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had not immediately come down to vour of the motion, and
Sir John Macpherson thought it themselves behind the ramparts of was but justice to declare to all Eu- etiquette, and stalked on the stilts rope, that we only came forward in of ambassadorial mightiness." defence of our own rights and liber- It was well known, from the com. ties, and not enslave or entrench up- mencement of the war, that the on those of other nations. On these French had resisted all ideas of grounds, he considered it his duty to treating with the confederated pow. support the motion.
ers; they had proved their wisdom Mr. Johnes opposed it, protesting in so doing, for by treating indivi. that he never could forget the igno- dually they had detached every minious manner in which our am- power from the confederacy, ex. bassador had been dismissed, por cepting Austria and England. forgive the insult offered to the na. Mr. Weston and Mr. Martin tion. The objects we contended supported the motion. for, be thought, were our liberties, The question was at length loudly. our fortunes, our religion, our God, called for, and the house divided. and our king.'
For Mr.Pollen's motion,85—Against, Mr. Green said a few words in fa. it, 291-Majority, 206.
CHA P. IV, Alarming Mutiny at Portsmouth. Delegates chosen by the Fleet. The Sai. lors refuse to weigh Anchor. Lord Howe arrives with the Act for an Increase of Pay. The Sailors return to their Duty. A Mutiny at the Nore. The-Flag of the Sandwich struck. Delegates chosen. Deputation of the Admiralty to Sheerness. Part of. Admiral Duncan's Fleet join the Mutiny. Proclamation of Pardon. The Earl of Northesk arrives in London pith Proposals from the Sailors. Preparations made to attack the Mu. tineers. Several of the mutinous Ships return tù their Duty. The Delegates seized. Court-martial held upun Parker and other Mutineers. Parker's Trial, Conviction, and Execution. Mutiny on board the Pompée of Brest. Purliamentary Proceedings on the Mutiny-in the House of Lords in the Commons. Bill passed for the Augmentation of the Scamen's Wages. Bill passed to prevent Ercitations to Mutiny and Sedition. Bill for perventing un Intercourse with the Ships in Mutiny. THE British nation was, per- debted for more than success in a T haps, never engaged in a con- common warfare : for safety and extest in which the importance of its istence. It was therefore not withnaval power was more apparent than out the most serious apprehensions, the present. To that we are in that a spirit of disaffection was ob
served, in the spring of 1797, to the same manner from the other break out in the fleet, the origin of ships, which sufficiently manifested which it was not easy to trace, a complete combination. The inthough the consequences of its con- ferior officers appeared to concur tinuance were sufficiently obvious with the men, and all the exertions The professed, and perhaps, the real of the commanders were ineffectual; motive of the disturbance, was the but, excepting their refusal to weigh redress of certain grievances respect anchor, their conduct was more or. ing the quantum and distribution of derly and peaceable than could have their pay and provisions: complaints been expected. Delegates were then not new in their nature, but as their appointed from each ship, to reprepetitions set forth) more intolerable sent the whole fleet; the admiral's than ever from the circumstances of cabin being fixed upon as the place
for their deliberation, while the of: In the month of February some ficers were restrained, by force, from letters were forwarded from the going on shore. Petitions were next fleet at Portsmouth to earl Howe; drawn up, and presented to the adpraying for his lordship's influence mirals then upon the spot, stating towards obtaining redress of certain their demand of an increase of wagrievances mentioned in those let- 'ges, and also some regulations for ters. As the letters were, however, their benefit, with respect to the anonymous, and appeared to be ratio of provisions. They further most of them written in the same expressed a hope, that an answer. hand-writing, and couched in the might be given to their petition same language, they were consider before they were ordered to put to ed as the production of some face sea again. This, however, was quatious individual, and therefore were lified with the exception, “ unless deemed unworthy of attention. the enemy were known to be at This neglect of the petition of the sea." seamen, on their retorn 'to port, on On the 17th, the men were pubthe 31st of March, produced a ge- licly sworn to support the cause in Reral correspondence, by letter, from which they were engaged. On the ship to ship through the whole fleet; next day, a committee of the admi. and at length it was unanimously rally, with earl Spencer at their agreed, that no ship should lift an head, arrived at Portsmouth; who anchor till the demands of the sea- made several propositions to reduce men were complied with Matters the men to obedience. The lords remained in this state till the 14th of the admiralty next proceeded on of April, when lord Bridport re- board the Queen Charlotte, and ceived orders from government to conferred with the delegates from sail from Portsmouth with the chan the seamen of the fleet; who assure nel fleet : on the following day, ed their lordships, that no arrange. bowever, wben the signal was made ment should be considered as final to prepare for sea, a general disobe- until it should be sántioned by the dience was obvious; and instead of king and parliament, and guaranweighing anchor, the seamen of teed by a proclamation for a general the admiral's ship rap up the shrouds pardon. and gave three cheers (a signal pre- On the 23d, the admiral returned viously agreed upon to announce the to his ship, hoisted his flag again, disobedience of orders) and these and, after a short address to the cheers were instantly answered in crew, he informed them, that he
be3d, wbere the crews of the ships ERICT sir hocer Curus were hape
dezes carried him upon their
miss the plaudits of the surroundin maiutuue. Affairs being tbus a estes, the sailors afterwards appeared to be perfectly satisfied, the Ut es were generally re-instated in De: cozimands, the flag of disaf.
Prepared to put to sea to encounter
$1" *** . .
of Oə the 15th, the delegates -i thi r a s ism she several ships landei, and Da li
are ceeded to the governor's borsed kilit it!
ve E n outb; and after having ar Tri.
RE: r ed f2cof some retresa ments, marci HIT (N . Es Cr
e w C procession to the neet, 26 *S *****
I. parc by lord and lady Howe, and Wat
the same obcers and persons of distinctil not. b.rula. A . !
9 n . Having risited jhe sai OIT... 10
e ss : Helen's, iDer proceede, but were ar e
beza, where tbe crews o I de faire la TCIT, Vues De C: SCT sir hocer curus suhmed mass tor
on 53 rez. per concuiated. At seven in the
eresing his lordsbip landed, and the strue, bri
n e 123 INNO: Dan to 2002
users to be governor's bouse, man.'s in
7:ssi the piquants of
t a sea erer Deared to be pertechy
fection was su almal Colored to ope prepared to put to their commg on burs, and gave or the enemy. drin to the marines to levei tte's The public saw plecia il llarm, the niar pes obese tistaction, that the grievan am a athi kirmish ensuel in brave detenders we the life of the seamen were til ed
no sramen were hit and that they had returned to obe: ild i hola cire of the Lon. dience a
Cirk of the Lon dierce and to their duty; but to Von Wird their guns tomanus pleasure was speedily to the blenil, and threatened to be fresh alarm and consternano
" the water, unless the new mutiny in another quartet, commanders surrendered to this which for boldness and
dce they reluctantly without a parallel in the naval hiss submitteil, and adnunal Colpes and lors of Britain. captain Gutihs were contined for The Noith-sea Sleet, as several hours in separate cabins.
the ships lying at the Nore, appears The sailors at Portsmouth remain, ed to have the redress of other 8, ed in this mutinous state till the ances in view, besides what 14th of May, when lord Howe at to the increase of pay and pro length arrived from the Admiralty, which had been deman with plenary powers, to enquire grand fleet at Spitbea
Admiralty, which had been demanded by the into, and settle the matters in dis- tineers, in imitation of WA pule; be was also the welcome bear.
was also the welcome bear- been done at Portsmouth, chose des er of an act of parliament, which had legates from every ship, of when been passed on the yth, granting an man of the name of Richard F additional allowance, and also with was appointed president. Alter his majesty's proclamation of par. ing either confined or sent on suose don for all who should immediately their principal officers, they transmit. return to their duty.
ted to the lords of the admiralty a se.
The public say, with infinite sa
, that the grievances of their brave defenders were redressed,
* 35 speedily turned into
hich fur boldness and extent, was
The North-sea Seet, as well as
In view, besides what related
ries of articles, or conditions, to ed as the rebel admiral of the fleet, which they peremptorily demanded marched at the head of these procomplia ice, as the only terms upon cessions, which were accompanied which they would return to obedi. with music and flags, and had a ence; several of those articles were triumphal appearance, calculated to regarded as entirely incompatible make new converts to their illicit with the discipline of the navy, proceedings. The delegates and while some others, such as a more committee-men went on shore and equal division of prize money, were returned on board as they pleased. represented by some, as no more This indulgence, however, was soon than reasonable additions to the con- put an end to by the arrival of cessions to which government had lord Keith and sir Charles Grey, agreed at Portsmouth.
who had been sent down to superThe adherents of administration intend the naval and military procontended, that considering what ceedings in that quarter. had already been done for the sea. The mutioy having now risen to men in general, nothing short of un- the most alarming height, a depuconditional submission ought to be tation of the lords of the admiralty. accepted by government from such at the head of whom was earl Spen. daring mutineers and rebels; while cer, proceeded to Sheerness, but some of the adverse party conceived, they had no conference with the that by moderate and modified con delegates, as they demanded uncon. cession, the love and fidelity of the ditional submission as a necessary navy would be more effectually se- preliminary to any intercourse whatcured, than by adopting harsh and ever., Finding the sailors rather coercive measures. The mutineers rising in insolence and disobedience at the Nore, on the 23d of May, than inclining to submission, the struck the flag of admiral Buckner, deputation from the admiralty de. on board the Sandwich, and hoisted parted from Sheerness, after hav. a red flag, the symbol of mutiny, ing signified to the seamen, that in its stead. They compelled all they were to expect no concessions the ships which lay near Sheerness whatever, further than what had to drop down to the Great Nore, in been already made by the legislaorder to concentrate the scene of tare, the benefit of which they their operations; amongst which might yet enjoy on returning to was the St. Fiorenzo, which had their duty. been fitted up to carry the princess The seamen now began to per. of Wirtemberg to Germany. Each ceive their desperate situation, and man-of-was sent two delegates; and proceeded to take measures which besides these, there was in every indicated a design, either to secure ship a committee, consisting of 12 their present situation, or to seek men, who determined, not only all safety by flight; some of the most affairs relative to the internal ma- desperate among them suggested nagement of the vessel, but decided the idea of carrying the ships to the upon the merits of the respective enemy, but the majority revolted at delegates. At the commencement so treacherous a proceeding, though of the mutiny, the delegates came even adopted to save their lives, every day to Sheerness, where they alleging that a redress of their held conferences, and paraded the grievances was their primary, and streets and ramparts of the garrison. should be their ultimate, object. Richard Parker, who was consider. With a view of extorting compli
ance wiib their demands, they pro- and the articles of war, ibé deportceeded to block up the Thames, by ment of the seamen to their supe: refusing a free passage up and down riors during the suspension of their the river to the London trade.
command was, with some excepThe ships of neutral nations, tions, respectful. All communicahowever, colliers, and a few small tion being stopped with the shore, craft were suffered to pass, having the mutineers supplied themselves first received a passport, signed by with water and provisions from the Richard Parker, as president of the ships wbich they detained; and a delegates. Jo order to concentrate party of seamen landed on the isle their force, all the ships' which lay of Grain, and carried off a vumber near Sheerness dropt down to the of sheep and other provisions, givGreat Nore. The line-of-battle ing in return, it is said, bills drawn ships were drawn up in a line, at by the delegates on the commissionabout half a mile distant from each ers of the admiralty. During the other, and moored with their broad mutiny, there were some exaggesides abreast. In the space between rated reports of their plundering dif. the line of-battle ships, the detained ferent trading vessels; the chief act merchantmen and other vessels were which they perpetrated of this kind, moored. On the 4th of June, the however, appears to bave been that whole fleet evinced its loyal disposi- of robbing a vessel of 300 sacks of tion by a general salute,' which was flour, of which they found them. fired from all the ships at the Nore, selves in need, and which were disa in compliment to his majesty's birth. tributed throughout the fleet. day, and the ships were decorated After the departure of the depu. in the same manneras is practised on tation of the admiralty from Sheerrejoicing days; the red flag, how. ness, a proclamation was issued, ever, being kept flying at the main offering his majesty's pardon to all topmast of the Sandwich. On the such of the mutineers as should inn. oth of June, in the morning, the mediately return to their duty ; inAgamemnon, Leopard, Ardent, and timating at the same time, that ad Isis men-of-war, and the Ranger miral Buckner was the proper persloop, joined the mutinous ships at son to be applied to on such an octhe Nore, having deserted from the casion. fleet of admiral Duncan, then in An act of parliament was speedily Yarmouth roads.' The force of the passed, for the more effectual rémutineers, at its greatest heighth straining the intercourse from the consisted of eleven ships of the line, shore with the crews of the ships in exclusive of frigates, in, all, twenty- a state of mutiny; and still more four sail. The appearance of such active measures were taken to com. a multitude of shipping, the Lon. pel the seamen to return to their don trade included, under the com- duty. All the buoy's were removed mand of a set of common sailors in from the mouth of thre Thames, and a state of mutiny, formed a singular the neighbouring coast, by the order and awful spectacle. Several of the of government; a precaution wbich, officers were sent on shore, but the above every other that could be emgreater part of them were deprived ployed, perplexed the mutineers, as of their command, and confined on any large ships which might atboard their own vessels. Notwith- tempt to sail away were in danger standing the enormity of their of- of running aground. Great prepafence against the laws of discipline rations were also made at Sheerness,