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19 about to fow more than ever. glory which would result from the The sixth campaign is announced most brilliant military exploits. I under the most portentous au, beg of you to believe me to be, gespices. Whatever may be the re. neral in chief, with sentiments of sult, many thousands of gallant sol- the most profound respect and esdiers must still fall a sacrifice in teem, &c. &c. the prosecution of hostiliiies. At
BUONAPARTE. some period we must come to an The prince returned a polite an. understanding, since time will bring swer, the substance of which was, all things to a conclusion, and eas that he neither conceived it his part
Buish the most inveterate resent to enter into any discussion on the ments.
principles upon which the war was. cutive directory of the carried on, nor was he furnished by French republic communicated to the emperor with any powers to s imperial majesty their inclina- conclude a treat; of peace. .
terminate a conflict which The list effort of the Austrians the two countries. Their was an endeavour to excite the
aires were defeated by peasantry of the Tyrol to arise in a vention of the British cao mass to expel the invaders; and it mere no hope, then, of was so far successful, that the divi.
tion? Is it essential to sions of general Laudon and baron SES or gratifying to the Kerpen were strengthened by some
- nalion far removed fresh and undisciplined, but seasoneatre of war, that we able, levies. The French columns, mue to murder each under the command of Joubert, of you, who are so were weak, and had suffered con- :
the throne, and siderably by disease and the freall the despicable quent com.bits in which they had " generally in Huence been engaged. In the beginning
governments, ambi- of April, therefore, the fortune of the best the appellations of war in that quarter began 10
of the human change. On the 4th, the French me. Saviour of the were driven from Botzen by general
e! Do not ima- Laudon, with some loss, and on the general, that I wish following day from Brixen, where
you cannot possi- the two Austrian columns under arms; butonu ntry by force of Laudon and Kerpen effected a
supposition that junction.
Wir were even to Undismayed by these losses, BuoTiot suffer leneble, Germany will naparte continued to advance. Ge
on thal account. neral Massena, with the advanced myself, gallant ge. guard, attacked the Austrians on rture which I have the 2d of April, in the defiles be
to make to you, tween Freisach and Neumark; af.
as of sparios the ter a most bloody engagement, the myself problman, I should think latter were completely routed, leav.
tie civic crown ing the field of battle covered with terference would dead, and about 600 prisonersof the melancholy and the following morning the
other? Are not you, who are so nearly allied to the throne, and
" the benefactor of the huma race," and, “the saviour of the German empire !" Do not in gine, my dear general, that I wish to insinuate that you cannot poss bly save your country by force arms; but on the supposition the the chances of war were even to become savourable, Germany will
With respect to myself, gilt neral, if the overture which ! now the honour to make to you could be the means of spin life of a singie man, I should myself prouder of cine civic crowll 1 10 which my interference entitle me, than of the melanc.
French entered Neumark. On the secution of hostilities was happily 4th, the head-quarters of the French prevented by an event, the particugeneral were at Scheling, and the lars of which we have now to relate. advanced guard reached to Hunts. Though the answer of prince mark, where the Austrians were Charles did not augur the most fa. again defeated with the loss of 900 vourably for peace, yet the overtuie men, in killed, wounded, and pric of Buonaparte was not without ei. soners.
fect. A very sliert time atier the While such was the state of price bad dispatched his letter, he affairs in Italy, new scenes of horror sent an aide-de-camp to the French and carnage were preparing on the general io request a suspension of Rhine. The command of the army arms for four hours--but this proof the Sambie and Meuse had been posal Buonaparte declined, under entrusted to general Hoche, a the apprehension that the oily obyoung and spirited officer, who, ject of the archduke was to gain a our readers will remember, had day, and effect a junction with gedistinguished himself not only in neral Spork, who was advancing Flanders, but by his successful and with a fresh reinforcement. A cor. happy termination of the civil war respondence, however, was imme. in La Vendée: general Moreau diately commenced between the was coniinued as commander of two generals, which ended at first the army of the Rhine and the Mo- in an armistice, and finally in ad. selle. In the beginning of April, justing preliminaries of peace be. general Hoche gave notice of the tween the court of Vienna and the conclusion of the armistice, and French republic, which were signed soon after passed the Rhine by the on the 18th of April by Buonaparte bridge of Neuwied. After an in- in the name of the French republic, effectual attempt on the part of the and by the Neapolitan minister on Austrian general Kray to procure a the part of the emperor. Among renewal of the armistice, a smart other articles, the preliminaries conaction commenced on the 18th of tained a direct cession of the Ne. April, in which the French were therlands to France, with the duchy victorious, and the Austrians lost, of Luxemburg, &c. the indepen: according to the report of general dence of the new Italian republics, Heche, 4,000 prisoners.
and the navigation of the Rhine. The French pursued the enemy, By a secret article, it is believed, ard disledred them from Ukareth the French undertook to indemnify and Altenkirchen, while a division, the emperor by a part of the Veneunder general Ney, proceeded with tian territory, and by the secularithe greatest rapidity to Dierdorf. Zation of some of the ecclesiastical He found the Austrians there 6,000 states in Germany. strong, but he drove them from A general view of the successes their position, with the loss of 1,000 of the wir vas printed about this men, in killed, wounded, and prie period, and distributed among the soners.
members of the two councils at PaGeneral Morcan at the same time ris.-- From this sittement it asp?arcrossed the Rhine, and some slight ed, that from the sth of Septe, ber engagements took place between 1793, to the 13th of f'ebruary,1747, the outposts; but the further pro- the republic had gained 261 victo
other than an execrable tyranny,
ties, including 31 pitched battles: ments of Sclavonians, to cut off kiled 152,600 men of the enemy; the main body from the places laken 197,784 prisoners: 938 which were occupied by the rear. sifong places; 319 forts, camps, That, throughout the whole of the wredoubts ; 7,963 pieces of can. Terra Firma, a persecution was in. non ;. 186,762 guns; 4,388,150 stituted again.t all those persons by unds of purder; 207 standards; whom the French had been favourhorses, &c. &c. &c.
ably received. That in the squares, The transactions which follow coffee-houses, and other public
ve never as yet been satisfactori. places in Venice, the French had ly explained. In whatever point of been insulted, View they are considered, they, nations of Frenchmen had been ever, redound but little to the committed with impunity in diffe.
of the French government. rent parts; that, at Castiglione de
ere the commencement of Mori, the French soldiers were first m of agg:ession against neu. disarmed, and then murdered; on
it unprotected states, which the great roads from Cassino to has since been carried to an abomi
Verona, more than 200 were put to
Vero nable excess, and by which the go.
death; and on the second festival at vernment has been disgraced, and
Easter, the ringing of the bell was the well-earned laurels of Buona
the signal for assassinating all the parte nearly blasted.
French in Verona, without except. That the pretended republican ing even the sick and wounded in of Venice was no the hospitals.
To this serious and revolting . ted in the hands of certain charge, the advocates for Venice
charge,, the hes, and supported by reply, by instancing the wanton
a mysterious organi- seizure of a part of their territory, the executive power, is a the quartering of troops on some Etherally acknowledged. of the principal towns, under pre
8overnment of Venice tence that these places were necestimid eye the rapid.
th a jealous and a sary to the operations of the French rapid advances of the army against the imperialists. They ve easily supposed.- admit that fresh levies were made in ould have rejoiced in the Venetian territories; but these
of the French from they allege were necessary to their are not morii? Probable. Yet these own security, placed among con
sufficient to justify tending armies, and surrounded with sures of the French; conspirators. That some intempe. Territories, the disso. rate acts were committed, they pre. political existence of tend not to deny ; but so far from
countenancing these, the govern8€ which was brought ment wished on The contrary to inVenetian general against the stitute a severe inquiry, and punish
minent was, that the aggressors.
arm 40,000 pea- tile disposition which that govern. wem with ten regi. ment had always manifested to
a complex and mysterious organt
fact very generally acknowledge
-That the government might view with a jealous and
French, may be easily suppose That they would have rejoic the expulsion of the French Italy, is equally probable. Ye are not motives sufficient to justily the violent measures of the l'I the seizure of territories, the lution of the political existen a neutral independent state.
by the French general against Venetian governipent wa while the French army was en ed in the defiles of Stiria, vertiment of Venice embrace opportunity to arm 40.000 peasants, uniting them with ten te
wards the French, and demanding the sequel is trul: Jisgracefill to the instant satisfaction for die recent French government and nation; injuries. The serate replied imme. but experience has sliown that re. diately to the French commander, publics, not less than monarcliies, that they had ever wished to are more frequently conducted on maintain a good understanding with princirles of policy than of justice. the French republic; and assured The Venetian territory was filled him further, that they would take with French troops, and the only the most eificacious measures to dis- article of the treaty they took care cover and arrest the authors of the to fulfil, was the levying of the assassinations committed on indivi. contributions. In a word, on the duals of the French army. On the final adjustment of the definitive Ist of May Buonaparte issued a se- treity with the emperor, which, afcond proclamation, in which he ter much delay, was concluded at entered more particularly into the Udina, on the 17th of October, it detail of the enormities which had was found that Venice was to be been committed, and seemed to in-' the sacritice to peaca, and the whole timate that the punishment of the of the territories of that ancient and assassins would not be suicient to renowned state were ceded by a satisfy the ve: geance of the French. republic (which professedly was in Under these circumstances, a nego- arms for the cause of liberty) to the tiation was commenced; cominis despotic yoke of Austria. saries were dispatched to wait on I n censuring such proceedings as the conqueror of Italy at Milan; these, we fluiter ourselves our and, about the 15th of May, a treaty readers will not consider us as inwas conclu led the terms of which consisteni-the friend of liberty were the cession of the whole of the looks to no party as the guide of Terra Firmato the French, a part to his opinionsbe restored when the system of Italy should be established; the "
“Nullius addictus jurare in verba mafort of Venice to be occupied by
gistri.” French troops; the state of Venice When the nascent liberties of to pay 60 millions of livres; and France were attacked by a combilastly, the governancnt of Venice to nation of despotic powers on the be changed.
continent, we deprecated what we Tlie last article was almost im. esteemeda mostunjustiñable aggreso -mediately put in execution. The sion, an interference not warranted senate and council of ten were abun by the law of nations, or by the lished; and ile three state inquisi. principles of justice-when France tors put under arrest. A provisi nal in her turn becomes an oppressor, administration was appointed ; and the voice of truth and justice will a municipality of 50 members was procivm her infamy, and will cen. chosen, under the presidency of sis sure the inconsistency, the wicked. commissaries appointed by the ness of her rulers. French gencral.
The republic of Genoa felt at the Admitting all the charges to be same time the predominant influ. just, which were brought against the ence of the French; and its goVenetian government, this appears vernment, which was one of those to have been a sufficient punish- mild aristocracies where the great ment for ail their delinquencies are conignit with having all the po
litical litical power, without oppressing make a proper use of their victory, their fe low-citizens, was changed but proceeded immediately to plunfor the fashionable form of a repre- der the houses of the patriots, as sentative government. — Whether they were called, and committed the change will ultimately prove for other outrages. In the mean time the happiness of the people or not, the vanquished party dispatched time only will determine ; all that couriers to general Buonaparte to can at present be said upon the sub. solicit his assistance; and under the ject is, that the part which the plea of restoring peace, a column French acted in the business was of French troops entered Genoa ; wholly unjustifabie.
the consequence was the removal In the beginning of May a formi- of all the constiuted authorities, dable insurrection took place in that and the adoption of the democratic city, excited by a club of propa. form of government, under the progandists, who commonly assembled tection of France, and under the title at the house of an apothecary, of the Ligurian republic,
The insurgents invested Philip In our next volume a more amDoria with the authority of chief, ple detail of these transactions, both and the government, which had but in Venice and Genoa, will be prelittle dependence on its feeble force, sented to our readers; and the seappeared to totter. The lesser cret history of the revolutions there council, in this extremity, prevailed will be explained. At present the upon the workmen employed in transactionsare too recent to be fully the port, to unite themselves with laid open to the public. In what the soldiery; a desperate engage. we submit to our readers, we wisii ment ensued, in which victory de- to be both authentic and imparclared itself on the side of govern- tial; and every man who writes ment; of the insurgents many were or studies history, must kr.ow the kued, among whom was their difficulty, the impossibility, we leader Doria, and several persons might say, of collecting sound who were recognized to be French. information from the commoa The conquering party did not sources.