Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

THE

HISTORY

OF THE

RISE, PROGRESS, And ESTABLISHMENT,

OF THE

INDEPENDENCE

OF THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

INCLUDING

AN ACCOUNT OF THE LA^%AR^

AND OF THE

THIRTEEN COLO

FROM THEIR ORIGIN TO THAT PERIOD.

By WILLIAM GORDON, D.D.

[graphic]

QUID VERUM **** CURO, ET ROGO, ET OMNIS IN HOC SUM.

Horat. i Ep. i Lib;

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

VOL. IV.

LONDON:

*.

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR;

AND SOLD BY CHARLES DILLY, IN THE POULTRY; AND

JAMES BVCKLAND, IN PATER-NOSTER-ROW.

M DCC '.XXXV1II,

The General Contents Of The Several Letters
In Vol. Iv.

Letter I. P. i—16.

'X'HE French and Spamjh fleets, in the West Indies, form a
junction; but effect no capital operation, p. 2. Their

combined fleets in Europe intercept the East and West India

convoy, p. 3. Mr. Laurens is taken in his passage to Hollands

p, 5. Sir Joseph Torke leaves the Hague, p. 6. Hurricanes

in the West Indies, p. 7. The new parliament meets, p. 10.

The kindness of the Spaniards to the Britijh prisoners, p. 14.

The inquisition abolished in the duke of Modena's dominions,

p. 15.

Letter II. P. 16—67.

The Pennsylvania line revolts, p. 16. ' Sir H. Clinton fends

agents to treat with them, two of whom are hanged, p. 20.

Part of the Jersey brigade revolts, p. 22. Lieut, colonel John
Laurens chosen by congress special minister to the court of Ver-

failles, and general Washington's hints to him, p. 23—the gene-

ral writes to Dr. Franklin, p. 2-5-. The Virginia house of dele-

gates' resolve respecting Gates, p. 26. The returns of Greene's

force in South Carolina, and his concluding on a partisan war,

p. 27—his letter to lord Cornwallis, p. 28—he divides his force,

p. 30. Lieut, colonel Tarleton is detached after general Mor-

gan, by whom he is defeated, p. 33. Lord Cornwallis pursues

Morgan, p. 37. General Greene arrives, and takes the com-,

mand of Morgan's, troops, p. 38. The Americans retreat, and

safely cross the Dan into Virginia, though pursued by his lord-

ship with the utmost eagerness, p. 39. Greene recrofles the

Dan, p. 47. General Pickens and lieut. colonel Lee cut in

pieces a large body of royalists, p. 48. Cornwallis attempts to

surprise the American light infantry, p. 50. Greene determines

upon fighting his lordship, p. 53. His lordship attacks and

defeats him, p. 54. His lordlhip retreats toward Cross Creek,

and Greene pursues him to Deep river, p. 57. General Arnold

fails for <and lands in Virginia, p. 59. General Washington

lays a plan for catching him, p. 60. Sir H. Clinton fends gen.

Phillips, with more troops, to take the command in Virginia,

p. 62. Acts of congress, p. 63. Mr. Robert Morris Chosen

financier, p. 64. The Maryland delegates empowered to sub-

scribe the confederation, which is thereby completed, p. 65.

General Washington gives his decisive opinion upon the necessity

ef a timely and powerful aid from France^ p. 67.

A 2 Let-

Letter III. P. 67—80.

The attempt of the baron de Rullecourt on the IJU of Jersey
frustrated by major Pierson, p. 68. Lord George Gordon tried
and acquitted, p. 70. Gibraltar relieved by the British fleet
under admiral Darby', p. 71. The Spaniards commence a
heavy fire upon the fortress, which is returned, p. 73. Sir
George Rodney and general Vaughan take St. Euftatia, St. Mar-
tin, and Saba, p. 74. The property in Statia confiscated, and
many of the inhabitants reduced to penury and transported to
St. Kitt's, p. 76. Demarara and Iffequibo surrender, p. 78.

Letter IV. P. 80—147.

General Greene leaves North Carolina and marches toward
Camden, p. 80—is defeated by lord Rawdon at Hobkirk's hill,
p. 83—his letter to Rawdon, p. 86—to governor Reed of Penn-
sylvania, p. 87. Lord Rawdon evacuates Camden, p. 89. The
Britijh posts are taken by the Americans in quick succession,
idem. Greene marches against the garrison at Ninety Six, p. 92
—is obliged to abandon the siege, and is pursued by Rawdon,
p. 96. He pursues his lordship and offers him battle, idem.
Greene's letter concerning Gates, p. 98. The miseries attend-
ing the war in South Carolina, p. 99. Extracts from letters.of
lord George Germaine, p. 100. The affair of colonel Hayne,
who is executed by the joint order of lord Rawdon and colonel
Balsour, p, 102. The operations in Virginia under generals
Phillips and Arnold, p. 107. The marquis de la Fayette makes
a rapid march from Baltimore to Richmond, p. 109. Lord
Cornwallis joins the Britijh in Virginia, p. in—is disconcerted
in his attempts to crush the maiquis, p. 112. The marquis
joined by the Pennsylvania line under general Wayne, p. 115..
His lordship commences a retrograde movement, p. 116.
Wayne attacks his lordship, and extricates himself by means of
it, p. 117. General Washington's army in want of provision,
p. 119. Count de Barras arrives at Bojlon to take the com-
mand of the French squadron at Nnuport, p. 120. Washington.
meets Rochambeau at Weathersjield, idem. Wajhington's letters
intercepted and conveyed to New Tork, p. 122. The French
troops join the Americans under Washington, p. 123. The
plan of operations changed, and the allied troops march for
Philadelphia, p. 126. J he behaviour of the French troops
while at Newport, and on their march to join general Washing-
ton, p. 128. Don Galvez completes the conquest of West
Florida, p. 129. Sir Samuel Hood and count de Grasse engage,
p. 132. Tobago taken by the French, p. 133. A subscription
for a loan opened by congress for the support of the South Caro-
linians

Unions and Georgians driven from their country by the enemy, p.

136. The heroism of the whig ladies in Charlestown, p. 138.

The treatment of the gentlemen removed from Charlestown to

St. Augustine, p. 139—of the continental officers, p. 141. •

Complaints of severities exercised toward the American marine

prisoners at New Tori, p. 143. The particular evils produced

by the paper currency, p. 144—the extinction of it occasions no

convulsion, p. 145. A number of the ships from Statia taken

by the French, p. 146.

Letter V. P. 147—162.

Commodore Jobnstone is attacked by Mr. de Suffrein, p. 148

—the commodore takes several large Dutch East India ships,

p. 150. Admirals Hyde Parker and Zoutman engage on the

Dogger-bank, p. 152. Minorca is attacked by the Spaniards

and French, p. 158. The combined fleets cruise at the mouth

of the British channel, idem. Extracts from some letters to

Mr. Vergennes, p. 161.

Letter VI. P. 163—212.

Acts of congress, p. 163. General Greene demands from

the Britist) commanders, the reasons for the execution of Hayne,

Balfour's answer, and Greene's reply, p. 165. Greene engages

lieut. colonel Stewart at the Eutnw Springs, p. 168. Stewart

abandons the Eutaw, p. 170. Governor Rutledge retaliates

for Balfour's conduct, p. 172. A spirit of mutiny among

Greene's troops, p. 173—his letter to general Gould, p. 174.

He marches toward Dorchester, and by his manœuvres induces

the British garrison to abandon the place, p. 176. General

Pickens's expedition against the Cherokees, p. 177. Arnold's

enterprise against New London, p. 178. De Barras sails from

Rhode Istand, p. 181. Sir Samuel Hood arrives at Sandy Hook,

p. 181. De Graste arrives in the Cbesapeak, and engages admi-

ral Graves, p. 182- De Barras arrives in the Chesapeak, p. 184.

Lord Cornwallis repairs to York Town and Gloucester, p. 185.

The allied troops arrive at the Head of Elk, p. 186—join the

troops under the marquis de la Fayette, p. 187—march and

invest Tork Town, p. 188. Wajhington's letter to dt Graste,

p. 189. The trenches-opened by the combined armies before

Tork Town, p. 191. A capitulation settled, and the posts of

Tork Town and Gloucester surrendered, p. 195. The British

fleet and army destined for the relief of lord Cornwallis arrive

off Chesapeak after his surrender, and therefore return, p. 198.

De Graste sails for the West Indies, p. 199. Acts of congress

on their hearing of the reduction of the Britijh army, p. 200.

'• nri

« ZurückWeiter »