« ZurückWeiter »
Le Refleche privateer, of 12 guns who did not listen to them might and 07 men, by captain Lawrie of be justly called unnatural. The the Zephyr ; and of Le Hardi brig, more he had reflected upon the of 18 guns and 130 men, by captain refusal of his majesty to receive the Ruddach of the Hazard.
address of the livery of London, the 12. A common-hallwas held yester. more was he convinced that mis day to receive the sheriffs' report of nisters intended to provoke the livery bis majesty's answer, as to the time to some intemperate act, that they of presenting the address of the might introduce into the city of lord- inayor, aldermen, and livery of London that horrid system of martial London, voted in the common-ball, law which they had established in on the 23d of last month. ' the sister kingdom. They should,
The lord-mayor addressed the however, be disappointed. The livery. He said he had called them livery of London would conduct together, for the purpose of hearing themselves in such a manner, that the sheriffs' report, and that it should even such ministers as the present be immediately read to them as it should have no pretence afforded' had been made to him.
them for such measures. He conThe report was read. It stated cluded by moving a resolution to that the sheriffs had taken an early the following effect: opportunity of waiting upon his “That the lord-mayor, aldermen. majesty, and had been adınitted to and livery of London, have for time the usual audience in the closet. immemorial enjoyed the right and His majesty's answer was, that “this privilege of addressing the king not being the address of the city of upon the throne, and have never London in its corporate capacity, before been denied that right, except he could not receive it upon the under the corrupt administration throne—that the answer given by which occasioned and persisted in the duke of Portland, was given by the American war." his order, and he would now repeat Mr. Waddington seconded the it, viz.—He would be ready to re- motion. He said the report they ceive the address of the livery of had heard was not an answer from a London upon Wednesday next, or servant of the servants of majesty; upon any other level day, provided it was an answer which the king it was presented by no more than himself had been graciously pleased ten persons."
to give, and truly a most gracious Mr. Hanson said, the report which answer it was. In this manner it had just been read was a melancholy was attempted to deprive the city of confirmation of its being his ma- London of one of the most valuable jesty's intention not to receive the rights, without even a reason being address of the livery. If any doubt assigned. There never was an ad.' bad existed of the propriety of dress passed with more unanimity. voting the address, the report which • than that of the common-hall of the obey bad now heard not only proved 23d ult. and the just complaints of its propriety, but its necessity. the citizens of London did not deKings were called the fathers of serve such a return. The livery, their country, and it was certainly however, would not tamely resign the duty of parents to listen to the their rights and privileges. In the complaints of their children ; those present times, to deliver their opi
nion was 3 Quty, and silence was a struction of public credit ; thus crime. In the proceedings of the evincing a disposition to sacrifice the common-hall of the city of London blood, treasure, and liberties of this at least, the future historian would kingdom, in support of measures recognize the British character and contrary to the principles of the spirit.
constitution, derogatory to the dig. The question being put, the re- nity and safety of the king, and in solution was carried unanimously. consistent with the happiness of the
Mr. Hanson said, tbe neki re- people." solution he should inove was cal- The lord mayor insisted that this culated to show the very different motion had no connection with his circumstances under which an ad- majesty's answer, and was therefore dress is received when presented to inconsistent with the purpose for the king on the throne, aud when which the common-ball was called, it is presented to him at the levee. as stated in the precept. . It was conceived in nearly the fol- Mr. Waithman contended that lowing terms:
the resolution was consistent with Resolved, “That when a petition the object for which the common. is presented to his majesty upon ball was called. The livery of Lonthe throne, the petitioners have the don had come to the resolution of satisfaction of knowing that his ma- not presenting their petition in any jesty must hear their complaints, by other way than to the king upon the perition being read to him, and his throne, and as they had been rethat they will receive some answer; fused that right, the resolution was but when a petition is presented at necessary, to show the grounds upon the levee, they receive no answer, which they had voted the address and they are not certain that his to his majesty on the 230 or last majesty is ever made acquainted month. The livery had instructed with its contents, as it is always de- their representatives in parliament livered into the hands of the lord in to vote against the war; but they waitirg."
had instructed them to very little . This motion was also seeonded effect. On the present occasion there by Mr. Waddington, and carried were not too many of their repreunanimously.
'sentatives to be seen. It was a cirMr. Waithman proposed to move cumstance which ought not to pass the following resolution :
unnoticed, that none of those nien, Resolved, " That his majesty's who have always supported the ministers have wantonly plunged diabolical measures of the present this nation into an unjust and unne. administration, durst now come forcessary war, which has produced a ward to vindicate them in public. series of calamities unexampled in They knew that the task of defendhistory--an enormous increase of ing ministers was too arduous for public debt-an alarming diminu- them, and they shrunk from it tion of our trade and manufactures But the livery of London had the -an abridgment of our rights and right, when assembled in commonprivileges--a shameful profusion of hall, whether on Midsummer, Miour national wealth, by subsidizing chaelmas, or any other day, to disallies abroad and supporting a system cuss any public grievance. If the of corruption at home, to the de- livery gave up this right, he should
say, in the words of Shakspeare, It was also immediately connected “Our Fathers' mind is gone, and with the resolution which was to be we are governed by our mothers' proposed to follow it, and which spirits.'
went directly to his majesty's anMr. Waithman addressed himself swer. The opinion of counsel had to the lord mayor, and asked his been taken upon this point ; and lordship if he persisted in his former there was not a doubt that the livery opinion?
of London in their common-hall The lord mayor came forward to had a right to adopt any resolution 3.ddress the livery. He was saluted they pleased. with an universal hiss and the strong. Mr. Waithman here read the reest marks of disapprobation. Having solution that was to follow : obtained silence, he said Is this Resolved, " That it appears the a nieetion of the livery of London, more necessary that we sbould at where they will not listen to their this time have the full exercise of chief mayisirate? He was a man, the right of petitioning, because and had been accustomed to face the unprecedented calamities of the men; he had no fear, but the country demand that his majesty's fear of not doing his duty; and he faithful subjects should represent to would not be influenced by the hiin the true state of affairs, and noise or the bisses of non-liverymen pray for the dismissal of those weak Ta loud cry of « Point them out and wicked ministers, whose mispoint him out!" was reiterated conduct and incapacity have brought from every part of the hall]. His this once great and flourishing nation loruslip proceeded. He was the into its present state of unparalleled, guardian of the rights of the livery- distress, and who have proved men who were absent as well as themselves utterly incompetent to those who were present; and he conduct the war, or to negotiate a would not suffer any business to be peace." brought forward which was extra- Mr. Farmer read the opinion of Dicons to the purpose of the meet- Mr. Wedderburn (now lord chan. ing. He asked, if there was any cellor), Mr. Dunning, and some relation between the motion which other eminent counsel, taken many had been read, and his majesty's an. years ago, upon this point. The swer. He was sorry that any man, opinion positively stated that the or set of men, could be found, who livery of London have an undoubted could take a pleasure in endeavour right to take into their consideration ing to bring their chief magistrate any public grievance, either on Midinto a disagreeable situation. For summer, Michaelmas, or any other bis part he was quite impartial ; he day on which they may meet. " It took no advantage and used no in- is beyond dispute, the right is inAuence upon any question, but he herent in them." was determined to defend the rights The lord mayor still persisted in of the livery. '
his own opinion. He said if the Mr. Waithman re-stated, that the livery wanted to make their petition resolution was undoubtedly relative public they might publish it in all to the petition voted to be presented the newspapers. To a resolution to his majesty; and therefore it had of that kind he should not have the a relation to his majesty's answer. smallest objection.
Mr. Waithman said he would let recollection of Mr. Pict's bills. his lordship have bis humour; the “Give notice to a magistrate." resolution he had objected to was “Give notice to alderman Combe!" followed by one which related pre- resounded from every part of the cisely and directly to his majesty's hall.] answer. He should unite these two Mr. alderman Combe came forresolutions, and when he put them ward; he stated it to be his opinion, in that shape he was certain bis that the lord mayor had the right lordship would not think the re- of dissolving the hall if he chose solution objectionable.
to maintain his objection to the The lord mayor signified his dis motion ; and that if the livery met approbation of the résolution, even in the way suggested, they came in the manner in which Mr. Waith- under that bill which had been man hac proposed to put it. mentioned, and were liable to be
Mr. Waithman said,' he must subjected to military execution; he now inform the livery, that the lord thought it would be best to press mayor had acted contrary to their the moving of the resolution, and rights, and derogatory to the cha- allow the lord mayor to dissolve the racter of the chief magistrate of the hall by his own act, and in virtue city of London. The resolution of his office. which it was proposed to add to the After Mr. Hanson, the lord former, the lord inayor admitted to mayor, and Mr. Waithman, bad be in point; but refused to allow severally replied and explained, Mr, the two resolütions to be united, so Gurney spoke at considerable length as to form one.
in support of the right of the livery Mr. Farmer said a few words of London to discuss in public a upon the extraordinary conduct of grievance, when assembled in comthe lord mayor.
mon-hall. Mr. Hanson said, the livery were Mr. Waddington congratulated brought into a disagreeable dilem- the livery on the regard to their ma; they must either establish a interests and happiness which their detestable precedent, or dismiss the chief magistrate had shown ; and meeting ; indeed, if lis lordship took notice of the benignity of his persisted, they might allow bim to lordship, who, secing that their dissolve the common-ball, and the minds were not fully prepared for livery night chuse a chairman. The the propositions now brought forresolution would then pass as the ward, discovered so much anxiety, resolution of the livery only. (This that they should take another op. proposition was received with the portunity for full deliberation. most marked approbation. When Mr. Waithman then came forward the plaudits ceased, Mr. Hanson to put the resolution : upon which proceeded.)-The lord mayor, he the lord mayor rose, and formally said, thinks he has now goi us into dissolved the ball, a cieti stick; he tells us, that the 12. A general court was held at meeting of the livery will then be the East-India house, for the puran illegal assembly; it will come pose of electing by ballot six genunder all the penalties of the con- tlemen to serve as directors, for vention bill! [The strongest emo- four years, in the room of tions of indignation were displayed . Simon Fraser, by ibe livery upon this sudden Charles Mills,
Thomas Thomas Parry,
For some days previously to Sun. Abraham Robarts,
day, April 10, anonyinous letters David Scott, and
had been sent to the superior ofGeorge Tatem, esqrs.
ficers of the fleet, and to the board Who go out by rotation.
of admiralty. stating the hardships At eight oclock the glasses were that the seamen suffered from finally closed and delivered to the the insufficiency of their pay, and scrutineers, who, on summing up other grievances. What these were, the votes, reported the numbers to will appear in the two petitions to be
the house of commons, and to the For William Devaynes, esq.' 1323 lords of the admiralty, inserted be
Thomas Fitzhugh, esq. 1532 low. As the discontent liad unia Charles Grant, esq. 1200 versally pervaded the fleet, the conJames Irwin, esg. 1545 currence of the seamen in the peSir Stephen Lushington, con titions to their superior officers bart.
120 was likewise universal. The lanGeorge Smith, esq. 1520 guage was the most respectful that
John Shakespear, esq. 768 was possible; their conduct, il Whereupon the first six were de- every respect, but this temporary clared duly elected.
disobedience to their officers, was 13. A court of directors was strict and exemplary; and it was held at the East India house, wlien, hinted, that an answer was exa' after the new directors had taken pected before they went to sea the oaths and their seats, Hugh again, unless--the enemy's fleet Inglis and Jacob Bosanquet, esgrs. should be known to be at sea, or were unanimously elected chairman that a convoy 'were wanted.--The and deputy for the present year. greatest loyalty to the king was proThe court adjourned at an early fessed, with the greatest zeal and bour till Wednesday next. i attachment to their country.
25. The London Gazette an- The first symptom of disobedience, nounces the capture of Les Amis, it is said, was when lord Bridport French privateer, mounting 2 guns made the signal to weigb, on Sunand six swivels, and 31 men, by day the 16th, when a signal was the Racoon, captain Lloyd; of La made from the Queen Charlotte Petite Helene, French lugger, of 2 for the crews of each ship to run guns and 33 men, by captain Witt- up the fore-shrouds, and give three man, of the Suffisante; of the cheers. From this moment the auFrench privateer, Neptune, pierced thority of the officers was at an end, for 16 guns, and ninety men, by and the seamen were in entire posthe Aurora, captain Digby; of Le session of the fleet. Two delegates, General, French privateer, of 14 moreover, were sent from each ship guns and 104 men, by capt. Bligh, of the squadron, who regularly met of the sloop King's Fisher; and of every day on board the Queen Charthe L'Incroyable, of 24 guns and lotte. 220 men, by the Flora and Pearl Admiral Pole arrived at the adfrigates,
miralty on Sunday night, and comThis month has been distinguish- municated these proceedings to ed by a mutiny among the seamen, their lordships. A council was held of which the following are the par-' the next morning; the result of ticulars.
which was, that earl Spencer, lord