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ment to that purpose ; but he was the country was then very different informed by the speaker that it was from what it had been some months then too late to intralucean an end- before ; that the defeats which the ment, but that he would have an French had received ha! tercer oppurtunity on the third reading every plan of invasion. Toe real The bill was ordered to be reda incide of securing the coun'ry way third time the next day, if engrossed to render the people contented, bapAccordingly, on be of Novern- py and free, instead of harassing ber it was brought up; and the 'thern with unnecessary burdens. Sir chancellor of the exchequer mored William Pulteney and sir William

a clause to allow a provision to be Geary spoke in favour of Mr. Pitt's • made, at the discretion of the ma- moʻion; and that of Mr. Fox was

gistraies, for the families of those negatived without a division. On who served under this bill, for the the 22d of December the report of twenty days during which they the amended bill "vas taken into were called out to be disciplined, further consideration by the house, After some discussion upon an a- and the different amendments agreed mendment proposed by Sir William to. Mr. Wilberforce brought up Yegan shich was neratived, that a sin ilar clause to that which Mr. of vii. Pitt was adopted. which, Sher dan had proposed in the origitogeiber with one or two more al- nal bill, I nely, that the words “I terations, were included in a rider, swear that I am a protestant,” should which w3s annexed to the bill, and be erased from the form of oaths the bill, in its a nended state, sent to adminisiered to those who should the inds for thrir concurrence be balloted to serve in the supple

As the bill however, after it had mentary militia. This clause was passed, was found not capable of then read and made part of the bill, being understood, so as to be carried which was read a third time the folinto execution, on the 13th of De- lowing day. cember Mr. Pittagain moved, “That On the !st of November the leave be given to explain and amend chancellor of the exchequer rose, the supplementary militia bill.” for the purpose of suggesting, beMr Fox said ; that instead of “ex- fore the order of the day for going plain and amend," he should move into a committee on the cavalry to have inserted the word “repeal." bill was read, that it might be conHe conceived the bill to be so ob venient to discuss separately the jectionable, that he had no difficulty two questions that arose on this in saying, that it would be wasting bill, namely, on the raising of the the time of the house to enter into cavalry in general, and on the clause a detail upon the subject. He ap- for embodying the game-keepers. pealed to the house, whether, after Though he bad by no means relinwhat they had heard of what took quished either of those objects, yet, place in Northamptonshire, and as they might be opposed, and various other places, they were not as they were not in their essence neconvinced it was a measure which cessarily connected, it might possi- : had excited a general discontent in bly answer the purpose of convethe country. He concluded with nience to divide them. Therefore, moving the repeal, and was second- after the order of the day for the ed by Mr. M. A. Taylor. General recommitment bad been read, he Tarleton said, that the situation of moved, “ That it be an instruction

to

to the committee to divide the con- great couveniences for the collect, sideration of the bill into two sepa ing and embarkation of troops, esrare parts, if they should think pro pecially since Holland had become per' The cavalry bill then passed the ally of France ; but, instead of though the committee. The chan- pouring troops into this quarter, cellor of the exchequer said, that it the troops in Holland formerly having been the sense of the com- under Bournonville, had been demiltee, that that part of the bill re- tached to reinforce their different lating to gamekeepers should be armies, so that any apprehension of formed into a separate bill, he should invasion, from a proper considera, then move for leave to bring it in, tion of the circumstances, would be and he hoped there would be no ob in a great measure done away. jection to its being read a first and Mr. Fox urged the same argusecond time, and committed the ments against the cavalry bill as he next day. Leave was given to pre- had done against the supplementary pare and bring in the same.

militia bill. He contended, that On the 5d of November, when ministers might expend millions afthe report of the cavalry bill was ter millions in preparing against brought up and the first part of it threats which were never intended read, general Tarleton said, that he to be executed ; and should the ene. was decidedly against the measure. my discover this to be their dispoHe entered into an historical detail sition, they might complete our ruip of the conduct of our ancestors without much danger or expense upon similar occasions, and com- to themselves. Mr Sheridan joined pared their measures with those with Mr. Fox in the same train of which were now intended. He no- argument which had been made ticed the preparations which were use of before. They were opposed made when the nation was menaced on the ministerial side by Mr. Ryder in the years 1688,1715,1718,1743, and Mr. Wilberforce, who contend1756, and 1759. Hedesired the house ed for the necessity of the ireato look to the situation of the coun- sure. try in 1796. At the present moment The house divided on the questhere were 10,00) men in arms tion, well affected to their country, and Ayes ( for receiving the report) 104 a navy equal to our utmost naval Noes (against it) . . . . 30 strength at any period in the annals The report and amendments beof England. He gave his opinion ing agreed to, the bill was ordered respecting the danger of invasion; to be read a third time the next day. there were three points on the coast On the 4th of November Mr. Bidof France from whence a descent dulph proposed a rider to be added might be niade ; from Dunkirk to to the bill; but this clause was neBrest there was no opportunity of gaiived, and one proposed by the collecting troops, and the coast was chancellor of the exchequer was unfavourable. From Brest to the adopted. The bill was then passed. western coasts, the situation was The gamekeepers' bill, which advantageous for a descent upon at first was a part of the cavalry Ireland, or an expedition against bill, was brought into the comour possessions in the West In- mons by Mr. Pitt on the ed of Nodies, but was not calculated for vember, and went, in substance, to an invasion of England. From enable his majesty to require the Dunkirk to the Texel there were personal service of 15,000 men, of

the the description therein mentioned. impossible to make a legislative pro. Mr. Sheridan objected wholly to vision to that purpose, but was asthe principle of the bill, as being sured that his majesty's servants one totally unknown to the consti- would grant every possible indultution of the country, and of the gence. most dangerous tendency. It was The bill was then read a third ordered to be printed and read a time and passed, and then ordered second time the next day. But on to be carried to the lords by the sethe 2d of December, the chancel- cretary at war. lor of the exchequer said he did not On the 13th of December, the mean to trouble the house further chancellor of the exchequer moved with this bill at present; and it was for leave to bring in a hill to extherefore postponed for six months. plain and amend the cavalry act;

The army and navy augmenta leave was given, and the bill tion bill, another branch of the mi. brought in accordingly. nister's plan, was taken into consi These bills for augmenting the deration by a committee of the internal force of the kingdom were whole house on the ad of Novem- respectively carried up to the house ber, and was afterwards divided in- of lords, where the discussions upon to two bills. It was proposed in them were neither long nor interestthem, among other things, that the ing. number of men to be raised should On the 2d of November, the supbe for the navy 6,000, for the army plementary militia bill was brought 9,000. On the next day, when the from the commons and read a first report was brought up, some clauses time ; and on the 8th of the same were proposed by the lord advocate month it was read a third time and of Scotland. Mr. Fraser said, he passed, and a message was sent to wished that some principle of pro- the commons to acquaint them portion should be adopted, that the therewith. On the same day the burden might fall fairly upon the cavalry bill was read a second time, respective counties. The quotas and the bill for raising a certain bore no proportion to the land-tax number of men for the service of and the population of the counties, the army and navy of England, and Sir John Sinclair had made statisti- the bill for raising men for the like cal accounts of nine-tenths of the service in Scotland, went through parishes of Scotland; and from those a committee of the whole house, it appeared, that the general popu- lord Walsingham in the chair. lation of that kingdom had increased The upper house made some 300,000. He wished a clause to amendments in the supplementary be introduced relative to the High- militia bill, which were agreed to landers, a brave, hardy, and ser- by the commons on the 29th of viceable race, who were much at- December. tached to their chiefs, and would On the 30th of December the therefore be much burt in being royal assent was given by commisforced to serve under other com- sion to the county quota, a provisionmanders; hence he wished a provi- al cavalry, and militia augmentasion might be made for permitting tion explanatory bills. Near the them to serve under their particular end of the session a bill was introchieftains. The lord advocate of duced for allowing Roman cathoScotland thought it would be almost lics, and protestant dissenters, to serve as officers in the supplemen- had proved to be serviceable to tary militia, but was thrown out by guard against the designs of the vathe house of lords upon the second rious sectaries and dissenters from reading, on the 11th of July.

the established church of England. On that day lord Kenyon rose The duke of Norfolk spoke in and wished their lordships not to favour of the bill; but, upon a pass a bill which tended in a great division of the house, it was remeasure to alter the common laws jected by 23 against o. of the land, and trench upon On the 2d of June a bill was the test act: he moved, that the introduced into the house of combill should be read that day three mons by Mr. secretary Dundas, for months.

raising and embodying a' militia in The bishop of Rochester con- Scotland, which was soon aftertended for the motion, and ex wards passed into a law; a law pressed his surprize that a bill should which was found afterwards by the be introduced during the dog days magistrates to be exceedingly obwhich affected the bulwarks of the noxious to the people of Scotland, constitution, and which the expe- and which they were compelled to rience of above one hundred years enforce by the musket and bayonet.

CHA P. II.

The Financial Proceedings of the Session! Army and Navy Estimates. De

bates upon these subjects. Sums voted. Extraordinaries of the Army. The first Budget. Supplies, and Ways and Means. LOYALTY LUAN. The Sums for which Interest was to be provided. New Taxes. Money sent to the Emperor. Debates upon that Subject. Declared to be unconsiilutional when seni without the Consent of Parliament. The Members for the City of Londun instructed by their Constituents to oppose the Minister upon this Subject. A lote of Censure proposed and negatived. Account of the second Budget. Supplies, and Ways and Means, according to the two Budgels, for the Year 1797. Terms of the second Loan of Eighteen Millions. Summary of the new Tazes. Debates upon the second Budget. Sul'stitutes for some provosed Taxes. Sums proposed to be sent to Ireland and to the Emperor. Debuies upon that Subject. The House informed that no further Sums were to le seni lu the Emperor on account of the preliminaries of Peace, &c. Lorin Dili reud a second Time in the flouse of Lords. Portion given with the Princess Royal. Relief proposed to the Subscribers to the LOYALTY Loan. Navy ånd Exchequer Bills. India Budget.

A FTER providing for the de motion of the secretary at war, re

A fence of the pation, the sub- ferred to the house of commons in ject which of necessity next occu. a committee of supply. The ho. pied the attention of ministers was nourable secretary observed, that the raising of the supplies.

the papers on the table contained On the 21st of October, 1796, all that was necessary to enable the the army estimates were, upon the committee to judge of the army

expenses

expenses for this year. He ob- stated for these troops at 5 millions served, that as it would be recol. and upwards. Considering the dislected that a diminution in the proportion between these statenumber of troops on the establish- ments, a house of commons aught ment bad taken place last year, to be watchful over the acts of mifrom wbich a sayiog of 800,0001. nisters, but especially a new parliaarose, it would not be expected ment. He should add the result of that any considerable diminution the articles omitted, amounting to would take place in the amount 580.0001. to the sum of the estiof ihe present estimates.

mates of this year, arising from the Tb: whole force of this country, articles on the table. He was hapconsisting of the common distribu- py to find, that, at a period when tion of guards and garrisons, and fears of an invasion were entertaincolonies and plantations, amounted ed. we had sucb a force as 10,000 to 95,674 men, the expense of men at home, and that the army in wbich would amount to 5,190,0001, the colonies amounted to so large a so that it would appear that the ex- body. He thought the article of pense of this year would not ex. 360,0001. stated as the charge for ceed that of the last, but, on the the recruiting service, was superflucontrary, would fall short of it by ous, when ministers, upon the alarm the sum of 108,4201. The home of invasion which they held out, army, and the army abroad, were were to abandon the old mode of to be understood by the general die raising men by beat of drum, and to vision of guards and garrisoas, co- have recourse to the mode of requilonies and plantations. The army sition for the troops which were to at home amounted to 01,765 men, be raised. He spoke of the militia from which arose an excess, above with the highest respect, but thought last year, of 1,546 men. The army that the custom which had been abroad, excepting those in the East adopted by the officers of each corps Jodies, which came under a separate employing a man as their servant, description, amounted to $4,276 and engaging of batnien in menial men; of course there was a diminu. capacities, were obstructions to his tion of about 13,041 men on this majesty's service, and ought to be head since last year, which upon the abolished. He contended, that if whole force was but a trifling dimi- the extraordinaries, such as bar- , Dution. There was a small aug. racks, &c. were added, the whole mentation of the invalids, from the expense of the army this year would circumstance of calling upon, and not fall short of that of last year, drafting the out-pensioners who which amounted to as much as the were capable of serving. He then whole revenue of this country did proceeded to move bis first resolu- in the year previous to the war. tion “ That there be employed for This was a fact which ought to be the land service of this year the attended to, especially by a new number of 195,000 men."

parliament. If the army cost só General Tarleton said, he had ex- much, how were the other expenses pected that the honourable secreta to be paid. With these facts bery at war would have gone more fore them, surely the representainto detail. Last year the troops tives of the people ought to abanin pay amounted to 119,000. The don the idea of raising such an adexpenses of the present year were ditional force as 103,000 men, with

not

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