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the course of the call tached cruizers and sin As connected with
tunate expedition was yet consi. In the West-Indies but little re. derable. Rear-admiral Nelson lost markable occurred in the course of his right arm by a cannon-shot. the campaign, except the reduction Capf. Bowen, of the Terpsichore, of Trinidad, which was taken from an excellent and respectable of the Spaniards in the month of Feficer, with his first lieutenant and bruary, by the British forces under the whole of his boat's crew, went the command of sir Ralph Aber. to the bottom by a shell falling in crombie and rear-admiral Harvey. The boat in which they were row. On the 12th of that month the 198 to the shore. The captain of forces destined for the expedition marines of the Emerald frigate was were embarked at Fort Royal in
130 killed, and c:api, Freemantle Martinique. On the 16th, the wounded. The total loss in killed British squadron came within sight and wounded was somcthing short of Trinidad, and stood towards tlie
) men-a slaughter almost as gulf of Paria. At half past three mierous as in the memorable vic- in the afternoon the Spanish squaway of the 14th of February. dron was discovered at anchor in
Would exceed our limits, and Shagramus bay, consisting of four er our narrative tedious to the sail of the line and one frigate us def, to enumerate the various der a rear-admiral's pag. As the fes which have been made in day was far advanced before he use of the campaign by de. approached the bay, and the enemy ruizers and single frigates. appeared in force on Gasparaux ected with ihe general island, the admiral ordered three of
the war, it may be proper the ships of war to proceed a little on that on the 16th of July farther up the gulf, and anchor Borlase Warren, with the with all the transports, while three
under his command, dise others were directed to keep under in Hodierne bay a French sail during the night, to prevent any with fourteen transports, vesel s.iling froni poit Espagne. n stores for the French At two o'clock the following er her convoy. Of these, morning the Spanish squadron was ime prizes to the British discovered in be on fire, and every
rez. two were destroyed, one of them but one was consumed. tecon Calliope frigate, which was This unexpected change of affairs
was driven on shore, and directed the whole attention of the
be scuttled by her crew. general to the attack of the town, Ith of the following month of which he possessed himself with
was driven on shore, and little or no resistance. Soon after it suck at the entrance of a capitulation wils entered into
pable d'Olonne by the with the governor, and the whole the thin commander; and on colony submitted to his Britannic
de was so fortinate as majesty. more ne prizes of a convoy of five An attempt which proved not
the mouth of the Ga. so successful was soon after made
were laden with naval by the same forces which had re.
y stores for the ships of duced Trinidad against Porto Rico. • Ports, lateers in the adjacent On Monday, 17th of April, the feet under the command of admiral
trigate, with fourteen
supposed to be scuttled
Harvey made the island of Porto in command to raise immediately Rico, and came to anchor at Con- and embody some regiments of grejos point. The next morning negroes, to be procured chiefly by the troops under sir RalphAbercrom- purchase in the different British bie were disembarked in a small islands. The general assembly of bay on the north side of the island Barbadoes, in a committee of the with little opposition from about whole house, took the subject under 100 of the enemy. On approach. consideration in the latter end of ing the town, however, it was found January. The speaker, sir John to be too strongly fortified, and too Gay Alleyne, rose and stated his actively defended by gun-boats and reasons for proposing resolutions other craft, to admit of any hope of adverse to government; and after success. After bombarding the some deliberation the assembly retown for some days on the south solved, that the proposed measure side near a large magazine, but would be more likely to prove dewithout effect, the general reim- structive than advantageous to the barked his troops on the 30th of defence of the island. A similar April, and retired with the loss of resolution, we have been informed, about 200 men.
was entered into by the assembly of Soon after his arrival in Barba. Jamaiczo-so little confidence have does, sir Ralph Abercrombie ac- the traffickers in man.in the fidelity quainted the council that he had it of those whom they hold in chains.
c H A P.
CHA P. IX.
Campaign in Italy. Vast Preparations of the Emperor. First Movement of · the Austrian Army. Advunced Guard of the French defeated. Buonaparte
takes the Field. Austrians defeated near Virona. French driven from Corona. Battle of St. Marco, where the Austrians were completely routed. Advances of General Provera French retreat from Rouco. Baltle of Rivoli. Rear-guaril of General Provera cut off" by Angereau. Battle of St. George and La Favorite. Provera taken with his whole Army. Austrians dispersed and defeated in different Parts. French enter Roveredo. Trent laken by the French. Surrender of Muntua. Invasion of the Papal Territories. French take Possession of Loretto. Pope solicits a Negotiation. Treaty with the Pope. Austrian Army again recruited. The Archduke Charles assum's the Command. Austrians fall back on the approach of Massena Rear-guard of the Austrians taken by Massena. Austrians de. feated on the Banks of the Pugliamento. Village of Gradiska tuken. Pula ma-nuova and Town of Gradiska taken, Goritx taken, with all the Austri. an Magazines. French enter Trieste. Battle of Tarvis. La Chiuse taken, and all the Austrian Baggage. Baltle of Lavis. Botzen and Briren taken. Batlle of Clagenjort. Letter of Buonaparte to the Archduke. French driven from Botzen and Brixen. Battle of Neumark. Battle of Huns. mark. Movements on the Rhine. Armistice. Treaty. Preliminaries signed letween the Emperor and France. Government of Venice overthrown by the French. Government of Genoa changed.
IN the lively but somewhat in- from his Italian dominions. The 1. fated language which has lat. young men of Vienna, not except. terly been characteristic of the ing those of the highest families, French historians, the combats of were embodied into military corps, Buonaparte with the power of Aus- and sent post (a method which was tria, in Italy, have been compared first adopted by the French in the to that of Hercules with the Ler-· Vendean war) to recruit the army nean hydra. One vast army was of Alvinzi. The grand object was No sooner destroved than another still the same, to penetrate at some
still more formidable was seen to point or other the line of defence as sume its place, and threaten anew Buonaparte had established ; to destruction to the victorious as- march down a strong column upon S lant. Not discouraged by the Mantua ; to raise the blockade ; to
Lamitous defeat at Arcole, and bring once more the experienced
e consequent destruction of his Wurmser into the open field; and s avest troops, the emperor, during by one effort to render nugatory all h e short respite which the dead of the preceding successes of the
miter afforded, redoubled his ef- French commander. It required
ies for the relief of Mantua and aimed it required that good for.
pulsion of the Gil
tendant, to give effect to those bold sena, and were completely deserted, and unprecedented maneuvres with the loss of 600 prisoners and which he employed.
three pieces of cannon. The atIt was the latter end of Decem- tack of the Austrians, it appears, ber before the French commander was pretty general along the l'rench prepared to take the field. The line; for at the same moment that army of Alvinzi amounted at this the advanced posts of Massena were time, according to report, to 50,000 assailed, the division under general men, and was posted on the Brenta Joubert was also attacked at Crie and in the Tyrol; while the repub, rona. The Anstrians at first gained lican army extended along the some slight advantages, and became Adige, occupied the line of Monte- masters of a redoubt. General bello, Corona, and Rivoli, with ad. Joubert, however, soon rallied his vanced guards before Verona and soldiers, relook the redoubt by Porto Legnago. Mantua still re- storm, forced the enemy to retire to mained in a staic of close blockade. their former position, and took up. According to a letter from the em- wards of 300 prisoners. peror lo general Wurmser, the gar. Repulsed but not defeated, howrison must have been reduced to ever, the Austrians renewed tlie at. the greatest extremity, in the article tack on Joubert the following day, of provisions especially, having no and with sach ii superiority of force animal food but the flesh of their as compeiled him to evacuate Cohorses.
irona, and take a position before The Austrian army commenced Rivoli. This movement of the its hostile movements on the 7th enemy left the French general no of January ; and on the following longer in doubt with respect to the day the division which had been intentions of Alvinzi. It was now posted at Padua attached tie ad. evident that the Austrian general vanced guard of general Angereau, with his main force was desirous of which was posted at Bevelagna, be- penetrating his line by the way of fore Porto Legnago. After a smart Rivoli, and of reaching Mantua by skirmish, the adjutant general Du- that route; te force with which faux, who commanded there, found this attack was to be made was at himself under a necessity of retreat- least double in number to that uning to St. Zeno, and the next day to der general Joubert. Buonaparte Porto Legnago, having been en now perceived that no time was to abled by his resistance to give time be lost. He ordered immediately to the whole line to be fully apprised large reinforcements from the di. of the march of the enemy, and pre- vision of Massena, and other qirarpared to receive them.
ters, to Rivoli, where he arrived in Buonaparte was himself it this person with his staff the same day, time at Bologna. He, however, lost at midnighı. The dispositions of no time in detaching 2,000 men general Joubert, though excellent who were quartered there, towards for a small division, he found by the Adige, for the relief of Ange. no means adapted to the reinforcereau, and immediately after set out ments which lie kind brought : he for Verona, before which place the therefri mediately ordered them Austrians appeared on the morning to resume some of the positions of the 12th. They aliched the ad. which they had evacuated, and in vanced guard under general Mas. particular the gate of St. Marco, Marco.
which was the key of the whole. lions to face this new column; and Buonaparte, with the officers com- caused four pieces of light artillery posing his staff, spent the whole to be planted so as to cannonade the Dight in recennoitring the ground, right of their line. In the mean and examining the position of the time a reinforcement under the enemy, who occupied a formidable command of general Rey, which lipe of 25,000 strong; their right at had been tardy in its advances, Caprino, and their lefc behind St. fortuna'ely arrived and took a po.
sition exactly in the rear of the coThe Austrian general, who had lumn which had turned the French. arranged his plan of attack some Buona parte now pressed the attack days before, expected neither the with the utmost vigour; and in less presence of Buonaparte, nor the than a quarter of an hour the whole reinforcements which Joubert re- column, consisting of 4000 men, ceived almost at the instant of at- laid down their arms. The Autack. While such were the dispo- strians were now every where put sitions of the generals, the night to the rout, and pursued by the proved extremely unquiet to the conquerors during the whole of ont-posts on both sides, who kept the night. The French general reup almost a constant fire upon each lates, that in the course of their other; and the resumption of sie flight a body of 500 men surrenpost at St. Marco produced a seri- dered as prisoners to a party of 50 ous engagement. At day-break on republicans. the 11th of January general Joubert The Austrians remained still with one part of his division at- masters of Corona, but they were tacked the enemy upon the declis now disabled from accing on the vity of the hill of St. Marco. The offensive. Buonapate, therefore, other part occupied the centre, and ordered general Joubert to attack the left was chiefly composed of them the next day, should they be the reinforcements which had ar. still so imprudent as to retain posrived during the night. The Au- session of that place; and he then strian general still remained igno. hastened to encounter new difficulrant, it appears, both of the presence ties, and to reap fresh laurels A of the commander in chief, and of column of the enemy consisting of the arrival of the reinforcements. 10,000 men, under general Provera, His plans were therefore discon- had passed the Adige on the night certed, and he acted in the dark. of the 14th, and obliged the French The battle notwithstanding was general Guyeux, who guarded the long and obstinate, and in its com- Adige in his quarter, to fall back mencement the French were driven from Ronco. He, therefore, de from some of their posts; while a tached general Victor with a strong fresh body of the Austrians ad- reinforcement to Roverbella, and ora panced to the eminences between dered Massena also to take the same the Adige and the lake of Guarda, route, to stop, if possible, the march turned the flank of the French, and of the Austrians. General Joubert, completely cut off their communis in the mean time, faithfully ad. cation with Verona and Peschiera. hered to the instructions of the In this embarrassing situation the commander in chief. General general lost nothing of his presence Murat had marched the whole of of mind. He detached two batta. the night of the 14th with a party of 1797.