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Imbecility of mind, or

Inevitable necessity.

The first two include all those who travel by land or by water, labouring with pride, curiosity, vanity, or spleen, subdivided and combined in infinitum.

The third class includes the whole army of peregrine martyrs; more especially those travellers who set out upon their travels with the benefit of the clergy, either as delinquents travelling under the direction of governors recommended by the magistrate or young gentlemen transported by the cruelty of parents and guardians, and travelling under the direction of governors recommended by Oxford, Aberdeen, and Glasgow.

There is a fourth class; but their number is so small that they would not deserve a distinction, was it not necessary in a work of this nature to observe the greatest precision and nicety, to avoid a confusion of character. And these men I speak of, are such as cross the seas and sojourn in a land of strangers, with a view of saving money for various reasons and upon various pretences: but as they might also save themselves and others a great deal of unnecessary trouble by saving their money at home and as their reasons for travelling are the least

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complex of any other species of emigrants, I shall

distinguish these gentlemen by the name of

Simple Travellers.

Thus the whole circle of travellers may

duced to the following heads:

Idle Travellers,

Inquisitive Travellers,
Lying Travellers,
Proud Travellers,

Vain Travellers,

Splenetic Travellers.

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Then follow the Travellers of necessity:
The delinquent and felonious Traveller,
The unfortunate and innocent Traveller,
The fimple Traveller,

And last of all (if you please)

The sentimental Traveller,

(meaning thereby myself) who have travelled, and of which I am now sitting down to give an ac count- -as much out of necessity and the besoin de voyager as any one in the class.

I am well aware, at the same time, as both my travels and observations will be altogether of a different cast from any of my forerunners; that I might have insisted upon a whole niche entirely to myself but I should break in upon the confines of


the vain traveller, in wishing to draw attention towards me, till I have some better grounds for it than the mere novelty of my vehicle.

It is sufficient for my reader, if he has been a traveller himself, that with study and reflection hereupon, he may be able to determine his own: place and rank in the catalogue-it will be one step towards knowing himself; as it is great odds, but he retains some tincture and resemblance, of what he imbibed or carried out, to the present hour.

The man who first transplanted the grape of Burgundy to the Cape of Good Hope (observe he was a Dutchman) never dreamt of drinking the same wine at the Cape, that the same grape produced upon the French mountains-he was too phlegmatic for that-but undoubtedly he expected to drink some sort of vinous liquor: but whether good, bad, or indifferent-he knew enough of this world to know, that it did not depend upon his choice, but that what is generally called chance was to decide his success: however, he hoped for the best; and in these hopes, by an intemperate confidence in the fortitude of his head, and the depth of his discretion, Mynheer might possibly overset both in his new vineyard; and by dis C 2 covering

covering his nakedness, become a laughing-stock

to his people.

Even so it fares with the poor traveller, sailing and posting through the politer kingdoms of the globe, in pursuit of knowledge and improve


Knowledge and improvements are to be got by sailing and posting for that purpose; but whether useful knowledge and real improvements, is all a lottery-and even where the adventurer is successful, the acquired stock must be used with caution and sobriety to turn to any profit-but as the chances run prodigiously the other way both as to the acquisition and application, I am of opinion, that a man would act as wisely, if he could prevail upon himself, to live contented without foreign knowledge or foreign improvements, especially if he lives in a country that has no absolute want of either-and indeed, much grief of heart has it oft and many a time cost me, when I have observed how many a foul step the inquisitive traveller has measured to see sights and look into discoveries; all which, as Sancho Pança said to Don Quixote, they might have seen dry-shod at home. It is an age so full of light, that there is scarce a country or corner of Europe whose beams are not crossed


and interchanged with others-knowledge in most of its branches, and in most affairs, is like music in an Italian street, whereof those may partake who pay nothing-But there is no nation under Heaven -and God is my record (before whose tribunal I must one day come and give an account of this work)-that I do not speak it vauntingly-but there is no nation under Heaven abounding with more variety of learning-where the sciences may be more fitly wooed, or more surely won than here -where art is encouraged, and will soon rise high —where Nature (take her altogether) has so little to answer for-and, to close all, where there is more wit and variety of character to feed the mind with-Where then, my dear countrymen, are you going?

We are only looking at this chaise, said they— Your most obedient servant, said I, skipping out of it, and pulling off my hat-We were wondering, said one of them, who, I found, was an inquisitive traveller-what could occasion its motion 'Twas the agitation, said I coolly, of writing a Preface-I never heard, said the other, who was a simple traveller, of a Preface wrote in a desobligeant-It would have been better, said I, in a vis a vis.


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