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Lesson IX.

Here beginneth the Epistle of S. Paul

to the Romans. THEN was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the Prophet,

Lesson I. Chap. i. saying, In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and PAUL, a servant of JESUS CHRIST, great mourning, Rachel weeping for

called to be an apostle, separated her children. Of Rachel was born unto the Gospel of God, (which he Benjamin, in whose tribe Bethlehem had promised afore by his prophets in is not. How then, it is asked, does holy scriptures,) concerning his Son Rachel weep for the sons of Judah, JESUS CHRIST our LORD, which was that is, Bethlehem, as if they were made of the seed of David according her own? We reply, briefly, that she to the flesh; and declared to be the was buried near Bethlehem Ephratah, Son of God with power, according to and she is called their mother, be- the Spirit of holiness, by the resurreccause she received the name of mother tion from the dead : by whom we of the place where her tomb was

have received grace and apostleship, made. Or else that the two tribes for obedience to the faith among ali of Judah and Benjamin were united, nations, for his name: among whom and Herod had commanded to slay all are ye also the called of JESUS CHRIST: the children, not in Bethlehem only, God, called to be saints : Grace to

to all that be in Rome, beloved of but in all the coasts thereof. Ry. Who are these that are arrayed and the LORD JESUS CHRIST.

you and peace from God our Father, in white robes, and whence came they? And he said unto me: * These are

Rp. To-day true peace p. xxvii. they which came out of great tribula

Lesson II. tion, and washed their robes and made them white in the Blood of the Lamb. FIRST, I thank my God through

JESUS CHRIST for you all, that Ý. I saw under the Altar of God the your faith is spoken of throughout the souls of them which were slain for whole world. For God is my witness, the Word of God, and for the testi- whom I serve with my spirit in the mony which they kept. These. Glory. gospel of His Son, that without ceasing These.

I make mention of you always in my If the Festivals of the Nativity of prayers; making request, if by any the LORD, S. Stephen, S. John the means now at length I might have Evangelist, Holy Innocents, or the a prosperous journey by the will of Octave of any of these days, falls God to come unto you. For I long to on Sunday, no office of the Sunday is see you, that I may impart unto you said, but it is deferred till the 29th some spiritual gift, to the end ye may day of the month, and is then said as be established ; that is, that I may follows.

be comforted together with you by

the mutual faith both of you and me. SUNDAY IN THE OCTAVE OF CHRISTMAS.

Ry. Whom have ye p. xxvii. Inv., Hymn, Ants., Pss., and Ý Ý.

Lesson III. of Nocturns as on Christmas Day,

NOW I would not have you ignorant,

brethren, that oftentimes I purFIRST NOCTURN.

posed to come unto you, (but. was let For this night is appointed the hitherto,) that I might have some Epistle of S. Paul to the Romans, fruit among you also, even as among and the lessons are read from it, other Gentiles. I am debtor both to and from his other epistles till Sep- the Greeks, and to the Barbarians ; tuagesima.

both to the wise, and to the unwise.

p. xxvi.

So, as much as in me is, I am ready made some progress, there is always to preach the gospel to you that are at something above him still remaining Rome also. For I am not ashamed of to seek. For he who too soon thinks the gospel of CHRIST : for it is the that he has reached his aim, finds not power of God unto salvation to every what he seeks, but falls short in his one that believeth; to the Jew first, quest. and also to the Greek. For therein is

Ry. Holy and Immaculate p. xxix. the righteousness of GOD revealed from faith to faith: as it is written,

Lesson VI. The just shall live by faith.

For BUT lest we should be disturbed by the wrath of God is revealed from the trials of our weakness, the heaven against all ungodliness and sayings of the Evangelists and of the unrighteousness of men, who hold the Prophets help us : by which we are truth in unrighteousness; because so taught and so kindled that we are that which may be known of God is not so much to commemorate the manifest in them; for God hath Birthday of our LORD as a thing past, shewed it unto them.

as to behold it actually present, beRy. O wonderful mystery p. xxviii.

cause the Word is made Flesh. For

the tidings which the Angels brought SECOND NOCTURN.

to the shepherds, as they watched for A Sermon of S. Leo the Pope.

the safe keeping of their flocks, have

filled our hearing also : and therefore Lesson IV.

we are set over the sheep of the LORD, Sermon 9. on the Nativity of the LORD. because we retain in the ear of our THE magnitude of the work of God heart the divinely published word, as

exceeds, nay far surpasses, the it is said in this day's festivity: power of human speech; and the Behold I bring you good tidings of difficulty of utterance arises thence great joy which shall be to all people, whence comes the

for not for unto you is born this day in the keeping silence. Because in CHRIST city of David & Saviour, which is JESUS, the Son of God, it beholds not Christ the LORD. only the Divine Essence, but the Ry. Blessed is the womb of Mary human nature, as is said by the Pro- the Virgin, which bare the Son of the phet, “Who shall declare His genera- Eternal FATHER: and blessed are the tion?” For unless faith believes that paps which gave suck to Christ the each Substance was united in One LORD, * Who to-day for the salvation Person, speech cannot explain this of the world vouchsafed to be born doctrine. And, therefore, matter will of a Virgin. ¥. A day of holiness never be wanting for our praise, be- hath dawned upon us: come, ye cause the fluency of him that praises nations, and worship the LORD. Who. is never sufficient.

Glory. Who.
Ry. The blessed Mother p. xxviii.

THIRD NOCTURN.
Lesson V.

Lesson of the Holy Gospel according LET us rejoice, therefore, that we

to S. Matthew. are unequal to setting forth the mystery of God's mercy, and since we

Lesson VII. Chap. i. are unable to express the height of T HE Birth of JESUS CHRIST was on our salvation, let us rejoice that we this wise: When as His Mother are conquered by it.

For no

one Mary was espoused to Joseph, before comes nearer to the knowledge of the they came together, she was found truth than he who comprehends that, with child of the Holy Ghost. And in the things of God, although he has that which follows.

cause

11

From the Commentary of S. Jerome gifts for men. The Apostle, this

the Priest on S. Matthew. witness, did not say shall receive, but Seeing that Joseph was not father gave, because the former passage had of our LORD the SAVIOUR, what refer- reference to the future, that he should ence to the LORD hath a pedigree receive, but in the latter the history traced down to Joseph ?

Our first tells of Him Who had already that answer shall be that it is not scriptural which he had received. Some persons usage to set down the succession of most perversely have concluded from women in genealogies. Next, that the words, And knew her not until she Joseph and Mary were of the same had brought forth her first-born son, tribe, wherefore he was obliged by the that Mary had other sons also, saying law to take her as his kinswoman, and that no one is called first-born save he that they were taxed together in who has brothers, whereas the custom Bethlehem, as sprung from the same of the Holy Scriptures is not to call house.

him first-born when brothers succeed,
Ry. The WORD was made Flesh but him who is the first to be born.
p. xxx.

Te Deum p. 15.
Lesson VIII.

FIFTH DAY WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF
IT
is to be noted at the same time

CHRISTMAS.
that Joseph is called son of David,
that it might be pointed out that Mary tave, p. xxxviii., except the Lessons

All as on the Sunday in the Oc-
also was of the house of David. of the 3rd Nocturn, which are said
JESUS, in the Hebrew tongue, means
SAVIOUR. Therefore the Evangelist

as follows.
marked the etymology of that name, Lesson of the Holy Gospel according
saying, Thou shalt call His Name

to S. Luke. JESUS, for He shall save His people.

Lesson VII. Chap. ii. And whereas the Evangelist Matthew says, She shall have in her womb; in As that time : The shepherds said

one to another: Let us now go the Prophet it is written, She shall receive in her womb. But the Prophet,

even unto Bethlehem and see this because he foretells the future, de- thing which the LORD bath made clares what shall come to pass, and known unto us. And they came with writes shall receive. The Evangelist,

haste. And that which follows. because he is not telling the history A Homily of S. Ambrose the Bishop. of the future, but of the past, changed the word receive, and put down have.

Book 2 on S. Luke ii. For she who hath, is not one who is

Notice that the shepherds came yet to receive.

with haste.

For no

one ought to R%. O King of heaven, served with the shepherds believed the

Angel; and

seek Christ slothfully. Notice that such honours ! He is placed in a stable, Who comprehends the world :* wilt thou not believe the FATHER, the He lies in a manger, and reigns in Son, and the Holy Ghost, as well as heaven. ¥. Unto us is born this day the Angels, the Prophets, and the in the city of David a Saviour, which Apostles ? See how wonderfully Scripis CHRIST the LORD. He lies. Glory.

ture weighs the meaning of each word. He lies.

They came with haste, it says, to see

the Word. For when the Flesh of the
Lesson IX.

LORD was seen, the Word was seen,
WE read similarly in the Psalms, since the Word is the Son.
Going up on high He hath led

Ry. The Word was made Flesh. captivity captive, and shall receive

p. xxx.

Lesson VIII.

goodness and forbearance and longNOR should this example seem to suffering ;, not knowing that the

you a poor one because of the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentpoverty of the shepherds. For surely ance? the less valuable it seems to worldly

Lesson II. wisdom, the more precious it is to BUT after thy hardness and imfaith. The LORD did not require penitent heart treasurest up unto schools crowded with the wise, but a thyself wrath against the day of wrath simple people, which knew not how to and revelation of the righteous judgclothe what they heard in splendid or ment of God; who will render to meretricious language. For simplicity every man according to his deeds : is sought, not eloquence.

to them who by patient continuance Rz. O King of heaven p. xl.

in well doing seek for glory and honour

and immortality, eternal life : but Lesson IX.

unto them that are contentious, and AND think not that the words of the do not obey the truth, but obey un

shepherds are to be despised for righteousness, indignation and wrath. their meanness. For by the shep

Lesson III. herds Mary's faith was increased. By the shepherds the people were brought TRIBULATION

and anguish, upon to revere God. For all they that

every soul of man that doeth evil, heard it wondered at those things of the Jew first, and also of the which were told them by the shepherds. Gentile; but glory, honour, and peace, But Mary kept all these things and to every man that worketh good, to pondered them in her heart. Learn the Jew first, and also to the Gentile : from this the perfect purity of the for there is no respect of persons Holy Virgin, no less in speech than in with God. For as many as have body, for even these modest proofs of sinned without law shall also perish faith she pondered in her heart.

without law: and as many as have

sinned in the law shall be judged by Te Deum, p. 15.

the law; for not the hearers of the SIXTH DAY IN THE OCTAVE ÓF CHRIST-law are just before God, but the doers

of the law shall be justified. The Office as on the previous day, THE CIRCUMCISION AND OCTAVE OF THE except the Lessons of the 1st Nocturn.

NATIVITY.
FIRST NOCTURN.

Double of the 2nd Class.
From the Epistle to the Romans. Inv. CHRIST is born for us, * O

Lesson I. Chap. ii. . come let us worship. Ps., Venite, THEREFORE thou art inexcusable, as p. 3.

O man, whosoever thou art that Hymn. Jesu, Redemptor. p. xxvi. judgest : for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself ;

IN THE FIRST NOCTURN. for thou that judgest doest the same Ant. The LORD said * unto Me: things. But we are sure that the Thou art My Son, this day have I judgment of God is according to truth begotten Thee. Ps. ii. Quare fremueagainst them which commit such runt, p. 5. things. And thinkest thou this, o Ant. In them hath he set man, that judgest them which do such tabernacle for the Sun: which cometh things, and doest the same, that thou forth as a Bridegroom out of his shalt escape the judgment of God? chamber. Ps. xix. Cæli enarrant, Or despisest thou the riches of his p. 14.

MAS.

a

*

p. 92.

Ant. Be ye lift up ye everlasting the scripture ? Abraham believed GOD doors : and the King of glory shall and it was counted unto him for come in. Ps. xxiv. Domini est terra. righteousness. Now to him that

worketh is the reward not reckoned Ý. As a Bridegroom.

of grace, but of debt. But to him Ry. The LORD proceeding out of His that worketh not, but believeth on him chamber.

that justifieth the ungodly, his faith

is counted for righteousness. Even Of the Epistle of S. Paul the Apostle as David also describeth the blessedto the Romans.

ness of the man, unto whom God Lesson I. Chaps. iii. and iv. imputeth righteousness without works, WHAT advantage then hath the saying, Blessed are they whose ini

Jew? or what profit is there of quities are forgiven, and whose sins circumcision ?

are covered. Much every way : chiefly, because that unto them were

Rz. A hallowed day hath shone committed the oracles of God. For upon us : come, ye nations, and worwhat if some did not believe ? shall ship the LORD : * for to-day a great their unbelief make the faith of God light descended on the earth. y. This without effect? God forbid: yea, let is the day which the Lord hath made: God be true, but overy man a liar; as

we will rejoice and be glad in it. For. it is written, That thou mightest be

Lesson III. justified in thy sayings, and mightest if our unrightejusness commend the the uncircumcision also ? for we say overcome when thou art judged. But COMETH this blessedness then upon

the circumcision only, or upon righteousness of God, what shall we that faith was reckoned to Abraham say? Is Ctod unrighteous who taketh for righteousness. How was it then vengeance? (I speak as a man). God reckoned? when he was in circumforbid : for then how shall God judge cision, or in uncircumcision ? Not in the world ?

circumcision, but in uncircumcision. Ry. Behold the Lamb of God, Which And he received the sign of circumtaketh away the sins of the world : Hecision, a seal of the righteousness of it is, of Whom I said unto you, He the faith , which he had yet being coraing after me, is preferred before uncircumcised: that he might be the

Whose shoe's latchet I am not father of all them that believe, though worthy to unloose. y. He that is of they be not circumcised ; that the earth speaketh of the earth: He righteousness might be imputed unto That cometh from heaven is above all. them also: and the father of circumWhose.

cision to them who are not of the Lesson II.

circumcision only, but who also walk Is he the God of the Jews only? is in the steps of that faith, of our

He not also of the Gentiles? Yes, father Abraham, which he had being of the Gentiles also. Seeing it is one yet uncircumcised. God, which shall justify the circum- Ry. Blessed is He that cometh in cision by faith, and uncircumcision the Name of the LORD, our LORD GOD, through faith. Do we then make void and hatb shone forth upon us the law through faith? God forbid : Alleluia, Alleluia. Y. This is the yea, we establish the law. What

day which the LORD hath made : shall we say then that Abraham our

we will rejoice and be glad in it. father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath Alleluia. found? · For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory;

SECOND NOCTURN. but not before God. For what saith Ant. Thou art fairer * than the

* me

*

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