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Arden, admiral Young, and Mr. Your petitioners, with all humiMarsden, the deputy secretary, im lity, laid their grievances before the mediately set off for Portsmouth, hon, earl Howe, and fiattered our. in order to enter into a thorouglı selves with the hopes, that his investigation of this alarming busi- lordship would have been an advoness.

cate for as 24 we have been repeale The following is an authentic copy edly order his command, and made

of the petition to the nouse of the British fiag rirle triumphantly commons.

over that of our enemies. But to To the right honourable and the our great surprise, we find ourselves

honourable knights, c tizens, and unprotected by him who has seen burgesses, in parliament assem so many instances of our intrepicily, bled.

in carrying the British flag into every - The humble petition of the sea- part of the seas with victory and men and marines on board his ma- success, jesty's feet, on behalf of them We profess ourselves as loyal to selves,

our sovereign, and zealous in the

defence of our country, as the ariny Humbly sheweth;

or militia can be, and esteem our. That your petitioners, relying on selves equally entitled ze his majes. the candoor and justice of your ho- cy's munificence; therefore, with nourable house, make bold to lay jealousy we bebold their pay aug. their grievances before you, hoping mented, and the out-pensions of that when you reflect on them, Chelsea college increased to thirteen you will please to give redress, as pounds per annum, while we remain far as your wisdom shail deem ne- neglected, and the out-pensioners of cessary.

Greenwich have only seren pounds We beg leave to remind your per annun. august assembly, that the act of para We your petitioners, therefore, liament passed in the reign of king humbly iniplore that you will take Charles II. wherein the wages of these matters into consideration, and all seamen serving on board his with your accustomed goodness and majesty's feet, was settled, passed liberality, comply with the prayer at a time when the necessaries of of this petition, and your petitionlife, and slops of every denomina- ers, as in duty bound, will ever tion, were 'at least 30 per cent. pray, &c. cheaper than at the present time; We, the delegates of the fleet, which enabled seamen and marines hereunto sign our names for to provide better for their families the ships' companies than we can now do with one half Royal George-Valcaline Joyce, advance.

John Morris. · We therefore request your ho- Queen Charlotte-Patrick Glynn, nourable house will be so kind as John Udleson. tv review the act before-mentioned, Royal Sovereign-Joseph Green, and make such amendments there. John Richardson. in, as will enable your petitioners London -- Alexander Harding, and their families to live in the William Ruly. same comfortable inanner as seamen Glory -- Patrick Dugan, John and marines did at that tiine. Bethell. "

Duke Blithe.


Duke-Michael Adams, William services for any other purpose than Anderson.

that of putting you and the nation Mars - Thomas Allen, James in mind of the respect due to us.

nor do we ever intend to deviate : * Marlborough - John Vassia, from our former character, so far William Senator.

from any thing of that kind, or Ramilies-Charles Berry, George that an English man or men should Clear

turn their coats ; we likewise agree Robust - David Wilson, John in opinion, that we should suifer Scrivener.

double the hardships we have hiL'Impetueux - John Witna, therto experienced, before we would William Porter.

suffer the crown of England to be Defence - George Galaway, in the least imposed upon by that Jaipes Barerick.

of any other power in the world; Terrible-Mark Turner, George we therefore beg leave to inform

your lordships of the grievances Le Pompée - William Potts, which we at present labour under. James Melvin.

We, your humble petitioners, Minotaur - Dennis Lowley, relying that your lordships will George Crosland.

take into early consideration the Denance-John Saunders, John grievances of which we complain, Husband.

· and do not in the least doubt buc Copy of the petition to the ad your lordships will comply with our miralty.

desires, which are every way reasonTo the right honourable the lords able. commissioners of the admiralty. The first grievance which we. My lords,

have to complain of is, that our We, the seamen of his majesty's wages are too low, and ought to be bavy, take the liberty of addressing raised, that we might be the better your lordships in an humble petis able to support our wives and fation, showing the many hardships milies in a manner comfortable, and oppressions we have laboured and whom we are in duty bound under for many years, and which to support as far as our wages will We hope your lordships will redress allow; which, we trust, will be as soon as possible. We flatter our looked into by your lordships, and selves that your lordships, together the honourable house of commons with the nation in general, will ac- in parliainent assembled... knowledge our worth and good We, your petitioners, beg that services, both in the American war your !ordships will take into conand the present; for which service sideration the grievances of which your lordships' petitioners do una- we complain, and now lay before nimously agree in opinion, that you. their worth to the nation, and la- First, that our provisions be borious industry in defence of their raised to the weight of sixteen country, deserve some better en- ounces to the pound, and of a bettouragement than that we meet ter quality; and that our measures with at present ; or from any we may be the saine as those used in have experienced. We, your pe- the commercial trade of this countitioners, do not boast of our good try.

. Secondly,

Secoudly, that your petitioners lordships will readily redress them, request your honours will be pleas as far as is in your power, to prevent ed to observe, there should be no any disturbances. four served while we are in har. It is also unanimously agreed by bour, in any port whatever, under the fleet, that from this day no the command of the British flag; grievance shall be received, in order and also that there might be granted to convince the nation at large, that a sufficient quantity of vegetables, we know when to cease to ask, as of such kind as may be the most well as when to begin: and that we plentiful in the ports to which we ask nothing but what is moderate, go; which we grievously complain and may be granted, without detriand lie ander the want of.

ment to the nation, or injury to the Thirdly, that your lordships will service. be pleased seriously to look into the Given on board the Queen state of the sick on board his ma

Charlotie, by the delegates jesty's ships, that they may be better

of the fleet, this 18th day of attended to, and that they may have

April, 1797. the use of such necessaries as are [The signatures the same as to the allowed for them in time of their

preceding petition.} sickness, and that these necessaries be not on any account embez. While the lords of the admiralty .. zled.,

continued at Portsmouth, they sent Fourthly, that your lordships to lord Bridport the following anwill be so kind as to look into this swer to the petition of the seamen, affair, which is nowise unreason. By the commissioners for execut: able, and that we may be looked ing the office of lord high admiupon as a number of men standing ral of Great Britain and Ireland, in defence of our country, and that &c. we may in some wise have grant Having taken into consideration and opportunity to taste the sweets the petitions transmitted by your of liberty on shore, when in any lordship from the crews of his maharbour ; and when we have com- jesiy's ships under your command, pleted the duty of our ships, after and having the strongest desire to our return from sea, and that no attend to all complaints of the man may incroach upon his liber- seamen of his majesty's navy, and ty, there shall be a boundary li-' to grant them every just and reamited, and those trespassing any sonable redress, and having consifurther, without a written orderdered the difference of the price of from the commanding officer, shall the necessaries of life at this and at be punished according to the rules that period wben the pay of seamen of the navy; which is a natural re was established, we do hereby request, and congenial to the heart of quire and direct your lordship to man, and certainly to us, that you take the speediest method of commake the boast of being the guar municating to the filcet-That we dians of the land.

have resolved to recommend it to Fifthly, that if any man is wound. his majesty to propose to parliament ed in action, his pay be continued to increase the wages of seamen in until he is cured, and discharged; his majesty's navy in the following and if any ship has any real griev. proportions, viz. ances to complain of, we hope your To add four shillings per month

to the wages of petty officers and able and ordinary, therefore the able seamen; .

distinction between ordinary and Three shillings per month to the landmen is totally new; we there

wages of ordinary seamen ; and fore bumbiy propose to your lord. Two shillings per month to the ships, that the old regulations be wages of landmen.

adhered to, that the wages of That we have resolved, that able seamen be raised to one shil. seamen wounded in action shall be ling per day, and that of petty of. continued in pay until their wounds ficers, and the ordinary, in the are healed, or until, being declared usual proportion: and as a further upserviceable, they shall receive a proof of our moderation, and that pension, or be received into the we are actuated by a true spirit of royal hospital at Greenwich; and benevolence toward our brethren that, having a perfect confidence in the marines, who are not noticed the zeal, loyalty, and courage of in your lordships' answer, we humall the seamen in the fleet, so gene. bly propose that their pay be augrally expressed in their petition, mented, while serving on board, and in their earnest desire of sery, in the same proportion as ordinary ing their country with that spirit seamen. This we hope and trust which always so eminently distin- will be a convincing proof to your guished British seamen, we have lordships that we are not actuated come to this resolution the more by a spirit of contradiction, but readily, that the seamen may have that we earnestly wish to put a as early as possible an opportunity speedy end to the present affair. of shewing their good dispositions, We beg leave to state to your by returning to their duiy, as it lordships, that the pensions from may be necessary that the feet Greenwich college we earnestly should speedily put to sea, to meet wish to be raised to ten pounds per the enemy of the country.

anoum; and in order to mainGiven under our hands, attain which, we humbly propose to

Portsmouth, the 18th day of your lordships, that every seaman
April, 1797.

employed in the merchant service, SPENCER. instead of sixpence per month, ARDEN. which he now pays, shall hereaf

W. YOUNG. ter pay one shilling per month, To the right hon lord Brid

which, we trust, will raise a fund port, K. B. admiral of the

fully adequate to the purpose; and white, commander in chief as this in time of peace must be of a squadron of his ma

paid by your petitioners, we trust jesty's ships employed in

it will give a convincing proof of the Channel service.

our disinterestedness and moderaTHE SEAMEN's Reply. tion. We would also recommend We received your lordships' an- that this regulation be extended to swer to our petition ; and in order the seamen in the service of the to convince your lordships, and the East India company, as we know nation in general of our modera. by experience, that there are few tion, beg leave to offer the follow- sailors employed by them but what ing remarks to your consideration, have been in the royal navy; and viz.-- That there never has existed we have seen them with our own but two orders of men in the navy, eyes, after sickness, or other acci1797.


dent has disabled them, without their accomplices was signed by bis any hope of relief or support, but majesty. It was near ten o'clock from their former services in the at night before the whole of this bu. navy.--As to provisions, that they siness was settled, at which hour, be augmented to sixteen ounces to Mr. Powell, the admiralty messenthe pound of bread and meat; ger, who was in waiting, was sent cheese, butter, and liquor in pro- off with copies of the proceedings portion, and of a better quality, to lord Bridport at Portsmouth. and a sufficient quantity of vegeta- The following is a copy of the bles; and that no flour be served letter from the admiralty to lord with fresh beef. And we further Bridport, notifying their complibeg leave to inform your lord- ance with the demands of the sea. ships, that it is unanimously agreed, men ; with their final answer, that, until the grievances before By the commissioners for executstated are redressed, and an act of ing the office of lord high adindemnity passed, we are determin miral of Great Britain and Ire. ed not to lift an anchor: and the land, &c. grievances of particular ships must Having taken into our considera. be redressed.

- tion a paper containing several reGiven under our hands, the presentations from the seamen of

delegates of the fleet, on bis majesty's ships at Spithead, reboard the Queen Charlotte specting the advance of their wages,

at Spithead, April 19, 1797. and being desirous of granting them Signed as before.

every request that can with any In this situation of affairs, lord degree of reason be complied with, Spencer, and the other commission, we have resolved to recommend ers, left Portsmouth, and arrived in it to his majesty, that an addition town on Saturday. The business of five shillings and sixpence pet was urgent, and no time was to be month be made to the wages of lost. A council was immediately petty officers and seamen belong. held, which consisted of the lord ing to his majesty's navy, which president, the duke of Portland, will make the wages of able seaear] Spencer, the lord chancellor, men one shilling per day, clear of lord Grenville, Mr. Dundas, and all deductions; an addition of four lord Walsingham; and the whole shillings and six pence per month to board of admiralty assisted upon the the wages of ordinary seamen ; and occasion. The deliberations conti- an addition of three shillings and pued upward of three hours, the sixpence per month to the wages of result of which was favourable to landien : and that none of the al. the claims of the seamen in every lowance made to the marines when particular. The whole of the ca. on shore shall be stopped, on their binet ministers then set off for being embarked on board any of Windsor, where they arrived at his majesty's ships. We have also seven o'clock. Another council resolved, that all seamen, marines, was instantly held in the presence and others serving in his majesty's of his majesty, at the lodge, when ships, shall have the full allowance an order was regularly made out for of provisions, without any deducgranting the whole of the sailors' tions for leakage or waste; and that, demands; and a full pardon and until proper steps can be taken for indemnity for the delegates and carrying this into effect, short al.



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