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Flag of the United States, vol. ii.
Fleets, the hostile, engage on Lake
Champlain, vol. 11. p. 383—
under admiral Keppel and
D'Orvilliers, vol. iii. p. 123
—Byron and d'Estaing, p. 295
—Rodney and Langara, p. 407
—Rodney and de Guichen, p.
411—Hood andde Grasse, vol.
iv. p. 132—Johnstone and Suf-
frein, p. 149—Hyde Parker
and Zoutman, p. 153—Graves
and de Grasse, p. 182—Hughes
and Suffrein, p. 266—Rodney
and de Grasse, p. 271, 273—
Howe and the combined French
and Spanish commanders, p.
331—Hughes and Suffrein, p.
344» 34?. 348-. , „„
":—, the combined, of France
and Spain, appear before Ply-
mouth, vol. iii. p. 291—take
near sixty British East and West
India ships, vol. iv. p. 3—un-
expectedly appear in the chops
of the channel, p. 158.
■ , the French and Spanish,
join in the West Indies, but
make no attempt against Ja-
maica, vol. iv. p. 2.
Fcrt Washington taken, vol. ii. p.
348. Fort Lee taken, p. 352.
Fort Stanwix, alias Schnyler,
invested, p. 529—the licgc of
it raised, p. 534. Forts Mont-
gomery and Clinton taken, p.
Franklin, Doctor, his remarks on
the ministerial plan for the uni-
on of the colonies, vol. i. p.
126. He fends over to the
Massachusetts a number of ori-
ginal letters, p. 328—they oc-
casion a duel between Mr.
Whalely and Mr. John Temple,
Frazer, general, attacks and de-
feats colonel Warner at Hub-
bardion, vol. ii. p. 483—13
mortally wounded, p. 560—\\a
burial, p. 565.
France, her conduct, vol. iii. p.
92, 94, 96. She delivers to
the American commissioners the
preliminaries of a treaty be-
tween France and America, p.
98—signs the • treaties, p. 103
—her ambassador informs the
• British ministry of the fame,
p. 107. She gives a public
audience to the American com-
missioners, p. 110—her squa-
dron fails from Brest, p. 112.
French fleet and troops, ar-
rive at Rhode I/land, vol. iii.
< king, suppresses the in-
human custom of putting the
question by torture, vol. iv,
1 troops under count de
Rochambeau, their good beha-
viour, vol. iv. p. iz8. They
march from the southward to
Boston, p. 313—embark on boar4
the marquis de Vaudreuil's fleet,
and fail for the West Indies, p.
Gage, general, is ordered to fend
troops to Boston, vol. i. p, 238
—lands at Boston, p. 360—i»
addressed by the inhabitants of
Salem, p. 374—issues out a pro-
clamation against the Jolemit
league and covenant of the Bos-
ton committee, p. 378—forti-
fies the entrance at Boston Neck,
p. 387—seizes the powder at
Charleston, p. 388—answers
the lerter of congress, p. 396
—fends troops to Salem, p. 470
—prepares for sending others to
Concord, p. 476—they are sent
forward, and a firing commences
'at Lexington, p. 477. He en-
• rers into an agreement with the
committee of the town of Bos-
ton, p. 487—is, waited upon by
a committee from Connecticut,
vol. ii. p. 18—his agreement
with the inhabitants of Boston
not observed, p. 25. He of-
fers pardon except to Samuel
Adams and John Hancock, p.
■28—detains the inhabitants of
Boston, p. 53. Letters between
him and general Wajhington, p.
125. He fails for Great Bri-
tain, p. 136.
Galvez, Don, the Spanish gover-
nor of Louisiana, recognizes the
independence of the American
states, and marches against the
Britijb settlements on the Mif-
jiffippi, vol. iii. p. 314—takes
Mobille, p. 409—takes Penja-
tetat vol. iv. p. 129.
Gajfee, the schooner, attacked and
burnt near Providence, vol. i.
Gates, general, is appointed to
command the army in the
northern department, vol. ii. p.
276—superseded by the ap-
pointment of Schuyler, p. 47 c
—chosen afresh, and to relieve
Schuyler, p. C02—his letters to
general Burgoyne, p. 543—en-
gages Burgoyne, p. 54S, 5 $9—
reduces him to the necessity of
agreeing to a convention, p. 5 7 2.
His delicacy with respect to
the royal army, when they de-
. posited their arms, p. 574.
He writes to congress relative
to Burgoyne's troops not hav-
ing, broken the convention,
vol. iii. p. 46—his letter to the
earl of Thanet, p. 106—his let-
ter to a South Carolina delegate,
respecting the intended opera-
tions of the Britijb, p. 389.
He is appointed to command
the southern army, p. 391 —
advances toward Camden, p.
430—his general orders at Chr-
■mont, p. 434—marches and un-
expectedly meets the Britijb ar-
my under lord Cornioaltis, p.
437—engages the Briti/h, tr.i
is defeated, p. 439—proceeds
to Hilljborough, p. 4-45; —his
. broken troops retreat to Sa-
listury, p. 448—his exertion*
in favor of the relics of his un-
fortunate army, p. 4.58—these
are reinforced, p. 4.60. He
receives private information or
congress's having appointed an
officer to supersede him, p. 469
~removes his head quarters to
Charlotte, and surrenders the
command of the army into ge-
neral Greene's hands, p. 472—
meets with a polite return from
Greene, p. 473—is addressed by
the Virginia house of delegates,
vol. iv. p. 26.
Generals Howe, Clinton and Bur-
. goyne, arrive at Boston, vol. ii.
George, the Royal, is lost, vol. ir.
Georgia fettled, vol. i. p. 92—ac-
cedes to the general association
of the twelve colonies, vol. ii.
P- 73» 75—attacked by the
Britijb troops, vol. iii. p. 211
■—Savannah, the capital, taken,
and the state subdued, p. 214.
Germaine, lord George, extracts
from his letters, vol. iv. p. 100.
Gibraltar invested by the Spani-
. ards, vol. iii. p. 304—relieved
by Rodney, p. 406—by Darby,
vol. iv. p. 71. Tremendous
torrents of fire disgorged on the
fortress from the Spanish artil-
lery, and returned by general
Elliot, p. 73. The stupendous
works erected against it, de-
stroyed, p. 214. It is to be at-
tacked in a more jbrmidaWc
way than ever, p.' 316—the
grand attack, p. 323—the bat-
tering Jhips set on fire by red-
hot balls from the fortress, p.
325—the general confusion a-
mong these ships increased by
capt, turns'; gur.-L)cats, ibid.
captain with his marine
brigade hazard themselves to
rescue the distressed enemy from
surrounding destruction, p. 326.
The place relieved by lord
Howe, p. 330.
Cordon, lord George, advises the
protestant association to those
measures, which prove intro-
ductory to the most extraordi-
nary risings in London and West-
minster, vol. iii. p. 417. He
is taken up and committed to
the Tower, p. 423—tried and
acquitted, vol. iv. p. 70.
Grafton, the duke of, suddenly
quits administration, vol. ii. p.
Grasse, count dr, engages Sir Sa-
muel Hood, vol. iv. p. 132-—
arrives in the Chesapeak, and
afterward engages Graves, p.
182—fails for the West-Indies,
p. 199—attacks Hood, p. 235
—engages Rodney, p. 2 71 -—en-
gages him afresh, is defeated
and taken, p. 273^—lands at
Portsmouth, p. 280.
Graves, admiral, engages de Graste,
vol. iv. p. 182.
Greenr, general, addresses general
Washington, vol. ii. p. 65—
takes the command of the south-
ern army, vol. iii. p. 473. He
disapproves of the censure pass-
ed upon Gates by congress, p.
475—'the embarrassments at-
tending his command, vol. iv.
p/27—his answer to lord Corn-
ivallis's letter, p. 28—separates
his force through necessity, p.
30—fends Lee's partizan corps
to surprise George-toiun, p. 32
—leaves his own camp, hastens
to and joins general Morgan,
and directs'the route of his re-
treating troops, p. 38—forms
a junction with the other divi-
ston'of the army, p. 41—forms
a light army, and marches with
the main army for the Dan, p.
43—crosses it, p. 4^. He re-
crosses the Dan, p. 47—marches
'to Guilford court-house, and
prepares for action, p. 53—is at.
tacked by Cornivallis and forced
to retreat, p. 54—pursues his
lordship to Deep river, p. 58— ,
marches to South Carolina, p.
80—is attacked by lord Ramo-
don near Camden and obliged to
retreat, p. 83—writes freely to
governor Reed on the real state
of things, p. 87—proceeds to
Ninety Six, and besieges the gar-
• rison under col. Cruger, p. 92.
—raises the siege and is puiv
sued by Rawdon; soon after
pursues his lordship and offers
him battle, p. 96. He retires
to the High Hills of Saxtee, and-
from thence transmits his opi-
nion on Gates's defeat, p. 98
—his account of the miseries
attending the war in South Ca'
rolina, p. 99—his answer to
Balfour respecting the execution
of Hayne, p. 165—engages lieut.
col. Stewart at the Eutant
springs, p. 168—happily sup-
presses the spirit of mutiny a-
mong his troops, p. 172
writes to general Gould, p. 174
—his accounts of the dittrefles
of his army, p. 253. A few
strictures concerning him, p.
Grenada taken, vol. iii. p. 293. ■
Grenadier, a British, surprised and
made prisoner by an American
boy, vol. ii. p. 34c.
Grey, general, surprises general
Wayne in the night, vol. ii. p.
Grskvold fort, on Groton-hill,
taken by the British, voli, iv.
Hancock, Mr. John, is elected one
of the Boston representatives,
vol. i. p. 208—his Hoop Li-,
berty• seized-, p.-23 s—-a mob
collects on the occasion and be-
comes riotous, p. 232—the re-
port of the committee of the
Massachusetts house and council
respecting the riot, p. 235—
a suit commenced against Mr.
Hancock in the court of Admi-
ralty, but dropped, p. 240.
. Mr. Hancock is chosen president
of congress, vol. ii. p. 31 —
takes his leave of congress, vol.
ill. p. 18—is elected governor
of the Massachusetts state, upon
their new constitution, p. 498.
Hayne Isaac, colonel, executed by
the joint order of lord Raiudon
and colonel Balfour, the cafe
of, vol. iv. p. 102, 107.
Hertimer, general, defeated by Sir
John Johnson, vol. ii. p. 529.
Hessians defeated at Trenton, vol.
ii. p. 396.
Highlanders, and regulators of
North Carolina, imbody, but
are defeated, vol. ii. p. 209.
■ . 1 , a number of them,
. and lieut. col. Campbell, taken
in Boston-bay, vol. ii. p. 267.
Hood, Sir Samuel, engages deGraffe,
vol. iv. p. 132—arrives at San-
dy Hook, p. 181—attacked by
the count, p. 235—takes the
Vilk de Paris, count de Grasp's
(hip, p. 275—takes the Jason
2nd Ca to, p. 278.
Hojikins, commodore, returns from
his naval expedition, vol. ii.
p. 214—engages the Glasgow
man of war, p. 216—puts into
New London, p. 217.
Hostile preparations in different
parts of the Maflachusetts co-
lony, vol. i. p. 422—it is how-
ever hoped, that a!l differences
will be amicably settled without
bloodshed, p. 42 c.
Hostilities commence between Great
Britain and France, vol. iii. p.
Howe, general, prepares to attack
the Americans on Darchijler
Heights, vol. ii. p. r94—is pre-
vented by a storm, and con-
cludes upon evacuating Boston,
p. 196—the town evacuated, p.
198—his design of procuring
rice in Georgia frustrated, p.
211—arrives off New York, p.
277—lands his troops on Long
Island, p. 306—surprises and
defeats the Americans, p. 308
—makes a descent on Neiv Yark
island, p. 327—lands on Frog's-
neck, p. 3 j 6—attacks the Ame-
ricans at White Plains, p. 340
—returns to Kin,
344—takes Fort Washington, p.
348 leaves Brunswick and
takes the field, p. 469—returns
to Brunswick, which he evacu-
ates, and marches to Amboy, p.
471—unexpectedly moves to-
ward the American army, p.
473—-embarks his troops, p.
474—fails with his army, p.
492—lands his troops at Eli
ferry, p. 494—crosses the Bran-
dywine, attacks and defeats the
Americans, p. 509—amuses ge-
neral Washington, and unex-
pectedly crosses the Schuylkill
below him, p. 517—make* his
entry into Philadelphia, p. jii
—is honored by the officers
with a magnificent entertain-
ment, vol, ni. p. 89.
Howe, lord, arrives at Stolen
Island, and fends a flag to ge-
neral Washington, vol. ii. p.
301 — proposes a. conference
with some members of congress,
p. 321—the conference, p. 3:2
—fails with the fleet and army,
p. 492—arrives and anchors in
the Delaware, p. J19—is al-
. lowed to return to Britain, vol.
iii. p. 112—leaves the D ,'■-
•ware, p. 154—prepares to de-
fend the entrance into New York
harbour agalmt count d'Estain/s
fleet, p. 1.56—fails for the pre-
servation of Rhode Island, p.
I yg—sails for the relief of Gi-
braltar, vol. iv. p. 316—enters
the Straits, p. 328—relieves
Gibraltar and returns through
the Straits, p. 330—is attacked
by the combined fleets, and af-
terward left to pursue his voy-
age home, p. 331.
Hiiddy, captain Joshua, hanged,
vol. iv. p. 248.
Hughes, admiral, engages Mr. de
SufFrein, vol. iv. p. 266—en-
gages him afresh, p. 344—a
third and fourth time, p. 345
—the last time, p. 348.
Hurricanes at Jamaica, vol. iv. p. 6
—at Barbadoes, p. 7—at St.
Lucie, Grenada and St. Vincent,
liutcbinfon, judge, his " Brief state
of the claim of the colonies,
and the interest of the nation
with respect to them," vol. i.
p. 181—when governor he in-
troduces the subject of the par-
liament's supremacy into his
speech to the Massachusetts ge-
neral court, p. 320—by his bad
advice, betrays the ministry into
wrong measures, p. 433, 435—
his letters are discovered, vol.
ii. p. 28—his behaviour while
in the colony, p. 30.
Jamaica petitions the king in favor
of the colonies, vol. 1. p. 462
—the hurricane at that island,
vol. iv. p. 6.
Jay, Mr. elected to negotiate a
treaty of alliance with his Ca-
tholic majesty, vol. iii. p. 321
—his attempts ineffectual, vol.
iv. p. 13—delivers in proposi-
tions relative to an intended
treaty with Spain, p. 212—re-
pairs to Paris, p., 3 31 —refuses
treating with Mr. Oswald, till
the independence of the United ■
States is acknowledged in the
first instance, p. 332—has put
into hi? hands the copy of a lct-
ter to count de Vtrgennts, p.
333—gives Oswald a draught
of a commission that would fully
satisfy, and is jealous of the de-
signs of the French court, p.
Jealousies and prejudices among
the troops under general Wash-
ington, vol. ii. p. 304, 324,
Jersey, island, the attempt of the
French upon it defeated by the
bravery of major Pictson, vol.
iv. p. 68.
Independence, measures taken to
'forward the declaration of it,
vol. ii. p. 268—resolutions re-
'specting it, moved and second-
ed in congress, p. 274—the de-
'cldration of independence, p. 290.
Independents the, fee Congregati-
Indians, the Oneida, their speech
'to the Neiv England provinces,
vol. ii. p. 54—an answer of
the Stockbridge Indians to the
Massachusetts congress, p. 56—
the reply of the Massachusetts
congress, p. 58—Indian chiefs
at head quarters in Cambridge,
p. 141—congress commissioners
treat with the Indians, p. 431
—the Indians destroy the settle-
ments at Wyoming, vol. iii. p.
185—their hostile operations
elsewhere, p. 312.
Inquisition the, abolished in the
dominions of the duke of Ma-
de?ia, vol. iv. p. ie.
Instructions to the commissioners
at the court of France, vol. ii.
p. 373—to the American com-
missioners at different courts,
Johnson, Sir John, defeats general
Herkimer, vol. ii. p. 529.
■ —, Sir William, repulses the
French, vol. i. p. 134.
Johns/one commodore, sails' for the
East Indies, vol. iv. p. 147—
is -attacked by Mr. de Suffrein,