Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

IX!

[Nulc. It is properly remarked, in a note relative to Indian treaties, in the

Laws of the U. States, (Colvin's edition, page 710) that." It is difficult to
speak with precision as to the actual force and effect of all the Indian
treaties. Their provisions are much intermingled, following in their vari.
ous stipulations, the varying associations and interests of the different
tribes. As a general remark, however, it may be observed, that what re-
lates to the cessions of land must, in its nature, be permanent." It may be
added, that while the policy which has been, and still is pursued by the go.
vernment, with respect to the Indian tribes, continues the same, their con-
dition cannot be considered, under any treaty that may be made with them,
as permanently fixed.
'The signatures of the Indian chiefs, &c. is commonly that of illiterate men

among our own citizens--namely, a cross. But, in many instances, the
figure of some animal is drawn, which is supposed to be emblematical of

the qualities attributed to the chief by the denomination given to him.

The orthography of the names of the tribes and the Indian chiefs, &c. is very

uncertain. It is not unfrequently the case, as may be seen by a compari-

son of the signatures to the different treaties of any one of the following

chapters, that the same name is spelled in several different ways, though

somewhat resembling each other in sound.]

[ocr errors]

25

SO

5. Treaty with the Oneidas, T.:scaroras, and Stockbridges,

of the 2d December, 1794 ; negotiated at Oneida, by Tim-

othy Pickering. Ratified 21st January, 1795,

6. Contract with the Seven Nations of Canada, of the 31st

May, 1796; negotiated in the city of New York, under the

sanction of the United States, by Abraham Ogden, their

commissioner, &c. Ratified 31st January, 1797,

7. Relinquishment of the Mohawks, to the state of New-

York, under the sanction of the United States, on the 29th

March, 1797 ; negotiated at Albany, in the presence of

Isaac Smith, commissioner, &c. Ratified 27th April, 1798,

8. Contract between Wilhem Willink and the Senekas, un-

der the sanction of the United States, of 30th June, 1802;
negotiated at Buffaloe creek, by John Tayler, commission-

er, &c. Ratified 12th January, 1803,
9. Contract between Robert Morris and the Senekas, under

the sanction of the United States, of 15th September, 1797;
negotiated at Genesee by Jeremiah Wadsworth, commis-
sioner, &c. Ratified 11th April, 1798. [This contract is
referred to in the preceding one with Wilhem Willink,

and annexed thereto, as a part thereof. ]
10. Contract between Oliver Phelps, Isaac Bronson, and Ho-

ratio Jones, and the Senekas, under the sanction of the

United States, of 30th June, 1802; negotiated at Buffaloe

creek, in the presence of John Tayler, commissioner, &c.

Ratified 7th February, 1803,

11. Contract between John Greig and Henry B. Gibson, and

the Senekas, under the sanction of the United States, of
3d September, 1823 ; negotiated at Moscow, in the pre-

sence of Charles Carroll, commissioner, &c.
[Note. This last contract, after it was made, was approved by the pre-

sident of the United States, it being considered sufficient, without a
formal ratification by the senate, to make it valid, for the purpose for
which it was intended-the U. Slates having no other interest in the
matter, than, as the general protector of the Indians, under the con-
stitution, to superintend the negotiation, as it did, to see that it was

fairly conducted.)

CHAPTER 3.- Trealies with different Indian tribes and

nations.

1. With the Wyandotts, Delawares, Chippewas, and Otta-

was, of the 21st January, 1785; negotiated at fort MʻIntosh,

by George Clark, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee. Enter-

ed on the journals of congress 2d June, 1785,
2. Of peace, with the Wyandotts, Delawares, Ottawas, Chip-

pewas, Pottawatimas, and Sacs, of the 9th January, 1789;

negotiated at fort Harmar, by Arthur St. Clair. Ratified

29th September, 1789,

3. Of peace, with the Wyandotts, Delawares, Shawanees,

Ottawas, Chippewas, Pottawatimas, Miamies, Eel Rivers,
Weas, Kickapoos, Piankeshaws, and Kaskaskias, of 3d

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

.

August, 1795; negotiated at Greenville, by Anthony
Wayne. Ratified 22d December, 1795,

49

4. With the Delawares, Shawanees, Pottawatimas, Miamies,

Kickapoos, Eel Rivers, Weas, Piankeshaws, and Kaskaski-

as, of the 7th June, 1803; negotiated at fort Wayne, by

William Henry Harrison. Ratified 25th November, 1803, 57

5. With the Eel Rivers, Wyandotts, Piankeshaws, Kaskas-

kias, and Kickapoos, of the 7th August, 1803; negotiated

at Vincennes, by William Henry Harrison. Ratified 25th
November, 1803,

60

6. With the Wyandotts, Ottawas, Chippewas, Munsees, De-

lawares, Shawanees, and Pottawatimas, of the 4th July,

1805; negotiated at fort Industry, on the Miami of the

Lake, by Charles Jouett. Ratified 24th April, 1806,

7. With the Delawares, Pottawatimas, Miamies, Eel Rivers,

and Weas, of 21st August, 1805 ; negotiated at Grouse-

land, near Vincennes, by William Henry Harrison. Rati-

fied 24th April, 1806,

63

8. With the Ottawas, Chippewas, Wyandotts, and Potiawa-

timas, of the 17th November, 1807; negotiated at Detroit,

by William Hull. Ratified 27th January, 1808,

66

9. With the Chippewas, Ottawas, Pottawatimas, Wyandotts,

and Shawanees, of the 25th November, 1808; negotiated

at Brownstown, in the territory of Michigan, by William

Hull. Ratified 1st March, 1809,

69

10. With the Delawares, Pottawatimas, Miamies, and Eel

River-Miamies, of the 30th September, 1809; negotiated
at fort Wayne, by William Henry Harrison. Ratified 2d
January, 1810,

11. A separate article, with the Miami and Eel River tribes,

of the Soth September, 1809; negotiated at fort Wayne,

by William Henry Harrison. Ratified 2d January, 1810, 74

12. Of peace and friendship, with the Wyandotts, Dela-
wares, Shawanees, Senecas, and Miamies, of the 22d July,
1814; negotiated at Greenville, by William Henry Harri-

son and Lewis Cass. Ratified 13th December, 1814, 775

13. With the Wyandotts, Delawares, Senecas, Shawanees,

Miamies, Chippewas, Ottawas, and Pottawatimas, in Ohio,

Indiana, and Michigan, of the 8th September, 1815; nego-

tiated at Spring Wells, by William Henry Harrison, Dun-

can McArthur, and John Graham. Ratified 26th Decem-

ber, 1815,

78

14. With the Weas and Kickapoos, of the 4th June, 1816;

negotiated at fort Harrison, by Benjamin Parke. Ratified

Soth December, 1816,

82

15. With the United tribes of Ottawas, Chippewas, and Pot-

tawatimas, of the Illinois and Melwakee rivers, and south-

western parts of lake Michigan, of the 24th August, 1816;

negotiated at St. Louis, by Ninian Edwards, William Clark,

and Auguste Chouteau. Ratified 30th December, 1816, 83

[ocr errors]

16. With the Wyandotts, Senecas, Delawares, Shawanees,

Pottawatimas, Ottawas, and Chippewas, of the 29th Sep

tember, 1817 ; negotiated at the foot of the Rapids of the

Miami of lake Erie, by Lewis Cass and Duncan McArthur.

Ratified 4th January, 1819,

85

17. With the Wyandotts, Senecas, Shawanees, and Ottawas,

of the 17th September, 1818, being supplementary to the

treaty with the Wyandotts, Senecas, Delawares, Shawa-

nees, Pottawatimas, Ottawas, and Chippewas, of 29th Sep-

tember, 1817; negotiated at St. Marys, in Ohio, by Lewis

Cass and Duncan McArthur. Ratified 4th January, 1819, 100

18. With the Peoria, Kaskaskia, Mitchigamia, Cahokia, and

Tamarois Indians, of 25th September, 1818; negotiated at

Edwardsville, by Ninian Edwards and Auguste Chouteau.

Ratified 5th January, 1819,

10S

19. With the Ottawas and Chippewas, of 6th July, 1820; ne-

gotiated at L'Abre Croche and Michillimackinac, in the
territory of Michigan, by Lewis Cass. Ratified 8th March,
1821,

106

20. With the Ottawas, Chippewas, and Pottawatimas, of the

29th August, 1821, negotiated at Chicago, by Lewis Cass

and Solomon Sibley. Ratified 25th March, 1822,

107

21. (See chapter 41 in this table—and at page 363.)

CHAPTER 4.-Treatics with the Cherokees.

1. Of the 28th November, 1785; negotiated at Hopewell, by

Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, Joseph Martin, and

Lachlan McIntosh. Entered on the journals of congress
17th April, 1786,

119
2. Of peace and friendship, of the 20 July, 1791 ; negotiated

on the east bank of the Holston, near the mouth of the
French Broad, by William Blount. Ratified 11th Novem-

ber, 1791,

115

3. Or the 26th June, 1794 ; negotiated at Philadelphia, by H.

Knox, secretary of war. Ratified 21st January, 1795,

126

4. Of the 2d October, 1793; negotiated in the council house

near Tellico, by Thomas Butler and George Walton. Ra-

tified 30th January, 1799,

122

5. Of the 24th October, 1804; negotiated at Tellico, by Re-

turn J. Meigs and Daniel Smith. Ratified 17th May, 1824,*

126

6. Of the 25th October, 1805; negotiated at Tellico, by Re-

turn J. Meigs and Daniel Smith. Ratified 10th June, 1806, 128

7. Of the 27th October, 1805; negotiated at Tellico, by Re-

turn J. Meigs and Daniel Smith. Ratified 10th June, 1806, 150

8. Of the 7th January, 1806; negotiated at the city of Wash-

ington, by Henry Dearborn, secretary of war. Ratified

220 May, 1807,

151

9. Elucidation of the convention of Washington, of the 11th

September, 1807; negotiated at the point of departure of

* See documents relating to this treaty, page 488, which explain the rea
sons of its ratification being so long delayed.

« ZurückWeiter »