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all other men to lay the foundations of a republic which has endured in prosperity for more than a century. I find in him a marvelous judgment which was never at fault, a penetrating vision which beheld the future of America when it was dim to other eyes, a great intellectual force, a will of iron, an unyielding grasp of facts, and an unequaled strength of patriotic purpose. I see in him too a pure and high-minded gentleman of dauntless courage and stainless honor, simple and stately of manner, kind and generous of heart. Such he was in truth. The historian and the biographer may fail to do him justice, but the instinct of mankind will not fail. The real hero needs not books to give him worshipers. George Washington will always hold the love and rever, ence of men because they see embodied in him the noblest possibilities of humanity.

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ACKERSON, DAVID, describes Washing- | Alexander, Philip, hunts with Wash-

ton's personal appearance, ii. 386– ington, i. 115.

Alien and Sedition Laws, approved by
Adams, Abigail, on Washington's ap Washington and Federalists, il. 296,
pearance in 1775, i. 137.

Adams, John, moves appointment of Ames, Fisher, speech on behalf of

Washington as commander-in-chief, administration in Jay treaty affair,
i. 134 ; on political necessity for his ii. 210.
appointment, 135 ; and objections to André, Major, meets Arnold, i. 282 ;
it, 135; statement as to Washing announces capture to Arnold, 284;
ton's difficulties, 163; over-san confesses, 284 ; condemned and ex-
guine as to American prospects, ecuted, 287 ; justice of the sen-
171 ; finds fault with Washington, tence, 287, 288 ; Washington's opin-
214, 215 ; one of few national states ion of, 288, ii. 357.
men, 252 ; on Washington's opinion Armstrong, John, Major, writes New.
of titles, ii. 52; advocates ceremony, burg address, i. 335.
54; returns to United States, 137 ; Army of the Revolution, at Boston,
attacked by Jefferson as a monarch adopted by Congress, i. 134; its or.
ist, 226 ; praised by Democrats as ganization and character, 136-143;
superior to Washington, 251 ; his sectional jealousies in, at New
administration upheld by Washing York, 162; goes to pieces after
ton, 259; advised by Washington, defeat, 167, 175, 176; condition
260; his inauguration, 276 ; sends in winter of 1777, 186; difficulties
special mission to France, 284; between officers, 189; with for-
urges Washington to take command eign officers, 190–192; improve-
of provisional army, 285; wishes to nt as shown by condition after
make Knox senior to Hamilton, 286; Brandywine and Germantown, 200,
censured by Washington, gives way, 201 ; hard winter at Valley Forge,
287 ; lack of sympathy with Wash-

maintained alive only by
ington, 287; bis nomination of Mur Washington, 227, 228, 232; im-
ray disapproved by. Washington, proved morale at Monmouth, 239;
292, 293; letter of Washington to, mutinies for lack of pay, 258; suf-
on immigration, 326.

fers during 1779, 270; bad condi-
Adams, J. Q., on weights and mea tion in 1780, 279; again mutinies

for pay, 291, 292, 295; conduct of
Adams, Samuel, not sympathized with troops, 292, 293 ; jealousy of peo-

by Washington in working for inde ple towards, 332; badly treated
pendence, i. 131; his inability to by States and by Congress, 333;
sympathize with Washington, 204; grows mutinous, 334; adopts New-
an enemy of Constitution, ii. 71 ; a burg addresses, 335, 336; ready
genuine American, 309.

for a military dictatorship, 338,
Alcudia, Duke de, interviews with 340; farewell of Washington to
Pinckney, ii. 166.



sures, ii. 81.


Arnold, Benedict, sent by Washing-1 Virginia, 122, 123; appeals to colo-

ton to attack Quebec, i. 144 ; sent nies, 124; protests against Jay
against Burgoyne, 210; plans trea treaty, ii. 186 ; answered by Wash-
son, 281 ; shows loyalist letter to ington, 190.
Washington, 282; meets André, Botetourt, Lord, Governor of Vir-
282; receives news of André's cap ginia, quarrels with Assembly, i.
ture, 284; escapes, 284, 285; previ 121 ; manages to calm dissension,
ous benefits from Washington, 286; 122 ; on friendly terms with Wash-
Washington's opinion of, 288; rav ington, 122.
ages Virginia, 303 ; sent back to Braddock, General Edward, arrives
New York, 303 ; one of the few in Virginia, i. 82; invites Washing-
men who deceived Washington, ii. ton to serve on his staff, 82; re-

spects him, 83 ; his character and
Arnold, Mrs., entertains Washington unfitness for his position, 83; de

at time of her husband's treachery, spises pravincials, 83; accepts
i. 284, 285.

Washington's advice as to dividing
Articles of Confederation, their inad force, 84 ; rebukes Washington for
equacy early seen by Washington, i. warning against ambush, 85 in.
297, 298 ; ii. 17.

sists on fighting by rule, 86 ; de-
asgill, Capt., selected for retaliation feated and mortally wounded, 85;

for murder of Huddy, i. 328; ef death and burial, 87.
forts for his release, 329 ; release Bradford, William, succeeds Ran-
ordered by Congress, 330.

dolph, ii. 246.

Brandywine, battle of, i. 196-198.
BACHE, B. F., publishes Jay treaty in Bunker Hill, question of Washington

“ Aurora,” ii. 185; joins in attack on regarding battle of, i. 136.
Washington, 238, 244; rejoices over Burgoyne, General John, junction of
his retirement, 256.

Howe with, feared by Washington,
Baker, , works out a pedigree for i. 194, 195, 205, 206; significance of
* Washington, i. 31.

his defeat, 202; danger of his inva-
Ball, Joseph, advises against sending sion foreseen by Washington, 203-
Washington to sea, i. 49, 50.

206 ; captures Ticonderoga, 207;
Barbadoes, Washington's description outnumbered and defeated, 210;
of, i. 64.

surrenders, 211.
Beckley, John, accuses Washington Burke, Edmund, understands signif.
of embezzling, ii. 245.

cance of Washington's leadership,
Bernard, John, his conversation with i. 202 ; unsettled by French Revo-

Washington referred to, i. 58, 107; lution, ii. 294.
describes encounter with Washing-
ton, il. 281–283; his description of CABOT, GEORGR, entertains Lafayette's
Washington's conversation, 343–

son, ii. 366.

Cadwalader, General, fails to cross
Blackwell, Rev. Dr., calls on Wash Delaware to help Washington, i.

ington with Dr. Logan, il. 264. 180 ; duel with Conway, 226.
Blair, John, appointed to Supreme Calvert, Eleanor, misgivings of
Court, ií. 73.

Washington over her marriage to
Bland, Mary, “Lowland Beauty," John Custis, i. 111.

admired by Washington, i. 95, 96. Camden, battle of, i. 281.
Blount, Governor, pacifies Cherokees, Canada, captured by Wolfe, i. 94; ex-
ii. 94.

pedition of Montgomery against,
Boston, visit of Washington to, l. 97, 143, 144; project of Conway cabal

99; political troubles in, 120 ; Brit against, 222 ; 253 ; project of Lafay.
ish measures against condemned by ette to attack, 254 ; plan considered

dangerous by Washington, 254, 255; 210; journey with Washington to

not undertaken by France, 256. Ticonderoga, 343; enters New York
Carleton, Sir Guy, informs Washing city, 345; letter of Washington to,

ton of address of Commons for ii. 1; meets Washington on journey
peace, i. 324 ; suspected by Wash to inauguration, 45 ; opponent of
ington, 325; remonstrates against the Constitution, 71 ; orders seizure
retaliation by Washington for mur of French privateers, 163.
der of Huddy, 328 ; disavows Lip Clinton, Sir Henry, fails to help Bur-
pencott, 328 ; fears plunder of New goyne, i. 210; replaces Howe at
York city, 345 ; urges Indians to Philadelphia, his character, 232;
attack the United States, ii. 102, tries to cut off Lafayette, 233 ;

leaves Philadelphia, 234; defeats
Carlisle, Earl of, peace commissioner, Lee at Monmouth, 236 ; retreats to
i. 233.

New York, 238; withdraws from
Carlyle, Thomas, sneers at Washing Newport, 248; makes a raid, 265;

ton, i. 4, 14; calls him "a blood fortifies Stony Point, 268 ; his aim-
less Cromwell," i. 69, ii. 332; fails less warfare, 269, 270; after cap-
to understand his reticence, i. 70; turing Charleston returns to New
despises him for not seizing power, York, 276 ; tries to save André,

287 ; alarmed at attacks on New
Carmichael, William, minister at York, 306 ; jealous of Cornwallis,

Madrid, ii. 165; on commission re refuses to send reinforcements, 308 ;
garding the Mississippi, 166.

deceived by Washington, 311;
Carrington, Paul, letter of Washing sends Graves to relieve Cornwallis,

ton to, ii. 208 ; Washington's friend 312.
ship for, 363.

Congress, Continental, Washington's
Cary, Mary, early love affair of journey to, i. 128; its character
Washington with, i. 96.

and ability, 129; its state papers,
Chamberlayne, Major, entertains 129; adjourns, 132 ; in second ses-
· Washington at Williams' Ferry, i. sion, resolves to petition the king,

133; adopts Massachusetts army
Charleston, siege and capture of, i. and makes Washington commander,
273, 274, 276.

134; reasons for his choice, 135 ;
Chastellux, Marquis de, Washington's adheres to short-term enlistments,
friendship for and letter to, ii. 351 ;

influenced to declare inde-
on Washington's training of horses, pendence by Washington, 160 ;

hampers Washington in campaign
Cherokees, beaten by Sevier, ii. 89; of New York, 167 ; letters of Wash-
pacified by Blount, 94, 101.

ington to, 170, 179, 212, 225, 229,
Chester, Colonel, researches On 266, 278, 296; 321, 323, 333; takes
Washington pedigree, i. 31.

steps to make army permanent,
Chickasaws, desert from St. Clair, ii. 171 ; its over-confidence, 171 ; in-

sists on holding Forts Washington
China, honors Washington, i. 6.

and Lee, 174 ; dissatisfied with
Choctaws, peaceable in 1788, ii. 89. Washington's inactivity, 187 ; crit-
Cincinnati, Society of the, Washing icises his proclamation requiring
ton's connection with, ii. 4.

oath of allegiance, 189; makes un.
Clarke, Governor, thinks Washington wise appointments of officers, 189 ;

is invading popular rights, i. 215. especially of foreigners, 190–192 ;
Cleaveland, Rev. -, complimented 248, 249 ; applauds Washington's
by Washington, ii. 359.

efforts at Germantown, 200; deposes
Clinton, George, appealed to by Schuyler and St. Clair, 208 ; ap-

Washington to attack Burgoyne, i. points Gates, 210 ; irritation against


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