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conditions which had already been his Britannic majesty requests the rejected at the very commencement ministers' plenipotentiary of the of the negotiation, and from which French republic to accept the assura the French plenipotentiaries had in ance of his high confideration. effect departed, by a formal noti. (Signed) MALMESBURY. fication of the measures which the London, directory were, in consequence, take the 22d September, 1797. ing for the purpose of coming to some arrangement with their allies. s. That it is, therefore, only by

(No. 52.) Note from the French confenting to treat upon the basis

Plenipotentiaries to Lord Malmefof the projet, detailed with so much bury. openness, which was presented by The ministers plenipotentiary of the undersigned a few days after the French republic, commissioned his arrival at Lille, or by return to treat of peace with England, ing a contre projet of a conciliatory have received the note dated from nature, agreeably to the assurances London, which has been brought which he received so long ago, to them by an extraordinary mef. that it appears poflible to continue senger from lord Malmesbury. - the negotiation, which the plenipo- They have the honour to answer

tentiaries have so strongly allured him, that their note of the 20th him that the directory did not with Fru&tidor, to which they refer, to break off, notwithstanding the offered the double assurance of the measures lately adopted with respect settled intention of the French goto him: a measure which the une vernment to continue the negotiadersigned forhears to characterize, tions for peace, and of its constant but which could not fail to produce determination not to agree to any in this country the impression of a other conditions than such as are disposition by no means pacific on compatible with the dignity of the the part of the directory.

French republic. The undersigned is directed to A peace, of which the basis add, that his majesty would see with mould be contrary to the laws, or real regret the certainty of the ex. to the engagements taken with its istence of such a disposition, so allies, would never satisfy the hopes little compatible with the ardent of the nation. It is a point from defire with which he is animated to which the executive directory bag restore peace to the two nations; never departed, and upon which its but that if, without having himself sentiments have never varied. contributed to it on his part, he Lord Malmesbury having formshould again find himself under the ally declared in his notes of the 15th neceility of continuing the war, he and 24th of July, and in the last will conduct himself upon every instance in that of the 17th Sepoccasion agreeably to the same prin- tember, that he had not the pow. ciples, doing every thing which can ers necessary for restoringthe Dutch depend upon him for the re-esta. and Spanish poffeffions, occupied blishment of peace, but perlifting by the troops of his Britannic mato defend with an unmaken firme jesty, the executive directory has ness, the dignity of his crown, and given a new proof of its openness, the interests of his people.

and of its desire to accelerate the The minister plenipotentiary of conclufion of peace, in requiriog


lord Malmesbury to return to his foreseen his return with powers court, for the purpose of obtain that should not be illusory, and the ing the authority, without which limitation of which should no lonhe cannot conclude; a measure ger be a pretext for delaying the rendered necessary by the declara conclufion of peace : tion of the minister plenipotentiary That such are still the hopes and of his Britannic majesty, and upon intentions of the executive direcwhich it is impoflible to give a tory, which enjoins the ministers wrong impression to any thinking plenipotentiary of the republic not and impartial mind.

to quit Lille till the continued abThe ministers plenipotentiary of sence of the negotiator shall no the French republic request lord longer leave any doubt of the inMalmesbury to accept the assur- tention of his Britannic majesty to ances of their high confideration. break off all negotiation : (Signed) Treilhard. That consequently the 25th Ven.

BONNIER demiaire (16th of October, old : Lijie, 4th Vendemiaire,

style) is the period fixed for the re5th Year of the Republic.

call of the ministers plenipotentiary (Sept. 25, 1797.) - DERCHE, of the French republic, supposing

that at that time the minister pleni

potentiary of his Britannic majesty (No. 53.) Note from the French

Thall not have arrived at Life.

Tha Plenipotentiaries to Lord Malmes. The executive directory will feel bury.

thie greatest regret that a reconcilia. The ministers plenipotentiaries tion, already ' iwice attempted, of the French republic, charged to should not be perfected; but its treat for peace with England, have conscience, and the whole of Euthe honour to inform lord Malmes- rope, will bear it testimony, that it bury, that having sent a copy of is the English government alone his last note to their government, that will have inflicted the scourge the executive directory has directed of war upon the two nations. them to declare in its name, that it . The ministers plenipotentiary of has never ceased to wish for peace; the French republic entreat the mithat it gave an unequivocal proof nister plenipotentiary of his Britanof the sentiment which animates it, nic majesty to accept the assurances when it ordered the ministers ple of their high consideration, niputentiary of the republic to re- (Signed) Treilharp, quire a categorical explanation as to

BONNIER. the powers given by the English Lisle, 10th Vendemiaire, government to its minister pleni- 6th Year of the French Republic, potentiary ; that this demand had,

October 1, 1797.) and could have, no other object but

The sec. of the legation, . to bring the negotiation to a speedy

DERCUE. and successful issue:

That the order given to the ple. nipotentiaries of the republic to re- (No. 54.) Note from Lord Malmef: main at Lille after the departure of bury to the French Plenipotentiaries. lord Malmesbury, is another proof The undersigned having laid bethat the directory had desired and fore the king's minifter the pote of 3797



the plenipotentiaries of the French of the government of France, in republic, is directed to observe to whose unprovoked aggreffion the them,

war originated, and by w nose bound. That it is only in consequence less and destructive ambition it is of the formal and positive injunc. still prolonged. And while, by the tion of the directory that he quitter course of these transactions, con. Line; that his powers were neither tinuer proofs have been afforded to illusory nor limited ; and that no. all his majesty's faithful subje&is, of thing was omitted on his part to ac. bis anxious and unremitting solicii celerate the negotiation, which has tude for their welfare, they cannot, been only retarded by the delays of at the fame time, have failed to retie directory, and which at this cognise, in the uniform conduct of nioment is only suspended by its the enemy, the spirit by which the act.

councils of France are still actui With regard to the renewal of ated, and the objects to which they the conferences, the undersigned are directed. can only refer to his last note, His majesty could not but feel where he has explained with frank. how much the means of peace had ness and precifion the only means been obstructed by the many addi. which remain for continuing the tional difficulties which his enemies negotiation ; observing at the same had fo repeatedly thrown in the way time, that the king could no longer of every vegotiation. Neverthetreat in an enemy's country, without less, on the very first appearance of being certain that the customs esta. circuinstances in some degree more blished amongst all civilized nations, favourable to the interests of huma. with regard to public minifters, and nity, the same ardent desire for the especially to thofe charged to nego. ease and happiness of his subje&s tiate for the re-establishment of induced his majesty to renew his peace, would be respected for the overtures for terminating the calafuture in the person of his plenipo- mities of war: thus availing him. tentiary.

felf of every opening which could The minister plenipotentiary of in any manner lead to secure an his Britannic majesty requests the honourable peace, and consulting ministers pl nipotentiary of the equally the wishes of his own heart French republic to accept the assu.. and the principles by which his rance of bis high conGderation. conduct has invariably been guided,

(Signed) MALMESBURY. New obstacles were immediately London, Sth 08. 1797.

interposed by those who still direct ed the councils of France, and who,

amidst the general defire for peace, Declaration of the King of Great which they could not at that time . Britain to the People, respecting the openly disclaim, still retained the

Rupture of the late Negotiation power of frustrating the wilhes of

His majesty's benevolent endea- their own country, of counteractvours to restore to his people the ing bis majesty's benevolent intenblessings of secure and honourable tions, and of obftructing that result peace, again repeated without suc. which was so necessary for the hap. cess, have again demonstrated, be piness of both nations. Difficulyond the possibility of doubt, the ties of form were studioully cre. determined and perfevering hostility ated; modes of negotiation were


infifted upon, the most inconsistent To this proceeding, open and with their own conduct in every liberal beyond example, the conniher instance; the same spirit ap- duct of his majesty's enemies oppeared in every step which was poses the most striking contrast. taken by them; and while the From them ao counter-project has most unwarranted infinuations were ever yet been obtained: no state. thrown out, and the most unfound. ment of the extent or nature of the ed reproaches brought forward, conditions on which they would the established customs and usages, conclude any peace with these king which have long prevailed in Eu- doms. Their pretensions have alrope, were purposely departed from, ways been brought forward either even in the simple acts which were as detached or as preliminary points, to be done on their part for the re- diftin&t from the main object of nenewal of the negotiations. All these gotiation, and accompanied, in things his majefty determined to dir. every instance, with an express reregard; not as being insensible of serve of farther and unexplained de their purport and tendency, nor un- mands. mindful of the importance of these The points which, in pursuance points, in the public intercourse of of this system, the plenipotentias great and independent nations, but ries of the enemy proposed for se. resolving to defeat the object of parate discussion in their first conthese artifices, and to suffer no sub- ferences with his majesty's minister, ordinate or inferior consideration to were at once frivolous and offenimpede, on his part, the discussion five; none of them productive of of the weighty and extensive inte- any solid advantage to France, but rests on which the termination of all calculated to raise new obstacles the war must necessarily depend in the way of peace. And to these

He directed his minister to repair demands was soon after added anto France, furnished with the most other, in its form unprecedented, ample powers, and instructed to in its substance extravagant, and communicate at once an explicit such as could originate only in the and detailed proposal and plan of most determined and inveterate hof peace, reduced into the shape of.a titity. The principle of mutual regular treaty, just and moderate in compensation, before exprefly ada its principles, embracing all the in. mitted by common consent, as the terests concerned, and extending just and equitable basis of negotiato every subject connected with the tion, was now disclaimed; every restoration of public tranquillity. idea of moderation or reafon, every The communication of this paper, appearance of justice, was disre, delivered in the very first confer•' garded; and a concession was reence, was accompanied by such ex- quired from his majesty's plenipoplanations as fully stated and de- tentiary, as a preliminary and indir tailed the utmost extent of his ma- pensable condition of negotiation, jesty's views, and at the same time which must at once have superseded gave ample room for the examina- all the objects, and precluded all tion of every disputed point, for the means of treating, France, af. mutual arrangement and concession, ter incorporating with her own doand for reciprocal facilities arising minions so large a portion of her out of the progress of fair discut. conquests, and affecting to have fon,

deprived herself, by her own ins


ternal regulations, of the power of which it has pleased the divine proalieuating these valuable additions vidence to place the British nation. of territory, did not scruple to de. This temperate and conciliatory mand from bis majesty the absolute conduct was strongly expresive of and unconditional surrender of all the benevolence of his majesty's that the energy of his people, and intentions; and it appeared for some the valour of his fleets and armies, time to have prepared the way for have conquered in the present war, that result which has been the uni. either from France, or from her al. form object of all his measures. lies. She required that the power Two months elapsed after his maof Great Britain should be confined jefty had unequivocally and defini. within its former limits, at the very tively refused to comply with the moment when her own dominion unreasonable and extravagant prewas extended to a degree almost un liminary which had been demanded paralleled in history. She infifted, by his enemies. During all that that, in proportion to the increase time the negotiation was continued of Janger, the means of resistance open, the conferences were regu

Thould be diminished ; and that his larly held, and the demand thus majesty should give up, without explicitly rejected by one party was compensation, and into the hands never once renewed by the other. of his enemies, the necessary de. It was not only abandoned, it was fences of his possessions, and the openly disclaimed ; assurances were future safeguards of his empire, given in direct contradi&tion to it. Nor was even this demand brought Promises were continually repeated, forward as constituting the terms of that his majesty's explicit and de peace, but as the price of negotia- tailed proposals should at length be tion; as the condition on which answered by that which could alone alone his majesty was to be allowed evince a real disposition to negotiate to learn what further unexplained with sincerity, by the delivery of a demands were still reserved, and to counter-project, of a nature tend. what greater sacrifices these unpre- ing to facilitate the conclufion of cedented concessions of honour and peace; and the long delays of the safety were to lead.

French government in executing Whatever were the inpressions these promises were excused and which such a proceeding created, accounted for by an unequivocal they did not induce the king ab- declaration, that France was conruptly to preclude the means of ne. certing with her allies for those fa. gotiation. In rejecting without a crifices on their part, which might moment's hesitation a demand, afford the means of proceeding in which could have been made for the negotiation. Week after week no other reason than because it was passed over in the repetition of these inadmissible, his majesty, from the folemn engagements on the part of fixed resolution to avail himself of his majesty's enemies. His defire every chance of bringing the nego. for peace induced him to wait for tiation to a tavourable issue, direct- their completion, with an anxiety ed that an opening Nould still be proportioned to the importance of left, for treating on reasonable and the object; nor was it much to ex• equal grounds, such as might be pect that his minister should at come the dignity of his crown, and length be informed what was the the rank and ftation in Europe in extent and nature of the conditions

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