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from any vain-glory: because the elders of the Jews, beseeching Him LORD also commandeth us to beware that He would come and heal his of wolves in sheep's clothing: But by servant. And when they came to their fruits, saith He, shall ye know Jesus they besought Him instantly, them.

saying, That he was worthy for whom Ry. The word of the LORD. p. cxv. He should do this : for he loveth our Ben. The King of Angels.

nation, and hath built us a syna

gogue. Then He went with them: Lesson III.

and when He was now not far from the

things which, under this pretence Him, saying unto Him : LORD, trouble they had obtained, or sought to obtain, not Thyself, for I am not worthy that shall begin to be taken from them or Thou shouldest enter under my roof. denied to them, then, of necessity, it Ry. LORD, my servant lieth at home will appear, whether it be & wolf in sick of the palsy, grievously torsheep's clothing, or a sheep in her mented : * verily I say unto thee, I own. Nevertheless, a Christian man will come and heal him. Ý. LORD, I should not flatter the eyes of men am not worthy that Thou shouldest with a superfluous adorning, on the come under my roof, but speak the plea that even deceivers often wear a word only, and my servant shall be garment that is scanty and barely healed. Verily. sufficient, to beguile the unwary; for the sheep should not lay aside their

Lesson II. own clothing, even though wolves may IF the circumstances

were so, (as S. sometimes cover themselves with the Luke has related them) how is S. like.

Matthew's narrative true: There came R¥. Abram removed. p. cxvi. with unto Him a certain centurion: seeing Glory.

that he did not come himself, but THURSDAY.

sent friends ? Not unless we perceive

on careful examination, that S. MatLesson of the Holy Gospel according thew has here employed a customary to S. Matthew.

method of speech. For we are acLesson I. Chap. viii.

customed to say that a man came, AT that time: When Jesus was

even before he arrives at the place, of entered into Capernaum, there the which it is said that he came came unto Him a centurion, beseech-thither; thus we say: he came a little ing him, and saying, LORD, my servant way, or he came a considerable way, lieth at home sick of the palsy, towards that point which he desires grievously tormented. And that which to reach. And not only so, but also follows.

we speak of a journey as having been

accomplished even though he who is A Homily of S. Austin the Bishop.

said to arrive does not see the person Book 2 of the Harmony of the Evan., to whom he has journeyed; as when & c. 20.

man reaches any one through the Let us see whether Matthew and intervention of a friend, whose good Luke agree together concerning this offices are needed for such a purpose. servant of the centurion. For Matthew This custom of speech has so much saith: There came unto Him a cen- obtained, that persons who by skilful turion, beseeching Him, and saying, efforts influence the minds of powerful My servant lieth at home sick of the men difficult of access, by employing palsy. That which Luke saith seemeth suitable agents, are commonly called to contradict this: And when he by a name which implies that they heard of Jesus, he sent unto Him the have actually arrived at the persons

whom they have but indirectly in- | known that Christ commandeth not fluenced.

what is impossible, but wbat is Ry. While Abraham. p. cxiii. perfect. This did David towards

Saul, and towards Absalom: SteLesson III.

phen also, the martyr, prayed for S. MATTHEW then, wishing to his enemies that stoned him: and

state briefly that the centurion Paul wished himself anathema for obtained access to the LORD by means his persecutors. This also JESUS of others, does not speak foolishly, both taught and did, saying : FATHER, but rather in a way that would forgive them; for they know not what generally be understood, saying: there they do. came unto Him a centurion. And yet the depth of this mystical speech of

Ry. The Angel of the Lord. p. cxiv. the Holy Evangelist is not to be

Lesson II. lightly regarded, according as it is written in the Psalms, Draw nigh unto | THAT ye may be the children of

your FATHER which is in heaven. Him and be enlightened. For whereas If by keeping the commandments of JESUS Himself praised the faith of God, any one is made a son of God: the centurion who truly came to then he is not a son by nature, but by Him, saying, I have not found so his own choice. When therefore thou great faith, no not in Israel, the wise doest thine alms, do not sound & Evangelist means to say that the trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites centurion himself came to CHRIST, do in the synagogues and in the streets, rather than those persons by whom he that they may have glory of men. He sent his message.

who soundeth a trumpet when he The LORD did tempt. p. cxvi. doeth his alms is an hypocrite. He who

when he fasteth disfigureth his face, FRIDAY.

that the emptiness of his belly may be Lesson of the Holy Gospel according shown by his countenance, he also is to S. Matthew.

an hypocrite. He who prayeth in the Lesson I. Chap. v.

synagogues and in the corners of the T that time: Jesus said to His is an hypocrite. A?

streets, that he may be seen of men, disciples, Ye have heard that it hath been said : Thou shalt love thy

Ry. The Angel of the LORD called. neighbour, and hate thine

enemy. And that which follows.

Lesson III. A Homily of S. Jerome, Priest. FROM all this it may be gathered

that they are hypocrites who do Book 1, Comment. on S. Matthew, anything that they may have glory of v. and vi.

And he also seemeth to me to But I say unto you, Love your be one, who saith to his brother: Let enemies, do good to them that hate me take the mote out of thine eye; you. Many who judge of the com- for he seemeth to do this for glory, mandments of God after their own that he may appear to be righteous weakness, and not after the strength himself, whence it is said unto him by of the Saints, deem those things which the LORD: Thou hypocrite, first cast are commanded to be impossible: and out the beam out of thine own eye. they say that not to hate one's enemies It is not therefore the mere virtuous is virtuous enough : but that when act, but the cause of the virtuous act one is told beyond that to love them, that hath its reward with God: and more is commanded than human if thou turn aside from the right way nature can endure. Let it then be but ever so little, it maketh no matter

p. cxiv.

men.

whether it be to the right hand or to

Lesson III. the left, since thou hast lost the true

OF a truth He forgetteth not the path.

complaint of the poor, nor turneth Ry. God of my master. p. cxiv. away His face from them that trust

in Him: yea rather, doth He aid them SATURDAY.

that are doing battle with their foes Lesson of the Holy Gospel according crowneth the conquerors to everlasting.

that they may overcome them, and to S. Mark.

Whence it is also in this place plainly Lesson I. Chap. vi.

said that He saw them toiling in AT

T that time : when even was come rowing. Verily the LORD saw them

the ship was in the midst of the toiling on the sea, though He is on sea, and JESUS alone on the land. the land : because even though for a And that which follows.

while He seemeth to be slack in send

ing help to the afflicted, nevertheless A Homily of Ven. Bede the Priest. lest they faint in their tribulations, Book 2, c. xxviii, on S. Mark vi.

He strengtheneth them by looking The toil of the disciples in rowing, upon them with loving kindness : and and the wind contrary to them, setteth at length by, open help he setteth forth the divers toils of the Holy all their adversities, and, as it were,

them free, when He hath overcome Church: which endeavoureth, amid the waves of the opposing world, and trodden under foot, and calmed the the winds of the unclean spirits, to surging of the waves. reach the stillness of the heavenly

Rz. Abram removed his tent. p. cxvi. fatherland, as a safe harbour on the FIRST SUNDAY IN LENT. shore. It is well said that the ship was in the midst of the sea, and He

Inv. It is not vain that ye haste to alone on the land: because some- ! the LORD hath promised the crown

rise up early, before the light, * for times the Church, by such great per- unto them that watch. secutions of the heathen, is not only

Ps. Venite. cast down, but is also rent, so that, p. 3. if that could be, her Redeemer would

HYMN. Ex more docti mystico. verily seem to have, for a while, TWe keer in solemn Course once more :

fast, as taught by holy forsaken her.

The fast to all men known, and bound Ry. I came this day. p. cxv.

In forty days of yearly round.

The law and seers that were of old
Lesson II.

In divers ways this Lent foretold, HENCE cometh that cry of hers, which CHRIST, all seasons' king and guide, when taken amid the waves and

In after ages storms of overflowing temptations, The words we speak, the food we take,

More sparing therefore let us make and when, groaning, she seeketh the Our sleep and mirth, -and closer barred aid of His protection with a loud cry: Be every sense in holy guard. Wherefore art thou absent so far off, In prayer together let us fall, O LORD, and hidest Thy face in the And cry for mercy, one and all, needful time, and in trouble? And And weep before the Judge's feet, in like manner the voice of the perse- Thy grace have we offended sore

And His avenging wrath entreat. cuting enemy is expressed, when, in By sins, O God, which we deplore, the following part of the Psalm, it is But pour upon us from on high, added : He said in his heart, God hath O pardoning One, Thy clemency! forgotten, He hideth away His face, Remember Thou, though frail we be, He will never see it.

That yet thine handiwork are we;

Nor let the honour of Thy Name Ry. The word of the LORD. P. cxv. Be by another put to shame.

a

Forgive the sin that we have wrought:

Lesson II. Increase the good that we have sought : That we at length, our wanderings o'er, O YE Corinthians, our mouth is May please Thee here and evermore.

open unto you, our heart is enGrant, o Thou Blessed Trinity,

larged. Ye are not straitened in uş, Grant, O Essential Unity,

but ye are straitened in your own That this our fast of forty days

bowels. Now for a recompence in the May work our profit and Thy praise. Amen. same, (I speak as unto my children,)

Ants., Pss., and Ý Ý. of Nocturns, be ye also enlarged. Be ye not unas in the Psalter, p. 5.

equally yoked together with unbe

lievers : for what fellowship hath FIRST NOCTURN.

righteousness with unrighteousness ? Of the 2nd Epistle of S. Paul the and what communion hath light with

Apostle to the Corinthians. darkness? and what concord hath
Lesson I. Chap. vi.

CHRIST with Belial ? or what part hath

he that believeth with an infidel ? WE then, as workers together with and what agreement hạth the temple receive not the grace of God in vain. temple of the living God; as God hath (For he saith, I have heard thee in a said, I will dwell in them, and walk in time accepted, and in the day of sal- them: and I will be their God, and vation have I succoured thee : behold, they shall be my people. now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation.) Giving no

R. In all things let us approve ourbe not blamed: but in all things ap. be not blamed. y. Behold, now is offence in any thing, that the ministry selves as the ministers of God, in

much patience: * that the ministry proving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, the accepted time; behold, now is the in necessities, in distresses, in stripes, day of salvation : let us commenà in imprisonments, in tumults, in ourselves in much patience. That. labours, in watchings, in fastings; by Lesson III. Chap. vii. pureness, by knowledge, by long I Am filled with comfort, I am ex,

ceeding joyful in all our tribulation. Ghost, by love unfeigned, by the word For, when we were come into Mace. of truth, by the power of God, by the donia, our flesh had no rest, but we armour of righteousness on the right were troubled on every side; without hand and on the left, by honour and were fightings, within were fears. dishonour, by evil report and good Nevertheless God, that comforteth report: as deceivers, and yet true; those that are cast down, comforted us. as unknown, and yet well known ; as by the coming of Titus: and not dying, and, behold, we live ; as by his coming only, but by the conchastened, and not killed ; as sorrow solation wherewith he was comforted ful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet in you, when he told us your earnest making many rich; as having nothing, desire, your mourning, your fervent and yet possessing all things. mind toward me; so that I rejoiced

Ry. Behold, now is the accepted the more. For though I made you time, behold, now is the day of sal- sorry with a letter, I do not repent, vation ;

let us commend ourselves in though I did repent: for I perceive much patience, in many fastings: * that the same epistle hath made you by the armour of righteousness of the sorry, though it were but for a season. strength of God. y. In all things let Now I rejoice, not that ye were made us approve ourselves as the ministers sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repenof God, in much patience, in many i tance. fastings. By.

Ry. With fasting and weeping let

the priests pray, saying: * Spare, Ovances is relaxed, and when the cares LORD, spare Thy people, and give not of this world are multiplied, it must Thiné heritage to destruction. ¥. needs be that even religious hcarts Let the priests weep between the become defiled with the dust of this porch and the altar: saying. Spare. earth : hence it has been provided, by Glory. Spare.

the great wisdom of the Divine Insti.

tution, that the exercise of forty days SECOND NOCTURN.

should repair the purity of our minds, A Sermon of S. Leo the Pope. in which, by pious works and holy Lesson IV.

fastings, we may atone for the faults

of other seasons. Sermon 4 on Lent.

Ry. Let the wicked forsake his way, SINCE I am about to preach to you and

the unrighteous man his thoughts, of the most great and holy fast, and let him return unto the LORD, how can I more fitly begin than in the and He will have mercy upon him. words of the Apostle by whom CHRIST * For the LORD our God is gracious spake, and by saying that which has and merciful, longsuffering, and of just been read: behold, now is the great kindness, and repenteth Him of accepted time: behold, now is the day the evil. y. The LORD willeth not of salvation ? For although there is the death of a sinner, but rather that no time which is not filled with the he should be converted and live. For. divine gifts, and, by the grace of God, access is ever given to His mercy :

Lesson VI. yet all hearts should be moved to SINCE therefore we are about to greater spiritual progress, and ani- enter these holy days, instituted mated with more perfect confidence, for the purifying of our bodies and now that the recurrence of that day souls, we ought to walk according to on which we were redeemed, invites the Apostle's precepts, cleansing ourus to the performance of all religious selves from all filthiness, both of the duties, to the end that we may cele- flesh and spirit, that by means of the brate with purified minds and bodies, struggles between these two substances, the most excellent Sacrament of the the mind, which, subject to God's LORD's Passion.

government, is the fitting ruler of the R¥. Let us amend those things body, may attain to the dignity of its wherein we have ignorantly sinned: pre-eminence ; so that, giving no lest, suddenly prevented by death, we offence to any man, we may not give a should seek a place of repentance, and handle to the calumnies of gainsayers. 'find it not: * Hear, LORD, and have For rightly shall we be corrected by mercy: for we have sinned against unbelievers, and impious tongues will Thee. Ý. Help us, O God of our injuriously assault our religion on salvation, and for the glory of Thy account of our faults, if the morals of Name, O LORD, deliver us. Hear.

those who fast be not in accordance

with the purity of a perfect continence. Lesson V.

For the sum of our fast stands not in WE ought, indeed, to pay such the abstinence from meat alone ; and it

ceaseless devotion and con- is useless to hold back food from the tinual reverence to these mysteries body unless the soul be also held back as to remain such manner of persons from sin. in the sight of God, as it is meet we R%. The time of fasting opens to us should be found on the Paschal Feast. the gates of paradise ; let us receive But since such fortitude belongs only it with prayers and supplications: to few, while owing to the infirmity of that in the day of Resurrection we the flesh, the severity of our obser- may rejoice with the LORD. y. In all

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