« ZurückWeiter »
On the neighbouring grouse-shootings these managed, with the keeper's aid, and after birds are unmercifully shot down. But for some hard work, to reach the nest and clamwhatever cause the golden eagle is protected, ber into it. I was much delighted to find I trust the day is far distant which will that it was occupied by two well-grown see the last of its kind destroyed.
eaglets. Savage-looking fellows they were After four hours' very tiresome tramping, as they hobbled off towards the edge of the we reached the glen where the eagle's nest nest farthest from that on which I sat, and was situated. Here, in a hollow, surrounded menaced me with their sharp claws and by three large mountains, is a remnant of beaks. The nest was some seven feet across the ancient Caledonian pine-forest which once and almost flat, except in the centre, where it covered the whole surrounding country. was slightly hollowed out. The larder conNoble trees these survivors are, rising to a tained a partially-devoured blue hare and great height, with glittering bronze-like remains of ptarmigan and grouse. As I sat trunks, and crowned by masses of dark green there enjoying the unwonted position, and foliage.
trying in vain to induce the young eagles to When about a mile distant, as we were come nearer, they all at once looked fixedly making our way slowly througla the deep in one direction and set up a loud clamour. heather, an eagle rose from the trees and, In a little while I heard a loud yelp, and after a few bold circles, sailed off towards the looking up saw the old eagle wheeling round nearest hill, over the crest of which she soon and evidently much excited at this invasion disappeared. Even at this distance we could of her home. After circling about for some make out the huge nest placed near the sum- little time and making the valley re-echo mit of a dead pine-tree. This tree, stripped with her loud screaming, she flew off and of leaves and bark, and bleached white by disappeared. Soon after this I descended, the action of the sun and rain, stood like and loth to leave such a picturesque scene, a gaunt skeleton among its fellows. Near we sat talking for an hour at the foot of the the summit and about fifty feet from the tree. This is, as far as I am aware, the ground was the nest. It was built of goodly only instance in Scotland of the golden eagle sized pine-branches, and measured about nesting in a tree. We then made our way eight feet in depth. It had evidently been back to the hut, which we reached at midthe work of many years, as the layers at its night. base were much older-looking than those After two more days spent
with the keeper near the top. The topmost layer was quite in the "Barren Hollow," I gave up the fresh, the branches being still covered with quest, and so ended my seventh unsuccessful half-withered leaves.
attempt to find the nest of the snow-bunting. Being desirous of a closer inspection, I
BY THE LATE CHARLES READE, D.C.L.
II. - AIDS TO FAITH.
OF a remarkable phenomenon the cause or
The Bible contains many things that causes must be remarkable. Any hum- were hard to believe at the time, and many drum explanation of a marvel denounces itself; things that are very hard to believe now. in the matter of solution "inadequate" means It was the prophecies, I think, that en“unscientific."
countered the most reasonable incredulity Perhaps the wisest plan will be not to at the date of their delivery ; but now it hurry to an explanation, but examine the is the histories, or portions of them; for phenomenon in detail, and that may give in our day so many of the prophecies
, us glimpses of a real and sufficient solution. minute and improbable at the time, have
been fulfilled to the letter, that old proTHE CHARACTERS OF SCRIPTURE ARE A phecy tends to convert the reason to faith. PART OF ITS TRUTH, AND AIDS TO REASON- Well
, in a minor degree the close study of ABLE FAITH IN A MATTER WHERE FAITH IS character in Scripture commends to our A BOON AND DISBELIEF A CALAMITY. reason the truth" of many strange incidents with which these true characters are character-dialogue so thoroughly as the reindissolubly united.
corded miracle does with all its details ; yet This is mere preliminary discourse, so an the character-dialogue bears Truth engraved example or two must serve. Many more on its face, and so it becomes one of the aids will follow, if God should enable a broken to Faith—a humble one of course. old man to complete the work he has had John relates that Mary Magdalene told the hardihood to begin.
Peter and the other disciple Christ's sepulWell, then, we are told in Judges, chap- chre was open, and his body risen again, ter xiii., that an angel, in the likeness of a and immediately both those disciples ran man, foretold to Manoah, and also to his to the sepulchre ; the other disciple outran wife, that they should have a son, who Peter, and got there first, but hesitated at should deliver Israel. The hospitable pair the entrance; then Peter came up and desired to feast this friendly prophet with a rushed in at once, and the other followed kid. But he declined, and advised them to him. offer it to God. So they offered the kid as Now John did not trouble himself to aca burnt-offering. Lo! as the fire rose high, count for this apparent inconsistency in the their visitor went up in the flame, and then rapidity of those two disciples; he merely melted into the air. They fell trembling on recorded the facts. But we, who study his their faces, quivering with terror.
lines far more than he ever studied them, This is a miracle ; we never see miracles come to this passage with the knowledge (1) nowadays; and as it is natural, though falla- that Peter was not a youth, and (2) that he cious, to think our narrow experience is the was the most ardent and impetuous of all experience of all time and place, we find it the apostles. We therefore see what John very hard to believe them.
does not indicate, the true significance of the But please follow this narrative into cha- two seemingly incongruous facts he records racter.
so simply; it was just this—the younger legs “And Manoah said unto his wife, We got first to the outside of the tomb; the shall surely die, because we have seen God.' more ardent and impetuous character rushed
“But his wife said to him, 'If the Lord first into the awe-inspiring place where his were pleased to kill us, he would not have Lord had lain. This stroke of character, unreceived a burnt-offering and a meat-offering consciously revealed by simple statement of at our hands, neither would he have showed fact, lays hold of our reason and aids it-s0 us all these things, nor would as at this time far as it goes—to believe a thing that would have told us such things as these.'
be utterly incredible but for the weight and A great emergency always reveals people's variety of the evidence, cotemporary, concharacters, and here are two characters sud- tinuous, and monumental. denly developed in a pair that looked alike till Mary and Martha of Bethany are prethen; but now one is all blind, superstitious sented to us in three fragments of narrative terror, the other all clear logic and good -one by Luke, two by John, and no appasense. Was this invented, and blind super-rent concert between the writers—indeed, a stition assigned to the male, clear logic to clear absence of it. the female ? And that in the East, where In the first passage, which is by Luke, women were deemed inferior, and by sure they appear, one as a bustling housewife, the consequence made inferior.
other à pious student; very distinct chaYouth has its difficulties; but so has scep-racters, though both thoroughly feminine ; ticism. Learned reason cannot readily be- and there Luke leaves them (Luke x. 38—42) lieve that an Oriental writer invented this In the second passage, which is by John, un-Oriental dialogue.
bereavement effaces their superficial distincReason suggests that this character-dia- tion for a time, and they are all tender logue was really spoken by some superstitious woman (John xi. 21-25). man and logical woman.
In the third passage the key-note, struck Well, but if so, apropos of what were both by Luke, is returned to by John, and the speeches spoken
women seem to differ entirely in his page Clearly it was apropos of something strange as they had done in Luke's (John xii. 2, 3). and thrilling that had stirred these two characters to their depths, and elicited the
BEFORE THE SICKNESS OF LAZARUS. hitherto unsuspected superiority of the wife, though Oriental.
“And a certain woman named Martha It is hard to find a fact that could fit this received him into her house. And she had à sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus' This solution is incredible, and no man feet and heard his word. But Martha was sees its absurdity more clearly than a veteran cumbered about much serving, and came to writer of Fiction ; such a man knows the him, and said, 'Lord, dost thou not care artifices of art and the limits of art. Now that my sister hath left me to serve alone? here the artifices are absent, and the limits bid her, therefore, that she help me (Luke surpassed. x. 38—40).
No, the sisters of Bethany were real creaMary, not a word.
tures, written piecemeal by two independent
writers, who each recorded what little he WHEN LAZARUS WAS LYING DEAD.
knew about them. Martha, who was the greater gossip, and Thus handled, they differ from each other heard news soonest, ran to meet Jesus out- in domestic character, but agree in the deeper side the village, and at sight of him the first affections, and they never differ so much cry of her true woman's heart was, “Lord, if from each other as they both do from the thou hadst been here, my brother would not male of our species. have died.”
But in truth nobody doubts that these An hour later Mary heard he was in the were real characters that differed, and real village, and she ran, the gentle Mary, and hearts that agreed. clung passionately to his knees; and what What has not been universally observed was the first cry of her woman's heart ? is that the reality of the characters is inse“Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother parable from the truth of the narrative, and would not have died."
stands or falls with it. The very words Martha had spoken : and The whole record occupies only five verses if you ask me why such opposite characters in Luke and fourteen in John, and the cha. said the same thing, I must reply out of racters are not created on the modern plan; Molière : “Ne voyez vous pas que c'est la they exist only by the facts. Try to believe Nature pure qui vous parle ? "
the characters, yet doubt the facts ; you will Calamity effaces even broad distinctions, find you cannot really do it. If you are as if they lie above the hearts. Behold the honest and resolute as the thing deserves, bustling housewife and the gentle student you will come to this : either both the chaequally merged in loving, trusting woman ! racters are a daring fiction concocted miracu(John xi. 21—32).
lously by a fisherman and a doctor, writing
in different places and at different times, or AFTER LAZARUS WAS RESTORED TO LIFE.
else the facts, which exhale the characters Jesus came to Bethany, and supped with like a rose its perfume, are as true as those that family he had made the happiest in characters are. Judæa. Lazarus was amongst those who sat If the Old and New Testament, looked at meat.
into, should be found to teem with examples Martha served.
of this sort, was I wrong to say that "the Mary took a pound of ointment of spike- characters of Scripture are a part of its truth, nard—very precious—and anointed the feet and aids to reasonable faith in a matter of Jesus (John xii. 2, 3).
where faith is a boon and unbelief a caNow, did physician Luke sit down in one lamity ?" place and coin these two names, and invent But if the characters of Scripture are both their characters, so opposite in household a marvel of the mind and also aids to faith, matters ?
surely we ought to give up skimming them, Did fisherman John sit down in another and study them. Put them at their lowest, place, and adopt Luke's names, yet out of they are a gold mine; and in that mine surhis own invention present Luke's bustling face-washing has been productive; but to housewife and his absorbed student as one dig is better. woman in the depths of the heart ?
I begin purposely with one of the smaller Did this same John afterward go back in characters. A place is not vouchsafed him his invention, Heaven knows how, to Luke's in the old collections of Bible characters, and key-note, and present his one-hearted mourn- even of late he has been disposed of in a ers as women differing greatly in every day page or two as one of “the lesser lights.” life, and especially in their way of honouring But who knows? we may rate him higher a beloved guest ?
if we study, not skim him. (To be continued.)
III.— THE MARAIS. THE Marais is
, as a whole, the oldest part ford, regent of France after the death of of Paris, and the Place des Vosges is the Henry V., lived in the Hôtel des Tournelles, heart of the
and kept flocks Marais. Ima
peacocks gined by Sully,
and multitudes carried out by
of rarer birds Henri IV., in
in its gardens. its early ex
There also he istence as the
established the Place Royale,
royal library this was one of
of the Louvre, the most cele
of which he brated squares
had become in Europe. The
the possessor, site had been
and which he previously oc
afterwards cupied by the
carried to Eng. palace called
land, and there Hôtel des Place des Vosges.
he lost his Tournelles, a
beautiful wife, name derived from the endless turrets with | Anne de Bourgogne, buried close by, in the which its architect had loaded it, either for Célestins, under an exquisite monument. ornament or defence. Pierre d'Orgemont, Whenever Louis XI. visited Paris, the hôtel chancellor of France, built the first stately was his residence, and it was there that, in house here in 1380, and bequeathed it to his 1467, he received his queen, Margaret of Scotson, who was bishop of Paris. The bishop land. In his later life, however, Louis XI. only sold it, in 1402, to Jean, Duc de Berry, one cared to live in Touraine, where he died at of the uncles of Charles VI., from whom it Plessis les Tours, and his son, Charles VIII., passed to his nephew, the Duc d'Orleans, and made his home exclusively at Blois, of which from him to the king. In its original state, he had watched the building. But Louis XII. the hôtel stood like a country-house in a always liked the Hôtel des Tournelles, where wood called the Parc des Tournelles, which he spent his happiest days with his beloved has left a name to the Rue du Parc-Royal. Anne of Brittany. Thither he returned after “En cet hostel,” says Dubreul in his “Théâtre his third marriage with Mary of England, the des Antiquitez de Paris," "s'allaient récréer young wife who so entirely upset all his oldsouventefois nos Roys, pour la beauté et fashioned ways—forcing him to dine at 12, commodité dudit lieu.” The Duke of Bed- instead of 8 o'clock A.m., and to go to bed at midnight, instead of at 6 P.M.—that she caused to pay an annual tax of a golden crown, so his death in a few months. He expired at that only 36 gold crowns were received for the Hôtel des Tournelles on January 2, 1515, the 36 pavillons surrounding the square. At where the crieurs du corps rang their bells the same time the king opened the four streets round the hotel where the dead king lay, and leading to the square; the Rue du Parc Royal, cried lamentably, "Le bon roi Louis, père du the Petite Rue Royale, afterwards called the peuple, est mort!” The two successors of Pas-de-la-Mule, and the Rue de la Coulture Louis, François I. and Henri II., were so St. Catherine, and he erected the two central occupied with the building of their country pavillons on the south and north, which were chateaux at Fontainebleau, Compiègne, Ram- called respectively Pavillon du Roi and Pavilbouillet, St. Germain, Chambord, &c., that lon de la Reine. Every day, whilst he was at they only came to the Hôtel des Tournelles Paris, Henri IV. came himself to visit and stifor the tournaments, which, in earlier days, mulate the workmen, and when he was at Fonhad taken place in the grounds of the Hôtel tainebleau he wrote constantly to Sully to beg de St. Paul, but were now transferred to the him to urge them on. “Je vous recommande Rue St. Antoine. It was in a tournament la Place Royale,” he would add to his letters of this kind, held in honour of the marriage on other subjects. Coming one day to look of Elizabeth of France with Philip II. of at the work, he was mortified to find that Spain, that Henri, bearing the colours of one of the private individuals to whom he Diane de Poitiers, in tilting with the Comte had allotted a site was vaulting in stone the de Montgomery, captain of the body-guard, portico under his house, which the king in received a wound in the eye, of which, ten his own building had only ceiled with wood. days after, he died in great agony, in the old Mortified to be outdone by a subject, he conpalace, through which the people of Paris sulted his mason, who cleverly propitiated poured for many days, to visit his body, the royal pride by promising to imitate the lying in a chapelle ardente.
superior work in plaster so well that no one After this catastrophe the kings of France would find out the difference. Henri declared abandoned what they considered the ill- that as soon as it was ready for him he should omened Hôtel des Tournelles. The insist- come and inhabit the Pavillon du Roi, but the ance of Catherine de Médicis, widow of square was unfinished at the time of his death Henri II., even procured an order for the in 1610, and it only opened with great magnidestruction of the hôtel, but it was only ficence five years later, on the occasion of the carried out as regarded that part of the build marriage of Elizabeth, sister of Louis XIII., ing where the king had died, and a fragment with the Infant of Spain. It was the splendid of the palace was still existing in 1656, when court fête then given which made the new it was sold to the Filles de Sainte-Croix. In square become at once the fashion, and the 1578 a horse-market occupied part of the Place Royale remained the centre of all that grounds of the hôtel, and it was there that was most aristocratic till the financial world the famous Combat des Mignons took place, invaded it at the end of the seventeenth cenand was fatal to several of the unpopular tury. In the proudest time of the square, favourites of Henri III.
however, the celebrated Marion de Lorme Henri IV. had used the last existing re- inhabited the pavillon which had been purmains of the palace to hold two hundred chased by the Duc de la Meilleraie, and there Italian workmen, whom he had brought from she died in 1650, and, in the words of Talletheir own country in the beginning of the mant des Réaux, “On la vit morte, durant seventeenth century that they might establish vingt-quatre heures, sur son lit, avec une the manufacture of stuffs woven with gold couronne de pucelle. and silver tissue in France. At that time With the comparative lawlessness of the Henri had already formed the idea of making times, though Louis XIII. had issued severe the Marais the handsomest quarter of Paris. ordinances for the repression of duelling, not The plans adopted for the Place Royale were only were duels of frequent occurrence in those furnished by the austere Huguenot An- the Place Royale, but the balconies and wintoine du Cerceau. The king built the side dows of the square used to be filled with towards the Hôtel de Sully (in the Rue St. spectators to witness them, like a theatrical Antoine) entirely at his own expense, and representation in broad daylight. Six of then conceded plots of land on the other sides the noblest young gentlemen of the court to his courtiers, on condition of their erecting fought thus, with fatal results, on May 12, houses at once, according to the designs they 1627. The last duel in the Place Royale was received, each landowner only being required that of the Duc de Guise and the Comte de