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vow unto Me: * I will make thee unto them, bearing in mind, not their fruitful and multiply thee. y. Surely works, but their teaching. For He the LORD is in this place, and I knew saith: The Scribes and Pharisees sit it not. I will.

in Moses' seat: by seat He showeth Lesson III. the teaching of the Law.

And so

when it is said in the Psalms : Ho God, ought not to render evil, ful: and, He overthrew the seats of

in even for evil: these however render them that sold doves: by seat we are evil for good. Therefore the LORD

to understand teaching. foretold them, and by His foreknowledge pronounced their sentence, that

Ry. When Jacob. p. cxxx. they shall die in their sins. Then

Lesson II. He added : Whither I go, thither ye cannot come. This He also said to FOR they bind heavy burdens, and

grievous to be borne, and lay them His disciples in another place : but on men's shoulders; but they themyet He said not to them, Ye shall die selves will not move them with one of in your sins. But what said He? their fingers. This is spoken generally The same as to these : Whither I go against all masters, who, while they thither ye cannot come. He took not command great things, do not themaway hope, but He foretold delay. selves do even small things. It For when the LORD spake this to His should also be observed that shoulders, disciples, though they could not then fingers, and burdens, and the bonds go whither He was going, they should by which the burdens are fastened, are go thither afterwards : but those to be understood in a spiritual sense. would never go thither to whom He, But all their works they do for to be by His foreknowledge, said : Ye shall seen of men. Whoever therefore doeth die in your sins.

anything to be seen of men, is a scribe Ry. God give thee. p. cxxx.

and a Pharisee. TUESDAY.

Ry. If the LORD. P. cxxxi. Lesson of the Holy Gospel according

Lesson III. to S. Matthew.

THEY make broad their phylacteries, Lesson I. Chap. xxiii.

and enlarge the borders of their AT that time : Jesus spake unto garments, and love the uppermost

the multitude, and to His dis- rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in ciples, saying: The Scribes and Phari- the synagogues, and greetings in the sees sit in Moses' seat; all therefore markets, and to be called of men, whatsoever they bid you observe, that Rabbi. Woe unto us, wretched men, observe and do; but do yo not after unto whom the vices of the Pharisees their works. And that which follows. have passed on! The LORD, when He

had given the commandments of the A Homily of 8. Jerome the Priest.

law by Moses, added last of all: thou Book 4. Comm. on S. Matt. 23.

shalt bind them upon thine hand, and Who was gentler or more gracious they shall not be removed from before than the LORD ? When tempted by thine eyes. And this is the sense : the Pharisees, He brake their plots in let My commandments be in thine pieces, and according to the Psalmist: hand, that they may be fulfilled in The arrows of babes were made deed : let them be before thine eyes, to become their punishment : yet that day and night thou mayest nevertheless because of the dignity of meditate upon them. The Pharisees, their priesthood and of their name, wrongly interpreting this, wrote upon He exhorted the people to be subject parchment the decalogue of Moses, that is, the ten sentences of the law, greedy for the thing she asketh ; yet folding them and binding them upon nevertheless this avarice is pardonable, their foreheads; making, as it were, for she is greedy, not for money, but a sort of crown on their heads, so that for grace. Nor is her petition one they were ever before their eyes. that bringeth shame, for it is not on Ry. The LORD shall be. p. cxxxi. her own behalf, but for her children.

Consider that she is a mother, and WEDNESDAY.

think thereupon. To day are said the Gradual Psalms. Ry. I have seen the LORD. P. cxxxii. Lesson of the Holy Gospel according

Lesson III.
to S. Matthew.
Lesson 1. Chap. xx.

mother's love, which found in the AT that time : Jesus, going up to reward of her children, the solace of

Jerusalem, took the twelve dis-hoary old age; which endured the ciples apart in the way, and said unto absence of those dearest to her, though them: Behold, we go up to Jerusalem ; wearied with a mother's longings. and the Son of Man shall be betrayed Consider also the woman, that is, the unto the chief priests, and unto the weaker sex, which God had not yet scribes, and they shall condemn him strengthened by His own passion; to death.

consider, I say, an heir of Eve, the A Homily of S. Ambrose the Bishop. tirst woman, falling through that inor.

dinate desire which was transmitted Book 5. on the Faith.

to all her posterity; whom as yet the Consider what the mother of LORD had not redeemed by His own Zebedee's children asked with her blood; that love for undue and unlawful sons and for her sons; she is a eminence rooted in the minds of all, mother, anxious for the honour of her Christ had not yet destroyed by sons; and the amount of her desires, shedding His blood. This woman therethough somewhat unreasonable, may fore fell into the error of her race. nevertheless be excused. A mother

Ry. When Jacob heard. p. cxxxii. too, of great age, devout, deprived of

THURSDAY. consolation, who, at the time when she might look for help and support Lesson of the Holy Gospel according from sons in the vigour of life, allowed

to S. John. her children to be absent from her,

Lesson I. Chap. v. and preferred that her sons should be T that time: JESUS said unto the

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own pleasure. These when mine own self do nothing: as I hear, called by the LORD, at the first sound I judge: and my judgment is just; of his voice, as we read, left their nets because I seek not mine own will, but and their father, and followed Him. the will of the FATHER which hath Ry. The angel said. p. cxxxi.

sent me. Lesson II.

A Homily of S. Augustine.

Tract 22 on S. John. SHE, therefore, with all the earnest

ness of natural eagerness, some- If as Thou hearest Thou judgest, of what tenderly besought our SAVIOUR, whom dost Thou hear? If of the saying: Grant that these my two sons FATHER, verily, the FATHER judgeth may sit, the one on Thy right and the no man, but hath committed all other on Thy left in Thy kingdom. judgment unto the Son. Since Thou Though this was a mistake, yet it was art the FATHER's herald, speak that a pious mistake. For maternal ten- which Thou dost hear. What I hear, derness knoweth not patience, being that I speak, because what the

FATHER is, that am I: for speaking is , was a certain householder, which
My essence, for I am the Word of the planted a vineyard, and hedged it
FATHER. Thus saith CHRIST unto thee. round about.
Ry. Take. p. cxxix.

A Homily of S. Ambrose the Bishop.
Lesson II.

Book 9 on S. Luke, c. 20. IF Thou doest nothing of Thyself, Different writers may find different

O LORD JESU, as fleshly minds meanings for the term vine : but think, if Thou doest nothing of Thyself, Isaiah hath plainly set forth that the how didst Thou say just before: even vine of the LORD of Sabaoth is the so the Son quickeneth whom He will ? House of Israel. And who, save God, Now Thou sayest: I can of Mine own planted this vine ? It is He then self do nothing: but what doth the Who gave it in charge to the husbandSon give us to understand, save that men, while He Himself went afar: not He is of the FATHER? He that is of as though the LORD moved from place the FATHER is not of Himself. If the to place, for He is always present Son were of Himself, He should not everywhere : but, because He is more be the Son: He is of the FATHER. nigh to them that love, and far away The Being of the Father is not of from those who regard Him not, He the Son ; the Being of the Son is of was away a long time, lest He should the Father. He is equal to the FatheB; appear over hasty in demanding the nevertheless the Son is of the FATHER, fruit of the vineyard. For the more and not the FATHER of the Son.

indulgent the liberality, the less exRy. See. p. cxxx.

cusable the perverseness.
Lesson III.

Ry. When Jacob. p. cxxx.
HE Only Son saith : I seek not

Lesson II.
Mine own will; and men choose


HENCE it is well said, according to do their own will. He humbleth

to Matthew, that He hedged it Himself so greatly, Who is equal to round about, that is, fortified it with the FATHER; and he exalteth himself the defence of the divine guardianship, so greatly who lieth in the lowest lest it should be exposed to the attacks depths, and who riseth not except a of spiritual wild beasts. And He hand be stretched out unto him. Let digged a wine press in it. After what as then, do the will of the FATHER, manner shall we understand the winethe will of the Son, and the will of the

press, save perchance in the same HOLY GHOST; for in this TRINITY there

way that certain psalms are inscribed, is one will, one might, one majesty; For the wine-presses ? because in them but for this cause the Son saith: I the mysteries of the Passion of the came not to do Mine own will, but the LORD, do very abundantly glow forth will of Him which sent Me; because by the Holy Ghost, after the manner Christ is not of Himself, but is of of fermenting wine. Whence those His FATHER. But that wherein He were reckoned drunken, whom the appeared as man, He took unto Himself Holy Ghost was filling. Therefore, of the creature Himself had formed.

He also digged a wine-press into Ry. God give thee. p. cxxx.

which the inner fruit of the grapes, FRIDAY.

which represents the reason, might Lesson of the Holy Gospel according flow by means of the spirit being to S. Matthew.

poured upon it.

Rz. If the LORD. p. cxxxi.
Lesson I. Chap. xxi.

Lesson III.
AT that time : Jesus .spake this

parable unto the multitude of the HE built a tower, raising aloft its Jews and to the chief priests : There top, to wit, the majesty of the

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law: and this vineyard thus de- make me as one of thy hired servants. fended, instructed, adorned, He let y. How many hired servants of my out to the Jews. And at the time of father's have bread enough and to the fruit He sent servants. Well spare, and I perish with hunger! I indeed is it said, at the time of the will arise and go to my father, and fruit, not of the abundance. For / will say unto him. Make. there was no fruit found in the Jews,

Lesson II. neither abundance in this vine ; whereof the LORD saith : I looked HE took a journey into a far country that it should bring forth grapes,

What a longer journey than to but it brought forth thorns. And depart from one's former self, to be therefore the wine-presses flowed separated not by distance, but by forth not with the wine of gladness, change of disposition, to be changed not with the spiritual new wine, not in regard of dwelling place, but of but with the reeking blood of the desires, and as it were to be divorced prophets.

from the saints by the raging waves

of this world's . lusts intervening? Ry. The LORD shall be. p. cxxxi.

For whoever separates himself from SATURDAY.

CHRIST, is an exile from his country,

and a citizen of the world. But we Lesson of the Holy Gospel according are not strangers and foreigners, but to S. Luke.

fellow-citizens with the saints and of Lesson I. Chap. XV.

the household of God. For we who AT that time : Jesus spake this were sometime far off have been made

parable to the Pharisees and nigh through the blood of CHRIST. Scribes : A certain man had two sons; We are not envious of those returning and the younger of them said to his from a far country, for we also have father, Father, give me the portion of been in a far country, as Esaias goods that falleth to me.

teaches us. For we read, They that

sat in the region of the shadow of A Homily of S. Ambrose the Bishop. death, upon them hath the light Book 7. Com. on Luke 15.

shined. The far off country then is

the shadow of death. Thou seest how the divine inheritance is bestowed upon peni

Ry. I have seen the LORD. P. cxxxii. tents. Think not that the father

Lesson III. was in fault because he gave it to the BUT we who have Christ the LORD, younger son.

as the spirit going before our face, age is weak, neither can faith be live under His shadow. Therefore bowed down under the weight of the Church saith, I sat down under years. Verily he judged him who his shadow with great delight. But asked meet to receive. And would that son in the parable by living that he had not left his father, for riotously, wasted all the endowments then would his inexperienced age of nature. Do thou therefore, who have been no hindrance to him; but hast received the image of God, who leaving his father's home, he went art made in His likeness, refrain from into a far country, and began to be destroying the same by senseless in want. Meetly may he be said to defilement. Thou art the handiwork waste his inheritance, who hath left of God. Say not to a stock of a tree, the Church.

Thou art my father; and become not Rz. Father, I have sinned against like unto it, for it is written, They heaven, and before thee, and am no that make them are like unto them. more worthy to be called thy son Ry. When Jacob heard. p. cxxxii.

THIRD SUNDAY IN LENI. his dreams. y. And when Joseph's Inv. and Hymn, as 1st Sunday in brethren saw that his father loved Lent. p. cxx.

him more than all his brethren, they FIRST NOCTURN.

hated him, and could not speak

peaceably unto him, and said there. Of the Book of Genesis.

fore. Come. Lesson I. Chap xxxvii.

Lesson II. JOSEPH, being seventeen years old,

ND his brethren envied him; but was feeding the flock with his AM

his father observed the saying. brethren ; and the lad was with the and his brethren went to feed their sons of Bilbah, and with the sons of father's flock in Shechem. And Zilpah, his father's wives : and Joseph Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brought unto his father their evil brethren feed the flock in Shechem ? report. Now Israel loved Joseph come, and I will send thee unto more than all his children, because them. And he said to him, Here am he was the son of his old age : and he I. And he said to him, Go, I pray made him a coat of many colours.

see whether it be well with thy And when his brethren saw that their brethren, and well with the focks; father loved him more than all his and bring me word again. So he sent brethren, they hated him, and could him out of the vale of Hebron, and he not speak peaceably unto him. And

came to Shechem. And a certain Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it to his brethren: and they hated man found him, and, behold, he was him yet the more.

wandering in the field : and the man And he said unto asked him, saying,

What seekest them, Hear, I pray you, this dream

thou? And he said, I seek my which I have dreamed : For, behold, brethren: tell me, I pray thee, where we were binding sheaves in the field, they feed their flocks. And the man and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also

said, They are departed hence ; for I stood upright; and, behold, your heard them say, Let us go to Dothan. sheaves stood round about, and made And Joseph went after his brethren, obeisance to my sheaf. And his

and found them in Dothan. And brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed when they saw him afar off, even reign over us? or shalt thou indeed before he came near unto them, they have dominion over us? And they conspired against him to slay him. hated him yet the more for his dreams, And they said one to another, Behold, and for his words. And he dreamed

this dreamer cometh. Come now yet another dream, and told it to his therefore, and let us slay him, and brethren, and said, Behold I have cast him into some pit, and we will dreamed a dream more ; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven say, Some evil beast hath devoured

him: and we shall see what will stars made obeisance to me. And he

become of his dreams. told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him Behold, the Ishmeelites are passing

Ry. Judah said unto his brethren : and said unto him, What is this by: come, and let us sell him, and let dream that thou hast dreamed ? Shall not our hand be upon him: * for he is I and thy mother and thy brethren our flesh and our brother. y. What indeed come and bow down ourselves

profit is it, if we slay our brother, and to thee to the earth ?

conceal his blood ? It is better that Ry. When they saw Joseph afar off, he be sold. For. his brethren said one to another, Behold, this dreamer cometh,

Lesson III. now, therefore, and let us slay him; AND Reuben heard it, and he



will of delivered him out of their


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