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before the side of the bridge nearest the veramente de quello che rappresenta," as right bank was completed, and great was she gratefully wrote to Tacca, and the late the lamentation over this delay amongst king's subjects were of the same opinion. those who were proud of the beauties of “La figure est une des plus ressemblantes the capital. “La fortune,” says Montaigne, que nous ayons d'Henri IV.,” records Sauval, "m'a fait grand desplaisir d'interrompre la who had conversed with the king's contembelle structure du Pont-Neuf de nostre grande poraries. The horse, however, was less adville, et m'oster l'espoir avant mourir d'en mired, being thought too heavy for its rider veoir en train de service." In 1604 the and its legs too short. It was not till 1635 Pont-Neuf was finished by Guillaume Mar- that the whole was placed on a magnificent chaud for Henri IV.: but up to his time pedestal guarded at the corners by four the piles for the wider branch of the bridge chained slaves, designed by the Florentine only reached to the level of the water. Its Luigi Civoli, and finished by his son-in-law, noble and beautiful proportions have been Bordoni. The blame of the long delay in sadly injured since then by lowering of the completing the work was laid upon the platform, and new arches being constructed Italian minister Concini, with the result that at a lower level than the old ones.
after his murder, when the people exhumed Henri was not satisfied with completing the his body after his hasty burial at St. Germain bridge itself; as soon as it was finished, he l'Auxerrois
, they dragged it through the mud began to build the Place Dauphine where to the Pont-Neuf, and hacked it to pieces at the bridge crossed the end of the island, and the foot of the statue which he had neemployed the Flemish Lintlaër to construct a glected. pump on one of the piers of the bridge, with The Revolution of 1792 melted down machinery to supply the Tuileries and Louvre horse and rider alike, to make cannon. The with the water, in which they had been hither- existing statue, by Lemot, only dates from to deficient. “L'eau de la pompe du Pont-Neuf the Restoration in 1818, and is made from est aux Tuileries,” Malherbe wrote in triumph the bronze of the destroyed statues of Napoon Oct. 3, 1608. The little Château d'Eau, leon in the Place Vendome and at Boulognein which the machine was contained, was sur-mer, together with that of General quite a feature in the river views, and on its Desaix, which stood in the Place des Vicfaçade toward the bridge it bore a sculptured toires. One of the inscriptions on the group called la Samaritaine, of Jesus receiv- pedestal is a copy of that belonging to the ing water from the woman of Samaria at original statue.
The reliefs represent Jacob's well, with a chiming clock which had Henri IV. entering Paris, and his passing great popularity.
bread over the walls to the besieged citizens. After the bridge was finished, when The Place Dauphine, which Henri IV. Henri IV. was at the height of his popu- surrounded by the brick and stone houses larity, it was decided to erect his statue on characteristic of his time, occupies, with the the central platform which was formed by Rue de Harlay, the site of the royal garden the islets recently united to the mainland. where St. Louis administered justice. Here, Franqueville, first sculptor to the king, was in the last days of the garden, Jean Robin, employed to make a model to be sent to arboriste et simpliciste du roy, cultivated the Florence for casting by John of Bologna ; first acacia, or robinier, a tree which has since but when the great sculptor received the spread over the length and breadth of model he began by the horse, and died in France. 1608 before he had proceeded farther. Pietro We are now facing the back of the pile of Tacca, his favourite pupil, took up his work, buildings occupying the site of the palace but had finished nothing when Henri IV. inhabited by many of the early sovereigns of was assassinated two years later, and though France. Even in Roman times there was a pressed hard by the Grand Duke, cousin of palace here, for it is evident from the alluMarie de Medicis, who gave 30,000 crowns sions in his Misopogon that Julian the Apos“de ses deniers propres " for the work, man tate lived, not, as has been often stated, at and horse were only completed in 1613. the Palais des Thermes, but upon the Island Then le colosse du grand roy Henry, as it was in the Seine. Thence he must have seen the called at the time, was brought by sea from lumps of ice floating down the river, which Leghorn to Havre, and thence by the Seine he compared to huge blocks of Phrygian to Paris, where it was raised to a temporary stone; there he tried to subdue the cold of pedestal on August 23. The widowed queen his chamber by a stove and was nearly suffowas enchanted with the resemblance,“ degna cated by its charcoal ; and there the troops,
revolting against Constantius II., surrounded, shops; or we may turn to the left by the at midnight, the palace where Julian was Quai de l'Horloge, named from what is still living with his wife Helena, and proclaimed the chief external feature of the palace, the him emperor. Relics of the strong wall Tour de l'Horloge, which has been restored which surrounded the Roman palace—the on its old lines, and is partially old. Its basilêia as Ammianus and Zosimus call it-great clock, with decorations by Germain existed till recent times at the corner of the Pilon, commemorates the oldest clock in Rue de Jerusalem, and remains of columns Paris, constructed by the German Henri Vic, belonging to an Ionic portico, facing the river, and erected by Charles V. Only part of were exposed when the new police courts the adjoining buildings is ancient. Two were built. Amongst the many other Roman round towers—de Cesar and de Montgommemorials unearthed here we may notice a ery-retain little that is really old, though cippus adorned with figures of Mercury, his they have been reconstructed in the style of mother Maia, Apollo, and another god, which the fourteenth century. The latter commemowas discovered at the western end of the rates the tower, pulled down in 1776, where island.
the Earl of Montgomery was imprisoned It is certain that several of the early kings after fatally wounding Henri II. at a tourof Paris, from the time of Dagobert, lived upon nament and where Ravaillac, murderer of the island of La Cité. There the priest Hera- Henri IV., and Damiens, who attempted to clius visited Clotaire, and there his queen In- murder Louis XV., spent their last days. A goberge reproached him for his infidelities third tower, called Tour d'Argent, encloses with the sisters Marcovêse and Méroflède, con- the bell called Tocsin du Palais, which retemptuously pointing out to him their father, peated the signal for the Massacre of St. a common workman, who was busied in wash- Bartholomew, given by St. Germain l'Auxering the palace linen in the Seine, at the rois. bottom of the garden. It was in the island Reaching the eastern portion of the palace, palace that Fredegonde shut herself up after we find ourselves at the grille of the Cour the murder of Chilperic, flying thence after a time, for greater security, to the church of Notre-Dame. The Roman building appears to have lasted till the time of Comte Eudes, who defended Paris from the Normans, and he rebuilt the palace as a square fortress, defended by lofty towers, and having a façade with four great round-headed arches flanked by two-story bastions, of which the remains were discovered when the Cour de Harlay was pulled down : this palace of Count Eudes was called the Palais Nou
Louis le Gros and Louis le Jeune, who endowed respectively chapels of St. Nicolas and of Notre-Dame de l'Etoile in the palace, both died within its walls. Raoul Glaber describes how (1186) Philippe Auguste loved to lean from the window of the great hall and watch the Seine. In the palace vestibule, or in its garden under an oak, St. Louis administered justice in the plaids de la porte.
But the mention of St. Louis urges us to hasten on to the buildings of his time. The façade towards the Place Dauphine only dates from 1869, when it was designed by M. Duc. To gain the main entrance of the palace we can either turn to the right by the
La Sainte Chapelle. Quai des Orfèvres, which recalls St. Eloy, the goldsmith minister, who settled here in d'Honneur or Cour du Mai. On the left, the primitive time of Dagobert, and which three vaulted passages lead to the Sainte was afterwards entirely lined by jewellers' Chapelle, which, in spite of a restoration
almost amounting to renewal, is still one of administering justice in the same way. the most beautiful buildings in France. It was Most of the buildings erected after the fire of the reception of the crown of thorns from 1776 perished during the savage and ignorant Jean de Brienne, Emperor of Constantinople, furies of the Commune in 1871. The only and a great portion of the true cross from his important remnant of antiquity now remainsuccessor Baudouin, which made St. Louis de- ing is a vaulted hall of the time of St. Louis termined to build a shrine worthy to contain with four large chimneys at its angles, them. Pierre de Montereau was employed which goes by the name of les Cuisines de as an architect, and the Sainte Chapelle, be- St. Louis. gun in 1242, was finished in 1247. The two From the time of St. Louis, Parliament stories of the building, forming two chapels, shared the palace with the king, and after were consecrated April 25, 1248, the upper the accession of Henri II., who lived entirely under the title of St. Couronne and St. Croix, at the Hôtel des Tournelles, it was left in the lower under that of St. Marie. Each is sole possession. But the Parliament perished preceded by a wide porch, the sculptures of with the Revolution, which it had contributed the lower referring to the Virgin, those of to bring about. Suspended by a law of the upper to Christ. In the lozenges of the Nov. 3, 1789, it was suppressed on the 29th stylobate of the columns, the lilies of France of August following. Then the massacres alternate with the towers of Castile, in in the prisons were organized in the former honour of Queen Blanche, mother of St. Louis. hôtel of its President, and the tribunal of No external staircase led to the upper chapel, executioners sat in the Cour de Mai, at the for it was the royal oratory, and its porch foot of the grand staircase, opposite what only communicated on the north with the was then the principal entrance to the Congalleries of the palace. We may still see ciergerie. M. de Montmorin, the former the niches under the windows of the fourth governor of Fontainebleau; Bachmann, the bay on either side of the nave, containing major of the Swiss guard, and seven of his the places of honour reserved for the king officers, were the first victims, sentenced and and queen,
of the little tourelles at executed here on the spot. Then, for twentythe sides of the shrine still contains the stair four hours, the palace was given up to maswhich was ascended by St. Louis, to take sacre, in the corridors, in the courts, in the from its tabernacle the crown of thorns, cells. Most of the prisoners were killed without which he alone was permitted to exhibit to any examination. If thirty-six were allowed the people waiting below, through a large to escape, it was because they were known to pane of glass purposely inserted in the be thieves, or assassins of the worst descrip bottom of the window behind the altar. It tion. The women were spared, only one out is recorded that when St. Louis was in Paris, of seventy being executed with the most rehe would rise to pray three times in the fined tortures—the bouquetière of the Palais night, always approaching the altar on his Royal, who had mutilated a French guard, knees. As an old chronicler says of the her lover. From March, 1791, the revoluSainte Chapelle—"c'étoit son arsenal contre tionary tribunal met in the Grand Chamber, toutes les traverses du monde.”
which — much altered otherwise- still reVery little of the ancient palace remains. tained the vaulted roof of Louis XII. The The beautifulGothic buildings of the sixteenth president sate beneath a bust of Socrates, to century, erected by Louis XII., which sur- which busts of Le Pelletier and Marat were rounded the Cour du Mai, after having long added after their death. It was here that been much mutilated, totally perished in the Charlotte Corday, Marie Antoinette, the Githree fires of 1618, 1737, and 1776. These rondins, Madame Roland, and hundreds of fires also destroyed the halls of St. Louis; the others, were tried in turn, in sittings by Hôtel Isabeau, once occupied by the faithless day and night, whence Fouquier emerged wife of Charles VI. ; the rooms in which so fatigued with his horrible task, that he the Burgundians (June 10, 1467) seized the could scarcely drag himself to his own rooms Comte d'Armagnac, Constable of France, the near the Conciergerie, which the secretaries Chancellor Henri de Masle, and others, and of the procureur général occupy now. So dragged them forth to murder them “ bien dazed was he with the blood he poured out, inhumainement;" the “Grand Salle," which that one day, passing the Pont-Neuf with beheld the coronation banquet of Henri VI. Séran, he declared that instead of water he of England as King of France ; and the rooms saw the Seine rolling blood. In the Conin which Louis the XII. tried to imitate St. ciergerie, which now occupies the lower story Louis, sleeping in the same chamber, and of the right wing of the building, we may
still see the cell where Marie Antoinette suf- self in the prison at the time, says, fered her seventy-five days agony. There cette nuit affreuse retentit de leurs chants, et also still exists the hall where the Girondins s'ils les interrompaient c'était pour s'entretenir spent their last night, when, as Riouffe, him- de leur patrie.
(To be concluded next month.)
BIBLE CHARACTERS. BY THE LATE CHARLES READE, D.C.L., AUTHOR OF “It's NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND,” ETC.
But ridicule is wonderfully stinging to SINGLEHEART, BUILDER.
those who are not hardened to it by use, 'HEN this wise man strengthened zeal with and he felt it bitterly; he appealed to God
method. Under his advice each power to judge these scorners, and went on buildful man took his own piece of the dilapidated ing. wall, and repaired it with his people.
Then the heathen leaders dropped their This may seem a small thing to hasty sorry jests, and prepared to attack the readers, but it was a master-stroke of genius. builders with armed men, and so crush the Not only was it a grand division of labour, work with violence and blood. So sure of but it animated the work with a noble emu- the result were they that they let out their lation and a personal pride. “See how fast tactics. They said: “These builders shall my work goes on!” “See how well my not see us, nor know at what part to expect piece is done! “Now, my sons, gird up us ; in a moment we will be in the midst of your tunics, or Rephaiah the son of Hur will them, and slay them, and cause the work to get ahead of us.'
cease.” There were forty-six building parties, and leading women amongst them, the daughters
SINGLEHEART, CAPTAIN. of Shallum, a powerful man. I apprehend Fore-warned fore-armed. Nehemiah inthe individual builders were not less than stantly withdrew a number of men from the three thousand; so the walls began to rise works, and armed them to the teeth, and like an exhalation.
disposed them in stations as for the defence The good cannot monopolise foresight. of a city. He also girt a sword on every Evil men soon see when their interests are builder, and put a javelin into one of his threatened. The heathen leaders showed hands. Then he took a lofty station, with their teeth at once; but at first they under a band of warriors round him, and a trumrated the power of zeal under a wise and peter by his side. He circulated an order earnest leader. Their weapon was scorn. that wherever the trumpet should sound, Sanballat, Tobiah, and Geshem inquired thither all his men should run, with their ironically whether Nehemiah meant to take weapons, from every side. the place of Artaxerxes. Nehemiah replied, So wrought they, trowel in one hand, “I am God's servant, and mind your own javelin in another, swords by their side, and business ; you have no portion, nor right, a great leader's eye over all; and one-half nor memorial in Jerusalem.”
their force paraded with shield and spear When the walls began to rise as if by "from the rising, of the
morn till the stars magic, Sanballat got frightened, but still appeared at eve." At night they all watched brazened out his anxiety with ridicule. under arms, and no man put off his clothes “What are these feeble Jews up toWill except to wash them. Night and day were they fortify themselves? Will they set up one to these gallant men till the mighty work their sacrifices again? Will they turn the was done : so can the spirit of a great leader rubbish back into stones to build with ?” animate a host, and make each pawn a
“A stone wall,” says Tobiah, “ay, the knight, each mason a hero. sort of wall a fox couldn't clamber over with- The heathen leaders swallowed their boast, out knocking it down."
and never made a single attack. By that We writers get used to this sort of criti- means they saved their skins, for if they had cism after some great exhausting labour; attacked a weak part of the walls
, Nehemiah and I should not have thought Nehemiah would have seen them from his elevation, would have much minded such sneers. and run to meet them with his picked men,
sounding the trumpet as he ran. Then his you pretend ; you are feigning them all out soldiers and armed builders would have run of your own heart.” in upon the foe from every side, and cut From that hour the enemy resigned all them to pieces in a moment. So the heathen direct attacks on him, but still endeavoured leaders did not fight, but tried assassina- to detach a few friends from him, and here tion.
they had some success, having intermarried
with Jewish families. SINGLEHEART, POLITICIAN.
HIS CHIVALROUS SPIRIT. Sanballat and Geshem sent a friendly message to decoy Nehemiah to his death. The worst trap of all was now laid for “Come,” said they, “why should we quarrel him: a singularly wicked one, to catch him over the matter? No doubt we can come to
to some friendly arrangement. Meet us in the know God's will in all things. The prophet plains of Ono; there are several villages told a great danger, and that he could
Shemaiah and the prophetess Noadiah forethere ; choose which you like for this amic- it only by shutting himself up in the Temple able meeting."
Sorry schemers! Fancy these shallow and closing the doors. This time, with all traitors sending this to an Oriental states his sagacity, he did not divine treachery. man !—a bare hook without a bait. He did Not his wisdom, but his high spirit
, saved not condescend to be angry, or show them Singleheart from this trap. he saw through them. He parried the pro- am flee? And what man, intrusted with
"What !” said he, “shall such a man as I posal with cool contempt. "I am doing a great work; why should I leave it and inter-God's work, would skulk into the Temple rupt it to come to you ?”
merely to save his life? They sent a similar message four times.
"I WILL NOT GO IN.” Then Nehemiah did a first-rate thing. In- Talk of lines like the sound of a trumpet : stead of varying his reply in the least, he why, this was to speak thunder-bolts and act sent the same formula four times, and I am lightning. Here we see in action what the all admiration at this; for, after all, when heathen poet taught in noblest song, you have given a good answer, why admit
“ Summum crede nefas animam præferre pudori a shadow of imperfection in that Et propter vitam vivendi perdere causas.” answer by altering a word or two. And After Singleheart had escaped this trap by then how like a rock it makes a man seem, his courage and his fidelity to a single purto give the waves but one answer: immov- pose, he found that these prophecies came ability, whether they surge up or ripple up, from lying prophets suborned by Tobiah and come at him smiling or foaming.
Sanballat. Irritated by this granite contempt, San- Then in the spirit of his dispensation he ballat deviated from the Oriental into the invoked on their heads the curse of that God ruffian; he did what corresponds in our day they had blasphemed. to sending an abusive post card. He actually After a feeble attempt to work upon the sent a letter, wide open, for everybody to Jews they had intermarried with, Tobiah read before it reached Nehemiah, and thus and Sanballat disappear from the narrative. ran this ill-bred pagan's lines :
The walls of Jerusalem were rebuilt in “It is reported among the heathen, and fifty-two days, and Singleheart gave the Gashmu confirms it, that you and the Jews glory to God. Taking the work and the mean to rebel against Artaxerxes, and that time together, is there a parallel to this you have built the wall with this object, and achievement? The Chinese Wall and the to be king yourself; and that you have great Pacific Railway are far greater works, bribed prophets to say there is a king in and much of the latter was built the pick in Jerusalem. We shall report all this to Ar- one hand and the revolver in the other. taxerxes unless you meet us as invited, and But then these vast works took years to come to terms with us.
complete. This open letter was well calculated to Looking at the size of the city, the great alarm. Lies of the sort sent from Jerusalem height and breadth of the walls, it was an had ere now poisoned the monarch's mind in enormous work, much greater than the Persia, and arrested a good work in Judea London Law Courts that have taken a dozen for many a long day.
years to build-greater than the cathedral Nehemiah sent him back an open letter in of Cologne, which has been centuries in return. “There are no such things done as / hand. And when you consider that these