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PRINCIPAL OCCURRENCES

. In the Year 1797.

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JANUARÝ.

evening, when they quitted their

station, and have not since been 2. THE Lisbon mail, which are heard of. The wind, at the time of

1 rived on Saturday evening, their sailing, blowing hard at S.S.E. brings us the melancholy intelli- From their first appearance every gence of the loss of his majesty's exertion was made by general Dalships, the Bombay Castle, of 74 rymple, the commanding officer of guns, commanded by capt, Sothe. the district, and a considerable force by, and the Courageux, of 74 guns, was collected to repel the enemy... commanded by captain HaHowell. The accounts further state, that The fleet of admiral sir John Jervis lhe yeomanry and volunteer corps. encountered a severe storm in com displayed the utmost zeal and ala. ing through the Straits of Gibraltar. crity in undertaking the guards in The Courageux was seen to go those places from whence the regudown.-Capt. Hallowell, the mas- lar troops were withdrawn; and the ter, and about 100 of the crew were universal readiness shewn by all de. happily saved; but we lament io scriptions of people to forward the say, that between 4 and 500 gallant preparations for defence, left no men lost their lives.

doubt of the event, in case the ene The Bombay Castle was lost close my had ventured to make a descent. to the Tagus, and the captain and in particular, the spirit, activity, and all the crew fortunately saved. exertions of Richard White, esg of

The following are the official ac- Seafield Park, deserve the most hocounts of the attempt of the French nourable mention. upon Ireland:

An officer and seren men were Whitehall, January 3. By dis- driven on shore in a boat belonging patches received on Sunday evening to one of the French ships, and were from the lord-lieutenant of Ireland, immediately made prisoners. . This by his grace the duke of Portland, gentleman was conveyed to Dublin, Liis majesty's principal secretary of and, upon examination, states, that state for the home department, it thé fleet, upon its leaving Brest, appears, that a part of the French consisted in all of about fifty sail, fleet, consisting of eight two-deck having an army of 25,000 men ers, and nine other vessels of diffe- on board, commanded by general tent classes, had anchored in Bantry Hoche, and that it was destined for Bay, on the 24th ultimo, and had the attack of Ireland.. semained there, without any at Whitehall, January 7. By dise, lernpt to land, till the 27th in the patches received this day by the

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duke

duke of Portland, from the lord- reason to believe, that if a landing
lieutenant of Ireland and Mr. Pele had taken place, they would have
ham, dated the 3d and 4th, it ap- displayed the utmost fidelity. When
pears that a part of the French'fleet the flank companies of the Antrim
had returned to Bantry Bay, and regiment were formed, the whole
that another part had been seen oif regiment turned out, to a man,
the mouth of the Shannon ; but that with expressions of the greatest ea.
both divisions had quitied their sta- gerness to march; and the Down.
tions, and put to sea, on the evening shire regiment, to a man, declared
of the 2d inst, without attempting a they would stand and fall by their
landing. The accounts of the dis- officers.
position of the country, where the At the time the army was ordered
troops are assembled, are as favour to march, the weather was extreme-
able as possible; and the greatest ly severe; I therefore ordered them
loyalty has nianifested itself through- a proportion of spirits upon their
out the kingdom; and in the south roure, and directed an allowance of
and west, where the troops have four-pence a day to their wives un-
been in motion, they have been met til their return. During their march,
by the country people of all descrip- the utmost attention was paid them
tions, with provisions and all sorts by the inhabitants of the towns and
of accommodation, to facilitate villages through which they passed;
their march ; and every demonstra- so that in many places the meat
tion has been given of the zeal and provided by the commissaries was
ardour of the nation to oppose the not consumed. The roads, which
enemy in every place where it could in parts had been rendered impass-
be supposed a descent might be at- able by the snow, were cleared by
tempted.

the peasantry. The poor people Whitehall, January 17. often shared their potatoes with Extract of a Letter from his Excel. them, and dressed their meat with

lency the Lord-licutenant of Ire- out demanding paymevt, of which land, to his Grace the Duke of there was a very particular instance

Portland, dated Dublin Castle, in the town of Banaglier, where no * Jan. 10, 1797.

gentleman or principal farmer res I have the satisfaction to ac- sides to set them the example. At quaint your grace, that since the in- Carlow a considerable subscription formation transmitted to Mr. Gre, was made for the troops as they ville, that the French had entirely passed ; and at Limerick and Cork left Bantry Bay, there has been no every exertion was used to facilitate re-appearance of them upon the the carriage of artillery and bag, coasts; so that I trust, from the vio- gage, by premiums to the carmen ; lence of the tempest, and from their and in the town of Galway, which ships being ill-fonnd and ill-victaalfor a short time was left with a very led, their expedition is for the pre- ' inadequate garrison, the zeal and sent frustrated.

ardour of the inhabitants and yeoUpon reviewing what has passed manry were peculiarly manifested, during this expedition of the ene- and in a manner to give me the ut. my, I have the satisfaction to re- most satisfaction. In short, the geo flect, that the best spirit was mani- neral good disposition of the people fested by his majesty's regular and through the south and west was so militia forces; and I have every preyalest,, that, had the enemy

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landed, their hope of assistance from lar letter written to the commandthe inhabitants would have been to- ants of the respective corps, their taliy disappointed.

answers almost universally contain: From the armed yeomanry, gó- ed a general offer of service in any vernment derived the most honour- part of the kingdom. abie assistance. Noblemen and gen- Many prominent examples of inElemen of the first property vied in dividual loyalty and spirit' have ap. exerting themselves at the head of peared. An useful impression was their corps. Much of the express made upon the minds of the lower and escort duty was performed by Catholios, by a judicious address them. In Cork, Limerick, and Gal. from Dr. Moylan, the titular bishop way, they took the duty of the gar- of Cork. I cannot but take notice rison. Lord Shannon informs me, of the exertions of lord Kenmare, that men of three and four thou who spared no expense in giving sand pounds a year were employed assistance to the commanding offic in escorting baggage and carrying cer in his neighbourhood, and who expresses. Mr. John Latouche, who took into his own demesne a great was a private in his son's corps, quantity of cattle which had been Tode twenty-five miles in one of driven from the coast. Nor could the severest nights, with an ex. any thing exceed the ardor of the press, it being his turn for duty. earl of Ormond, who, when his The merchants of Dublin, many of regiment of militia was retained as them of the first eminence, marched part of the garrison of Dublin, sosixteen Irish miles with a convoy licited with so much zeal a comof arms to the North, whither it mand in the flank companies, that was conducted by reliefs of yeo- I thought it a measure due to his manry. The appearance in this majesty's service, to encourage his metropolis has been highly merito- lordship’s request. . nous. The corps have been form. 3. The London Gazette of this ed of the most respectable barris day announces the capture of Le ters, attorneys, merchants, gentle Suffrein, a French vessel, with 250 men, and citizens, and their num. troops, arms, &c. on board. She ber is so considerable, and their was taken off Cape Clear by captain zeal in mounting guard so useful, Stirling of the Jason. Also of the that I was enabled greatly to re- Didon French cutter privateer, doce the garrison with perfect safe. carrying four brass four-pounders iy to the town. The numbers of and thirty men, by captain Drew of yeomanry fully appointed and dis- the Cerberus. Also of the L'Amaciplined in Dublin exceed two ranthe French brig, of twelve six-' thousand ; above four hundred of pounders and nine men, by the wbom are lorse. The whole num- Diamond. ber of corps approved by govern. 7. The London Gazette announces ment armount to four hundred and the capture of the San Pio Spanish forty, exclusive of the Dublin corps. corvette, of 18 guns and 140 men, The gross number is nearly twen- by captain Carthen of the Regulus ; ty-five thousand. There are also Le Coup d'Essai, a small privateer Dinety-one offers of service under of two guns, small arins, and 23 consideration, and one hundred and men, by captain Colvill of the Star. twenty-five proposals have been 8. The steeple of Horningtoft declined ; and, in reply to a circu. church, near Norwich, fell down,

while the bell was ringing for divine Your majesty's faithful citizens service.

. of London sincerely lament, ihat 9. The London Gazette an- your majesty's endeavours to prenounces the capture of the L'Espe- serve peace with Spain, and to adrance French brig, by sir R. Stra- just all matters in discussion with chan of the Diamond; of L'Hiron-' that court by amicable negotiation, delle French privateer, of 12 guns have been rendered ineflectual, and and 70 men, by vice-admiral Mur- the calamities of war thus unavoidray of the Cleopatra ; and La Tor- ably extended. tue, of 44 guns, 725 men, including Nevertheless, relying on the jus. troops, by capt. Lumsdaine of the tice of your majesty's cause, the rePolyphemus.

; sources of the country, the wisdom 11. About noon, a melancholy of your majesty's councils, and the accident happened in Liverpool har- bravery of your maje tý's fleets and bour. As Mr. Slack, deputy coti- armies, we doubt not that, under stable, was conveying a party of the protection of Divine Provivolunteers, 'raised in Manchester dence, your majesty will be able to and the adjacent parishes, for ihe repel this unprovoked aggression, navy, the boat in which they were to subdue all your enemies, and fi. proceeding to the tender overset, by nally to obtain the blessings of which fatal accident 25 persons lost peace, to secure the dignity of your their lives. ....

majesty's crown, and to advance the ' The following address of the city prosperity of these kingdoins. of London was presented to his Signed, by order of Court, majesty by the lord mayor, accom.

WILLIAM Rix. panied by the aldermen Clark, Boydell, Le Mesurier, Sanderson, Cur. His majesty was pleased to make tis, Eamer, Newman, Anderson, the following most gracious An. Herne, Williams, and a few con- swer: : : mon-council. - .

I receive with great satisfaction To the King's Most Excellent Ma- this loyal address from my city of

jesty .. London. The Humble Address of the Lord "I sincerely lament the failure of · Mayor, Aldermen, and Commouis my endeavours to preserve peace

of the City of London, in Com: with Spain ; but, from the justice mon-Council assembled. Vir of my cause, the experienced va

Most Gracious Sovereign, lour of my fleets and armies, and We; your majesty's most dutiful the spirited and generous exertions and loyal subjects, 'the lord mayor, of the nation at large, I trust, under aldermen, and commons of the city the protection of the Divine Provi. of London, in common-council as- dence, that this aggression will be sembled, beg leave to'approach the effectually repelled, and that the throne most humbly to thank your blessings of peace 'will be restored, majesty for your gracious commu- upon terms consistent with the bonication to both houses of parlia- nour of my crown, and with the ment, of the measures adopted by security and interests of my people. your majesty on the recent mani- Aldermau Herne, of Castle Bay. festo of the court of Madrid, abrupi- nard Ward, received the honour of ly declaratory of an unprovoked war knighthood, now sir W. Herne, with Great Britain. " knight.

12. At the Old Bailey sessions meanour. It had been thought by this day, the following singular those who filled the highest departcause was tried.

ments in the administration of pubLauncelot Knowles was indicted lic affairs, that it was their duty to for obtaining money under false lay this case before the jury, which pretences, and the indictment stated, involved in it the case of unfortu. that a person of the name of John nate individuals who were unable Sanders was under judgment for a to protect themselves, and who had felony, and that the prisoner, in- been the objects of the most rapatending to cheat and 'defraud one cious and profligate plunder of the Ann Keys of a sum of money, prisoner who now stood at the bar. knowingly and designedly did falsely The charge which was exhibited pretend and affirm that he had against the prisoner was, what progreat influence, credit, and interest bably the jury would agree with with the duke of Portland, sir Wat. him in thinking, came before them kin Lewes, and Mr. Baldwin, and in a shape which the best men must that, by such influence, credit, and lament to see, for the prisoner was interest, he could procure pardon only indicted for a misdemeanour. for the said John Sanders, and that He really wished it had been an he would procure such pardon, but higher denomination of offence, and that he must for that purpose have that to attect the prisoner's life. The the sum of five guineas intrusted to charge, however, was only a mis bim, for that he was to procure demeanour, that of having obtained, snich pardon on paying one guinea at three several times, upon false through one channel, and another pretences, the sum of six guineas guinea through another channel, of Ann Keys, by pretending to have but that no part of that money was interest with three most respectable to be kept by himself. That the persons, namely, his grace the duke said Ann Keys gave him the sum of Portland, sir Watkin Lewes, and of six guineas, and he said he would Mr. Baldwin, as the jury has al. procure such pardon by exerting his ready collected from the opening influence, credit, and interest with of the indictment by his learned the duke of Portland, sir Waikin friend; and this was done under Lewes, and Mr. Baldwin, whereas, pretence, on the part of the pri. in truth, he had no such influence, soner, of procuring his majesty's credit, or interest with such per- pardon for a person of the name of sons, or with either of thein, nor Job Sanders, who was convicted of had he any reason to think that he a capital offence. Ann Keys was bad any such influence, credit, or the mother of the unfortunate coninterest.

vict, John Sanders, and the prisoner Mr. Abbot opened the pleadings now at the bar was introduced to for the prosecution,

her as a person who could procure Mr. Garrow opened the case, bis majesty's pardon to her son. The The prosecution, be said, which the prisoner, without the least difficulty jury were now called upon to de- on his part, stated to this unhappy cide, appeared to him, from the woman that he had such interest facts on which it was founded, to be with the duke of Portland, sir Wate of the highest importance that could kin Lewes, and Mr. Baldwin, as possibly occur to a court, or come would enable him immcdiately to before it in the shape of a misdc- procure a remission of the capital

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