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CH A P. X.

France. Interior Administration of the Republic. Olservations of the Fac

tions in France. Plan for the Election of a new Third of the Councils. Royalist Conspiracy. Oath imposed upon Electors. General Election. New Members introduced. New Director chosen. Debate in the Council of Five Hundred concerning the Colonies. Debates concerning the Finances. New Plan of Finance. Breach between the Council of Five Hundred and the Directory. Conduct of the Directory censured. Priate Correspone dence protected from l'islution and Inspection. Buonaparte's Conduct with respect to Venice censured. Lau's of Divorce ordered to be revised.. Report on religious Worship. Resolutions in favour of Emigrants in fa. vour of Priests. Power taken from the Directory of pulting Districts in a Slate of Siege. Political Clulis'instituted. Army discontented with the Proceedings of the Councils. Change of Ministers. Attempt to remove Barras from the Directory. Moderate Measures of the Council of Ancients. Factions prepare to decide the Contest ly Force. March oj"Troops within the constitutional Limits. Violent Dissensions l'etireen tie Councils and Directory on this Subject. Parties in the Directory. The Council surrounded by a military Force, and ihe · Representa. tives in Opposition put under Arrest. Flight of Carnot, and Arrest of Barthelemi. Resolutions of the Councils. Banishment of the accused Alemlers. Reflections on this Sulject. Election of two new Memlers of the Directory. Negotiation at Lisle. Treaty with Portugal-annulled. Brief Remarks on the political Sriation of France and England.

E have formerly remarked, slightly connected with the coun. V that whatever of heroism or cils, and the members of it too inpublic virtue modern France pre- dependent of each other. We stated sents to our view is only to be found our preference of an unity in tlie in its military annals. Its civil his executive government, with a re. tory affords a picture of little but gular chain of subordination through violence and intrigue. Faction has the different offices; and intimated driveo faction off the stage, and, in our apprehensions that disagreethe contest for power, almost every ments and contests would probably principle which the revolution was take place among the members of instituted to establish has been for- the directory themselves. 'In this gotten and violated.

respect also the transactions of the These observations have been past ycar have confirmed our spe. strongly confirmed by the events of culations; and we have seen not 1797; and our remarks on the new only the directory at variance with constitution, in our volume for the councils, but even with each 1795, have been equally verified. other. We then predicted, that the go. The violence of party spirit, vernment was not so constituted as which in the course of the succeedto afford any well-founded hopes ing year was to produce a new reof its permanence. The executive volution, with some acts of atrogovernment appeared to be 500 city, did not seem to agitate the

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councils councils in the latter part of the attend the execution of the drawyear 1796. They were chiefly oc- ing by ballot. : cupied in temperate, though some. Pastoret then reminded the counWhat tedious discussions relative to cil, that the constitution also rethe election of the new third of the quired the renewal of one miember legislature'; and after much trivial of the directory, and moved, that a argument, and many visionary procommittee should devise the mode posals, the following plan of the of doing so, which was agreed to. committee appointed for the pur- The next business of importance pose was adopted :

which occupied the councils was the 1. There shall be elected, for the detection of a royalist conspiracy, present year only, a third of depu. which was communicated to the ties, by the departments of Bel council of five hundred by a mesgium, of Montblanc, and the other sage from the directory on the 31st united countries.

of January, and the particulars of . 2. The division of the ci-devant which were laid before the same. Belgium into nine departments shall body on the 4th of February followbe provisorily maintained.

ing. The principal of these conspi. 3. A new general list shall deter- rators appeared to be a man of the mine the number of the deputies to name of Dunan,on whom was found be elected, annually, by every de- a passport for Hamburgh, with a partment of the republic, in pro. power of passing and repassing at portion to its population..

pleasure ; the others were Brotier, 4. There shall be sent to the re- in whose pocket-book were found newed legislative body, after the several papers, dated at Verona,

next Germinal, the applica. with wie signature of Louis XVIII.; tion of each deputy to his depart. Laville Harnois, formerly master ment.

of requests to the king; and a 5. To draw them by ballot, not baron Poly.

pulations, but upon the totali- The charges exhibited against "y of the ex-members of the con- them were founded on the evidence

ition of one and the same coun- of Ramel, commandant of the nacil.

tional guard ; Malo, commandant o obtain, as the result of the of the 21st of dragoons; Guil.

-, the effective maintenance of laume, secretary to Malo, and 83 ex-members of the convention D'Obelin, a private dragoon. These ctivity in the council of elders, witnesses stated, that in several se

members in activity in parate conversations with Ramel the council of five hundred.

and Malo, which the latter took o make share in chis ballot care should be overheard by others,

the present deputies of the accused communicated to them not be replaced before the 15 Ven. be effecte

the colonies, who shall a plan of a counter-revolution, to tose. ced before the 15 Ven. be effected by the assistance of Eng.

land. The king, (Louis XVIII.) rom the ballot no it appeared was, on his arrival, to tion than those elected as members the parliaments

mbers of the conven- publish a general amnesty, which cted as members the parliaments were afterwards to

revoke, as not being done with the tions, the dificulties which may ces were to be con

sanction of their authority ; offi. Nities which may ces were to be conferred at first on

of the new third.

9. To present, by proper regula


the most popular of the representa- having been able to see him. He tives of the people, but this was thought he had arranged it with the only with a view of sacrificing them chevalier, that he should not depart soon after. La Fayette was to be before Mr. Windham was informed exhibited in an iron cage, and those of it. If possible, he will be very who had been less active to be sent glad to see the chevalier beiween to the gallevs. The principal ter- the present perind and that of his rorists and Jacobins were to be en- departure ; but if it will incominode gaged as associates in the conspirac hin too much at a moment in cy, if it should be found the royal which he mus: necessarily be much ists could not do without them. occupied, he begs bim to be pero The rest of the evidence related to suaded that it is not Mr. Wind. a wild and impracticable plan of hum's fault that nothing is decided twenty-nine articles, for seizing the respecting the sending of funds for ou city of Paris, and securing the inost ther parties of roralists, and that Mr. dangerous of their opponents. Windham will not fail to acquaint

On their examination, Laviile M. de Puissaye that it is neither the Harnois admitted the articles to be chevalier's nor hiscolleague's faults. his, but denied having any inten- He has just received letters from tion to overturn the government, M. de Puissare, dated the 27th of and asserted that the operations for December, in which he informs overawing Paris, &c. were only him that the affair of his command to be put in effect, in case the Jd. is arranged, and that he has no cobins should succeed in over. other object to remain at his throwing the present government post, occupying himself as formerly. Brotier, on being questioned respect. Mr. Windham will, if possible, ing his appearing as an agent of send M. Dunan a letter for M. de Louis XVIII. answered—“ I can. Puissaye, as well as one for sit Sydnot sell that, but the papers found ney Smith. He is also impatient to unon me tell it.” Dunan asserted, know, whether it has been settled that he only visited Ramel in the what M. Dunan is to expect for the hope of obtaining a contract for transmission of funds, and whether spirituous liquors; and Poly admit. he has seen lord Grenville upon ted having had conferences with that subject? If M. Dunan could Ramel, bui denied the evidence give Mr. Windham a call, which relative to La Fayette. In the he does not desire if it will inconipocket-book of Dunan a letter was mode him too much, he will not found, which was said to be written go out, but order a dinner at home by Mr. Windham, of which the at five o'clock, if it will suit the following copy was published in chevalier to line with him; he inthe newspapers, and which ought tre.its him, however, not to put to have been publicly denied, if a himself to inconvenience, and to acfabrication of the directory, as we cept the assurances of his attachconfess we have suspected it to be. ment, and wishes for the success of

his affair." 13th January, 1797. As the operations of the conspi“ Mr. Windham is extremely rators were to have been in a great sorry that the chevalier Dunan degree of a military nature, and as should be under the necessity of the raising of recruits was a consi. setting out without Mr. Winuhirm's derable part of their plan, the di

rectory referred the conspirators for Christiani, Cledel, Colombel, Coupe trial to a military tribunal : against (del'Oise), Couturire,Dabray,Dauthis order the prisoners appealed to mermesnil, Daunou, Deformont, the tribunal of cassation, or court of Delamarre, Delaunay,Delcasso, Degeneral appeal, but the resolution of lecloy, Despinassy, Deville, Dorneir, the directory was confirmed by the Drouet, Dubois Crancé, Duboutribunal.

loz, Dumis, André Dumont, DuOn the 5th of March the two pais, Duval (Claude), Duval,(Jeancouncils drew the important lots Pierre), Eschasseriaux amé, Ferrand, which were to deprive a third of Fleury, Fricot, Gamon, Garnot, their members of their seats in the Gossuin, Goupilleau, Gourdan, legislature. The members excluded Gouzy, Guilierault,, Goiter, Guyfrom the council of ancients were, ardin, Guyomard, Guyton, HouMichel, Moisset, Oliviere Gerente, rier, Hubert, Ingraud, Isnard, 12cChambont-Latour, Dandenac-ainé, ard, Jard-Panvillier, Jeannest-LaDeverite, Maignen, Girard Villards, noue, Jeuenne, Karcher, Laforest, Florent Guyot, Blanc, Bartot, Gar. Lakanal, Lanthenas, Laurenceot, rot, Amyon, Corbel, Creuzé, Pas- Lecoinie-Puyravaux, Legot, Le. cal, Corent-Fusbier, Boucher-Saint- mailland, Lemane, Lesage-Senault, Sauveur, Vincent, Allafort, Cor. Lespinasse, Littel, Louvet (Jeannillau, Gerand, (des Cotes du Nord), Baptiste), Louvet,(Pierre-Florent), Durand-Mailianne, Gibergue, Gu- Lozeau, Mailhe, Maisse, Marboz, mety, Eesnard, Guermeur, Marce. Marcoz, Marec,Mirsiette, Mathieu, lin Bermud, Johannot, Derazci, Mus. Maulde, Meaulle, Mercier, Monteset, Gouly, Girard (de l'Aude,) gut, Morissou, Obelin, Pacros, Pelet Guittard, Lehauit, Reguis, Dela de la Lozere), Perieres, Pepin, Pe11:2, Cabaroc, Bonneseur, Verne- rin (des Vosges), P. Flieger, Picque, rti, Dandenac jeune, Pierre-Mic Pierret, Pinel, Pizzaner, Piost, Quichel, Fourcroy, Lanjuinais, Des- nette, Raffron, Real, Reverchon, · vars, Delcher, Bouillerot, Bolot, Richard, Richaud, Rivery, Robe:Castilhon, Pouiain-Grandprć, Mi- jot, Rouait, Roux (de la Marne), oche, Rudel, Serres, Regnaud-Bra. Ronver, Ruault, Ruelle, Sainttel, Sauve, Conte, Campmartin, Martin ( de l'Ardeche), Saint-MarBouret, Salleles Thierriet, Bourgois, tin (Valogne), Salmon, Saurine, Goupilleau-de-Fontenay, Bar, Ma. Savornin, Serveau, Texier, Thazade, Belin, Laurent, Plaicliard, baud, Thibaut, Tondis, Treilhard. Courtois, Miłs, Roy, Vigney, Var- As the period of the general eleclet.

tion approached, the ardour of purty And those from the council of five zeal became every where appa:hundred were Albert, Andrcy, rent; and the whole nation was in Auger, Babey, Balland, Balmain, some measureagitated by the efforts Bancal, Bauchelon, Beffroy, Belley, of contending factions. The parBerlier, Bortezene, Bezard, Blanqui, tisans of the directory affirm, that Blondel, Bodin, Boissy-d'Anglas, large sums of money were remitted Bonet, Bonnemain, Bordas, Borie- from the enemies of the republic, to Cambort, Cambaceres, Cambou. influence the elections in favour of las, Camus, Carpentier, Casenave, royalists; while the accusation is Cassauyes, Cavignac, Caseneuve, retorted by their opponents, who Chabanon, Charrel, Chasset, Chaste- assert that every unfair mode was lain, Chauvier, Chauvin, Chiappe, practised to prevent the constitu

tion from a free and unbiassed ope. "I promise attachmerit and hijeration. That the directory them- lity to the republic and the constituselves were not without their fears, tion of the third year, and I pledge is evident from a message which myself to defend them with all my they presented to the council of power against the attacks of royalfive hundred on the 15th of March. ty and anuchy." It intimated that the government A proposal made by the directory was too weak to contend against the about the same time to exclude per. plots of anarchy and royalism, be- sons accused of enigration from cause it was unsupported by the the primary assemblies, was referred public functionaries, of whom man to a committee. ny had refused the civic oath. It. The elections were in general proceeded to state, that pamphlets, peaccably conducted, and in the vilifying the government, and jus- choice of the electors a degree of tifying the emigrants, were circu- moderation was evinced by the prilated at this crisis with more than mary assemblies. The venerable ordinary industry. It concluded prince of Conti was chosen an elec. with recommending an oath of ha- 'tor by the primary assembly of Me. tred to royalty and anarchy, to be lun, and several of the ancient notaken by the electors, previous to bility were distinguished in the same their entering on the discharge of manner by the districts in which their functions.

I! they resided. In the appointment A débate ensued, in which Pas- of the deputies, those were general. toret, Thibadeau, Cam us, and ly successful who could boast of others, combated strenuously the any services rendered to the state. proposal of the directory. It was The generals Pichegru and Jourrepresented as no less than a vio- dan, admiral Villaret, and many lation of the constitution, as nuga- other military officers of note and tory in its object, and insulting both merit were returned. In some to the electors and their constitu- places the electionsundoubtedly fell ents. In answer to these objections upon improper persons; and even it was urged, that whatever the the famous Barrere, who, by the constitution had not specifically existing laws, was at that moment prohibited was lawful in itself; and an outlaw, was chosen a representathat while Monk refused to take the tive by the district of Tarbes. oath of hatred to royalty, he boast- On the 20th of May the new ed of his attachment to that re- members were introduced to the public he was labouring to over. councils. In the council of five turn. After a tumultuous scene the hundred the name of Barrere was debate was adjourned; but on the received with marks of indignation; succeeding day the directory tri- but when that of Pichegru was anumphed, by the majority of the nounced, the whole assembly rose, council decreeing that every elector and seemed to pay an instantaneous by seniority, after the president, and involuntary respect to that galshould make the following declara- lant commander, who conquered tion :

not less by his virtues * than by

* At one of the Dutch fortresses which submitted to Pichegru, the commandant was weak or wicked enough to intimate to the French general that there were a number of emigrants mixed with the garrison, and to ask what must be their fate when the place capitulated." I acknowledge no such description of men as emigrants (re plied Pichegru); the garrison are all prisoners of war.”

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