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become citizens of such city or Britain. All this is to be under place where they Mall reside or stood with the restriction, that irade. By selling wholesale is un every permission on either side, derstood one or more bales of specified in this article, Thall be in goods, chests, casks, barrels, also no wise contrary to the laws of the feveral dozens of finall articles of country, and that the Russian submerchandise of the same kind, jects, as well as the British subjects, collected in the same place, and in and their clerks, conform them. considerable lots, or other sorts of selves, on both sides, punctually to package. It is further agreed, that the rights, statutes, and ordinances the subjects' of Russia may carry, of the country in which they shall in the same manner, into the ports trade, in order to obviare all sorts of Great Britain and of Ireland, of frauds and pretexts. It is for where they shall be establillied or this reason the decisions of the said reside, all sorts of merchandise or cales happening to the British face effects, of which the trade or the tories in Ruffia thall depend, at St. Peentry is not prohibited, which is terlburgh, upon the college of comunderstood equally of the manu. merce, and in the other cities, where factures and productions of the there is no college of commerc Asiatic provinces, provided that it upon the tribunals which have cogbe not actually prohibited by some. nizance of commercial affairs. law now in force in Great Britain; V. And in order to preserve a that they shall be permiited to keep just equality between Russian and them in their houses or magazines, British subjects, both the one and to sell or exchange them wholesale, the other shall pay the same duties freely become citizens of such city of exportation and of importation, or place where they Nail relide or whether it be in Russia or in Great trade; and that they may buy and Britain and Ireland, whether i: be transport out of the dominions of in Russian or in British vessels; and Great Britain all sorts of merchan- no regulation thall be made by the dife and effects which the subjects high contracting parties in favour of any other nation may there buy of its own subjects, which the subaod transport elsewhere, particu. jects of the other high contracting larly gold and filver, wrought or party shall not enjoy, and that ununwrought, exceut the coined mo- derstood bona fide, under whatever ney of Great Britain. It is agreed' name or form it may be, in such that British subjects trading in the manner as that the subjects of one dominions of Ruffia thall have the of the powers shall have no advan. liberty, in case of death, of an ex- tage over those of the other in the traordinary want, or of an absolute relpective dominions, neceffity, when there remains no VI. Every assistance and por. other means of prucuring inoney, fibre dispatch thall be given for the or in case of bankruptcy, of dif- loading and wloading of vessels, posing of their effects, either in as well as for the entry and de. Rullian or foreign merchandise, in parture of their merchandise, acthe manner in which the persons cording to the regulations made * interested thall think most advan. for that purpose; and they shall sageous. The same thing thall be not in any manner be detained, obierved with regard to Rusian upon the penalties announced in subjects in the dominions of Great the said regulations. In like man

· ner,

ner, if the subjects of Great Britain nations. - Nevertheless, in order make contracts with any chancery to prevent, on both sides, the cus. or colis e whatsoever, for deliver- tom-house from being defrauded, ing certain merchandise or effects, in the case of the discovery of on the declaration that those mer- merchandise imported clandeftine. chandise are ready to be delivered, ly, and without paying the customand after they shall have been ac- bouse duty, they shall be confiscattually delivered within the term ed, and the merchants convicted fixed in those contracts, they shall of contrabanding Mall be subjected be received, and the accounts shall to the fine eftablilied by the law in be regulated and liquidated, in con. such cases. sequence, between the said college X. It shall be permitted to the or chancery and the British mer. high contracting parties to go, chants, witloin the time which mal! come, and trade freely in the states have been fixed in the said con- with which the one or the other of tracts. The same rule shall be those parties shall be, at present or observed in the dominions of in future, at war, provided that Grear Britain towards Russian mer- they do not carry ammunition to clients.

the enemy: with the exception, VII. It is agreed that the sub- nevertheless, of places actually jects of Great Britain may, in all blockaded or besieged, whether by the cities and places of Russia sea or land; but at all other times, where it is allowed to any other and with the exception of warlike nation 10 trade, pay for merchan- ammunition, the subjects aforesaid dire bougit in the same current may transport into those places money of Russia which they have every other fort of merchandise, taken for their merchandise fold, as well as passengers, without the unless the contrary slould be stipu. (mallest hindrance. With respect lated in their contracts. The fame to the searching of merchant thips, is to be undertiood equally respect. Prips of war and privateers shall ing Russian merchandise in the do. conduct themselves as favourably minions of Great Britain.

as the course of the war then exift. VIII. In the places where .em- iog may possibly permit it towards barkations are usually made, it shall the most friendly powers which shall be permitted to the subjects of the remain neuter, obferving, as much high contracting parties to load as posible, the acknowledged prin. their tips or carriages with, and ciples and rules of the law of na. ' to transport by water and by land, tions. all sorts of merchandise which they XI. All cannons, mortars, fire.' may have hought (with the excepe arms, pistols, bombs, grenades, ., tion of those of which the ex. balls, bullets, musquets, flints, portation is prohibited), on paying matches, powder, falt-petre, fulthe custom-house duries, providing phur, cutlasses, pikes, swords, belts, that those thips and carriages con- cartouch-boxes, saddles and bri. form themselves to the laws. dles, 'Feyond the quantity which

IXThe subjects of the high may be neceffury for ihe use of the contracting parties shall not pay thip, or beyond that which each more duties upon the entry or de man serving on board the vesel, or parture of their merchandise than pallenger, shall have, shall be er. are paid by the subjeets of other teemed warlike provisions or am.


munition; and, if any are found, British merchants to build, buysethey shall be confiscated, according sell, and hire houses in all states to the laws, as contraband or pro- and cities of Russia, excepting only hibited effects; but neither the the permillion of building, buying, Thips, passengers, nor the other selling, and hiring houses in those merchandise found at the same cities of the empire which have time, mall be detained or prevent particular rights of citizenship, and ed from continuing their voyage. privileges contrary thereto; and it

XII. lf, which God 'forbid, is expressly ftipulated that at St. peace should be broken between Petersburgh, Moscow, Archangel, the two high contracting parties, Riga, and Narva, as well as in all neither persons, ships, nor mer: ports of the Black Sea, the houses chandise, Dall be detained or con, which British merchanis shall have fiscated; but the term of a year at purchased or built, shall, as long as least fhall be granted, for the pure they fall continue to belong to pose of selling, disposing of, or car-' them, and reside therein, be exrying away their effects, and witho enipied from having soldiers quardrawing themselves wherever they tered in them; but such houses as Mall please, which is to be under they shall let or hire, shall be substood equally respecting all those jected to all city taxes, the tenant who shall be in ihe sea and land and proprietor agreeing with each service, and they Thall be permit. other on that subject. As to every ted, previous to, or at their depar- other city in Russia, the houses ture, to consign the effects of which which they shall purchase or build, they shall not have disposed, as well as weil as those which they fhall as the debts to which they may hire or let, shall not be exempt have a claim, tu suich person as they from having soldiers quartered in fhall judge proper, to be disposed them. It is, in like manner, pera of according to their will and pro- mitted to Ruffian merchants to fit; which debts the debtor Thall build, buy, sell, and hire houses in cqually be obliged to pay as if the Great Britain and Ireland, and to rupture had not taken place.

dispose of them as it is allowed to XIII. In the event of a ship. the subjects of the most favoured wreck happening in a place be nations. They shall have the free longing to one or other of the high exercise of the Greek religion in contracting parties, not only every their own houses or in the places affifiance Mhall be given to the une allotted for that purpose. In like fortunate persons, and no violence manner British merchants hall done to them, but also the effects have the free exercise of the proteswhich they mhall have thrown out' tant religion. The subjects of both of the ship into the sea shall not be the one and the other power esta. concealed, detained, nor damaged, blished in Ruffia or Great Britait, under any pretext whatever; on the shall have the disposal of their procontrary, the above-mentioned ef. perty, and the power of leaving it fects and merchandise Mall be pre- by will to whom they shall judge served and restored to them, upon a proper, according to the custom suitable recompence being given to and the laws of their own coun• those who shall have affifted in fav try. ing their persons, vessels, and effects. XV. Passports shall be granted XIV. It fhall be permitted to to all British subjects who hall de

fire to quit Ruffia, after having not be obliged to show their books published their names and places of or papers to any perion whatsoever, abode in the gazettes, according to unless it be to afford evidence in the cuftom of the present day, courts of justice; neither shall the without obliging them to give se said books or papers be taken or curity; and if at the time there detained. If it dould happen, does not appear any just cause for however, that a British merchant detaining them, they shall be per- becomes a bankrupt, the affair shall mitted to depart, after providing be under the jurisdiction at St. themselves, however, with passports Petersburgh, of the college of comfrom the tribunals established for merce, or of that which shall herethat purpose. The same facility after be established for the purpose Thall be granted, on the like occa. of adminiftering justice in commer. fion, according to the custom of the cial affairs, and, in the other cities country, to Russian subjeets, who at a distance, under that of the mashall desire to quit the dominions of gistrate of the city: and the busi. Great Britain.

ness shall be carried on according XVI. British merchants, who to the laws which are, or shall shall hire or keep servants, Mall be hereafter be made upon that subobliged to conform themselves to ject. If, however, British mer the laws of that einpire upon this chants, obstinately resolved not to subjeft; which Russian merchants become bankrupts, thould refuse to shall be equally obliged to do in pay their debts either into the Great Britain.

banks of his imperial majesty or to XVII. In all lawsuits and other individuals, it shall be permitted to affairs, British merchants Mail not arrest a part of their effects, equibe under any other jurisdiction valent to their debts; and in case than that of the college of com- those · effects should prove inademerce, or that which shall be here. quate to that purpose, they may aro after established for the administra. reft their perfons, and detain thein tion of justice between merchants, until the majority of their creditors If it should happen, however, that both as to the number and value British merchants were to have of their respective demands, conlawsuits in any cities at a distance sent to liberate them: with respect from the above-mentioned college to their effects which shall have been of connierce, both they and the oarrested, they shall reinain in the ther party mall carry their com custody of those who shall be ap. plaint before the magistrates of the pointed and duly authorized for that said cities. Russian merchants in purpose by the majority of the cre. Great Britain mall have reciprocal ditors as aforesaid; and the persons ly the same protection and justice, fo appointed shall be obliged to ap. according to the laws of that king. praise the effects as soon as possible, dom, which other foreign mer. and to make a juft and equitable chants have there, and shall be, distribution to all the creditors, ac. treated in the same manner as the cording to their respective claims. fubjects of the most favoured na. The same course thall be pursued, tion,

in fimilar cases, with regard to RufXVIII. Ruffian merchants re- fian merchants in the dominions of siding in Great Britain, and British Great Britain, and they shall be merchants residing in Rusia, dhall protected therein in the manner

regue proof.

regulated in the preceding arti- delivering their merchandise at the cle.

place or at the time agreed upon XIX. In case of coniplaints and and mentioned in the laid bills or of lawsuits, ihree persons of irre. contraEts, ihe college of commerce, proachable character, from amongst aiter complaints to that effect shall the foreigo merchants, mail be, ac- have been made, and proofs given, cording to the circumstances of the fall summon them three times, case, appointed by the college of graniting them a sufficient time to commerce, and in such places appear in perfon, and if they allow where there is none, by the magi- it to clapse without appearing, she strate, to examine the books and said college shall condemn them, papers of the complainants; and and Thall send an express, at the the report which they shall make expence of the plaintiff, to the go. to the college of conimerce, or to vernors and to the tribunals of gothe magistrate, of what they shall vernment, enjoining them to put have found in the said books and the sentence into execution, and papers, shall be considered as good thereby compel the debtors to ful

fil their engagentents. And if the XX. The custom-houses shall demands should be found frivolous take care to examine the servants or or unjust, then the British mer. the clerks of Ruffian merchants, at chants shall be obliged to pay the the time of their enregistering their damage which they shall have ocpurchases, if they are furnithed, for casioned, either by the loss of time, ihat purpose, with the orders or full or by the expences of the voyage. powers of their masters, and if they XXII. The brack shall be estaare not, they shall not be credited. blified with justice, and the brack. The same measures shall be adopt. ers shall be answerable for the quaed with the servants of British mer- lity of the merchandise and for chants; and when the faid ser. fraudulent packages, and obliged, vants, having orders or full powers upon sufficient proofs against them, from their masters, shall have eure. to pay for the losses which they gistered the merchandise on ac- bave occasioned. count of their masters, the latter XXIII. A regulation shall be Thall be responsible therefor in the made in order to prevent the abuses same manner as if they had them- which may be practised in the selves enregistered them. With re- packing of leather, hemp, and lint; spect to Ruffian servants employed and if any disputes should happen in shops, they shall, in like manner, between the purchaser and the selle be enregistered by the tribunals esta er respecting the weight or the blished for that purpose, in the cities tare of any merchandise, the cus. where those shops thall be ; and toin-house shall decide it according their masters shall be responsible for to equity. them, in matters of trade, and in XXIV. In every thing which rethe purchases which they shall have lates to taxes and duties upon the made in their name.

importation and exportation of XXI. In the case of Russian mer. merchandise in general, the sube chants who are in debt to British jeets of the two high contracting merchants upon bills of exchange, parties shall always be considered or who have made contracts for the and treated as the moft favoured delivery of merchandise, not pay, nation, ing their bills of exchange, or not XXV. The subjeĉts of the two


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