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Blood ftill fresh on the Spunge, he, in honout. of that Relique, erected the City of Mantua into a Bishoprick. This happened, according to Ughelli, in 808. In the Church of S. Jobn Lateran at Rome *, are lodged the following Reliques, viz. a Piece of the Manger, which is a very miraculous Relique, ic being entire in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, not far distant. The Table upon which our Saviour eat the Paschal Lamb, inftituted the Sacrament ; , and, to use our Author's Expression, celebrated the first Mafș. Two Phials full of the Blood and Water that issued out of his Side on the Cross. His Coat without a Seam ; his Shirt, which had been woven by the Virgin Mary ; the Cloth with which he wiped the Feet of the Apostles ; fome Fragments of the seven (according to S. Mark ; but according to S. John,only five) Loaves, with which he fed in the Wilderness, according to S. Mark, about four, and, according to S. John about five thousand Persons; the Ark of the Covenant, with the Tables of the Law ; the Rods of Moses and Aaron, the Shew-Bread, &c. These Reliques, adds our Author, are, without all doubt, authentic, since they have been declared such by Pope Leo X. that is, by a Pope, who, if we believe some Writers, gave no more credit to the Scripture, than to the Fables of Æsop. Quantum nobis profuit bec Fabula de 24 .


* So called, according to the common opinion, from, the Place it stands in, which had the Name of Lateranum from Anstately Palace belonging to the Laterani, an ancient Roman Family, of which Juvenal (Satyr. 10.)

Juffuque Neronis Longinum, & magnes Seneca prædivitis hortos Clausit, & egregias Lateranorum obfidet ædes Toca cohors.

Christo! faid he. one day, in a merry Humour, to Cardinal Bembo.. In S. Bartholomew's Church at Rome is the Body of that Apoftle, and the fame Body in the Cathedral of Benevento : The right Arm of S. Jobn the Baptist is to be seen in three different Churches; and some of the Virgin Mary's Milk and Hair in most Churches, not only of Italy, but likewise of Spain and Portugal. i , ! , ui icis ; 'Tis to be observed, that in this Voluine our Author only describes the Principalities of Piemont and Trent; the Marquisate of Mon-Ferrato; the Dukedoms of Milan, Parma, Modena and Mantua ; the Republics of Genoa and Venice, with the Pope's Dominions. As to the other Parts of Italy, with the adjacent Iftands, he proposes to treat of them in another Volume. If he dwells so long upon other Countries, as upon Italy, his Work must needs fwell to many Volumes. But it is now-a-days, in a certain manner, below an Author to undertake a Work which he cannot fpin out to many Folio's. We agree, however, to what our Author takes care to tell us in his. Title-page'; viz. That his Work will prove very useful for Students in Eco clefiaftical and Profane History and Geography,


II. sendtii
Rerum Italicorum Scriptores, &ç.
: :: That is,
The Italian Historians from the Year of

the Christian Æra soo, to 1500, &c. · By Lewis Anthony Muratori. Milan,

1723. Fourth Volumen ROHE Fourth Volume of Mr. Muratori's

valuable Collection contains the following Pieces.

1. The History of Arnulphus Mediolanenfis. Arnulphi This Author was a Native of Milan, and wrote Mediola-! his History in the Pontificate of Gregory VII.

V nensis Hils that is, about the middle of the Eleventh Cen. tury. He relates the most remarkable Events that happened in Italy, from the Year 935, to his own time, 'under the following Kings, Hu, Lotbarius, Berengarius ; the three Otto's, Ardoin, Henry, Conrade, Henry II. and Henry III. He complains of the Disturbances Pope Gregoryíraised in the Church of Milan, în ato tempting to oblige the Priests to lead a single Life, after they had been allowed by St. Ambrose to marry, Mr. Muratori gives him the Character of an accurate and exact Writer , and thinks, that he altered his Opinion 'touching the Celibacy of Priests ; becaufe in the last Chapa ter of the fourth Book, he inveighs' againft the Incontinency of the Ecclesiastics'; and moreover, acknowledges the Infallibility of the' Şee of Rome in the following Words: 'd Romana. ergo Ecclesiaquicunque diffentit, non est revera Catholicus, Godfrey William Leibnilz was the


first who published this History, in 1711, from an antient Manuscript, which Johannes Sitonus a Milanese, procured him. Leibnitz being informed by Mr. Muratori, that Arnulphus mentions four antient Marquisses of Este, viz. Hugh, Azo, Adelbert, and Opizo, who were taken prifoners by Henry I. Emperor, and King of Italy; without more ado ranked Arnulphus among the Scriptores de Rebus Brunfvicensibus, and published this History in the Third Volume, p. 727. of his Collection. When Leibnitz published this History, he was censured by the Authors of the Giornale de Litterati d'Italia, pag. 390. for mentioning but one Arnulphus; whereas there are two Historians, say they, of this Name, viz. Arnulpbus fenior, whose History extends from 923 to 1070 ; and Arnulpbus junior, who wrote fome time after. But they are greatly mistaken, and confound Landulphus, (of which name we find two Historians) with Arnulphus, who is the only Milanese Writer of this Name. Mr. Muratori has published his Edition from an ancient Manuscript lodged in the Duke of Modena's Library, with the various Readings from the Ambrofian Manuscript, and that which belongs to the Library of the

Cathedral of Milan. . dolphi II, Landulphus was likewise a Native of Mi.. Senioris lan, and Aourished before the eleventh Century, Historia. He brings his Hiftory, (which may be called

the Ecclefiaftical History of Milan) down to the Year 1085. He gives a very particular account of the Perfecution Pope Gregory VII, stirred up against such Ecclesiastics as refused to comply with his Decrees ; enjoining all Priests to turn off their Wives and live a fingle Life. In the Time of Ste Ambrose, says he, fome

• Priests

“ Priests who led a single Life, began to find 46 fault with those who married ; and main"tain that it was unlawful for a Priest co marry. • The Debate grew very warm, and threatned 6. great Evils to the Church, which both par“ ties being sensible of agreed to refer the “ whole Matter to St. Ambrose, obliging them« felves to stand by his Authority and De56 cisions: whereupon the Holy Archbishop s considering the proneness of human Nature “* to evil, and that Continency is not a thing « we can command, but a special Gift of Hea“ ven, pronounced Sentence agreeable to what " he had declared before in his Book de Officiis, 66 * viz. that it was lawful for a Priest to “ marry; but if his first Wife ihquld die, he “ ought either to abstain from marrying ano" ther, or from exercising his Office." Pope Gregory VII, + (whom our Historian stilęs the Antichrift,) without any regard to the prudent Regulations of St. Ambrose, obliged all Priests to dismiss their Wives, and vow Chastity, which,

. . . as

* St. Ambrose's Words are (Lib. I. Cap. 5o.) de Castimonia autem quid loquar, quando una tantum, nec repeo tita permittitur copula? in ipfo ergo conjugio lex'eft non ite: rare conjugium, doc.

+ Pope Gregory by our Historian's Account, was just fucb another as Pope Innocent VI. who after having spent his Youth in all manner of Debauchery and Lewdness, became, in his old Age, a zealous Promoter of Celibacy.' of him we read, ibe following Epigram:

Prisciani regula penitus caffaruri
Sacerdos per hic & hæc olim declinatur,
Sed per bic folum nunc articulatur, ,
Çum per noftrum Prælulem hac amoveatur.
Non eft Innocentius, immo nocens vere,
Qui quod facto docuit, verbo vult delere:
Et quod olim juvenis voluir habere,
Mošo vetụs Pontifex ftudet prohibere, &c.

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