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out the existence of any danger be surrendered to the English in 1655, ing even remotely proved. General took to the woods. In the account Tarleton then made some observa- which general Venables transmitted tions relative to the achievements, to government of these people, they mentioned in his majesty's speech, were represented as wild and lawless by our troops in different parts savages who had no moral sense ; on of the world. Considering the ex- whom neither persuasions nor genpense with which the armament tleness could make any impression, for the West Indies had been at- and with whom it was impossiblo to tended, and also the present state come to any treaty. They were of our islands there, he saw no great therefore Jeft in possession of the cause for exultation; we had rather interior country, and continued borrowed from our allie's than con- masters of it for near a century, quered from the enemy.

murd ring, without mercy, all such Mr. Fox having made some re- white persons as attempted to make marks relative to the treaty with the any settlements near them. Maroons, Mr. Bryan Edwards rose, He then entered into a history of and gave to the house an historical the late war with these people, nearaccount of the late war between ly as it was stated in our preceding those people and the inhabitants of volume. Jamaica. The Maroon negroes, he A fter this digression, the house said, were descendants of the Spa- voted the following sums. nish negroes, who, when the island

L. s. d. For the charge of 60,705 effective men for guards and garrisons

1,505,905 1 0 - - - - - For forces in the plantations, &c.

1,411,231195 For difference between British and Irish pay forces for service abroad



40,096 9 For recruiting regiments in India

13,335 18 For contingencies for land forces

360,000 0 0 For charge of general and staff officers

94,195 14 For charge of embodied militia and fencible infantry 950,441 3 For contingencies for ditto

210,000 For clothing for ditto

112,811 0 0 For charge of fencible cavalry

397,734 4 2 For allowance to ditto

95,000 0 0

ONOO 0000

The house being resumed, the those of last year, that he did not report was ordered to be received conceive it was necessary for him on the Monday following. On to say more than to move the that day the report was brought up different resolutions meant to be accordingly, and agreed to.

founded upon them. The first of: On the 2d of December the house which was, that the sum of 70,000l. resolved itself into a committee of be granted for horses' furniture, &c. supply, when the secretary at war for the year 1797. observed, that the estimates upon General Tarleton said, that, when the table were so much matter of the army estimates were first brought course, and so little different from forward, he had remarked that the


articles which had been omiited to observe, that they amounted to would amount to 550,0001. but, in 707,000l. justice to his own moderation in The whole sums granted this day that statement, he was bound now were as follows.

L. ' s. d. For horses' furniture and clothing for the augmentation 70,000 0 0 For allowance to reduced American officers - - 7,500 0 0 Upon account ditto - - - - - - 52,500 0 0 Por Scotch roads

4,500 0 For allowance to reduced horse-guards .

125 3 For reduced officers of land forces and marines

118,874 16 · For increased rates of subsistence for quartering soldiers 180,000 0 For full pay to supernumerary officers - - - 130,675 0 0 For officers late in the service of the States-General - 1000 0 0 For allowance to paymaster-general, secretary at?

136,779 17 1 war, &c. - - - - l - s For ordinary of the navy - - - - - 653,573 1 7 · For building and re-building ships of war . - 768,100 0 0

For ordnance land service not provided for in 1795 - 114,553 19 9 For ordnance sea service not provided in 1795 . 74,830 0 3 For ordnance land service not provided for in 1796 - 425,366 10 6 For the civil establishment of the province of Upper

7000 10 Canada - - - - - - For the civil establishment of Nova Scotia :

5,915 00 For the civil establishinent of New Brunswick . 4,550 00 For the civil establishment of the island of St. John in America - - - - - .S

1,900 00 For the civil establishment of Cape Breton - 1,840 0 0 For ditto of the Bahama islands - - - - - 4,100 0 0 For ditto of Newfoundland

1,232 10 0 For ditto of New South Wales

5,523 10 For the salary of the chief justice of Bermudas

580 0 For ditto of Dominica - - - - - - 000 0 0

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In order to give our readers the General Tarleton said, that he whole of this subject at one view, was under a necessity of noticing we shall trespass a little on the chro- two particular objects of expense ; nological order, and mention the the advances to the emperor, and the whole of the extraordinaries of the campaign in the West Indies. He army previons to the account of the blamed the conduct of administrabudget.

tion in both these points, and inThe secretary at war, on the 5th sisted that the emperor had contiof April, 1797, moved a resolu- nually lost ground, and that the tion “ That a sum, not exceeding war in the West indies, particularly 3,280,5131. 185. 2d. be granted for in St. Domingo, was to be conthe purpose of defraying the extra- sidered as the bane and destruction ordinaries of the army, from the of the British military, who perish6th of December, 1795, to the 6th ed ignobly, and who were sent to of December, 1796, voted, and not a grave in that charnel-house, as it provided for by parliament," had proved to them; and thougb


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the island had cost so much money first, for in the June following her and the lives of 14,000 gallant men, brought up a second). He proceeded to this country, there was not a to state the resources upon which single post in our possession that the people might confidently rely could not be taken by three hun- to defray the expenses which they dred fresh troops : on these grounds had to incur. He premised that, he opposed the inotion. The reso- great as the demand was, the nation lution, however, was agreed to by was fully equal to the emergency, the house.

and prepared to meet it. The chancellor of the exchequer, The amount of the supply which on the 7th of December, introduced had been then voted, and which it into the house of commons his first might be necessary to vote during budget for the year 1797 (we say the session, was as follows:



For the ordinary of the navy for 120,000 seamen and marines 6,240,000
Extraordinaries for the same - - - - - - 1,420,000
To which might be added for this favourite service the fur.

ther sum of . - - - - - - - 2,500,000 * Total for the service of the navy . .' L. 10,160,000

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The amount of the sums which had been then voted for B oon:

the army was - - - . - - .s 6,613,000 The account of the extraordinaries was not then complete, l 1 200 000

but Mr. Pitt estimated them at -

Total for the army

; - . L. 10,913,000 Sums for the diminution of the national debt

200,000 The amount of the ordnance - - - - - 1,623,000 Miscellaneous services, including the relief to emigrant priests, &c.

378,000 Deficiency of land and malt

350,000 The deficiency of taxes, after deducting the surplus of grants ) for 1790, which amounted to 420,000l. was .

1,023,000 Total of the supply . - - - - . L. 27.6+7,000

• Mr. Pitt, in his statement, omitted fractions, and computed the navy expense, at the round sun of 10,160,0001. whereas the real sum was 10,161,0001, for the vavy.


For raising this sum, the minister proposed the following

Land and Malt - - - - -

- - 2,750,000 Produce of the consolidated fund

• 1,075,000 Surplus of grants of 1796 ...

420,000 Surplus of the lottery, after deducting the sum due upon it) 200 000

to the loyalists • • A voluntary loan . . . . . . . - 18,000,000 Exchequer bills to be issued - . .. - - - 5,500,000 Total of Ways and Means - - - - - L. 27,945,000

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The chancellor of the exchequer fund, would make the whole of then proceeded to state the terms of the interest to be provided, about the voluntary loan of 18 millions, 61. 15$: for every 1001. ; hence the So creditable and glorious to the interest on the 18,000,000 would country. The interest then to be be 1,215,0001. · He proposed that provided for that loan was no more exchequer bills should be issued to than 51. 128. 6d. per cent. per an- the amount of 5,500,0001, because num; he said he should not think he was convinced that so many bimself justifiable if he were to pro- might be circulated both with @covide a less sum than for the whole nomy and advantage. Other speas a permanent annuity; and also cies of floating debt had been found to add the usual sum of one per to be injurious, from the enormity cent to the sinking fund, as if the of the discount to which they fell loan was not to be paid off. In on account of the length of time this view, taking the interest of they had to run. The interest on 51. 128. 6d. and adding- one per these exchequer bills would be cent, on account of the sinking 275,0001.

The total excess of the navy debt beyond the estimate of 1796, was

- - - $ Of this sum, a provision had been made for -

L. 0,250,000 4,000,000

Therefore interest must be provided for the difference, viz.


Having taken 2,500,0001, in the The items of the different sums estimate of supply, he was confi- for which interest was to be providdent he should cover every possible ed, and for which new burdens demand under the head of navy were to be laid upon the people, debt, if he provided interest for when recapitulated, stood as fol3,000,000l. more.

lows :


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For the interest of 18,000,000l. of loan - is
For interest on 5,500,000l. of exchequer bills
For ditto of excess of navy 8,250,0001. -
For interest of future excess of navy 5,702,0001..-
Substitute for abandoning the collateral succession bill

1,215,000 275,000 315,000 277,000 140,000

L. 2,222,000


From this was to be deducted the interest upon the sub-)

scription to the loan of 2,000,000 by the East-India

company Therefore the sum of interest to be provided for by new taxes would be

- - - -


The following is the recapitulation of the new taxes which the chancellor of the exchequer proposed for raising the interest of the several sums above stated.

EXCIS E. Ten per cent. on teas - - - - - - 240,000 Ten per cent on coffee .

30,000 Additional duty on sales by auction, 24d. in the pound on estates, and 3d. on goods

40,000 On bricks, Is. per thousand

36,000 Spirits 1d. per gallon

210,000 Licences on Scots distillery


L. 856,000

Total excise

Sugar, 2s. 6d. per cwt. - - - - - -
Pepper - -
Ten per cent. on brimstone, irón, oil olive, and staves
Five per cent. on all other customs, prize goods, coals, 2

· and wine excepted
Other articles on import, such as starch, bricks, &c.


10,000 43,000 110,000 23,000

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Total of customs - L. 400,000 Addition to the assessed taxes and new house tax, 10 per cent. 290,000 Regulation of stamps

30,000 Additional postage, and regulation of the post-office

250,000 Stage coaches, additional - -

00,000 Stamps on parcels (given up afterwards) ...

60,000 Canal navigation - - - - - - - 120,000

Total amount of new taxes Amount of the annuity or interest to be raised

L. 2,132,000 - 2,110,000

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