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should be fully and effectually vested in the genefaJ government of the Union: but the impropriety of delegating such extensive trust to one body of men is evident—Hence results the necessity of a different organization.

. It is obviously impracticable in the fcederal government of these States, to secure all rights of independent sovereignty to each, and yet provide for the interest and safety of all.—Individuals entering into society, must give up a share of liberty to preserve the rest. The magnitude of the sacrifice must depend as well on situation and circumstance, as on the object to be obtained. It is at all times difficult to draw with precision the line between those rights which must be surrendered, and those which may be reserved; and on the present occasion this difficulty was increased by a difference among the several States as to their situation, extent, habits, and particular interests.

In all our deliberations on this subject, we kept steadily in our view, that which appears to us the greatest interest of every true American, the consolidation of our Union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence. This important consideration, seriously and deeply impressed on our minds, led each State in the Convention to be less rigid on points of inferior magnitude,' than might have been otherwise expected j and thus the Constitution, which we now present, is the result of a spirit of amity, and of that mutual deference and concession which the peculiarity of our political situation rendered indispensible.

That it will meet the full and entire approbation of every State is not perhaps to be expected j but each will doubtless consider, that had her interests been alone consulted, the consequences might have been particularly disagreeable or injurious to others; that it is liable to as few exceptions as could reasonably have been expected, we hope and believe; that it may promote the lasting welfare of that country so dear to us all, and secure her freedom and happiness, is our most ardent wilh.

Wish great respect,

We have the honpr to be, SIR, Your Excellency's most obedient, And humble servants, GEORGE WASHINGTON, President. By unanimous Order of the Convention. His Excellency the President of Congress,

The constitution has been ratified by the conventions of more than nine states.

The End Of The Fourth And Lasj- Volume.

ERRATA.

Page 17, line 14, read two three years. P. 72, I. 14, read Straits. P. 107, 1. 10, read Phillips's. P. 116, 1. 26, for 160 read 33. P. 164, I. 30, read who were. P. 267, 1. 19, read 74 gun ships. P. 271, 1. 4, reeled. P. 324, 1. 2, reairaanded, P.340,1. 28, read of their. P. 347, ). 22, read were.

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AC T, the first, imposing customs on the colonies alone, to be collected by colonial revenue officers, vol. i. p. 42. ABs pasted by the Englijh parliament respecting the colonies, p. 100—by the British parliament, p. 102, 107, 108, 118, 149. The aB for better securing the king's dock yards, p. 323—for shutting up the port of Boston, p. 351— for regulating the government of the Massachusetts Bay, p. 352—for the impartial administration of justice, and the suppression of riots in the Massachusetts, p. 393— for making more eifectual provision for the government of Quebec, p. 35;—for restraining the commerce of the New England provinces, and for prohibiting their fishery, p. 462 —for confiscating all American ■property found upon the water, vol. ii. p. 210, 213—for pro

■ hibiting all intercourse with the Thirteen United Colonies, p. 235—for securing persons accused of high treason, or sus

. pected of piracy, p. 443.
■Aitioti, the naval, between the Bri-

■ tish and American fleets on lake
Champlain, vol. ii. p. 383—
between admirals Keppel and

• D'Orvilliers, vol. iii. p. 120 —Byron and d Estaing, p. 295

. --between the Serapis, capt.' Pearson, and the Bon Homme Richard, capt. Paul Jones, p, 297—between Sir George Rodney, and Don Langara, p. 407 —Rodney and de Guichen, p. 411—Sir Samuel Hood and count de Grasse, vol. iv. p. 131—-commodore Johnstone , and Mr. de Suffrein, p. 149— admirals Hyde Parker and Zoutman, p. 1 52—Graves and Grasse, p. 1,82—Hughes and Suffrein, p. 266—Rodney and de Grasse, p. 271, 273—lord Howe and the combined fleets, p. 331—Hughes and Suffrein,

P- 344» 34-5' 3+8..

Adams, Mr. 'John, is chosen to negotiate a treaty of peace with

. Great Britain, vol. iii. p. 321 —commissioned to be the American plenipotentiary to the. States General, vol. iv. p. 62 —presents a memorial to their high mightinesses, p. 80—pursues successful measures, and is acknowledged, p. 239—concludes a treaty of amity and commerce between the States

. General and the United States of America, p. 332—arrives at Paris, p. 338—writes in favor. of a compliance with the re

. commendation to be made by congress agreeable to the arti» cles.of peace, p. 350.

Adams, Air. Samuel, is chosen representative

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prefcntative for Boston, vol. i.
p. 205—his views to indepen-
dency, p. 34.7—his speech in
congress, p. 410—is alarmed,
left his views should be frustrat-
ed, vol, ii. p. 171.

Address, a joint one, of both houses
of parliament agreed to, vol. i.
4jj—but protested against
■ several lords, p. 461.

> of the general assembly of

the church ot Scotland, vol, ii.
p. 452.

Addrejses approving the acts of go-
vernment, and counter-petiti-
ons, vol. ii, p. 222.

Administration, a new one, formed in
1782, under the auspices of the
marquis of Rockingham, vol.
iv. p. 232.

As airs,' the, of the United States
in a ruinous condition, vol. iii.
p. 323.

Aithen, John, alias John the Pain-
ter, vol. ii. p. 44J.

Allen, colonel, surprises Tyconde-
nga, vol. H. p. 13—is taken
by Sir Guy Carleton, and put
into irons, p. 160.

Allied troops under general Wash-
ington arrive at the Head
as Eli, and within an hour af-
ter, hear of de Grasse's arrival,
Toi. iv. p. 186r—join the troops
under la Fayette, p. 187.

Ambassador, the French, presents
memorials to congress,, vol, iii,
p. 221,225.

- , the Spanish, the mar-
quis d'Almodovar, presents a
manifesto to the British minister,
vol. iii. p. 289.

American insulted! by several in
both houses of parliament, vol t
1. p. 467.

- some hundreds arrive
at Marblehead in cartel ships
from England, vol. iv. p. 295.

——■—; the number of, lost by

the war, vol. iv. p. 404.
American academy, of ' arts and

sciences, incorporated in Hit
Massachusetts, vol. iii. p. 398.

American army, the general return
of it, at Cambridge in the Mas-
sachusetts, vol. ii. p. 2 7. —•
They take possession of Plerzu-
ed-hill, p. 127—are visited frorn
neighbouring and distant, colo-
nies, p. 141—many sicken and
die, and others suffer much, p.
142.—They take possession of

Cobble-hill, p. 143 break

ground at Lechmere's point, p.
146.—They are changed by a

new inlistment, p. 172. A

scheme for destroying the array

when at New York, p. 276

They are defeated onLong-IJIand,
p. 309—evacuate the island, p.
313—their state afterward, p.
316, 323—.are stationed at dif-
ferent places, p. 325—evacuate
New York island, p. 339—are
guilty of great plunderings, p.
419—march toward the flra/i-
dyiuine, p. 494—are defeated
by the royal army, p. c-u—
surprise the royal troops at Ger-
man-town, p. 523—their dis-
tress at Valley -forge, vol. iii. p.
62—engage the royal troops
near Man mouth court-house, p.
141—their distress for want of
provision, p. 344,-are greatly
dissatisfied, p. 362.

:j .' army in Canada, their

misbehaviour, vol. ii. p. 2jo
—their distress when general
Thomas arrives and takes the
command, p. 251—they retreat
from before Quebec, p. 253-—
general Sullivan takes the com-
mand on the death of Thomas,
p. 254—they retreat up the Sty
res, and on to Cro,wn Paint, p.
259—remove to Mount Lniepeu,
denee, p. 31 o — evacuate the
northern posts, p. 480—their
force under general Schuyler,
p. 4887-are commarided by ge-
neral fates, aud engage the

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