« ZurückWeiter »
NE W.L O N D ON:
Printed by TIMOTHY GREEN,
The CHARTER granted by His Majesty King
CH A R L ES the Second, &c.
HARLES the Second, by the Grace of GOD, KING of
To all to whom thefe Presents shall come, GREETING. W bereas by the several Navigations, Discoveries, and Successful Plantations of divers of Our loving Subječts of this Our Realm of England, several Lands, Ilands, Places, Colonies, and Plantations have been obtained and settled in ibat Part of the Continent of America called New-England, and thereby the Trade and Commerce there, baib been of late Years much increased : And whereas We bave been informed by the humble Petition of Our Trusty and Wellbeloved John Winthrop, John Mason, Samuel Wyllys, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allyn, John Tapping, Nathan Gold, Richard Treat, Richard Lord, Henry Wolcott, John Talcott, Daniel Clarke, John Ogden, Thomas Wells, Obadiah Bruen, John Clarke, Anthony Hawkins, John Deming, and Matthew Camfield, being Persons principally interested in Our Colony or Plantation of Connecticut, in New-England, that the same Colony, or the greatest part thereof was Purchased and Obtained for great and valuable Confiderations, and some other Part thereof gained by Conquest, and with much Difficulty, and at the only Endeavours, Expence, and Charges of them and their Associates, and those under whom tkey Claim, Subdued, and Improved, and thereby become a considerable Enlargement and Addition of Our Dominions and Interest there. Now Know YE, That in Consideration thereof, and in Regard the faid Colony is remote from other the English Plantations in the Places aforesaid, and to the End the Affairs and Business which shall from Time to Time happen or arise concerning the same, may be duly Ordered and Managed, we have thought fit, and at the humble Petition of the Persons aforesaid, and are graciously Pleased to create and make them a Body Politick and Corporate, with the Powers and Privileges herein after mentioned ; and accordingly Our Will and Pleasure is, and of our especial Grace, certain Knowlege, and meer ration confti
The CorpoMotion, We have ordained, constituted and declared, and by these Pre- tuted. sents, for Us Our Heirs and Succeffors, Do ordain, constitute and declare, that they the laid Job Winthrop, John Mafon, Samuel Wyllys, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allyn, John Tapping, Nathan Gold, Richard Treat, Richard Lord, Henry Wolcott, Jobn Talcott, Daniel Clarke, John Ogden, Thomas Wells
, The Names Obadiab Bruen, John Clarke, Anthony Hawkins, John Deming, and Matthew of the Paten. Camfield, and all such others as now are, or hereafter shall be admitted, and made Free of the Company and Society of Our Colony of Conneticut, in America, thall from Time to Time, and for ever hereafter, be One Body Corporate and Politick, in Fact and Name, by the Name of, Governor and Company of the English Colony of Connecticut, in New-England, in America; the corporat and that by the same Name they and their Successors shall and may have tion. perpetual Succession, and shall and may be Persons able and capable in the Law, to plead and be impleaded, to answer and to be answered unto, to detend and be defended in all and singlilar Suits, Causes, Quarrels, Matters, to plead and
TheirAbility Actions, and Things, of what kind or Nature soever ; and also to have, defend, &c. take, poffefs, acquire, and purchase Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments, or any Goods, or Chattels, and the same to lease, grant, demise, alien, bargain, sell, and dispose of, as other Our liege People of this Our Realm of England, or any other Corporation or Body Politick within the same may To purchase lawfully do. And further, That the said Governor and Company, and Lands, &c. their Successors, Mall and may for ever hereafter have a Common Seal, to serve and use for all Causes, Matters, Things, and Affairs whatsoever, of To have a
common seal, them and their Succeffors, and the fame Seal to alter, change, break, and and to alter make new from Time to Time, at their Wills and Pleasures, as they shall & change ito think fit. And further, We will and ordain, and by chefe Presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Succeffors, do declare and appoint, That for the better ordering and managing of the Affairs and Business of the said Company
and their Succeffors, there shall be One Governor, One Deputy-Governor, A Governor, and Twelve Aflitants, to be from Time to Time constituted, elected and Deputy-Governor,andı2
chosen out of the Freemen of the faid Company for the Time being, in such Affiftants to Mannet and Form as hereafter in these Presents is expressed, which faid be elected Officers shall apply themselves to take Care for the best disposing and orderfrom Time to ing of the general Business and Affairs of and concerning the Land and Time.
Hereditaments herein after mentioned to be granted, and the Plantation
Succeffors, affign, name, constitute and appoint the aforesaid John Winthrop
Jobri Talcott, Tbomas Wells, Henry Wolcoth, Richard Lord, and Daniel Clarke,
these Prefents for Us, Our Heirs, and Succeffors, Do ordain and grant, That
the Governor of the faid Company for the Time being, or in his Ablence vernor Power by Occasion of Sickness, or otherwise by his Leave or Permission, the to call a Gen. Deputy-Governor for the Time being, shall and may from Time to Time Assembly.
upon all Occasions, give Order for the assembling of the said Company,
Tbat is to say, On every Second Thursday in O&tober, and on every Second
elected or deputed by the major Part 'of the Freemen of the respective
Deputy-Governor, and Six of the Aliftants at least, to be Seven, thall be Power to al called the General Affembly, and Thall have full Power and Authority to ter their Days alter and change their Days and Times of Meeting, or General Asemblies, of Meeting.
for electing the Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Affiftants, or other
and thall be willing to accept the same, to be Free of the said Company,
and Body Politick, and them into the same to admit ; And to elect and conftitute Of- constitute such Officers as they shall think fit and requisite for the ordering,
managing and disposing of the Affairs of the said Governor and Company,
Succeffors : And We do hereby for Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors,
Governor, and Afitants by these Presents appointed, or such as hereafter Power to be newly chosen into their Rooms, or any of them, or any other the Officers chufe newOf. to be appointed for the said Company shall die, or be removed from his or ficers in case their feverál Offices or Places before the said general Day of Election, of the Death or Removal of
whom We do hereby declare for any Misdemeanor or Default, to be reothers.
movable by the Governor, Affiftants, and Company, or such greater Parc
then, and in every such Case, it shall and may be layful to and for the Gon vernor, Deputy-Governor, and Aliftants, and Company aforefaid, or fuck greater Part of them fo to be allembled, as is aforefaid, in any of their Assemblies, to proceed to a new Election of one or more of their Company, in the Room or Place, Rooms or Places of such Governor, DepucyGovernor, Afiftant, or other. Officeror Officers so dying or removed, according to their Discretions, and immediately upon and after such Election or Electia ons made of such Governor, Deputy-Governor, Afiftant or Afiftants, or Former Offany other Officer of the said Company, in Manner and Forim, aforesaid, the cers Power to Authority, Office and Power before given to the former Governor, Deputy. ceäfe,' upon-z Governor, or other Officer and Officers so removed, in whose Scead and
the Choice of Place new fhall be chosen, (hall, as, to him and them, and every of them respectively, cease and determine. Provided. also, .And Our Will and Pleafure is, That as well such as are by these Presents appointed to be the prefent Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Afiltants of the said Company, as those that shall succeed them, and all other Officers to be appointed and chosen, as, aforesaid, shall before they undertake the Execution of their faid Offices and Places respectively, take their several and respective corporal Oáths for the due and faithful Performance of their Duties, in their several Offices and Places, before such Person or Persons as are by these Presents hereafter appointed to take and receive the same; That is to fuy, The said: John Wintbrap, who is herein before nominated and appointed the prelent Governor of the said Company, shall take the said Oath before One or more of the Mifters of Our Court of Chancery for the Time being, unto which Master of Chancery, We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to Governor, D. administer the faid Oath to the faid Jahn Winthrop' accordingly: And the Afiftants to faid John Mason, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present be sworn to a Deputy-Governor of the said Company, shall take the laid Oath before the faithful. Perz said fóbn Wintbrop, or any Two of the Asistants of the said Company, unto their Duty whom We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to adminster
Office. the said Oath to the said John Mifon accordingly : And the faid' Samuel Wyllys, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allyn, John Tapping, Nathan Gold, Richard Treat, Richard Lard, Henry Wolcott, John Talcott, Daniel Clarke, John Ogden, and Thomas Wells, who are herein before nominated and appointed the present Aliitants of the said Company, shall take the Oath before the said Fobn Winlbrep, and John Mafon, or One of them, to whom We do hereby give fuli Power and Authority to administer the fame accordingly: And Our further Will and Pleasure is, that all and every Governor, or Deputy Governor to be elected and chosen by Virtue of these Presents, shall take the faid Oath before Two or more of the Asi(tants of the said Company for the Time being, unto whom We do by these Prefenes give full Power and Authority to give and administer the said Oath accordingly; and the faid Alistants, and every of them, and all and every other Officer or Officers to be hereafter chosen from Time to Time, to take the said Qath before the Governor, or Deputy. Governor for the Time being, unto which Governor, or Deputy-Governor We do by these Presents give full Power
' and Authocity to adminifter the same accordingly. And further, Of Our more ample Grace, certain Knowlege, and meer Morion. We have given and granted, and by these Presents for Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, do give and grant unto the said Governor and Company of the English Colony of Connežticut, in New England, in America, and to every Inhabitant there, and to every Person and Persons Trading thicher, and to every such Perton and Persons as are or shall be Free of the said Colony, full Power and Authority from Power to Time to Time, and at all Times hereafter,
to take Ship, Transport and locatnipolres i carry away..for and towards the Plantation and Defence of the said Coloniy, the Colony,& such of Our loving Subjects and Strangers, as shall or will willingly accom- Goods, Merpany them in, and to their faid Colony and Plantation, except fach Perfon chandises &c. and Persons as are or shall be therein restrained by Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors; and also 10 lip and transport all, and all Manner of Goods, Chattels, Merchandizes, and other Things whatsoever that are or shall be useful or necessary for the Inhabitants of the said Colony, and may lawfully