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The coldness which has for some three months longer, in flour, oats, time paft been manifested from va. hay, and straw, for the Prussian, rious quarters respecting the main. Hanoverian, and Brunswick troops, tenance of the troops, has induced at two different periods, viz. the his majesty to authorize the under. 15th instant and the ist of April, figned to make this frank and ex- In order to secure the subsistence of plicit declaration, and to give the the troops in future, the states of well-meant warning, not to suffer Northern Germany are to meet in themselves to be deceived by the convention at Hildesheim on the hope of a speedy peace, but rather 20th instant, or to send plenipoto rely upon the sufficiently public. tentiaries to regulate the quotas of spirited and patriotic sentiments of supplies, in neceffaries or in money, the king, and his majesty's knowfor as long as the war may last.] ledge of the general Gtuation of As thole deliberations (in con. public affairs, and to entertain the vention in Hildesheim) will pre . firm confidence that his majefty clude all the subjects not essentially would certainly and with great and directly relating to the mainte pleasure to his co-states, save the nance of the troops, the undere burdens required by the mainte- figned will lose no time to termi. nance of the troops, if there were nate them with the utmost speed, the leaf poffibility of securing to and not to detain the plenipotenti. their territories the benefits of the aries a moment longer than shall be neutrality, and all the advantages necessary from following their other which have hitherto accrued from affairs. The flattering confidence it, without such a measure. with which the underligned has
That, however (the saving of the hitherto been honoured in the late burdens occasivned by the main- negotiations, makes him equally · tenance of the troops), accord confident that his zeal and ačtivity ing to the general fituation of af- will be entirely depended upon in fairs, being impossible, and his ma- that business. He has only most jesty deeming it absolutely necef- urgently to request, that, for the sary to preserve the corps of ob. fake of dispatch, the States may fervation till the conclusion of furnish their plenipotentiaries with peace, if the tranquillity and neu- full instructions for the purpose trality of Northern Germany are to which has been thus plainly notibe maintained, his majetty doubts fied, in order not to waste time not but all his associated co-states in lending for new ones, but that will show their readiness for that the necessary resolutions may be purpose, in the maintenance of taken, not only for the farther fubthe troops, display proper zeal in ftantial regulation of the mainte. a measure so closely connected with pance, but for the obligatory affent self-preservation, and render - prac. to the fame to the end of the war. ticable the farther execution of the The underfigned has it likewise beneficent designs of his majesty in command to request, that their
With this confidence, the under- excellencies the plenipotentiaries figned, by supreme command, has may arrange matters in such a man • the honour to make known to you, ner, as not to quit the convention,
till the state of affairs shall permit [Here follow two articles speci. its suspension or conclusion, since fying the supplies to be granted, tor the gradual departure of many ple.
nipotentiaries has formerly occa- fhall appear, and the duty on fioned a precipitate suspension of French brandy Mall be regulated. the first convention, which has been agreeably to the Ukala of Novemhighly prejudicial to the dispatching ber 25, 1793 of business. His majelty will also 4. The Ukasa of the 8th of consider the fulfilment of this willi, April, 1793, Niall be strictly observand the infallible meeting of the ed, as far as it forbids the importaconvention, according as it is ex. tion of various French goods and pected to meet, as a gratifying proof of others which are mere objects that his serene co-states with to do of luxury; as likewise all commujustice to his efforts and facrifices. nication with the French, until a And the underligned alfo looks for lawful government and order of ward for the desired answer, re. things Mall have been introduced specting the fourth sending of sup- in that country; the certificates of plies, before the expiration of the consul or government ordained by present month, and hopes to have the said Ukasa shall also 'no longer the honour and pleasure to see be demanded on the future importaagain their excellencies the pleni- tion of French goods, except for potentiaries at the second opening such articles for which some duties of the convention, on the 20th of are to be remitted. February.
Done at St. Petersburgh, Jan, 22, (Signed)
Dohm. 1797. Halberstadt, Jan. 41b, 1797.
Paul I. &c. IMPERIAL UKASA, OR Edict,
We do hereby most graciously Ilued at Petersburgb, respecting ibe permit the free importation, in all
Importation of French and Dutch our harbours, of such Dutch goods Merchandise.
as are not prohibited in the Tariff PAUL I.
or the Ukasa, provided such im. By the grace of God emiperor and
portation takes place in thips besole governor of all the Rullias, goods are to pay the duties pre.
longing to neutral powers. Those &c.
scribed by the Tariff of September We do most graciously ordain, 1. The importation of all French
27, 1782, till a new Tariff shall be wines without exception, also sa.
published. : lad oils of Provence, olives, capers,
'Done at St. Petersburgh, Jan. anchovies, to be freely permitted 22, 1797 in all our harbours in neutral bot. toms.
Treaty of offenfive and defenfive Al 2. French and Spanish brandy is
liance between the French Repubonly permitted to be imported by lic and the King of Sardinia. neutral ships, in those harbours which are loccified in the Ukate of Ratified by the Council of Five the rith of December, 1784, and
Hundred on the ift Brumaire to which we add the ports of Lie.
(O&t. 21), and in the Council of bau and Windau.
Ancients on the 4th of the samo 3. The duties on wine, oils, &c.
month (O&t. 24th). shall be taken from the Tariff of The executive directory of the September 27, 1782, till a new one French republic, and his majesty
the king of Sardinia, being desi. Sardinian majesty guarantee recje rous by every means in their power, procally, by all the means in their and by the most intimate union of power, their respective poffeffions their respective interests, to contri. which they now hold in Europe bute as peedily as possible to the during the existence of the present restoration of that peace which is alliance. The two powers Mall the object of their wishes, and unite their forces against the com. which will fecure the repose and mon enemy externally, and shall the tranquillity of Italy, have de- give no aid, directly or indirectly, termined to enter into a treaty of to the internal enemies of either. offensive and defensive alliance ; 4. The contingent of troops and have charged with full powers which his majesty the king of Sar. to that effect, viz. on the part of the dinia shall furnith immediately in executive directory of the French consequence of the present treaty, republic, citizen Henry James Wil- fhall be 8000 infantry and 1000 ca. Jiam Clarke, general of division in valry, and 40 pieces of cannon. In the armies of the republic; and on case the two powers shall think it the part of his majesty the king of pecellary to augment this continSardinia, the chevalier D. Clement gent, such augmentation shall be Damian de Priocia, knight of the concerted and regulated by comgrand cross of the order of Saint missioners jovested with full powers Maurice and Lazarus, first secretary to that effect by the executive die of state in his majesty's department rectory, and his majesty the king for foreign affairs, and president of of Sardinia. the home department; who, after 5. The contingent of troops , exchanging their respective powers, and artillery shall be ready and concluded as follows:
assembled at Novara, viz. soo cas 1. There shall be an offensive valry, 4000 infantry, and twelve and defensive alliance between the field pieces, by the 30th of GerFrench republic and the king of minal current (April 19), and the Sardinia, until the period of con- remainder in a fortnight after.' tinental peace. This alliance shall This contingent shall be mainthen become purely defensive, and tained at the expence of his mashall be established upon a basis jesty the king of Sardinia, and shall
agreeable to the reciprocal interests receive orders from the commander r of both powers.
in chief of the French army in.. 2. The present alliance having Italy. i . for its object to hasten the restora. A separate convention, settled in tion of peace, and to secure the fu- concert with the commander in ture tranquillity of Italy, its execu. chief of the French army, fhall retion during the present war shall be gulate the nature of the service of directed solely against the emperor this contingent. of Germany, he being the only 6. The troops which form this continental power that presents ob: contingent shall participate, in pro.. stacles to wishes fo falutary. His portion to the number which may majesty the king of Sardinia shall be under arms, in the contributions, semain neuter with regard to Eng. which shall be levied from the con. land and to the other powers still at quered countries; reckoning from war with the French republic. the day of the union of the contin3. The French republic and his gent to the army of the republic..
7. The French republic pro- changed at Paris in the shortest demises to procure to his majesty the lay possible. king of Sardinia, at the period of a Done and signed at Turin on the general or continental peace, all the 16th of Germinal (April 5), sila advantages which circumstances year of the French republic. may permit him to obtain.
(Signed) H. CLARKE. 8. Neither of the contracting
CLEMENT DAMIAN. powers shall conclude a separate The executive directory ratify peace with the common enemy, and sign the present treaty of allie and no armistice Niall be agreed to ance with his majesty the king of by the French republic, in which Sardinia, negotiated in the name his Sardinian majesty is not in. of the French republic by Henry cluded.
James Clarke, general of divifion, 9. All the contributions imposed appointed by an order of the exeon the states of his Sardinian ma- cutive directory on the 13th Ven. jefty which are not yet paid up, tose laft, and charged with inftruc. Hall cease to be demanded immedi. tions to the above effect, ately after the exchange of the ra- Done at the national palace on rifications of the present treaty. the 2 2d Germinal, sth year of the
10. The furnishings, which from French republic. the same period shall be made in the ftates of his majesty the king of Sardinia to the French troops, or to Merre from the Prefident of the prisoners of war, and also those
United States to Congress.. which may have already been made in virtue of private con Gentlemen of the Senate and Tracts, and which have not yet been " House of Representatives, paid for by the French republic, I have received information fall be returned in kind to the from the commiffioner appointed troops forming the contingent of on the part of the United States, his Sardinian majesty: and if the pursuant to the third article of our amount of the furnishings fiould treaty with Spain, that the running exceed the wafita of the contin- and marking of the boundary line gent, the overplus fhall be repaid between the colonies of Eat and in specie.
West Florida, and the territory of 11. The two contracting partice the United States, have been de Thall immediately appoint commis- layed by the officers of his catholie fioners charged to negotiate in their majesty, and that they have de name a treaty of commerce agreea. clared their intention to maintain bly to the basis ftipulated in article his jurisdiction, and to suspend the
of the treaty of peace concluded withdrawing his troops from the at Paris between the French repub- military posts they occupy withia lic and the king of Sardinia.- the territory of the United States, Meanwhile the posts and all other until the two governments shall, commercial relations shall be re. by negotiation, have settled the established without delay in the meaning of the second article refame manner as they were before specting the withdrawing the troops, the war.
stores, or settlements of either party 12. The ratifications of the pre in the rerritory of the other; that fent treaty of alliance fall be exo is, whether when the Spanish gar. risons withdraw, they are to leave the United States and Spain, on the the works standing or to demolish 25th April, 1796. them; and until, by an additional This country is rendered pecuarticle to the treaty, the real pro- liarly valuable by its inhabitants, perty of the inhabitants shall be se. who are represented to amount to cured, and likewise until the Spa- nearly four thousand, generally nish officers are sure the Indians well affected and much attached to will be pacific.
the United States, and zealous for The two first questions, if to be the establishment of a government determined by negotiation, might under their authority. be made subjects of discussion for I therefore recommend to your years; and as no limitation of time confideration, the expediency of can be prescribed to the other, a erecting a government in the discertainty in the opinion of the trict of the Natchez, Gimilar to Spanish officers, that the Indians that established for the territory will be pacific, it will be impoffible north-west of the river Ohio, but to suffer it to remain an obstacle to with certain modifications relative the fulfilment of the treaty on the to titles or claims of lands, whether part of Spain.
of individuals or companies, or to To remove the first difficulty, I claims of jurifdi&tion of any indi. have determined to leave it to the vidual ftate. discretion of the officers of his ca.
John Adams. tholic majesty, when they withdraw United States, June 12, 1996. his troops from the forts within the territory of the United States, cither to leave the works standing or to Speech of the President of the United demolish them. And to remove States on opening the Sefion of the the second, I shall cause an assu. Legislature. rance to be published, and to be particularly communicated to the Gentlemen of the Senate, and minifter of his catholic majesty, Gentlemen of the House of and to the governor of Louisiana, Representatives, that the settlers or occupants of the The perfonal inconveniencies to lands in question shall not be dif- the members of the Senate and of turbed in their poffeffions by the the house of representatives, in troops of the United States; but leaving their families and private on the contrary, that they shall be affairs, at this season of the year, protected in all their lawful claims; are so obvious, that I the more and to prevent or remove every regret the extraordinary occasion doubt on this point, it merits the which had rendered the convenconfideration of congress, whether tion of congress indispensable. it will not be expedient immedi. It would have afforded me the ately to pass a law, giving positive highest satisfaction to have been assurances to thofe inhabitants who able to congratulate you' on a by fair and regular grants, or by, restoration of peace to the nations occupancy, have obtained legal of Europe, whose animofities have titles or equitable claims to lands endangered our tranquillity. - But in that country, prior to the final we have still abundant cause of ratification of the treaty between gratitude to the fupreme dispenser