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JjSl,hands of Timothy Pickering; esq; the American qtiar* ter master general, to the amount of 2113I. 6s. sterling, estimating the dollar at 4s. 8d. There being a manifest impropriety in the Americans stipulating for the return of the negroes, while they themselves were avowedly fighting for their own liberties, they' covered their intention of repossessing them, under these general terms with which the fourth article closed—" It is understood, that any property obviously belonging to the inhabitants of these states, in the possession of the garrison, shall be subject to be reclaimed." <,j The posts of York and Gloucester were surrendered on the 19th: The honor of marching out with colours ssying, which had been denied to gen. Lincoln, was now refused to lord Cornwallis; and Lincoln was appointed to receive the submission of the royal army at York Town, precisely in the same way his own had been conducted about 18 months before. The troops of every kind that surrendered prisoners of war, exceeded 7000 men; but such was the number of sick and wounded, that there were only 3800 capable of bearing arms. The officers and soldiers retained their baggage and effects. Fifteen hundred seamen partook of the fate of the garrison. The Guadaloupe frigate of 24 guns, and a number of transports were surrendered to the conquerors: about 20 transports had been funk or burnt during the siege. The land forces became prisoners to congress j but the seamen and ships were assigned to the French admiral. The Americans obtained a numerous artillery, 75 brass ordnance and 69 iron, cannon, howitzers and mortars.
Lord Cornwallis endeavoured to obtain permission liSs> for the Britissi and German troops to return to their respective countries, under engagements not to serve against France or America; and also an indemnity for those inhabitants who had joined him: but he was obliged to consent, that the former should be retained in the governments of Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland* j and that the latter, whose case lay with the civil authority of the states, should be given up to the unconditional mercy of their countrymen. His lordship however obtained permission for the Bonetta sloop of war to pass unexamined, which gave an opportunity of screening those of the royalists who were most obnoxious to the resentments of the Americans, He took care also to have it stipulated, that no article of tlie capitulation should be infringed on pretext of reprisal. His lordship, with all civil and military officers, except those of the latter who were necessarily left behind for the protection and government of the soldiers, were at liberty to go upon parole, either to Great Britain or New York. He acknowledged in his public letter, that the treatment which he and the army had received after the furrender, was perfectly good and proper. His lordship spake in these warm terms of the kindness and attention shown to them, by the French officers in particular-— Their deliberate sensibility of our situation, their generous and pressing offers of money, both public and private, to any amount, has really gone beyond what I ean possibly describe."
On the 20th of October, the American commander in chief, congratulated in general orders the army on the glorious event of the preceding day; and tendered
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*78''to the generals, officers and privates, his thanks in the warmest language. He with gratitude returned his fincere acknowledgments to gov. Nelson os Virginia, for the succours received from him and the militia under him. To spread the general joy in all hearts, he commanded that those of the army, who were under arrest, should be pardoned and set at liberty. The orders closed with—" Divine service shall be performed to-morrow in the different brigades and divisions. The commander in chief recommends, that all the troops that are not upon duty, do assist at it with a serious deportment, and that sensibility os heart which the recollection of the surprising and particular interposition of Providence in our favor claims." j The British fleet and army destined for the relief of
®* lord Cornwallis, arrived off the Chesapeak on the 24th;
**7 but on receiving authentic accounts of his surrender, they returned to New York. A few days after their first return, the fleet was increased by four ships of the line: but such was the superiority of the French by de Barras's junction with de Grasse, that nothing short of desperate circumstances could justify attempting a fresh engagement. These circumstances however existing, the British naval commanders used all possible expedition in refitting the ships, with the design of extricating Cornwallis and his army. The delay occasioned by this business seemed to be compensated by the arrival of the Prince William and Torbay men of war from Jamaica. It was determined that every exertion ssiould be used both by the fleet and army, to form a junction with the British force in Virginia. Sir Henry Clinton embarked with above 7003 of his best forces. It was neverthe