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contracting powers (hall be at liberty, in the refpective dominions, to aflemble together with their conful, in body, as a factory, and make amongft themfelves, for the common intereit of the factory, fuch arrangements as they fhall judge proper, provided they are in no refpeit contrary to the laws, ftatutes, and regulations of the country or place where they (hall beeftabliftied.
XXVI. Peace, friendfhip, and good intelligence fiiall continue for ever between the high contracting parties; and, as it is cuftomary to fix a certain period to treaties of commerce, the above-mentioned high contracting parties have agreed tliat the prefent lhall laft eight years, reckoning from the expiration of the convention concluded between them on the 25th of March 1793; and' this treaty fliall have effect immediately after its ratification: this term being elapfed, they may agree together to renew or prolong it.
XXVII. The prefent treaty of navigation and commerce fliall be approved and ratified by his Britannic majefty and his imperial majefty of all the Ruffias, and the ratifications, in good and due form, fliall be exchanged in the fpace of three months, or fooner if it can be done, reckoning from the day of the fignature.
In faith of which, the refpective
We, the underfigned, being furnifhed with the full powers of his majefty the king of Great Britain on one fide, and his majefty the emperor of all the Rufiias on (he other, having, in virtue of thofe full powers, concluded and figncd, at St. Peterlburgh, on February the io-2ift, i797,atreaty of navigation and commerce, of which the oth article ftate% "The fubjects of the high contracting parties fliall not pay higher duties, on the importation and exportation of their merchandife, than are paid by the fubjects of another naiion, &c." declare by tliefe prefents, in virtue of thofe fame full powers, that by the words other nations, European nations alone sre to be underftood.
The prefent declaration lhall be considered as making part of the above-mentioned treaty of navigation and commerce, figned February 10-21, of the prefent year, and this day ratified.
In faith of which, we, the refpec-
Proceedings of a Meeting held in Palace Yard, Wejlminfier, April3.
At a meeting of the inhabitants boufeholders of" the city and liberty of Weftminfter, held this day, pursuant to advertifemeat figned by feven houfcholders for that pur
Peter Moose, efq. in the chair,
.It was refolved unanimoufly, That the following addrefs and petition be prefented to bis majefty. To the king's molt excellent majetty.
We your majefty's moft dutiful Subject!,, the inhabitants houfeholders of the city and liberty of Weftminfter, humbly beg leave to approach your majefty in a crifis of the greateft danger to our country, that it has experienced fmce the revolution.
Your majefty's minifters have involved us in a war,, in the profecution of which they have already fquandered upwards of one hundred and thirty millions of money. They have already laid taxes upon the people to the amount of fix millions and a half annually; and the lives which they have facrificed, ■ and the fum which they have added to human mifery, exceeds all calculation or belief.
We humbly reprefent to your majefty, that in the hands of ihofe minifters nothing has fucceedcd.
Inftead of reftoring monarchy in France, they h,:ve been compelled to recognife the republic there eftablifhed, and to offer propofals of peace to it. Inftead of difmembering the territories of that republic, they have fuffered it to add to them the Netherlands, Holland, and a great part of Italy and Germany j and even a part of thefe kingdoms, which the fleets of that republic have infulted, have only been preferved from the calamities of an invafion, by the accidents of the feafons.
In their negotiations for peace, they have been equally unfuccefs* ful. It was to be expected. When they aiked peace, they were abject, but not fiucere; they acknowledg
ed their impotence, but not theif errors: thity difcovered their moft hoflile difpofitions towards France, at the very time they proved their utter inability to contend with her.
When they wanted to obtain our confent to the war, they allured Uj that it was neceflary for the Safety of our commerce.—At this moment moft of the ports of Europe are fluit againft us; goods to an immenfe amount are lying upon the hands of our merchants; and the manufacturing poor are Starving by thoufands.
They allured us the war wss neceflary for the prefervation ofproperry and public credit. They have rendered every man's property fubjeet to an order of the privycouncil, and the bank of England has flopped payment.
They affured us the war was neceflary for the prefervation of the constitution.—They have deftroy. ed its beft part, which is its liberty, by oppreffive restrictions upon the right of petitioning, and upon the freedom of the prefs; by profecuting innocent men, under falfe pretences; by fending money to foreign princes, without confent of parliament; while, by erecting barracks throughout the kingdom, they give us reafon to fufpect their intention of finally Subjecting the people to military defpotifm.
They affured us that the war was •neceflary for the prefervation of the unity of our empire.—But they have fo conducted, and are ftill fo conducting themfelvts in Ireland, as to alienate the affections of that brave, loyal, but oppreffed and perfecuted natiou; and toexpofethe moft flourishing of its provinces to all the horrors of lawlefs, military violence.
Thefe are not common errors. They are great crimes:—<ind of thefe crimes, before God and our country, we accufe your minift«r>.
Out Our affe&ions to your majefty's pcrfon, our loyalty to your government, are unabated: your majefty's virtues are a pledge for the one; the conftitution which makes you king, for the other. But duty to our fellowcountrymen, and to our pofteriry, which is but another name for that affection and loyalty, impels us to reprefent to your xnajefty, that your minifters are. defrauding us of the benefit of thofe virtues, by deftroying the channels through which they flow. They have tarnifhed the national honour and glory. They have oppreffed the poor with almoft intolerable burdens. They have poifoned the intercourfe of private life. They have given a fatal blow to public credit. They have divided the empire; and they have fubverted the conftitution.
We humbly pray your majefty, therefore, to difmifs them from your prefence and councils for ever.
Refolved unanimoufly, That the thanks of this meeting'be given to the right hon. Charles James Fox, one of the representatives of this city in parliament, for the firm and faithful difcharge of his public duty, in the moft trying times, and for his oppofition to that calamitous fyftem, of which he with prophetic fagacity forefaw and foretold the ruinous confequences.
That the faid addrefs and petition be prefented by the chairman and by the feveral gentlemen who called this meeting, and the right hon. Charles Janus Fox.
That his grace the duke of Norfolk, his grace the duke of Bedford, his grace the duke of Northumberland, the earl of Derby, the earl of Thanet, the earl-of Lauderdale, lord Robert Spencer, and the hon. Air. Petre, be requested to accompany them.
That the thanks of this meeting be given to the feven independent inhabitants who called this meeting.
Refolved, That the thanks of this meeting be given to the chairman, for his able conduct in tha chair.
Refolved, That thefe refolutions be printed in the morning and evening papers, figned by the chair* man.
Peter Motors, chairman.
Speech of his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to both Houfes of Parliament, July 3.
My lords and gentlemen, I have the fktisfaftion of being at length enabled to relieve you from your laborious attendance in parliament: and am commanded by his majefty to exprefs ihejult fenfe he entertains of that firm temper and vigorous determination which you have uniformly martifefted in fupporting hi« majefty'* government, and protecting our happy conftitution from the attempts of every foreign and do* meftic enemy.
I have much pleafure in announcing to you, that the Britifh parliament has paired acts for aboliming t.e bounty on fail-cloth exported to Ireland, and for prohibiting the importation of cambric from all countries except this kingdom.
Gentlemen of the houfe of commons, lam to thank you, in his majcfty's name, for your unanimity in voting the extraordinary fupplies, which the public exigencies demanded. However unprecedented, thefe fupplies may have been in extent, and however difficult they (U) . may may have been rendered from the Hate of public credit, you have wifely attended to the Superior consideration of national fafety. Such an exertion is the furefl proof that you are truly fenfible of the invaluable bleflings which we are contending to preferve; and that the beft means of effecting an honourable peace, and of refloring all the comforts of tranquillity, are by displaying at once your determination and your power, and by convincing your enemies of the extent of your refources as well as of the fteadinefs of your courage.
The ready arliftance which has been received fiom the filter kingdom in facilitating the loan of the year, while it is a Aire demonftration of her friendly cordiality, cannot fail to (how how infeparable are the mutual interefts of the two kingdoms, and how necefiary their connection is for their mutual profperity.
Your humanity in directing your attention to the prefent dillrefs among the manufacturers, does not lefs command my approbation than your prudence in the mode of conveying relief, by increafing the means of their employment. My lords and gentlemen, The powers with which you entrnfted me by the fufpenfion of the Habeas Corpus act, have enabled me to bring to light, and to dilconcert the fecret confpiracy which had been formed/or the total overthrow of your establishments, the deftruction of property, and the diflblutioo of government. This confpiracy has been fo fully unfolded by your wifdom, that it can no longer 1'prend itfclf under the infidious pretence which it had artfu'iv afl'imed, of improving the conftitution In the meaSures, whether of vigilance or coercion,
which you have recommended for its extinction, 1 (hall not relax, h will be my Study to temper the necefiary acts of Severity and rigour by conciliatory offers of clemency and pardon, to exhort the infatuated and deluded to abandon their deceivers, and to fummon the guilty to repentance; but, at the fame time, it is, and will be my fixed purpofe, to proceed with vigour againft thofe who, regardlels of every warning and admonition, (hall continue their defperate efforts to involve this flourishing country in all the horrors of infurrection and invafion, of bloodlhed and of anarchy.
I have-already the Satisfaction to acquaint you, that great numbers who had been unfortunately feduced, have returned to a fenfe of their duty, and have been admitted to his majefiy's^clemency; and I truft that, by perfeverance and energy, every vcftige of difaffeetion will be effaced, and univerfally give way to the return of that fpirit of loyalty which has fo long been the distinguished charactering of this kingdom.
1 cannot omit to congratulate with you on the unimpaired Inftre of that fpirit which (b confpico* oufly (hone forth when the enemy's fleet appeared on our coaits, nor can I too often repeat my full fenfe of your wifdom in the eftablifhment of diftrict corps: I have the mod Satisfactory accounts of their improvement in discipline, as well as of their exertions in quelling and' preventing inturrection, and 1 have myfelf witneffed the unexampled exertions, good conduct, and military appearance of the corps of the metropolis, whole un« renting and unwearied vigi'ance, at a molt important crifis, checked every attempt to producecontufion
by riot and tumult, at t'ie fame time -that it deftroyed the hopes of our enemies, and reftored confidence to the country in general.
Your judicious augmentation of pay to his majefty's regular and militia forcesrwhich mult render their fituation fo highly comfortable, is at once a feafonable and honourable acknowledgment of their fteadinefs and loyalty.
The traitorous efforts which have been made to entice them from their allegiance, have had a fatal effect in a few lamentable examples. I truft, however, that they have excited in the minds of others fo timely a repentance, and in the reft fuch indignation and abhorrence, that no future danger can be apprehended.
Your wife inftitiuion of a finking fund, in the midft of financial difficulties, cannot be too much applauded, and will prevent any ruinous depreciation of funded ftock, and being eftabliftied before the national. debt had accumulated to any oppreffive magnitude, will tend to prevent its becoming dangerous. A meafune fo truly calculated for preferving the refources of the ftate, . and fupporting public credit, molt fecure to you the gratitude of an enlightened people.
His majefty is exerting every pro» per effort to produce a ipeedy and lecure peace. It will be our duty to aflift thofe, efforts by convincing our enemies, from the ftate of our preparation, and the unanimity, of our fpirit, that they can hope for no advantage by prolonging the calamities of war.
Wherever your abilities, your influence, and exertions, can be moft advantageoufly employed on your return to the feveral counties, I
am confident they will be moft confpicuoufly difplayed. A conftant intercourfe with your immediate neighbourhoods, mult give you the opportunity of affording to the people both afEftance and example, of reclaiming thereby the deluded and ill-difpofed, and confirming the well-affefted in their fidelity and allegiance. A forward fpirit of loyalty, which in moft parts of the kingdom has fuccefffully checked the progrefs of treason, will be ftrengthened and dif« fufed by your prefence and exertions. It will be my ambition to fecond your activity and zeal, and to co-operate with your effoits for reftoring the tranquillity and profperity of the kingdom.
We have a facred caufe to defend, the independence and conftitut inn of Great Britain and Ireland, from which both kingdoms have derived innumerable bleffings under his majefty's aufpicious reign.— They were purchafed by the dear* eft blood of your anceftors, in a crifis not lefs formidable than the prelent. I truft we fhall not fail to imitate their great example, and that we fhall be enabled, by fimilar courage and continued firmnefs, to tranfmit to our pofterity, inviolate, that invaluable inheritance which their valour refcued, and their pcrleverance preferved.
After which the lord chancellor, by his excellency's command* faid, My lords and gentlemen,
It is his excellency the lord lieutenant's pleafure, that this parliament be prorogued toThurfday, the 10th day of 5uguft next, to be then here holden: and the parliament is accordingly prorogued to Thurfday, the 10th day of Auguft next.