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their mind, and make sail on the ordered the Victory to be placed on larboard tack.
the lee quarter of the rer-most The advantage was now evi. ship of the enemy, the Salvadta del dently on the side of the British; Mundo; and threr in so efectual a and while the advanced division discharge, that her commander, warmly pressed the centre and rear seeing he Barfleui, carrying vice. of the enemy, the admiral meditai admiral Waldegrave's Aas, beung ed with his division 1 co-operation, down to second the Victory, which must effectually compel some thought proper to strike. of them to surrender. In the con- Tins tour of the enemy's ships fusion of their retreat, several of the were in possession of the British: Spanislı ships had doubled on ench while the van ships continued to other. It was, therefore, admiral press hard on the Santissima TriniJervis's plan, to reach the weather- dadd, the Spanish admiral's ship, and most of those ships, then to bear up the others which composed the rear and rake them all in succession, of the flying fleet. The career of with the seven ships composing his viciory wiis, however, stopped by division. The casual position of circumstances not in the power of the rear ships in his owii division, the British commander to control. however, prevented his executirg The ships, which in the moming this design. He therefore ordered had been separated from the main the leading shis, the Excellent, body of the Spanish flcet, were now. captain Collingwood, to ver up, able to make their approach ; [WO while, with his own ship, the Vic. fresh ships also, which had not aptory, he passed to leeward of the peared in the action, bore down rear-most ships of the eneiny. Cup- from windward, and two of the tain Collingwcod, in obedience to flying ships tacked about to sup. the admiral's orders, passed between port their chiefs. These circumthe two rear-most ships of the ene- stances, therefore, with the lateness my, and gave one of them, thic Sun of the hour, and the necessity of Isidro, so effectual a broadside, that securing the prizes, deie: mined the having been much injured before, cunquering adniral to bring to. she was obliged to submit. The A lille after four in the afternooll, Excellent then passed on to the the signal was made to this effect; relief of the Captain, which was and a strong iine was formed for the engaged with a three-decker, carty- protection of the prizes and dising a faz; but before she could abled vessels. The enemy's fresh a rive, this vessel became entangled ships, on approaching, opened a fire with her second, a two-decker, on the covering ships, but though In this state they were both board. superior in number, and fresh tur ed by the Captain, and the smaller action, they contented themselves of them, the San Nicholas, was in a with a few irregular broadsides, and short time in the possession of her left the British admiral to suil ou opponents. The three-decker, the triumphantly with his prizes, which San Josef, followed the fate of her the reader will remember amoun:ed second, and became inimediaiely a to four, xiz, tiro, the Salvado del prize to commodore Nelson, wlio Mundo (und the San Josef, of 112 headed the party which boarded guns, the San Nicholas of Si, and her from the San Nicholas. In the San Isidro of 77 guns. The ihe mean tiine, admiral Jervis hiad Spanişi admiral, which was greatly
the object of attention to the Bri- ated a British peer by the title of
and the fleet of aamiial Duncan Sa inpirtant à victory with so had blocked up the Texel during decisive a disparity of force, is, a great part of the slimmer. The perhaps, unparalleled in our naval Dutch fleet wils ready for sea some annals. The ability displayed by time before it left-ine Texel, and the commander was only to be the command of it was intrusted to equalled by the valour and adroit. admiral de Winter, a brave and ness of the seamen; indeed we have judicious officer, who had been a been informed by an eye-witness, lieutenant in the famous action off that the fire of the British wils su- the Dogger Bank in the last war, perior to that of their opponents, and was aticrwards advanced to the in the proportion of five or six to rank of captain ; but having taken one, during the whole of the ac- part against the Stadtholder in the tion: and the expenditure of am- memorable struggle ot 1786, he munilion was conseyuently beyond was obliged to take refuge in crample. The Culioden, it is said, France, where he was promoted to espended 170 barrels of powder; the rank of a major-general, and the Captain 146; and the Blenheim, returned to his country with the 180. The Spaniards fought brave- army of Pichegru. When tlie orly, but with little skill; and it is der to put to sea was first issued but fair to remark, that' their fleet by the Dutch convention, the adwas ill-cquipped and very indiffer- miral, conscious of his inferiority en:ly mained, and in no respect fit to the British force, remonstrated for action ; their flag-ship had not strongly, it is asserted, against the more than sixty or eighty seamen order ; but having received a se. on board, the rest consisted of im- cond positive order to that effect, pressed landmen, or soldiers of their he determined, whatever the force new levies.
of the British might be, not to As the port of Cadiz had been shirink from the contest, but to their original destirution, and as maintain the honour of his flag in many of their ships were disabled, every circumstance, however ad. the Spaniards manifested no inclin verse to his wishes. nation to renew the action, but The destination of the Dutch took shelter in Caliz, where they fleet was never openly avowed ; have ever since remained blocked but it has since appeared that the up by the victorious admiral. Soon invasion of Ireland was the object, after the news arrived of the en. and that a lar, re budy of troops une Budgement, sir John Jervis was cre, der general Daendaels had been ac
tually embarked for that purpose, seven of 61 guns; and tivo of 50 : but were afterwards put on shore in all 16, besides frigates. The su. when the peremptory order was periority in men and guns was, issued to admiral de Winter, to therefore, evidently on the side of hazard an engagement with the the British, though, had it been British fleet, in opposition to his otherwise, such is the skill and alert. pressing remonstrances. The Bri- ness of the English seamen, that tish admiral had, at this period of there is little doubt but that victory which we are now treating (the would still have attended their exbeginning of October), quiited his ertions, station off the Texel, and retired to As the British admiral approach. Yarmouth roads to refil : a circum- ed near, he made the signal for the stance which might weigh with the feet to shorten sail in order to con. Dutch ministry, in pressing the de. nect them : soon after he saw the parture of their fleet. A small squa. land between Camperdown and dron only, under the command of Egmont, about nine miles to lee. captain Trollope, in the Rus:cl of 74 ward of the enemy, and finding guns, was left as a squadron of obser- there was no time to be lost in vation ; and on the morning of the making the attack, at half past il 9th of October a signal was made by he made the signal to bear up, a vessel at the back of Yarmouth break the enemy's line, and engage sandsto admiral Duncan, intimating them to leeward, each ship her op. that the Dutch Aleet was at sea. The ponent: and by these means he got whole of the British Aleet, consist- betwee! them and the land, whither ing of 16 sail of the line and three they were fast approaching. The frigates, got under weigh with sur. Dutch admiral, perceiving the deprising alacrity, and were out of sign of his opponent, made at the sight in the afternoon. At nine in same time the signal to close : he the morning of the Ulth, the admi- was, in this instance, alertly obeyed ral got sight of captain Trollope's by the vice-admiral Reventjies; but squadron, with signals flying for rear admiral Story, with three other an enemy to leeward. The admi- ships of the centre division, ran off riil immediately bore up, and made in the very commencement of the the signal for a general chase, and action, and entered the Texel the in less than an hour came within following day. sight of the enemy, forning in a The signals of the British admiline on the larboard tack to receive ral, on the contrary, were obeyed him.
wiih great promptitude by the The Dutch fleet consisted of four whole Aeet. Vice-admiral Onslow, ships of 74 guns; five of 68 ; two in the Monarchi, bore down on the of 64 ; four of 56, and two of 44; enemy's rear in a most gallant man. in all 15 ships of above 50 guus, ner, and was followed by his whole and 17 ships of force, besides à few division. The action commenced smaller frigates. The Britih fleet at about 40 minutes after twelve consisted of seven ships of 74 guns; o'clock, at which time every ship
* The British Reet was in two divisions: the starboard or weather division under admiral Duncan; and the larboard or lee division under vice admiral Ou low. 'l he Durch was in three divisions : che ven commanded by vice-admiral Reventjies and rcar-admiral Menses; the centre commanded by admiral de Winter; and the rear by rear.admiral Bloys,
of the British had broken the ene. A more bloody conflict than this my's line, and cut them off from is not to be found in the naval getting into the Texel, the land be history of this country. The loss mg then distant about seven miles. in killed and wounded on board While the rear was attacked by the nine ships only of admiral Duncan's Jarboard division under vice-admiral fleet wild upwards of 700. The Onslow, the commander-in-chief loss of the Dutch must have been directed all his attention to the ene. immense. The carnage on board my's van; and his own ship, the the two ships that bore the admirals' Venerable, was in close acţion for flags was (in the words of lord near two hours and a half, when he Duncan) “ beyond all descripa observed all the masts of the Dutch tion;" there were no less than 250 admiral's ship go by the board ; she men killed and wounded on board was, however, defended for some each of them, and none of the time after in a most gallant man- Dutch ships that surrendered, it is per ; but being overpowered by said, lost less than 100 men. The numbers, her colours were struck to British lost in the action capt. Burthe Venerable ; admiral de Winter gess, of the Ardent, and several himself being, it is said, the only other olficers were killed and man left on the quarter-deck who wounded. The Durch vice-admi. was not either killed or wounded. ral, Reventjies, died soon after his
About the same time the vice. arrival in England. The battle was admiral's ship appeared dismasted, fought so near the shore that every and surrendered to admiral Onslow. manæuvre might be distinctly seen, Several others of the Dutch (ac- and the whole coast for many miles cording to some reports, not less was crowded with thousands of than 13 in all) had struck before spectators, who had the mortificahalf past three o'clock : but the tion of observing the entire de. British admiral finding himself in struction of their own fleet, withonly nine fathoms water, and but out the possibility of affording them five miles from the land, had his relief. attention so much occupied in get. The great merit of admiral Dunting the heads of the disabled ships can in this action was the running off the shore, that he was not able his fleet between the enemy and a to distinguish the number which lee-shore, a step which none of his were captured; and the wind blow. predecessors had ever dared to take ing constantly on the land, the in similar circumstances, and which British ships were unavoidably di- was considered as too hazardous to spersed. Some of the vessels which be attempted even by admiral Kep. bad struck, therefore, took advaniage pel, who was not deficient either in of the night to escape ; and two or judgement or spirit. This, it is obthree of them were seen going into vious, and this alone, rendered the the Texel the following morning. victory of admiral Duncan so deciThe prizes, however, which were sive as it proved; and he showed secured, were eight ships of the line, that his judgement in closing the two of 56 guns, one of 44, and a contest in proper time, and in exfrigate. One of these, however, tricating his feet and prizes from the Delft, of 56 guns, foundered so difficult a situation, was equal to within sight of the British coast, his boldness in hazarding so deci. and the frigate also was lost. sive a measure. The gallant admi
ral tal immediately on his return was Cruz, of which they were in 1! created baron Ducın of Lindie, possession for about sever: 1011.. in the shi;e cf Perth (the place of Finding it impracticable, liowever, his naivity), and viscount Duncın 10 storm the toit, they prepared for of Canardoun, in allusion to that wcii rem! ; but in this ther were part of the coast of Holland where prevented by fresh reinforcements the victory was awiered.
having arrived to the garrison, and We have orien hid crasion to by the circumstance of the boats remark, that while the English na. having been stoven by the violence tion is invincible at sea, they should of the surge upon the beach. Thus never engage wi'hout the most ur- circumstanced, ile Spanish general gent necessity in military opera- summoned the British commander tions on the land. In the month of to surrender ; but received for anJuly the Spaniards received some swer, that he would not capitulate consolation for their ignominious as long as a man remained alive. defeat off cape St. Vincent's, by The conduct of the Spaniard on the total failure of an attempt on this occasion reflects the highest the island of Tenerifie, by a part of honour on his character, and on the same squadron which had de. the military profession. On receive feated their grand feet on the four. ing the reply of the British com. teenih of February. From iz va- mander, he immediately, it is said, riety of intcllirence which lord St. dispatch.od a poite message to ad. Vincent had received*, he was led misal Nulson, intorming him, that, to consider the town of Santa Cru, to spare the effusion of human in the island of Tenerific, 2 ulas blood, he and the remains of his sailable object. On the 15h of forces were at liberty to return in July, therefore, the cominander-in- peace to their ships; and that he chief dispatched sir lloratio Nel- would even provide them with son, now advanced to the rank of boats, as their own were unht for rear-admiral, with inur ships of the the service. With a generosity line, thiee frigates, and two cutters, worthy of a great man, it is added, to make an attach uron that place. be turniiled the retreating invaders On his arrival before the town, the wiih a ratio of biscuit and wine, rear-admiral finding it inipossible and conveyed them on board their for the shirs to approach suiliciently respective vessels, not as enemies but near the town, Oidered, from the 25 friends. If there be any truth uitcrent ships under his cemmand, in this representation, which we one thousand men to be linded un. have copied from the daily papers, der the direction of capt. Trow it would have been becoming in bridge, of the Culloden, and cap. the publislier of the Gazette to have tains llood, Thompson, Freemantle, spoken of this magnanimity in the Bowen, Miller, and Wailer. The terms it deserved. Though the boats of the fleet were accordingly Gazette, however, is silent both as manned, and the linding was ef. to these facts, and as to the resisttected in the course of the night. ance which the British forces met The party with little or no oppos with from the garrison, the loss in sition entered the town of Santa killed and wounded in this unior.
* Thus it was stated in the Gazelle ; but some of the opposition papers have as. serted, that the expedition wa: forced upoa hun by the ministers