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for as Vice President; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as VicePresident, and of the number of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed, * to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the president of the Senate; the president of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, † and the votes shall then be counted; the person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed. And if no person have such majority, then, from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority

Before the first Wednesday in January, by the same act. + On the second Wednesday in Febpuary, by the same act.

of all the states shall be necessary to a choice; and if the House of Representatives shall not choose a president, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disabity of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then, from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the VicePresident; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of VicePresident of the United States.

(The following article was proposed by Congress to the several states for their adoption as part of the Constitution, and has been ratified by the state of Pennsylvania, and some of the other states, but had not, in March 1825, been

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ratified by the number of states required by the fifth article of the Constitution, and is therefore as yet, no part of the Constitution of the United States.)

Eleventh Congress, second Session, November 27th, 1809.

ART. 13. If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive or retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall, without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them. [See Const. U. S. Art. 1, s. ix. p. 13.]





WE, the People of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, ordain and establish this Constitution for its Government. [See 1 Wheat. 324. 4 Wheat. 403.]



SECTION I. The legislative power of this commonwealth shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

SECT. II. The Representatives shall be chosen annually, by the citizens of the city of Philadelphia, and of each county respectively, on the second Tuesday of October.

SECT. III. No person shall be a Representative, who shall not have attained the age of

twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhabitant of the state three years next preceding his election, and the last year thereof an inhabitant of the city or county in which he shall be chosen; unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this state. No person, residing within any city, town, or borough, which shall be entitled to a separate representation, shall be elected a member for any county; nor shall any person, residing without the limits of any such city, town or borough, be elected a member therefor.

SECT. IV. Within three years after the first meeting of the General Assembly, and within every subsequent term of seven years, an enumeration of the taxable inhabitants shall be made, in such manner as shall be directed by law. The number of representatives shall, at the several periods of making such enumeration, be fixed by the legislature, and apportioned among the city of Philadelphia and the several counties, according to the number of taxable inhabitants in each; and shall never be less than sixty, nor greater than one hundred. Each county shall have at least one Representative; but no county,


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