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against an attack from the mutinous flatter them with any expectation of ships, which had manifested some success." They persisted that the strong indications of bombarding whole must be complied with, or that place; and furnaces and red hot they would immediately put the fleet balls were kept ready.

to sea. Parker then delivered to his The last attempt at a reconcilia- lordship a paper, in the following tion by treaty with the mutineers, words, by way of ratifying his crewas through the medium of the dentials. earl of Northesk, who was a favour

Sandwich, June 6, 3 P.M. ite with the seamen on board the “ To Captain Lord Northesk. whole fleet. On the oth of June, "You are hereby authorised and the two delegates of the Monmouth ordered to wait upon the king, were rowed on board that ship, and wherever he may be, with the reinformed bis lordship, that it was the solutions of the committee of delepleasure of the committee, that he gates, and are directed to return should immediately accompany them back with an answer within fiftyon board the flag-ship, as they had four hours from the date hereof. proposals to make, leading to an ac

"R. PARKER, president,". commodation; his lordship com- Lord Northesk proceeded to Lonplied, and went attended by one don with this dispatch ; and after officer : he found the convention in stopping for a short time at the adthe state cabin, consisting of sixty miralty, he attended earl Spencer to delegates, with Parker sitting at their the king; and a privy council was bead. Before they entered upon said to be held the next day upon business, the president demanded of the subject, when it was thought the person accompanying lord North- proper to reject the demands of the esk, who he was? The answer was, seamen, as exorbitant and unreason"an officer of the Monmouth, who able. Captain Knight, of the Inaccompanied the captain as secreta. flexible, carried down the refusal Ty." Parker then said, “that the of the lords of the admiralty. committee, with one voice, had come All the hopes of accomodation beto a declaration of the terms on which ing now given up, measures were alone, without the smallest altera. ,taken by lord Keith and Sir C. Grey tion, they would give up the ships; to attack the fleet from the works and that they had sent for him, as at Sheerness, with gun-boats, &c. one who was known to be the sea- the defection, however, of the Remens' friend, to be charged with pulse, Leopard, and Ardent, on the them to the king; from whom he night of the gth of June, with other must pledge his honour to return on symptoms of disunion among the board with a clear and positive mutineers, rendered the application answer within fifty-four hours.” of force unnecessary.

Parker then read the letter, which On the next day, several other of is said to have contained some com- the mutinous ships pulled down the pliments to bis majesty's virtues, and red Aag, as a signal for the mermany severe strictures on the deme. chantmen to proceed up the river, rits of his ministers. His lordship and the store and victualling ships informed the delegates that “be to remain behind: all of these, would certainly bear the letter as however, profited by the opportudesired, but he could not, from the nity to make their escape, after anreasonablness of the demands, having been fired at by some of the 1797.

• fleet.

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Heet. On the 11th, the Neptune, greatly accelerated by the arrival on of 98 guns, manned with press-' board of lieutenant Mott, with the gangs, volunteers, &c. sir E. Gow. proclamations, acts of parliament, er, commander, fell down to Long- &c, of which the men complained reach, with a view to act offensively they had been kept in ignorance till against the mutineers : the Lancas- that period. In the course of the ter, which had also been in a state evening the men resolved to submit of mutiny near that place, but had to the king's mercy, conceiving that surrendered two or three days be- it would no doubt be extended to fore, accompanied him, with the those who had not known to what Agincourt, and a number of gun. extent they had offended. In this boats. But the firmness of the mu- state of the crew the Sandwich went tinous seamen being already shaken under the guns of the fort at Sheer.' by the formidable preparations of ness the next morning; upon which government, and by the want of admiral Buckner's boat, with a fresh provisions and water, it was piquet-guard of soldiers, went to evident that the combination was the ship to arrest Parker, and bring falling to pieces. On the 12th, him on shore : as soon as he heard most of the ships struck the red flag, that a boat had arrived for him, he and hoisted the union, to signify surrendered himself to four of the their desire of returning to obe- ship's crew, to protect him from the dience: only seven bad then the outrages of the rest of the seamen, red Aag flying. On the next morn- whose vengeance he feared: upon ing the Agamemnon, the Standard, this, the officers of the Sandwich the Nassau, the Iris, and the Vestal, surrendered Parker, and a delegate ran away from the other ships, and of the name of Davies, who had went under the protection of the acted as captain under him, to the guns at the fort of Sheerness. The soldiers, with about thirty other crews, however, of these vessels delegates: these were committed to were very far from being unani- the black hole in the garrison at mous, as several men were wounded Sheerness. On the first appearance and killed in the struggles which of the soldiers, one of the delegates, took place on board them, between Wallace, of the Standard, shot himthe partizans of the officers and self dead, and was afterwards buried those of the seamen. This defec. in the highway. Parker was setion of their comrades appears to cured in Maidstone gaol. All rehave excited the utmost despair in sistance to the authority of the offiParker and the other leaders of the cers now ceased on board the ships, mutiny ; for, from the return of a and the mutiny was in effect termipart of the ships to their duty, their nated. language became less intemperate, The trial of Parker commenced their conduct less harsh, and their the 22d of June, on board the Nep: appearance clouded with a melan- tune, off Greenhithe, before a courtcholy gloom.. On the 13th the martial, consisting of captains in the crews of all the ships intimated an navy, of which sir T. Paisley was inclination to submit, provided a president. The charge was read by general pardon should be granted. Mr. Benfield : it accused the priThe crew of the Sandwich was par- soner of various acts of mutiny comticularly desirous, and Parker did mitted on board his majesty's fleet not oppose this spirit ;-a spirit at the Nore: of disobedience of or

ders, ders, and of contempt of the au- administration had acted improperly thority of his officers. Captain in stopping the provisions for the Moss, of the Sandwich, attended men, and that the foolish proclama. as prosecutor on the part of the tion was calculated to inflame the crown, Admiral Buckner was the minds of honest men." first witness called ; and deposed, Lieutenant Justice, of the Sand. that he saw the prisoner Parker pa- wich, deposed, that at the comrade about the town of Sheerness mencement of the mutiny he reabout the 12th of May, with an oeived an official paper, while he assemblage of people, with a red was on board, sent by admiral flag displayed : at that time he went Buckner, respecting the vote of the on board the, Sandwich, for the house of commons, granting the purpose of making known to the sum of 372,000l. to answer the seamen of that sbip and others, his expences incurred by a compliance majesty's proclamation of pardon, with the requisitions of the seamen provided they returned immediately at Portsmouth; and that he read it to their duty, on the same terms as to the crew,, who received the inthose granted to their brethren at telligence with three cheers. Spithead. On his going on board The next material evidence which he saw no mark of respect what affected the prisoner was given by ever shewn him: the officers were captain Wood of the Hound. When then without their side-arms, and that, ship, arrived at the Nore, on were deprived of the command of the 2d of June, Parker came on the ship. Finding all his endea- board, and told him, that he (the vours to bring the crew to their duty prisoner) had the honour of reprefruitless, he returned on shore. On senting the whole fleet : he advised the 23d his flag on board the Sand- hiın not to be so violent to some of wich was struck, without his orders, the delegates as he had been. The On the evening of that day, as he prisoner told captain Wood that he was examining the complaints aldid not like his ship's company, and leged against two marines, who had therefore should order ber to be been brought in by a party of the carried as near to the Sandwich as military, the prisoner, and a man possible, as a place of security: he named Davies, with three or four gave orders to the pilot accordingly; others, came abruptly into the .com- and the Hound came to oy the Sandmissioners' house at Sheerpess, and wich's quarter. In obeying these demanded, “Why those men (the orders of the prisoner, the pilot marines) were in custody?" inform- displeased him in some of the proing bim, at the same time, that ceedings; upon which he said to "his flag was struck; that he had the pilot, in threatening language, no longer any authority; and that “You have committed one mistake the power was in their hands!" -take care you do not commit anThey then (Parker being their other ; if you do, I will make a beefspokesman) took the men away, as steak of you at the yard-arm.” On they said, “ to try them for being the fourth day of his trial, Parker on shore." About the 4th of June was put upon his defence. In this the admiral' received a letter from arduous undertaking he displayed a the prisoner Parker, in which he clear: judgment and a sound underStyled himself president of the come standingvi. He recapitulated, in a dre nf delegates, stating, that “the plain but perspicuous manner, the

H2 evidence

evidence which had been brought sentence with all due submission i against him, and commented upon being convinced I have acted by the several parts of it with considerable dictates of a good conscience. God, skill. He thanked the court for the who knows the hearts of all men, indulgence which had been given will, I hope, receive me. I hope him, and solemnly declared, that that my death will atone to the he had no hand in the commence country; and that those brave men, ment of the mutiny ; but that, two who have acted with me, will redays afterwards, he saw that a vio- ceive a general pardon. I am satislent spirit had spread among the fied they will all return to their men, and he then embarked in the duty with alacrity." cause for the purpose of checking . Parker was executed in a few the violence of the proceedings; and days afterwards, on board the Sandhe was thoroughly satisfied, that if wich. He died very penitent, and he had not taken an active part, the with great composure. He was mutiny, which ended so unfortu- buried at Sheerness; but his wife, nately, would have been attended by the aid of some other women, with consequences still more dread. surreptitiously obtained the body, ful. He called several witnesses, which was conveyed to London ; whom he examined with great abi-' and the curiosity of the public leadlity ; but was unable to disprove the ing them in crowds to inspect it, charges brought against him; partie themagistrates were at length obliged cularly that which bore the heaviest to interfere, and by their orders it against him, namely, that of order. was intered in Whitechapel churching the men' on boaad the Director yard. to fire on the Repulse, a ship which The court-martial continued sithad deserted from the mutinous ting and trying the other mutineers ships.

more than a month, during whicb When the prisoner had finished time a great number received senhis defence, the court was cleared tence of death ; and several were of strangers; and in about two hours ordered to be whipped. Many of afterwards the following sentence the ringleaders of the mutiny, who was pronounced:-"That the whole were convicted, were executed; but of the charges are fully proved ; that a considerable number remained unthe crime is as unprecedented as der sentence, till after the signal wicked, as ruinous to the navy as victory obtained by Admiral Dunto the peace and prosperity of the can, when his majesty sent a genecountry; the court does therefore ral pardon to these unhappy men, adjuge him to death; and he is who were at that period confined ordered to suffer death accordingly, on board a prison-ship in the river at such time and place as the lords Thames commissioners of the admiralty, In the month of June, also, his or any three of them, shall ap- majesty's ship the Pompée, one of

lord Bridport's fleet, returned to After the sentence was passed, the Portsmouth, in consequence of a prisoner with a degree of undis- mutiny which had broke out on mayed composure, which excited board of her when off Brest. Four the astonishment and admiration of of the ringleaders were afterwards every one present, addressed the convicted, and two of them executed court as follows: “I bow to your on board the sameship at Portsmouth.

point."

Having thus stated the outline sion of the business, was, Will you of these transactions, so alarming to agree to the terms made by the ad. the peace and safety of the king. miralty with the seamen, or not? dom, it will be proper, before we Were the terms fully ratified, it conclude the subject, to take a short would be virtually giving a sanction review of the measures adopted by to their conduct; if refused, it the two houses of parliament upon would shew the seamen that no rethis interesting affair.

liance was to be placed on the proThe duke of Bedford in the mises of government; and the conhouse of lords on the 3d of May sequences this idea might have, were asked, whether any of bis majesty's more easy to be seen than described. ministers bad it in charge, from his He thought that the engagements majesty, to make any communica- of the admiralty with the seamen tion upon the recent and importe ought to be ratified by the legislaant events which had occurred in ture. the marine department. If no such Earl Howe afterwards observed. communication was made, either that, from what had transpired, he now or on a future day, he should found that he should not have a think it consistent with his duty to better opportunity of relating to bring a subject so closely connected their lordships the part he had with the best and dearest interests taken in this affair. Between the of the country before their lord- second week of February and the ships, by moving for the produc middle of March (being then contion of certain papers connected fined by illness) he received by the with it.

post several petitions, purporting to Earl Spencer replied, that he bad be transmitted from different ships it not in charge from his majesty to of the Channel Aeet. They were make any communication to the all exact copies of each other, lihouse, nor did he foresee that any mited solely to a request for an inwould be made upon the subject., crease of pay, that the seamen might

Earl Howe said, that as his name be able to make better provision had occurred upon the subject, he for their families; decently expressed, was desirous to explain to their but without any signature. His lordships the part which he had lordship could not reply to applicaacted in the business, which he tions which were anonymous ; nor would do whenever the noble duke acknowledge the receipt of them to brought the subject before the parties unavowed and unascertained. house; though, for the sake of the About four or five of the petitions service, he could have wished that first received, though a little difier. the matter had never been brought ent in the hand-writing, were obvi, before the legislature; because, in ously, he said, dictated by the same consequence of it, they would be person ; and his lordship had farbrought into a very delicate situa- ther reason to think that they were tion. After the duke of Clarence fabricated by some malicious indiand the earl of Carlisle, however, vidual, who meant to insinuate the bad made some observations upon prevalence of a general discontent the delicacy of the subject, ear in the navy. Not resting, however, Howe again rosè, and observed that on this concluson, his lordship wrote what appeared to him to be the to an officer at Portsmouth, to inquestion in a parliamentary discus- quire whether any such dissatisfac

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