters, bearing, as hieroplays conliderable ingenuity; and glyphics, a different sense. lo that serves also to give an insight into instance, consequently, there cha. the opinions and mauners of the racters cease to be hieroglyphics, people. The character expressive and were merely marks of found. of happiness, includes abridged If the foreign sounds could not be marks of land, the fource of their expressed but by the use of a part physical, and of children, that of of two hieroglyphics, in the mariner their moral enjoyments. This cha- mentioned to be ufed soinetimes in tacter, embellished in a variety of Chinese dictionaries, the two marks ways, is humg up almost in every joined together, become in fact a house. Sometimes written by the syllable. If a frequent intercourse hand of the einperor, it is sent by should take place between commuhim as a compliment, which is very nities, speaking different languages, highly prized; and such as he was the neceflity of uing hieroglyphics pleased to send to the ambassador. merely as marks of found, would

“ Upon the formation, changes, frequently recur. The practice and allusions of compound charac- ' would lead imperceptibly to the ters, the Chinese have published discovery that, with a few hierogly. many thousand volumes of philolo- phics, every found of the foreign gical learning. No where does cric language might be expresied; and ticism more abound, or is more the hieroglyphics which answered Itrict. The introduction, or altera. best this purpose, either as to exacttion of a character is a serious un- nefs of sound, or fimplicity of forma dertaking; and seldom fails to meet would be selected for this particular with opposition. The most ancient' use; and, serving as to many lerters, writings of the Chinese are still would form, in fact, together what classical amongst them. The lan. is called an alphabet. This natural guage seems in no instance to have progression has actually taken place been derived from, or mixed with, in Canton, wbere, on account of any other. The written), seems to the vast concourse of persons, uang have followed the oral, language the English language, who resort to soon after the' men who spoke it it, a vocabulary has been published were formed into a regular society. of English words in Chinese chaThough it is likely that all hiero. racters, expreifive merely of founda glyphicai languages were originally for the use of the native mercbants founded on the priciples of imita. concerned in foreign trade; and tion, yet in the gradual progress too who, by such means, learn the wards arbitrary forms and sounds, it sounds of English words. To each is probable that every society devi. character is annexed a mark, to de. ated from the originals, in a differ note that it is not intended to conent manner from the others; and vey the idea, hut merely the fothus for every independent society, reign fou'ud attached to it. The there arose a separate hieroglyphic habit of applying the Townd, infiead language. As soon as a communis of the meaning of hieroglyphics, to cation took place between any, two foreign words, led to the application of them likewise as sounds, to for their mutual explanation to a atlift the memory in the pronuncia- learner. tion of other hieroglyphics in the “ The principal difficulty in the ' same language, but not in common study of Chinese writings arites from use; and the repeated application the general exclusion of the auxi. of them for those purposes may be · liary particles of colloquial lanat length supposed to have' effaced guage, that fix the relation be. their original use. Thus the pas. tween indeclinable words, such as are sage from hieroglyphic to alphabe-' all those of the Chinese language.tic writing may naturally be traced, The judgment must be constantly without the necessity of having 're- exercised by the student, to supply • course to divine instruction, as the absence of such assistance. "some learned men have conjectur- That judgment niust be guided by

ed, on the ground that the art of attention to the manners, customs, ' writing by an alphabet is too re. laws, and opinions of the Chinese, • fined and artificial for untutored and to the events and local circum

reason.' It is, indeed, equally na- stances of the country, to which the tural to suppose that no such art allusions of language perpetually recould have preceded the establish- fer. If it, in general, be true that ment of bieroglyphic, as that a mix. a language is difficult to be under. ture of other nations superinduced stood in proportion to the distance the invention of alphabetic, lan- of the country where it is spoken, guage. The 'exclusive existence of and that of him who endeavours to the former still in China is a proof acquire it; because in that proporand an instance, that the number of tion the allusions to which lanie foreigners who had ever found their guage has continually recourse are way among them, as the Tartars, less known to the learner; some idea for example, however warlike and may be conceived of the obtacles victorious, bore so very small a pro- which an European may expect to portion to the vanquished, that it meet in reading Chinese, not only introdudced no more a change in from the remoteness of situation, their language, than in their usages but from the difference between and manners,

him and the native of China in all “ The Chinese printed charac. other respects. The Chinese chater is the same as is used in most racters are, in fact, sketches or a. manuscripts, and is chiefly formed bridged figures, and a sentence is of straight lines in angular pofi. often a string of metaphors. The tions, as most letters are in Eastern different relations of life are not tongues; especially in Shanscrit, marked by arbitrary sounds, fi:nply the characters of which, in some conveying the idea of such connecinstances, admit of additions to tion; but the qualities naturally their origital form, producing á expected to arise out of such rela. modification of the sense. A run- tions become frequently the name ping hand is used by the Chinese by which they are respectively only on trivial occasions, or for pri. known. Kindred, for example, of vate notes, or for the ease and ex• every degree, is thus distinguilhed, pedition of the writer; and differs with a minuteness unknown in ofrom the other as much as an Euro. ther languages. That of China pean manuscript does fruen print. has distinct characters for every mo. ... There are buoks with alternate dification, known by them, of ob. columns of both kinds of writing, jects in the pbysical and intellectual

· world.


world. Abstract terms are no o. posed. Such character is ftudied therwise expressed by the Chinese, and best learned by becoming acthan by applying to each the name quainted with the idea attached to of the most prominent objeets to it; and a dictionary of hierogly. which it might be applied, which phics is less à vocabulary of the is likewise, indeed, generally the terms of one language with the case of other languages. Among correspondent terms in another, the Latins the abstract idea of vir than an encyclopedia, containing extue, for example, was expressed un. planations of the ideas themselves, der the name of valour, or strength represented by fuch hieroglypbics. (virtus!, being the quality most In such sense only can the acquifiesteemed amongst them, as filial tion of Chinese words be justiy said piety is considered to be in China. fo engross moft of the time of men The words of an alphabetic lan- of learning amongst them. The guage being formed' of different knowledge of the sciences of the combinations of letters, or elemental Chinese, however in perfect, and parts, each with a distinct sound of their most extenGve literature, is and name, whoever knows and certainly sufficient to occupy the combines there together, may read life of man. Enough, however, of the words without the least know the language is imç erceptibly ac. ledge of their meaning; not so hie quired by every native, and may, roglyphic language, in which each with diligence, be acquired by lo. chara&ter has, indeed, a sound an- reigners, for the ordinary concerns nexed to it, but which bears no of life; and further improvements certain relation to the unuamed must depend on capacity and oppor. lines or strokes, of which it is com- tunity, 'i

On the COALITION attempted by fome BRITISH ARTISTS, between

POETRY and PAINTING. . [From the PHILANTHROPE: after the Manner of a Periodical


a A Coalition of a very pleasing hibited in the Shakespeare gallery,

6 nature has been attempted realized by the pencil, and display. by fumo British artists, between ed, as it were, not only to niental, poetry and painting, Peetry and but actual vision. painting are no doubt congenial “ But the observation is no less arts. They have some principles or just in criticism than in morals, that essential qualities in common, and where we enjoy a great deal of denote fimilar energies in the mind pleasure, we also encounter a good of the poet and painter,

deal of danger. Pleasing as on " It is therefore exceedingly many occafions 'may be the effects pleasing to see the fine faucy of the of this combination between two of poet, particularly the bold and strik- the moft elegant arts, it ought ook ing imagery of Shakespeare, as ex- to be attempted in any ipitaoce

without cautious deliberation and Sun-fhine and rain at once. Those acute discernment. In particular; happiest smiles much discernment and good taste That play'd on her ripe lip seem'd are required for ascertaining what not to know passages in a poem are proper sub- What quests were in her eyes, jects for painting. Here the ad. which parted thence, mirers of painting and the partisans As pearls froni diamonds dropt.of its alliance with poetry may be In brief, inclined to ask, are not alt fine pas Sorrow would be a rarity most bea sages in a poem fit to be delineated lov'd, i by the painter? are not the arts con. If all could fo become it. , genial, and are they not produced Kent. Made ine no verbal quef-, by similar energies? They are ad

tion? mitted to be congenial; but some Gent. Once or twice distinctions must be atter ded to. She heav'd the name of father Let it be particularly attended to Pantingly forth, as if it prest her and remembered, that what is high

heart ; ly poetical is not always picturesque. Cry'd, Sisters! Gifters! What! i'th' Many fine thoughts of the poet, and . storm of viglit! many objects presented by him 10 Let pity ne'er believe it ! Then the the mind, cannot by all the creative Dook power of lines, colours, and shades, The holy water from her heav'nly be rendered visible, Can any grief : eyes, be more natural than that of Corde. And then retir'd to deal with griet lia when she is informed how cru. alone. elly her sisters have treated their father But who can portray the.“ In like manner, the sublime feelings that shrink from notice, as and awful vision in the book of Job, the fenfitive plant from the touch; the indistinct form of the spirit, the that veil themselves with reserve; portentous silence, and the folemn that fly even from confolation, and voice, shake and appal the soul; hide themselves in the secret mazes but set at defiance all the skill and and mysterious fanctuaries of the dexterity of the moft ingenious ar heart?


66. In thoughts from the visions of Kent. Did your letters pierce the the night, when deep sleep falleth queen to any demonstration of grief: 'on men, fear came upon me, and Gent. I say the took 'em, read 'em trembling, which made all my in iny presence;

bones to make. Then a spirit And now and then an ample tear passed before my face; the hair trillid down

• of my fesh stood up; it stood still, Her delicato cheek : it seem'd the but I could not discern the form was a queen

thereof; an image was before Over her passion, which, most rebel mine eyes; there was filence, and

• I heard a voice. Sought to be king over her.

“ In fact, persons of real can. Kent. O, then it moved her. dour, who are capable of discernGent. But not to rage. Patience ing, and of giving artention to the and forrow strove

beauties of nature, will acknow. Which should express her goodliest: ledge the existence of many fine You bave seen and striking landscapes which can. .



not be imitated or displayed by the He dies, and makes no siga :painter. Exquisite scenery, with God, forgive him! out being picturesque, may be dif tinguithed both for beauty and "The subject is entitled to more grandeur. Or fhail we say, as I particular confideration. - Certain have heard asserted by some fa. dispositions of miud produce great slijonable connoisseurs, that nothing effects on the body; agitate the in external nature, no combination whole frame; impress or diftort the whatever of water, trees, and ver features. Others again, more ladure, can be accounted a beautiful tent or more reserved, fuppress their object, unless it can be transferred external symptoms, scorn or reject, to the canvass ? Contrary to this, it or are not so capable of external may at least be doubted, whether display; and occafion no remark: many delightful paffages, if I may able, or no inimediate change in so express myselt, both at the Lea- limb, colour, or feature. Such pefowes and among the lakes in Cum- culiar feelings and affections, averle berland, though gazed at with ten- to render themselves visible, are not derness, or contemplated with ad.' fit subjects art which affects miration, would not baffle all the the mind, by presenting to the ere power of the pencil. Though poetry the resemblant signs of its objects. ought to be like painting, yet the Despair is of this number: such uiInaxim or rule, like many other ter despair as that of carcioal such rules and maxims, is not to be Beaufort. It will not complain, for received without due limitation. it expects no redress; it will not

6. It is therefore the duty of the lament, for it desires 10 sympathy; painter, who by his art would il brooding upon its hopeless affliction, lustrate that of the poet, to consider it neither weeps, nor speaks, por in every particular instance, whether gives any lign.' But, in the pic. the description or image be really ture under review, the painter se. picturesque. I am loth to blame prefeuts the chief character in viowhere there is much to commend, lent and extreme agitation. Noris and where the artist possesses high even that agitation, if we allow de. and deserved reputation. But will it spair to display agitation, of a kind not be admitted that the picture by sufhciently appropriated. Is it the Reynolds, which represents the death fullen anguilh, the suporoiled ago. of cardinal Beaufort as described by, ny, the horrid gloom, the tortured Shakespeare, is liable to the censure foul of despair. Noi it is the agiof injudicious selection in the choice tation of badily pain. The poor of a subject? Or is it possible for any abjeet sufferer gnashes his teeth, and colouring or delineation to convey writhes his body, as under the tor. the horror of the situation so imprel- ment of corporal suffering. The fively as in the words of the poet?. anguish is not that of the mind.

No doubt, at a preceding moment, 1. Sal Disturb him not, let him before his defpondency was coin. pass peaceably.

. pletely ratified, the poet represents King. Peace to his soul, if God's him as in great perturbation; but - good pleasure be!

the affliction is from the pangs of Lord Cardinal, if thou think'st on death.

veHeaven's bliss, i Hold up my hand, make signal of · War. See how the pangs of death • - i thy hope.. "

do make him gria.

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