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been so fond of speaking in the first person, or so liberal in beslowing encomiums on their own works and characters. Neither have they exhibited their own experiences, or their own good feelings, with a view to render their doctrines popular, or to give support to their sentiments. For the truth of this, an appeal is made to their writings. And truly the great and most important doctrines, that look forward to eternity, qught first to be clearly supported by divine revelation. As to self-commendation, several thousand years ago, Solomon has told us, Let another man • praise thee, and not thine own mouth; a stranger, and not ihine own lips.'*
I am, &c.
* Prov. 27. 2.
END OF PART 1
Universalism confounds and destroys itself,
Pr. Chauncy's, Mr. Winchester's, Mr. Petitpierre's, and Med.
Dr. Young's Scheme, which supposes a limited punishment hereafter, shown to be made up of contradi&tions.
LETTER I. Mr. Winchester, following Dr. Chauncy, holds that all men
are saved by Grace, and, in contradition to this, that the damned suffer all they deserve.
MY DEAR FRIEND,
would have found an anfwer to Mr. Winchester's dia. logues. So, have saved yourself the trouble of your last request to me. There appears nothing material in those dialogues, on universal refloration, but what we find in Dr. Chauncy's falvation of all men. An answer to the latter is of course an an. (wer to the former. And Dr, Edwards has given a complete answer, it is thought, to Dr. Chauncy." This makes it needless to attend minutely to things in Mr. Winchester's book; but on. ly to state some of his leading ideas, compare them together, and see their consequences. In this case it will be moft expedient, somewhat to pattern after Dr. Edwards in his reply to Dr. Chauncy.
Mr. Winchester holds that all men are saved by grace, and saved wholly by the grace of God. • The Gospel of the Grace
of God,' he says, 'is in itself so amiable, and has something in • it so attracting and engaging, that wherever it has come, gained proselites.- It bringeth falvation to all men. By all men, is to be understood every individual of the human race. It has • been too good news for some, and too bad for others. And * the objections they have raised against the univerfality of its grace, and fulleft extent of its efficacy and mercy, have been many and great."* Thus he prefaces his book. He * P. 1. Hudson Edition : Printod 2793. From which all the foUqwing quotations
He says again,' It is not so much the intention of God, mere• ly to restrain fin, as to show it in all its dreadful deformity,
punish it according to its desert, and finally to hew the superabounding of his grace in overcoming and totally destroying it • out of his creation ; which shall be accomplished, when he that
fitteth upon his throne shall make all things new.'* By these words, to restrain fin,-punish it according to its desert,' &c. Mr. W.means, to restrain finners, and punish them according to their defert. He has suggested no such idea in his book, that fin separate from finners, is punished. Beside, by the words, 'to • shew the super-abounding of his grace in overcoming and to• tally destroying it,' that is fin; he evidently means the super, abounding of divine grace toward finners, in their complete restoration or salvation. The same which he often advances. Hence, he ascribes the salvation of men to grace, and the 'su. per-abounding' grace of God.
In another place, he says, 'Heaven forbid, that ever I should, • in the least, set aside the merits of Chrift, the efficacy of his • blood, or the saving operation of his fpirit and grace !-Salva: • tion from the guilt and pollution of fin, is always ascribed, and • always will be to the blood of the Lamb; and the renovation
of the foul to the operation of the Spirit of God, the opera*tion of the grace of God.'t ?
Speaking of the sufferings of the wicked in a purifying fire, or state of purgatory, as he pretends; he says, : Those who shall
be cast into the lake of fire, their torments and sorrows shall • bring them down, and, in the sense of fcripture, destroy them; • and thus prepare them for the renewing power of Chrift: but
it cannot be laid, with any propriety, that their deftruction shall • restore them :--No; this is an honour which is reserved for *the Son of God alone, who came to seek and save the loft.' Hence, it is plain Mr. W. holds, that all men are saved by grace alone; and saved by the merits of Christ, by the merits of the
Son of God alone. Other places in his book, to the same im. port, might be cited, were it necessary.
Should it be denied, however, that men are saved wholly by grace; that is, all who are saved ; by the same rule Mr. Win. chester's scheme must be denied and given up. So, by the same rule the holy scriptures must be denied. Furthermore, Mr. Wincheter has written his book, professedly to extol the grace of God, and our need of a Saviour; and to show us that there is none other name given, whereby we must be saved. He pretends above all others, or certainly above his opponents, to teach
salvation : + P. 163.
* P. 148.
falvation by grace only, and speaks of the 'super-abounding
grace' of God, as well as the infinite merits of Christ, being necessary to our justification. These things are obvious to every one that reads his book.
In direct contradiction to this, Mr. Winchester holds that part of mankind suffer their full desert. He holds that part of man. kind die, and appear before God their Judge, in a state of impenitency; and that all such are damned. In this state of damnation, which is for a limited seafon or for ages of ages, they suffer, as he supposes, to the full amount of their evil deeds done in the body. The absurdity and impossibility of grace to such as suffer all they deserve, we have already seen, and may fee more of it hereafter. We shall first see what Mr. W. has said as to the sufferings of the damned. The following particulars, it is thought, will make it clear that he holds, that the damned, or such as are sentenced to a purgatory, suffer all they deserve ; and that some again, in this world, suffer all they deserve. As,
1. To answer a charge brought against him, he says, 'Did I, like some, maintain, that there was no future punishment at all,
it might, indeed, create an alarm.'- Future and proportion*ate punishments there will be; every transgression and disobe* dience (unless men now repent and believe) shall hereafter re.
ceive a just recompense of reward.'*.Such as will not deny themselves, in this world, in like manner as to cut off a right hand, or pluck out a right eye, he says, “Should hereafter suffer 4 infinitely greater inconveniences, by being cast into hell fire.
And, Oh! who can conceive how dreadful a portion is threat'ened to some transgressors ! that they · shall drink of the wine " of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture, "into the cup of his indignation 3, and shall be tormented with “ fire and brimstone. And the smoke of their torment ascend. "eth up for the ages of ages; and they have no rest day nor "niglic."'t-The rich man mentioned in Luke xvi. 19. was actually cast into hell, he says, ' And had judgment without mer'cy, because he had showed no mercy.'1--Speaking of the wicked in general that die in their sins, he says, “ As they have • lived and died in fin, their destruction, or misery is certain ;
and there is no remedy, that can prevent their experiencing * the consequences of crimes, and suffering the just punishment * which thall be inflicted on them, according to their different deferts.'s
Thus Mr. W. has asserted, that such as die without repent. ance, shall suffer, in hell, punishments proportionate to their
• crimes * P. 5.
# P. 77.
+ P. 51.
crimes shall receive a just recompense of reward-shall drink • of the wine of the wrath of God, which shall be poured out • without mixture-hall receive judgment without mercy.' None ever pretended that the damned suffer more than their de. serts. No words can carry it further, than that they receive judgment without mercy.' Mr. W. could hardly have used Aronger terms than these As they have lived and died in fin,
their destruction, or misery is certain ; and there is no remedy that can prevent their experiencing the consequences of crimes, * and suffering the just punishment which shall be inflicted on them, according to their different desert's.'
2. All the threatenings in fcripture to the impenitent and dirobedient, Mr. Winchefer professes to take in their most ftriat and literal sense. When he comes to explain Rev. xxii. 18, 19. he says, · This scripture contains such threatenings as are
very terrible indeed ; and should make us exceeding careful * not to contradict what God hath bere revealed ;-nor in any wise "to explain away, or to weaken, the force of either the threat*enings or promises.'* And those who are found guilty of adding or taking away from the words of the book of this proph
ecy,' as mentioned in the above passage, Mr. W. says conserning them, The amazing torments which they shall feel that I have those plagues added to them, and the dreadful loss which
they shall sustain that have their part taken out of the book of • life, and out of the holy city, cannot be even conceived.'+ He allows that all the plagues written in the book are literally ad. ded, to such as are found guilty of this crime ; and that their names are taken out of the book of life, and out of the holy city. To reconcile this with his general scheme, or the salvation of alt men, he agrees with his friend that carries on the dialogues with him, in these words : ? Though his part in the heavenly
city may be forfeited, so that he may never become one of thosc · who shall reign therein, nor yet have a constant dwelling there; • he may, nevertheless, enter as a worihipper, and a subject of
the great king; and may drink of the water of life ; feed on • the fruits of the tree of life, and be healed by its leaves; and • be one of the happy inhabitants of the new earth, which God * will create.'1 Mr. W. pretends to hold the literal sense of this awful threatening ; that his part is taken out of the heaven. ly city, and that he never is one that reigns therein. In the next breath, Mr. W, contradicts this. For if he drinks of the water * of life, eats of thetree of life, & is a worshipper of the great King, what more in the heavenly city can be desired? In this case it is all
onc + Ibid.
* F. 184.