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fir* to quit Ruffia, after having publifhed their names and places of abode in the gazettes, according to the cuftom of the prefent day, without obliging them to give fecurity; and if at the time there does not appear any juft caufe-for detaining them, they (hall be permitted to depart, after providing themfelves, however, with paflporrs from the tribunals eftablifhed for that purpofe. The fame facility fhall be granted, on the like occasion, according to the cuftom of the country, to Ruffian fubjects, who fliall defire to quit the dominions of Great Britain.
XVI. Britifh merchants, who fhall hire or keep fervants, fliall be obliged to conform themfelves to the laws of that empire npon this fubjejft; which Ruffian merchants fhall be equally obliged to do in Great Britain.
XVII. In all lawfuits and other affairs, Britifh merchants fliall not be under any other jurifdi&ion than that of the college of commerce, or that which fliall be hereafter eftablifhed for the admiuiftration of juftice between merchants. If it fhould happen, however, that Britifh merchants were to have lawfuits in any cities at a diftance from the above-mentioned college of coriTmerce, both they and the other party fhall carry their complaint before the magiftrates of the (aid cities. Ruffian merchants in Great Britain fliall have reciprocally the fame prote&ion and juftice, according to the laws of that kingdom, which other foreign merchants have there, and fliall be treated in the fame manner as the fubjefts of the moft favoured nation.
XVIII. Ruffian merchants refiding in Great Britain, and Britifh merchants refilling in Ruffia, fhall
not be obliged to fhow their books or papers"to any perfon whatfoever, unlefs it be to afford evidence ill courts of juftice; neither fliall the faid books or papers be taken or dt-tained. Jf it (liould happen, however, that a Britifh merchant becomes a bankrupt, the affair fliall be under the jurisdiction at St. Peterfburgh, of the college of commerce, or of that which fhall hereafter be eftablifhed for the purpofe of adminifiering juftice in commercial affairs, and, in the other cities at a diftance, under that of the magiftrate of the city: and the bnfinefs fhall be carried on according to the laws which are, or fliall hereafter be made upon that fubjeft. If, however, Britifh merchants, obftinately refolved not to hecome bankrupts, fhould refufe to pay their debts either into the banks of his imperial majefty or to individuals, it fliall be permitted to arreft a part of their effects, equivalent to their debts j and in cafe thofe - effects fhould prove inadequate to that purpofe, they may arret! their perfons, and detain them until the majority of their creditors both as to the number and value of their refpective demands, confent to liberate them: with refpeft to their effects which fliall have been arretted, they fliall remain in the cuftody of thofe who fliall be appointed and duly authorized for that purpofe by the majority of the creditors as aforefaid; and the perfons fo appointed fliall be obliged to appraif'e the effefts as foon as poflible, and to make a juft and equitable diftribution to all the creditors, according to their refpecYive claims. The fame courfe fliall be purfued, in fimilar cafes, with regard to Ruffian merchants in the dominions of Great Britain, and they fhall be protected therein in the manner
regu* regulated in the preceding article.
XIX.' In cafe of complaints and of lawfuits, three perfons of irreproachable character, from amongft the foreign merchants, fhall be, according to the circnmflances of the cafe, appointed by the cohege of commerce, and in fuch piaces ■where there is none, by the magistrate, to examint the books arid papers of the complainants; and the report which they (hall make to the college of commerce, or to the magiftrate, of what they (hall have found in the faid books and papers, (hall be confidered as good proof.
XX. The cuftom-houfes fhall take care to examine the fervants or the clerks of Ruffian merchants, at the time of their enregiftering their purchafes, if they arefurnifhed, for that purpofe, with the orders or full powers of their matters, and if they are not, they (hall not be credited. The fame meafures dial! be adopted with the fervants of Britifh merchants; and when the faid fervants, having orders or full powers from their matters, fhall have enregiftered the merchandife on account of their matters, the latter fliall be refponftble therefor in the fame manner as if they had themfeives enregiftered them. With refpect to Ruffian fervants employed in (hops, they fliall, in like manner, be enregiftered by the tribunals ellablifhed for thai purpofe, in the cities where thofe (hops fhall be; and their matters fliall be refponfible for them, in matters of trade, and in the purchafes which they (hall have made in their name.
XXI. In the cafe of Ruffian merchants who are in debt to Britifh merchants upon bills of exchange, or who have made contracts for the delivery of merchandife, not paying their bills of exchange, or not
delivering their merchandife at the place or at the time agreed upon and mentioned in the (aid bills or contracts, the college of commerce, after complaints to that effect fhall have been made, and proofs given, fliall fummon them three times, granting them a fufficient time to appear in perfon, and if they .allow it to elapfe without appearing, the faid college (hall condemn them, and (hall fend an exprefs, at the expense of the plaintiff, to the governors and to the tribunals of government, enjoining them to put the fentence into execution, and thereby compel the debtors to fulfil their engagements. And if the demands fliould be found frivolous or unjuft, tlyen the Britifh merchants fhall be obliged to pay the damage which they fhall have occasioned, either by the lofs of time, or by the expences of the vovage. XXI[. The brack (hall be effablifhed with juftice, and the brackers fhall be anfwerable for the quality of the merchandife and for fraudulent packages, and obliged, upon furficient proofs againft them, to pay for the loffes which they have occafioned.
XXIII. A regulation fhall be made in order to prevent the abufes which may be practifed in the packing of leather, hemp, and lint; and if any difputes fhouid happen between the purchafer and the fell* er respecting the weight or the tare of any merchandife, the cuftom-houfe fliall decide it according to equity.
XXIV. In every thing which relates to taxes and duties upon the importation and exportation of merchandife in general, the fubjefts of the two high contracting parties (hall always be confidered and treated as the mod favoured nation.
XXV. The fubjects of the two
concontracting powers fhall be at liberty, in the refpective dominions, to aflemble together with their conful, in body, as a factory, and make aunongft themfelves, for the common intereftof the factory, fuch arrangements as they lhall judge proper, provided they are in no refptct contrary to the laws, ftatutes, and regulations of the country or place where they ftiall beeftablifhed.
XXVI. Peace, friendfhip, and good intelligence (hall continue for ever between the high contracting parties; and, as it is cuftomary to fix a certain period to treaties of commerce, the above-mentioned high contracting parties have agreed that the prefent lhall laft eight years, reckoning from the expiration of the convention concluded between them on the 25th of March 1793; and1 this treaty (hall have effect immediately after its ratification: this term being elapfed, they may agree together to renew or prolong it.
XXVII. The prefent treaty of navigation and commerce fliall be approved and ratified by his Britannic majefty and his imperial majefty of all the Ruflias, and the ratifications, in good and due form, fhall be exchanged in the fpace of three months, or fooner if it can be done, reckoning from the day of the fignature.
In faith of which, the refpective
We, the underfigned, being furnifhed with the full powers of his majefty the king of Great Britain on one fide, and his majefty the emperor of all the Ruffias on the other, having, in virtue of thofe full powers, concluded and figned, at St. Peterfburgh, on February the 10-21 ft, 179 7, a treaty of navigation and commerce, of which the 9th article ftate% "The fubjects of the high contracting parties ftiall not pay higher duties, on the importation and exportation of their merchandife, than are paid by the fubjects of another nation, &c." declare by tliefe prefents, in virtue of thofe fame full powers, that by the words other nations, European nations alone are to be underftood.
The prefent declaration fliall be considered as making part of the above-mentioned treaty of navigation and commerce, figned February 10-21, of the prefent year, and this day ratified.
In faith of which, we, the refpec-
Proceedings of a Meeting held in Palaee Yard, Weftminfler, Aprill.
At a meeting of the inhabitants houfeholders of the city and liberty of Weftminfter, held this day, pursuant to advertifement figned by
feven houfcholders for that pur
Peter Moose, efq. in the chair,
.It was refolved unanimoufly, That the following addrefs and petition be prefented to bis majefty. To the king's molt excellent majetty.
We your majefty's moft dutiful Subject!,, the inhabitants houfeholders of the city and liberty of Weftminfter, humbly beg leave to approach your majefty in a crifis of the greateft danger to our country, that it has experienced fmce the revolution.
Your majefty's minifters have involved us in a war,, in the profecution of which they have already fquandered upwards of one hundred and thirty millions of money. They have already laid taxes upon the people to the amount of fix millions and a half annually; and the lives which they have facrificed, ■ and the fum which they have added to human mifery, exceeds all calculation or belief.
We humbly reprefent to your majefty, that in the hands of ihofe minifters nothing has fucceedcd.
Inftead of reftoring monarchy in France, they h,:ve been compelled to recognife the republic there eftablifhed, and to offer propofals of peace to it. Inftead of difmembering the territories of that republic, they have fuffered it to add to them the Netherlands, Holland, and a great part of Italy and Germany j and even a part of thefe kingdoms, which the fleets of that republic have infulted, have only been preferved from the calamities of an invafion, by the accidents of the feafons.
In their negotiations for peace, they have been equally unfuccefs* ful. It was to be expected. When they aiked peace, they were abject, but not fiucere; they acknowledg
ed their impotence, but not theif errors: thity difcovered their moft hoflile difpofitions towards France, at the very time they proved their utter inability to contend with her.
When they wanted to obtain our confent to the war, they allured Uj that it was neceflary for the Safety of our commerce.—At this moment moft of the ports of Europe are fluit againft us; goods to an immenfe amount are lying upon the hands of our merchants; and the manufacturing poor are Starving by thoufands.
They allured us the war wss neceflary for the prefervation ofproperry and public credit. They have rendered every man's property fubjeet to an order of the privycouncil, and the bank of England has flopped payment.
They affured us the war was neceflary for the prefervation of the constitution.—They have deftroy. ed its beft part, which is its liberty, by oppreffive restrictions upon the right of petitioning, and upon the freedom of the prefs; by profecuting innocent men, under falfe pretences; by fending money to foreign princes, without confent of parliament; while, by erecting barracks throughout the kingdom, they give us reafon to fufpect their intention of finally Subjecting the people to military defpotifm.
They affured us that the war was •neceflary for the prefervation of the unity of our empire.—But they have fo conducted, and are ftill fo conducting themfelvts in Ireland, as to alienate the affections of that brave, loyal, but oppreffed and perfecuted natiou; and toexpofethe moft flourishing of its provinces to all the horrors of lawlefs, military violence.
Thefe are not common errors. They are great crimes:—<ind of thefe crimes, before God and our country, we accufe your minift«r>.
Out Our affe&ions to your majefty's pcrfon, our loyalty to your government, are unabated: your majefty's virtues are a pledge for the one; the conftitution which makes you king, for the other. But duty to our fellowcountrymen, and to our pofteriry, which is but another name for that affection and loyalty, impels us to reprefent to your xnajefty, that your minifters are. defrauding us of the benefit of thofe virtues, by deftroying the channels through which they flow. They have tarnifhed the national honour and glory. They have oppreffed the poor with almoft intolerable burdens. They have poifoned the intercourfe of private life. They have given a fatal blow to public credit. They have divided the empire; and they have fubverted the conftitution.
We humbly pray your majefty, therefore, to difmifs them from your prefence and councils for ever.
Refolved unanimoufly, That the thanks of this meeting'be given to the right hon. Charles James Fox, one of the representatives of this city in parliament, for the firm and faithful difcharge of his public duty, in the moft trying times, and for his oppofition to that calamitous fyftem, of which he with prophetic fagacity forefaw and foretold the ruinous confequences.
That the faid addrefs and petition be prefented by the chairman and by the feveral gentlemen who called this meeting, and the right hon. Charles Janus Fox.
That his grace the duke of Norfolk, his grace the duke of Bedford, his grace the duke of Northumberland, the earl of Derby, the earl of Thanet, the earl-of Lauderdale, lord Robert Spencer, and the hon. Air. Petre, be requested to accompany them.
That the thanks of this meeting be given to the feven independent inhabitants who called this meeting.
Refolved, That the thanks of this meeting be given to the chairman, for his able conduct in tha chair.
Refolved, That thefe refolutions be printed in the morning and evening papers, figned by the chair* man.
Peter Motors, chairman.
Speech of his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to both Houfes of Parliament, July 3.
My lords and gentlemen, I have the fktisfaftion of being at length enabled to relieve you from your laborious attendance in parliament: and am commanded by his majefty to exprefs ihejult fenfe he entertains of that firm temper and vigorous determination which you have uniformly martifefted in fupporting hi« majefty'* government, and protecting our happy conftitution from the attempts of every foreign and do* meftic enemy.
I have much pleafure in announcing to you, that the Britifh parliament has paired acts for aboliming t.e bounty on fail-cloth exported to Ireland, and for prohibiting the importation of cambric from all countries except this kingdom.
Gentlemen of the houfe of commons, lam to thank you, in his majcfty's name, for your unanimity in voting the extraordinary fupplies, which the public exigencies demanded. However unprecedented, thefe fupplies may have been in extent, and however difficult they (U) . may