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•commerce, Eustatia suffered so severely. This whole business, from beginning to end, has brought upon Great Britain the odium of all Europe.

A squadron of privateers, mostly belonging to Bristol, upon hearing of the rupture with Holland, boldly entered the rivers of Demarara and Issequibo, and with no small degree of courage and enterprise, brought out from under the Dutch forts and batteries, almost all the vessels of any value in either river. The prizes were considerable: but adm. Rodney, in his official letter of the 17th of March, observed in the postscript—" The Dutch ships seized by the privateers at Demarara are droits to the admiralty, the privateers having no commission to take them." He mentioned also the surrender of the French isiand of St. Bartholomew on the 16th.

The inhabitants of the two Dutch colonies of Demarara and Issequibo, sensible of their defenceless situation, had already made a tender of their submission to the governor of Barbadoes, requiring no other terms but a participation of those which had been granted to Eustatia and its dependencies. A deputation was sent to adm. Rodney and gen. Vaughan to learn what were these terms. The deputies found that the colonists had made an improvident demand, as in effect the terms which they required were, that they might be despoiled of all their goods, and banished from their habitations. But a nice line of distinction was drawn, between the honesty and good properties of Dutchmen inhabiting the continent, and of those living in Eustatia: and the continental colonists were accordingly fully secured in their property, and had every indulgence granted, which could have been fairly expected. However their countrymen, rrymen, the Eustatian islanders, have been obliged to '78l. undergo the opprobrium,.of having the atrocious crime of perfidiousness publicly charged and recorded against them in the London gazettes; and therefore of being unworthy of any degree of protection, much less of indulgence.

The Dutch war prevented the sending of the second French naval division to the assistance of the United States of America as at first intended; and put the court of Versailles upon the plan of augmenting their fleet in the West Indies, so as to secure it a superiority over the British. Accordingly count de Grasse sailed M from Brest toward the end of March, with a fleet of 25 zz. fail of the line, the Sagittaire of 54 guns, 6000 land forces, and a prodigious convoy, amounting to between 1 and j00 ships; the whole composing one of the largest and richest fleets that ever sailed from France. Of this formidable armament, five ships of the line under Mr. de Suffrein, with part of the land forces, were destined for the East Indies; with a view likewise of intercepting commodore Johnstone's squadron and convoy on their way; the last sailed from Spithead on the ijth ot the fame month, in company with the British grand fleet under adm. Darby.

The East India company received advice, about the middle of April, that in July of last year, Hyder Ally entered the Carnatic in different places; that some of their troops were afterward attacked and defeated; that Sir Eyre Coote left Calcutta and sailed with a reinforcement to Fort St. George, where he arrived the 5th osNovember, two days after Arcot had surrendered to Hyder. Their affairs in that quarter have but a threat

,?81' ening aspect ; but Sir Eyre is attempting all in his power to retrieve them. .

April M.r. John Adams presented to their high mightinesses, the states general of the United Provinces of the Low Countries, a memorial dated Leyden, April 19, 1781. In which he informed them, that the United States of America had lately thought fit to fend him a commission (with full powers and instructions) to confer with them concerning a treaty of amity and commerce; and that they had appointed him to be their minister plenipotentiary to reside near them. Similar information was communicated at the fame time to the stadtholder, his serene highness the prince of Orange. Mr. Adams meant to conciliate the affections of all parties; that so they might unite in supporting the measure he wished to obtain.


Roxbury, Sept. 15, 1781.

T ORD Cornwallis having crossed the Deep river, .*—' gen. Greene resolved on carrying the war without delay into South Carolina; thereby to oblige the enemy to follow him, or to endanger their posts in that state. He expected that if the former took place, North Carolina would not continue the feat of war \ if the latter,


that they would lose more than they could gain in this 1781, last state; and that did he remain in it, they would hold their possessions in both. He discharged all his militia; refreshed his regular troops; collected a few days pro- . vision; marched on the 5th of April toward Camden; s, and in the morning of the 20th, encamped at Logtown within fight of the enemy's works. On this march lieut. col. Lee, with his partizan legion, was detached to join gen. Marion with a few volunteer South Carolina militia on a secret expedition. To secure the provisions that grow on the banks of the Santee and Congaree rivers, the British had erected a chain of posts in their vicinity. One of the most important was on Wright'sbluff, and called Fort Watson. To the surprise of the British it was closely invested on the 15th. Neither Lee nor Marion had any other means of annoyance or defence but musketry. The ground on which the fort stood was an Indian mount, 30 or 40 feet high: the besiegers however erected, in a few days, on an unusual plan, a work much higher. From thence the American riflemen fired into the fort with such execution, that the besieged durst not show themselves. On the 23d, the 23. garrison os 114 men surrendered by capitulation.

Camden was covered on the south and east sides by the Wateree, and a creek which empties itself into that river: on the western and northern by six strong redoubts. It was defended by lord Rawdon with about 900 men. The American army consisted of 843 continental infantry, beside 56 cavalry and 31 dismounted dragoons; together with 254 North Carolina militiawho had joined them by the 25th. It was unequal t» the task of carrying the place by storm, as also of com

Vol. IV. G pletely

ijgi.pletely investing it. On the 21st Greene received intelligence, that lieut. col. Watson, who had made an incursion to Peedee, was on his return to Camdess with 4 or 500 men: upon which he sent his baggage and artillery, which could not follow him, under a guard of • militia, to a secure position, and threw all his regular troops below the town,.. where appearances indicated more forcible hostilities against the garrison; and frequent skirmishes. evinced the enemy's apprehension of danger upon that quarter: but the principal design of Greene, to intercept Watson, was prevented by his delay, and a report of his having crossed the Santee. . On the 24th the army returned to the north side of the town, orders being previously sent for the artillery and baggage to rejoin it at Hobkirk's hill, about a mile from Camden. The army took post on the hill, the better to improve the opportunity that any. sortie might afford; and by its being more remote than the position formerly occupied, to impress the enemy with an idea of the Americans beginning to be apprehensive of their own danger. The precaution of calling the rolls often . was taken; notwithstanding which, one Jones, a drummer, eluded the attention of the officers and the vigilance of the guards, and got safe into town. But nothing was apprehended from that circumstance, as the army was well posted, and desired nothing more than a field action. April On the morning of the 25th this order was issued 25' -*-" The troops are to be furnished with two days provision, and a gill of spirits per man as soon as the stores arrive." The provisions were issued; but the spirits heing in the rear of the baggage train, did not arrive at


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