« ZurückWeiter »
the country, so that a gentleman who had plunged us into our prewas no longer permitted co hold his sent state retire from the post to situation, excepting he acted agree. which they are unequal ; and let us, ably to the dictates of these power with an earnest desire of recoverful families. Having shown this ing the country, pursue this mode. to be the state of representation, he rate plan of reform under the aubegged to know what remedy there spices of men likely to conciliate could be for these corruptions but the public mind. A new admini' reform? If we could not apply it, stration ought to be formed : but our fate was inevitable. Our most Mr. Fox solemnly avowed he had Ilustrious patriots, and the men no wish of making part of it; and whose names were dearest to Eng- though he would readily and strelishmen, had long ago pointed it nuously give his support to any out as the only means of redressing measures which would restore our national grievances. Sir George outraged privileges, his desire as to Daville had been its most strenuous himself was retirement. He gave advocate, and the venerable Camb. his vote to the proposition of his den was its steady supporter---nay, honourable friend. . Mr. Burke himself acknowledged its' Sir William Dolben expressed propriety for correcting the abuses much satisfaction at the propriety
our system. The advantages in of the motion, and the moderation we present case would be many: of those who supported it. SomeWe should ward off the evil of con- thing of the kind was absolutely rusion growing out of accumulated necessary to save the country. He
content; we should save our- wished the plan might be adopted, eives from the calamities which and remain three months on the had befallen Ireland; we should table for the consideration of memsatisfy the moderate, and detach bers. from the violent their numbers and
For the motion 63
Against it . 258
e moment to prevent degrada. the usual manner, by a speech won; the monarchy, the aristocra. from the throne, for which see our
9, the people themselves might Public Papers, (p. 237) of this voLow be saved. Let those ministers lume.
CHA P. VIII.,
The Ilar. French land e Body of Troops on the coast of Pemlrokeshire.
Surrender as Prisoners without Resistance. Conjectures as to the Olject of this Erpedition. The Spanish Fleet definted lý Admiral Sir John Jervis, of Cape St. l'incent, and four Ships of the Line cuplured. The Dutch Fleet completily defeated 01' Cumperdown, ly Admiral Duncan. The British Forces under ridmiral Nelson defeated at Tenerifle. French Vessels cap. tured and destroyed ly the Syuudron under Sir J. B. IVatren. West In• dies. Trinidad taken by the British Forces under Sir Ralph Alercrombie and Admiral Harvey. Unsuccessful Allack at Porto Rico. Proposal for raising Bluck Regiments in the West Indies — negatived.
THE war between Great Brio broke side. They were first des I tain and the French republic scried from the heights above St. was, during this year, almost ex. Bride's Bay, and the squadron clusively confined to naval opera. then appeared to consist of two tions; in which the skill and activi- frigates and two smaller vessels, ty of the British seamen were emic steering from the Bristol channel nently conspicuous, and almost in- round St, David's Head. Thew variably crowned with victory. displayed English colours, but were
In one solitary instance, the soon suspected to be enemies. A! French directory attempted to put ter turning St. David's Head, and in practice their pompons threats sailing a few miles to the northof an invasion of England ; but ward in Cardigan Bay, they cast the attempt appeared as if intend. single anchors to the north of a ed literally to burlesque the pro: small promontory under Lanject; and to assure the government wnnwr. They remained there, 1 of Great Britain that nothing seri- however, but a short time, bu ous was intended from their exten. moved farther up towards Fish sive preparations. On the 22d of gard, and finally anchored in 2 February, that part of the coast of small bay near Lanorda church, Devonshire which lies at the mouth when they hoisted French colou, of the British channel was alarmed and put out their boats. The cht by the appearance of an enemy's is here exceeding steep and sig force, consisting according to re. ged, and a party of them were ob. port of three frigates, which, as was served by a countryman climbing stated in a letter published by au- up singly on their hands and knee, thority, entered the little port of and throwing their muskets before Ilfracombe on that coast, scuttled them. The spot which they made some of the merchant ships there, choice of for their landing, pror. and attempted to destroy all the ed that they acted in concert with vessels in the harbour. Their stay no party in the country, and was, however, not of long contin that they had no persons among nuance, and they steered directly them who were well acquainted across the channel towards the Pem. with the coast. As soon as this
wiiich they found i
bult end of it, when he drew bayonet which he had not 1 quished, and ran his antagon through the body.
party had gained the ascent, they cumstances under which zire body
e to the forze and other com- of French troops under his combustibles eles, to apprize their comrades mand were landed, having rendered
tif success. The debarkation it unnecessary to attempt any m:li. de Wole was completed before tary operation, he proposed a capimorning of the 234, when tulacion.”—The reply of lord Caw. whers of them dispersed over the dor was, that he could only treat
to procure provisions and on the terms of their surrenderinternet. In these predatory excur- ing prisoners of war ; which was
They ransacked those houses presently agreed to; and on the suc. a they found abandoned, but ceeding day, at noon, they laid down very few things from those in their arms. The frigates and other "They found inhabitants ; they vessels, as soon as they had disem.
teed no wanton murder. Two barked the men, sel sail for France ; countrymen were killed, but but, as if every thing were adverse provoked their fate by their to this absurd and unfortunate ex
iness, and one almost de- pedition, the two frigates, la Re'; for, after the French- sistance of 1.8 guns, anüla Constance 'arrendered, and in fact of 24, were captured on the 9th of his musket, the Welch, the following month, as they were 42 blow at liin with the standing in for Brest harbour, by
.!, when he drew his the S. Fiorenzo and Nymphe friwhich he had not relin- gates, under the command of sir and ran his antagonist Harry Neale.
The conjectures had been vari. but the warm? Wils :it first general; 'ous with respect to the object of
bers and situation of this expedition. The troops which contemption appeared equally were landed were said by some to
They did not ex. have consisted of a number of the field peco..; they were without Vendean insurgents, who had in.
ough they had seven- listed into the service of the repub. powder and ball,and lic, but could not be trusted in and-grenades. The their ownc juntry. By others they 5 were made with were represented as a band of galley by the principal men slaves, and other criminals collect
and before night ed from the prisons of Brest, and fere collected, who landed in England merely to quar.
, soldiers (though ter them upon the enemy. This been in action), report is most generally believed, Hid, fencibles, and and is countenanced by some debesides a consider- bates in the French councils, in
of colliers, and which Truguei, the minister of maLed the number rine, was vehemently censured for Ferising the force. having planned so disgraceful a
Ciltdor assumed measure. In opposition to this wiemy, he said, on approaching opinion, however, it may be men.
qived at about ten tioned, that the commander of the Tester by a French party declared, that he had with
Tate, chef de him 600 of the best troops in 8, 's that the cir. France, veteran and experienced
but the numbers and situal the enemy 50011 appear contemptible. They did no ceed 1100 men; they were field pieces, though they h tycart. loads of powder and a quantity of hand-grenilde utnost exertions were mag mutloss of time by the priile in the country, and by about 660 men were colle might be termed soldiers they had never been in consisting of militia, fencibl yeoman cavalry, besides a able multitude of con others who swelded the without much increasing Of this party lord Ciudo the command ; and, on :p the enemy, he received o'clock at night alerter officer, signed " Tate, brigade," intir ating, *
soldiers ; nor is it very credible, ed of 27 sail of the line, one of that if the sole object was to quarter which was a four-decker, and car: a set of banditti upon England, ried 136 guns; six were thietthey would have sent with them .deckers of 112 guns each; two of such ample supplies. There are 81. guns, and eighteen of 74. other causes, which to us appear The Spanish admiral, Den Josef more probable for this undertak de Cordova, bad siled from Car. ing. It was, in the first place, of thagena on the 4th of February, some importance to denonstate to and passed Gibraltar on the follow'. France, ihat the invasion of Eng- ing dav, having left in that bay Jand, in the face of her powerful three line of batile shirs, supposed marine, was practicable in any cire to be liden with military stores cumstances; and secondly, it is well for the Spanish troops before that known that the French have always garrison. On the night of the 11th, been egregiously deceived with re- this flect had been discovered by spect to the temper and sentiments the Minerva frigatc, which carried of the British nation: we have lit- the broad rendant of commodore tle doubt, therefore, but the French Nelson, then on his way from the ministry flattered themselves that Mediterranean to join admiral Jer. these troops would have been join- vis. Captain Foote, of the Niger, ed on their landing by considerable also kept company with them for numbers of the lower classes of the sime day's previous to the Sth, people, and that at least a con- and that night they approached so siderable alarm would be excited near the British fleet, that their sig. tlıroughout the kingdom. It was, nalguns were distinctly heard. The therefore, an experiment to try at signals were, therefore, made that once the temper of the people, and niglit to be British feet to prepare the practicability of a descent. for bartle; and at day-bicak on
The marine of France, it we ex- the 11th they were in complete cept this feeble and ill.concerted order. The morning was dark and enterprize, ley, during the whole of hary; but about halt-past six, the the year, igriominicusly cortired Chiloden made the signal for five within their own ports ; but their sail in the south-wesi quarter; at allies the Spaniards and the Dutch eight o'clock the squadion was orwere grievous sufferers in two na dered to form in close order, and in val engagements, which, consider a few minutes after the signal ing every circumstance, were equal. was repeated to prepare for batly splorious to ihe British arms. tc.
The first of these memorable ac- At a little after ten she Minerva tions took place on the 14th of frigato made the signalfor 20) sail in February, off Cape St. Vincent. iliescu:h-cst quarter, and in about The British fleet, or, to speak ire ball an lour afier the erendy's Hect correctly, the British squadron 1:11- e visibile in all the British squader the con mand of admin sir 0:01. "ibe ships first discovered John Jervis, amounted to no more by the Culoden were at this period than fifteen sail of the le, four Spirited from their mini body, frigats. a slcopof wir, and a cutter, which was bering di Wit in sone -Of these six were three-deckers, contusion to join the separated eight were of 74 guns, and one ships. It appeared io have been od 61. The Spanish feet consisto die Britisi üumiral's intention 2
the frst, to cut off these vessels ward, which was reduced at this from the enemy's fleet, before the time by the separation of the ships main body could arrive to their asto leeward, to 18 sail of the line. sistance, and with this view, the At a i tle af er 12 o'clock, the sig. fast-sailing ships were ordered to mal was made for the British fleet to chase; but observing the near posi. tack in succession, and soon after tion of their main body, he after. ' the signal for again passing the ene. wards formed his feet into a line my's line ; while the Spanish ad. of battle a-head and a-stern, as miral's design appeared to be to most convenient.
join his ships to leeward, by wearAt about 26 minutes past. 11, the ing round the rear of the British admiral communicated his inten- line. The intention of the enemy tion to pass through the enemy's was, however, soon perceived by line, and immediately after the sig- commodore Nelson, whose station nal was made to engige. At about in ihe rear afforded him an oppor. half past ll, the action commenced tunity of observing the manæuvre. by the van ship, the Culloden, In order to frustrate the design, commanded by captain Trow, therefore, his ship, the Captain, had bridge, firing against the enemy's no sooner passed the Spanish rear, head-most ships to the windward; than he ordered her to wear and as the squadron advanced, how- stand on the other tack towards ever, the action became more ge- the enemy. In executing this boid neral, and it was soon apparent that nanceuvre, the commodore found the British admiral had accom- himself along-side of the Spanish plished his design of passing through admiral, the Santissima Trinidad, the enemy's line. In the mean of 136 guns, which is said to be time, the regular and animated fire the largest ship at present in existof the British fleet was but feebly ence. Notwithstanding this imreturned by the enemy's ships to mense disparity (the Captain being windward, which were also com- only a 74), this brave officer did pletely prevented from joining their not shrink from the contest, though companions to leeward, and obli- the Spaniard was also warmly supged to haul their wind on the lar- ported by her two seconds a-head board tack. Thus, a part of the and a.stern, which were each of Spanish fleet was effectually cut off them three-deckers. While he susfrom the main body, and they were tained, however, this uncqual conreduced to the necessity of also fict, his friends were equally pressforming on the larboard tack, ap- ing to his assistance : the enemy's parently with the intention of pass- attention, therefore, was soon di. mg through, or to the leeward of, rected to the Culloden, captain the British line; but such was the Trowbridge, and the Blenheim, recep:ion they experienced from captain Frederick; and the able the cenţre of the British, that they support afforded by these vessels to were obliged to put about, and did commodore Nelson, and the apnot appear again in the action till proach of rear-admiral Parker, with the close of du.
four others of the British line, deThe British admiral having thus termined the Spanish commander fortunately obtained his first object, to relinquish his design of rejoining now directed his whole attention his ships to leeward, and to make te the enemy's main body to wind- the signal for his main body to haul