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Letter of Convocation addrejfed to the Plenipotentiary Envoys of the dffocipted States of Northern Germany, by Von Dohm, the PruJJian Minifter.

The underfigned is charged, by the exprefs command of the king of Prullia, his molt gracious fovcreign, to make the following overtures to all their excellencies, the plenipotentiaries of the aflbciated ftates of Northern Germany, delegated to afiemble in convention at Hildeflieim: The general con> cerns of Germany, with regard to the continuance of the war, Stiil remain in a moft undecided condition, and the confolatory hope of a general peace, fo devoutly to be wished, remains as yet uncertain and remote to the laft degree, Since the negotiations entered upon for that purpofe may, alas! produce a farther and more obstinate war, rather than bring about its final conclusion. In this perplexing fituation, it certainly is a happinefs which Northern Germany cannot fuificiently praife, to fee itfelf entirely freed, not only from the miferies of this ravaging war, but alfo from all the inconveniencies connected with it, fuch as the requisitions of the belligerent powers, the paflage and marches of troops, and many other, liniilar burdens. It needs but a flight comparative , glance at the moft piteous flate of the countries of Southern Germany, formerly flourishing and now ruined for a long time to come, in order to feel, in its whole extent, the happinefs of the northern parts, which have for the two • laft campaigns enjoyed the moft perfeft tranquillity.

The king is fully convinced, that it can be unknown to none of his co-ftates, who participate in.

this blefling, that it is the mere refult of the indefatigable exertions of his majefty, by which he has laid a fate foundation for the neutrality of Northern Germany, and mult effectually protect it by acorps of his own troops, and of thofeof the two allied courts. His majefty has further con fo! idated this neutrality, by the formal acceliion of his ferene highnefs the ele£tor-of Saxony, and the whole circle of Upper Saxony, in virtue of a Supplementary article added to the convention ofthecthof Auguft, 1796,by which a line of demarcation, extending from the utmoft coafts of the North Sea, to the Lower Rhine, and from hence to Silefia, encompaffed the whole north of Germany. The two aSTociations in this vaft extent of territory mutt remain feparate, with refpect to the maintenance of the troops, drawn out to cover their neutrality, which is done in Upper Saxony by a corps belonging to the elector hirhfelf j but with regard to their common defign they join hands, and, by this enlargement, effected by his majefty, the nentrality of Northern Germany receives a new and manifest importance.

The king is likewile firmly re-, folved to lecure farther, and until the conclusion of the war, the full enjoyment of the neutrality to all the aflbciated States, to protect them and their territories againft every power, and to defend them in particular at all times, and in the moft effectual. and powerful manner, . againft the incui fions of the troops of the belligerent powers, againft each and every demand of military requisitions, of whatever fort, and the levying of thofe requisitions which might be attempted by execution, and againft all Similar burdens of war; likewife to fcrecrt them by his moft forcible interpo(U 4) fition,

fition, during the period of this neutrality, from all the fubfequent demands of fupplies for the war of the empire.

The underfigned is exprefsly inftru£ted to give once more thefe definite and moftexplicitaflurances. It affords infinite plealure to his majefty, to have thus fecured the invaluable benefits of the neutrality to all his co-ftates, connefted with his dominions by their topographical locality, in the fame manner as it has been done to his own territories, and to have thus given them fo ftrong a proof of his friendly fcntiments. Befides the gratifying confcioufnefs of having hitherto accompliibed this hadpy end, his majefty requires no q.agT proof of gratitude on the part t>f his collates, than that they ftiould continue as heretofore to co-operate in the maintenance of the troops. The Icing flatters himfelf the more to find the moil perfect readinefs on their part, fince the burden which will arife from this meafure to the countries thus protected, does not bear the molt diftant comparifon with the manifold evils, and the probable and entire ruin averted from them, efpecially fince the two courts allied with his majefty, and furnifhing troops in a like manner, made the major part of the facrifices required for that end. This latter circumftance mult ftrike all the affociated ftates with the molt perfect conviftion, that the continuance of thofe meafures will not be prolonged a fingle moment beyond the period of their indifpenfable neceflity. But the underfigned has his majefty's direct commands, to declare in themoft pofitive manner, that his majefty deems the continuance of thofe meafures abfolutely neceffary for the prtfent, as be will only find himfelf enabled by

the corps of troops which is drawn out, coveting the line of demarcation, maintaining farther, in the mod efficacious manner,the neutrality of the countries fituate within their precincts, to fulfil their promifes previoufly given. Yet in this he will not compromife himfelf refpecting thofe very pofilble events which accompany the vicifiitudea of the fortune oT war. But whereas the king is under the neceffity of fetting boundaries to the great facrifkes he has already made; and whereas the concurrence farther demanded of the protected countries for the maintenance of the troops who defend them, is fo extremely juft and equitable; the underfigned has alfo exprefs orders, herewith to declare, that in the unexpected cafe of the majority of the ftates not difplaying the neceffary zeal and alacrity, his majefty will forthwith withdraw his troops, renounce entirely all the obligation* which be has voluntarily taken upon him from motives of patriotifm; fupprefs totally the convention made for that purpofe with the French republic, and confine himfelf folely to the defence of his own dominions, abandoning all the reft to their own means and refources, and making known his intention to the belligerent powers. Should fuch a refolution once be taken, and the corps be withdrawn, no circumftances, of what complexion foever, fliall induce his majefty to recur again to the adoption of fimilar meafures; and the underfigned is obliged to announce beforehand,' that his majefty will at no rate intereft himlelf again in the fate of thofe of his co-ftatcs, who fliall not now accept of the friendly proffer of protection, made with fo much friendlhip, and fo many perfonal Sacrifices.


The coldnefs which has for fomc time paft been manifefted fiom various quarters refpefting the maintenance of the troops, has induced his majefty to authorize the underfigned to make this frank and explicit declaration, and to give the well-meant warning, not to fufFcr themfelves to be deceived by the hope of a fpeedy peace, but rather to rely upon the Sufficiently publicSpirited and patriotic fentiments of the king, and his majefty's knowledge of the general Gtuation of public affairs, and to entertain the firm confidence that his majefty would certainly and with great pleafure to his co-ftates, fave the burdens required by the maintenance of the troops, if there were the leaft poffibility of Securing to their territories the benefits of the neutrality, and all the advantages which have hitherto accrued from it, without fuch a meafure.

That, however (the Saving of the burdens occafioned by the maintenance of the troops), according to the general iituation of affairs, being impollible, and his majefty deeming it absolutely neceffary to preferve the corps of observation till the conclufion of peace, if the tranquillity and neutrality of Northern Germany are to be maintained, his majefty doubts not but all his affociated co-ftates will fhow their readinefs for that purpofe, in the maintenance of the troops, difpiay proper zeal in a meafure fo clofely connefted with felf-prefervation, and render practicable the farther execution of the beneficent defigns of bis majefty.

With this confidence, the underfigned, by Supreme command, has the honour to make known to you, tec. &c.

J Here follow two articles Specifying the Supplies to be granted, tor

three months longer, in flour, oats, hay, and Straw, Sor the Pruflian, Hanoverian, and BrunSwick troops, at two different periods, viz. the 15th inftant and the 1 ft of April. In order to fectire the fubfiftence of the troops in future, the States of Northern Germany are to meet in convention at Hildefheim on .the 20th inftant, or to Send plenipotentiaries to regulate the quota's of Supplies, in neceflaries or in money, Sor as long as the war may laft.]

As thole deliberations (in convention in Hildefheim) will preclude all the fubje&s not eflentialljr and diie£tly relating to the maint&* nance of the troops, the underfigned will lofe no time to terminate them with the utmoft Speed, and not to detain the plenipotentiaries a moment longer than Shall be neceffary from following their other affairs. The flattering confidence with which the underfigned hat hitherto been honoured in the late negotiations, makes him equally ■ confident that his zeal and activity will 'be entirely depended upon in that bulinets. He has only moft urgently to requeft, that, for the Sake of difpatch, the States may furnifh their plenipotentiaries with full instructions tor the purpofe which has been thus plainly notified, in order not to wafte time in fending for new ones, but that the neceffary refolutions may be taken, not only for the farther Subftantial regulation of the mainte* nance, but for the obligatory a flint to the fame to the end of ths war.

The underfigned has it likewife in command to requeft, that their excellencies the plenipotentiaries) may arrange matters in Such a manner, as not to quit the convention, till the State of affairs Shall permit its SuSpenfion or conclusion, fince the gradual departure oS many plenipotenuariei nipotentiaries has formerly occafioned a precipitate fulpcnfion of the firft convention, which has been highly prejudicial to thedifpatching of bufinels. His majeliy will alfo confider the fulfilment of this wifli, and the infallible meeting of the convention, according as it is expected to meet, as a gratifying proof that his ferene co-nates wifli to do juftfce to his efforts and facrifices. And the underfigned alfo looks torward for the defired anfwer, refpefting the fourth lending of fupplies, before the expiration of the prefent month, and hopes to have the honour and pleafure to fee again their excellencies the plenipotentiaries at the fecond opening of the convention, on the 20th of February.

(Signed) Dohm.

Halbtrftadt, Jan. \lb, 1797.

Imperial Ukasa, Or Edict, Jffued at Peter/burgh, reJpecJing the Importation of French and Dutch Mtrcbandift.

Paul I.

By the grace of God emperor and fole governor of all the Ruflias, &c.

We do molt gracioufly ordain, 1. The importation of all French wines without exception, alfo falad oils of Provence, olives, capers, anchovies, to be freely permitted in all our harbours in neutral bottoms.

a. French and Spanifh brandy is only permitted to be imported by neutral fliips, in thofe harbours which are fpecified in the Ukafa of the nth or December, 1784, and to which we add the ports of Liebau and Windau.

3. The duties on wine, oils, &c. (hall be taken from the Tariff of Septemberzjt 1783, till a new one

(hall appear, and the duty on French brandy fliall be regulated • agreeably to the Ukala of November a 5, 1793

4. The Ukafa of the 8th of April, 1793, fliall be ftriftly obferved, as far as it forbids the importation of various French goods and of others which are mere obje<2» of luxury j as likewife all communication with the, French, until a lawful government and order of things fliall have been introduced in that country; the certificates of conful or government ordnined by the faid Ukafa fliall alto no longer be demanded on the future importation of French goods, except for fuch articles for which fome duties are to be remitted.

Done at St. Pecerfburgh, Jan. 12, «797«

Second Ukasa.

We do hereby moft gracioufly permit the tree importation, in all our harbours, of fuch Dutch goods as are not prohibited in the Tariff or the Ukafa, provided fuch importation takes place in (hips belonging to neutral powers. Thofe goods are to pay the duties pre. fcribed by the Tariff of September a7, 1782, till a new Tariff fliall I* published.

Done at St. Peterfburgb, Jan. «i «797«

Treaty of offenfive and defenfivc Alliance between the French Republic and the King of Sardinia.

Ratified by the Council of Five
Hundred on the ift Brumaire
(Oft. ai), and in the Council of
Ancients on the 4th of the fame
month (Oft. 24th).
The executive direftory of the

French republic, and his majeily


the king of Sardinia, being defirous by every means in their power, and by the mod intimate union of their refpeftive interefts, to contribute as 4'peedily as poflible to the reftoration of that peace which is the objeft of their wifties, and which will fecure the repofe and the tranquillity of Italy, have determined to enter into a treaty of offenfive and defenfive alliance; and have charged with full powers to that effeft, viz. on the part of the executive directory of the French republic, citizen Henry James William Clarke, general of divifion in the armies of the republic; and on the part of his majefty the king of Sardinia, the chevalier D. Clement Damian de Priocia, knight of the grand crofs of the order of Saint Maurice and Lazarus, firft fecretary of {late in his majefty's department for foreign affairs, and prefident of the home department; who, after exchanging their refpective powers, concluded as follows:

i. There fhall be an offenfive and defenfive alliance between the French republic and the king of Sardinia, until the period of continental peace. This alliance fhall then become purely defenfive, and (ball be eftablifhed upon a balls agreeable to the reciprocal interefts of both powers.

a. The prefent alliance having for its objeft to haften the reftoration of peace, and to fecure the future tranquillity of Italy, its execution during the prefent war fhall be directed foleJy againft: the emperor of Germany, he being the only continental power that prefents obstacles to willies fo falutary. His majefty the king of Sardinia fhall remain neuter with regard to England and to the other powers Itill at war with the French republic.

3. The French republic and his

Sardinian majefty guarantee reciprocally, by all the,means in theifl power, their refpective pofl'etiions which they now hold in Europe during the exiftence of the prefent alliance. The two powers fhall unite their forces againft the common enemy externally, and ftiaU give no aid, dire&ly or indirectly, to the internal enemies of either.

4. The contingent of troops which hit majefty the king of Sardinia fhall furnifh immediately in confequence of the prefent treaty, fhall be 8000 infantry and 1000 cavalry, and 40 pieces of cannon. In cafe the two poweis (hall think it neceirary to augment this contingent, fuch augmentation fhall be concerted and regulated by commiffioners inverted with full powers to that effeft by the executive directory, and his majefty the king of Sardinia.

5. The contingent of troops and artillery (hall be ready and aflembled at Novara, viz. 500 ca-» valry, 4000 infantry, and twelve field pieces, by the 30th of Germinal current (April 19), and the remainder in a fortnight after.

This contingent fhall be maintained at the expsnee of his ma-, jefty the king of Sardinia, and fhall receive orders from the commander in chief of the French army in Italy.

A feparate convention, fettled in concert with the commander in chief of the French army, (hall regulate the nature of the fervice of this contingent.

6. The troops which form this contingent fhall participate, in proportion to the number which may be under arms, in the contributions which fhall be levied from the conquered countries; reckoning from the day of the union of the contingent to the army of the republic.

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