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9 & 10 V., c. 23. Altering certain Duties of Customs.

£ $. d. Hair, Manufactures of hair or goat's wool, or of hair or goat's wool and any

other material, and articles of such manufacture wholly or in part made
up, not particularly enumerated or otherwise charged with duty, for
every 1001. value - - - - - - - - - . 10 0 0

of and from a British possession, for every 1007. value - - - 5 0 0 Hams of all kinds, the cwt. - - - - - - - - 0 7 0 - of and from a British possession, the cwt.

- - - - 0 2 0 Harp strings or lute strings, silvered, for every 1007, value - - - 10 0 0 Hats or Bonnets ; viz. - of chip, the lb.

- - - 0 3 6 - of bast, cane, or horsehair, hats or bonnets, each hat or bonnet not exceeding twenty-two inches in diameter, the dozen - - - each hat or bonnet exceeding twenty-two inches in diameter, the dozen

straw hats or bonnets, the lb. - - - - - - -
Hats, felt, hair, wool, or beaver hats, each - -

- made of silk, silk shag laid upon felt, linen, or other material, each -
Hops, the cwt, - - -

- -

- - 2 5 Iron and steel, wrought, not otherwise enumerated, for every 1001. value - 10 Japanned or lacquered ware, for every 1001. value

006. Value - - - - 10
Lace, viz., thread, for every 1001. value - - - - - - -
- made by the hand, commonly called cushion or pillow lace, whether

of linen, cotton, or silken thread, for every 1001. value - - - 10 0
Latten wire, for every 1001. value - - - - - - - - 10 0 0
Lead, manufactures of, not otherwise enumerated, for every 1001. value - 100 0
Leather, manufactures of:

– boots, shoes, and calashes, viz.

Women's boots and calashes, the dozen pairs - - - - 0 6 0

Women's boots and calashes, if lined or trimmed with fur or other trimming, the dozen pairs -

Women's shoes, with cork or double soles, quilted shoes and clogs, the dozen pairs

- - - 0 5 0 - Women's shoes, if trimmed or lined with fur or any other trimming, the dozen pairs Women's shoes of silk satin, jenn, or other stuffe la marca

jean, or other stuffs, kid, morocco, or other leather, the dozen pairs - - - - - - - - 0 4 6

- Women's shoes, if trimmed or lined with fur or any other trimming, the dozen pairs - - - - - - - - - 0 5 0

- Girl's boots, shoes, and calashes, not exceeding seven inches in length, to be charged with two-thirds of the above duties.

- Men's boots, the dozen pairs - - - - - - - 0 14 0 - Men's shoes, the dozen pairs - - - - - - - 0 7 0

- Boys' boots and shoes, not exceeding seven inches in length, to be charged with two-thirds of the above duties.

- Boot fronts, not exceeding nine inches in height, the dozen pairs - 0 1 9 - Boot fronts, exceeding nine inches in height, the dozen pairs - - 0 2 9

- Cut into shapes or any article made of leather, or any manufacture whereof leather is the most valuable part, not otherwise enumerated or

described, for every 1001. value - - - - - - - 10 0 0 Linen, or linen and cotton ; viz.,—

- Cambrics and lawns, commonly called French lawns, the piece not exceeding eight yards in length, and not exceeding seven eighths of a yard in breadth, and so in proportion for any greater or less quantity, plain, the piece - - - - - - - - - - 0 - Bordered handkerchiefs, the piece - - - - - - 0 2 6 - Lawns of any sort, not French, for every 100l. value - - - 10 0 0 - Damasks, the square yard . . . . - - - - 0 0 5

_ Damask diaper, the square yard - - - - - - 0 0 25 Linen, sails not in actual use of a British ship, and not fit and necessary for such ship, and when otherwise disposed of, for every 100l. value - 10 0 0

Articles, manufactures of linen, or of linen mixed with cotton or with wool, wholly or in part made up, not particularly enumerated or

otherwise charged with duty, for every 1001. value - - - - 10 Maize or Indian corn, the quarter - - - - - -

Meal, the cwt. - - - - - - - - - 0 0 43 Musical instruments, for every 1001. value - - - - - - 10 0 0 Mustard flour, the cwt. . . . . .

. - - 0 6 0

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9 & 10 V., c. 23. Altering certain Duties of Customs.

£ 8. d. Paper, printed, painted, or stained paper, or paper hangings, or flock paper, the square yard . . . . .

- - 0 0 2 Pencils, for every 1001, value

- - - - - - 10 0 0

- of slate, for every 100l. value . Perfumery, not otherwise charged, for every 100l. value . . . 1000 Perry, the tun -

. . 5 5 0 Pewter, manufactures of, for every 1001. value . . . . . 1000 Platting of straw, the lb.

- 0 5 0 Pomatum, for every 1001. value - -

- 1000 Potato flour, the cwt. - - - - - - - - - - 0 1 0 Pots of stone, for every 1001, value -

-
-

- - - - 10 0 0 Rice, the cwt. - - - - - - - - - - - 0 1 0 of and from a British possession, the cwt.

- 0 0 6 - rough and in the husk, the quarter -

0 1 0 - of and from a British possession, the quarter 0 0 1 Sago, the cwt.

- - - - 0 0 6
Sausages or puddings, the lb. - - - - - - - - - 0 0 1
Silk manufactures :
Manufactures of silk, or of silk mixed with metal, or any other material

the produce of Europe, viz.
Silk or satin, plain, striped, figured, or brocaded; viz.
Broad stuffs, the lb. . . . . . . . . 0 5 0

Articles thereof, not otherwise enumerated, the lb. - - - - 0 6 0

Or, and at the option of the officers of the customs, for every 1001. value 15 00
Silk gauze or crape, plain, striped, figured, or brocaded ; viz.
Broad stuffs, the lb. - - - - - - - - - 0 9 0

Articles thereof, not otherwise enumerated, the lb. - - - - 0 10 0

Or, and at the option of the officers of the customs, for every 1001. value 15 00
Ganze of all descriptions, mixed with silk, satin, or any other materials in

less proportion than one half part of the fabric; viz.
Broad stuff, the lb. - - - - - - - - - - - 0 9 0

Articles thereof, not otherwise enumerated, the lb. - - - - 0 10 0

Or, and at the option of the officers of the customs, for every 100l. value 15 00 Velvet, plain or figured ; viz., Broad stuffs, the lb. .

- - 0 9 0 Articles thereof, not otherwise enumerated, the lb. .. . 0 10 0

Or, and at the option of the officers of the customs, for every 1001. value 15 0 0 Ribbons, plain silk, of one colour only, the lb. . . .

- 0 6 0 — plain satin, of one colour only, the lb. . . . . 0 8 0

- silk or satin, striped, figured, or brocaded, or plain ribbons of more than one colour, the lb. - - - - - - - - - 0 10 0

gauze or crape, plain, striped, figured or brocaded, the lb. - - 0 14 0

gauze, mixed with silk, satin, or other materials, of less proportion than one half part of the fabric, the lb. - - - - -

0 120
- velvet, or silk embossed with velvet, the lb. - - - - 0 10 0
Artificial flowers wholly or in part of silk, for every 1001. value - - 25 0 0
Manufactures of silk or of silk and any other material called plush, com-
monly used for making hats, the lb. - - - - -

-
-

0 2 0 Fancy silk net or tricot, the lb. - -

- - - - 0 8 0 Plain silk lace or net, called tulle, the lb. -

- - - 0 Manufactures of silk, or of silk mixed with any other materials not particu

larly enumerated, or otherwise charged with duty, for every 100l. value - 15 00 Ribbons, of and from a British possession, for every 1007. value - - 5 0 0 Millinery of silk, or of which the greater part of the material is silk ; viz.,

Turbans or caps, each - - - - - - -
Hats or bonnets, each

-
-

-
- - - - - - - - 0 7 0
Dresses, each - - - - - - - - - - 1 10 0
Manufactures of silk, or of silk and any other materials, and articles of the

same wholly or partially made up, not particularly enumerated or other-
wise charged with duty, for every 1001. value -

-
- -

- . . 15 00 Silk-worm gut, for every 1001, value

- -

- 10 0 0 Skins, articles manufactured of skins or furs, for every 1001. value -

10 00

10 of and from a British possession - - .

5 00 Soap, hard, the cwt. -

1 0 0 of and from a British possession, the cwt. -

0 14 0 - soft, the cwt. - - - - - - - - - - 0 14 of and from a British possession, the cwt.

- . 0 10 0

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Soap, Naples, the cwt. . .

. -
Spa ware, for every 1001. value - - - - - - - -
Spirits or strong waters of all sorts; viz.,
- For every gallon of such spirits or strong waters, of any strength
not exceeding the strength of proof by Sykes' hydrometer, and so in pro-
portion for any greater or less strength than the strength of proof, and for
any greater or less quantity than a gallon ; viz.,

- not being spirits or strong waters, the produce of any British pos-
session in America, or any British possession within the limits of the
East India Company's charter, and not being sweetened spirits, or
spirits mixed with any article, so that the degree of strength thereof

cannot be exactly ascertained by such hydrometer, the gallon - Starch, the cwt. - - - - - - - - - -

of and from a British possession, the cwt. - - - -

from and after the Ist February, 1849, the cwt. - - - -
- Gum of, torrified or calcined, commonly called British gum, the cwt.
- of and from a British possession, the cwt. - - - - -

Gum of, torrified or calcined, commonly called British gum, from
and after the 1st February, 1849, the cwt. - - -
Steel, manufactures of, for every 1001, value - - -
Tallow, the cwt. - - - - - - - -
- - of and from a British possession, the cwt. - -
Tapioca, the cwt. - - - - - - -
Tin, manufactures of, not otherwise enumerated, for every 1007. value - -
Tobacco pipes of clay, for every 1001. value - - -
Tongues, the cwt. - - - - - -

- of and from a British possession, the cwt. - - -
Turnery, not otherwise described, for every 1001. value -
Twine, for every 1001. value - - - - -
- of and from a British possession, for every 1001. value - - -
Varnish, not otherwise described, for every 1001. value . . . .
Verjuice, the tun - - - - -
Wafers, for every 1001. value - - -
Washing balls, the cwt. . . . . -
Wax, sealing wax, for every 1001. value . . . . . -
Whipcord, for every 1001. value - - - - - - - -
Wire, gilt or plated, or silver, for every 1001. value - - - -
Woollens, articles or manufactures of wool, not being goat's wool, or of wool

mixed with cotton, wholly or in part made up, not otherwise charged with
duty, for every 1001. value - - - - - - - -

- of and from a British possession, for every 1001. value - - -
Goods, wares, and merchandise, being either in part or wholly manufactured,

and not being enumerated or described, not otherwise charged with duty,
and not prohibited to be imported into or used in Great Britain or Ire-
land, for every 1001. value - - - -

- -

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DEATH. 9 & 10 V., c. 93. Compensation to the Families of Persons killed by Accidents.

Sect. 1.-Whensoever the death of a person is caused by wrongful act, neglect, or default,

and the act, neglect, or default is such as would (if death had not ensued) have entitled the party injured to maintain an action and recover damages in respect thereof, then and in every such case the person who would have been liable if death had not ensued shall be liable to an action for damages, notwithstanding the death of the person injured, and although the death may have been caused under such circumstances as amount in

law to felony. Sect. 2.-Every such action shall be for the benefit of the wife, husband, parent, and child

of the person whose death shall have been so caused, and shall be brought by and in the name of the executor or administrator of the person deceased ; and in every such action the jury may give such damages as they may think proportioned to the injury resulting from such death to the parties respectively for whom and for whose benefit such action shall be brought; and the amount so recovered, after deducting the costs not recovered from the defendant, shall be divided amongst the before-mentioned parties in such shares as the jury by their verdict shall find and direct.

9 & 10 V., c. 93. Compensation to the Families of Persons killed by Accidents.

Sect. 3.—Not more than one action shall be brought for and in respect of the same subject

matter of complaint; and every such action shall be commenced within twelve calendar

months after the death of such deceased person. Sect. 4.-In every such action the plaintiff on the record shall be required, together with

the declaration, to deliver to the defendant or his attorney a full particular of the person for whom and on whose behalf such action shall be brought, and of the nature of the

claim in respect of which damages shall be sought to be recovered. Sect, 5.-The following words are intended to have the meanings hereby assigned to them,

so far as such meanings are not excluded by the context or nature of the subject matter; that is to say, words denoting the singular number and masculine gender shall apply to several as well as to one, and to females as well as to males; the word “ Person” to apply to bodies politic as well as to individuals; the word “ Parent” shall include father and mother, grandfather and grandmother, stepfather and stepmother ; the word “Child ” shall include son and daughter, grandson and granddaughter, stepson and

stepdaughter. Sect. 6.--This Act shall come into operation from and immediately after the passing thereof,

and nothing therein contained shall apply to that part of the 0. K. called Scotland.

DEBTOR AND CREDITOR. The 13 E. 1, St. 1, cc. 18, 45 ; 13 E. 1, St. 3; 14 E. 3, St. 1, c. 11, and other Acts enumerated under the title EXECUTION, see Dig., Parts I., II., have provided for the securing the payment of debts from real as well as personal property. The 48 G. 3, c. 123, provides for the discharge of debtors in execution for small debts, see Dig., Part II., tit. EXECUTION, to which may be added the 7 & 8 V., c. 70; 8 & 9 V., c. 127, see INFRA.

Provisions for preventing frauds committed by debtors upon creditors are contained in the 50 & 51 E. 3, c. 6; enforced by 2 R. 2, St. 2, c. 3; 3 H. 7, c. 4; 13 El., c. 5 ; 14 El., c. 11, made perpetual by 29 El., c. 5 ; 3 & 4 W. & J., c. 14, repealed and amended by the 11 G. 4 & 1 W. 4, c. 47, see Dig., Part I., tit. DEBTS ; also 3 G. 4, c. 39, against secret warrants of attorney (see Dig., Part I., tit. COGNOVIT ACTIONEM); amended by 6 & 7 V., c. 66, see INFRA. The 11 G. 4 & 1 W. 4, c. 47; and 3 & 4 W. 4, c. 104, make all lands assets for the payment of debts.

The law of debtor and creditor, so far as regards bankruptcy and insolvency, will be found under those respective titles, besides which there have been several Acts passed for the recovery of debts of persons not coming within the laws relating either to bankrupts or insolvents. The first of these is the 48 G. 3, c. 123, which contains provisions for the discharge of debtors in execution for small debts or debts under 201., which Act extends to all courts, superior as well as inferior, see Dig., Part II., tit. EXECUTION. The next Act is the 7 & 8 V., c. 70, see INFRA, the object of which is to facilitate amicable arrangements between debtors and creditors, by trust deeds or otherwise, through the intervention of the Court of Bankruptcy. This Act is made to extend to aliens, denizens, and women, and is to be interpreted beneficially to creditors; and if any doubt arise in its construction, it is to be construed by analogy to the law and practice of bankruptcy. The next Act, the 7 & 8 V., c. 96, embraces two objects, namely, first, the affording protection to insolvent persons, whether traders or not, on their petition to a court of bankruptcy, and distributing their property among their creditors; and next, the abolishing imprisonment for debt on final process under 201., except in cases of fraud. The first portion of this Act is to be found under the head of INSOLVENT DEBTORS : the last portion, together with two other Acts on the same subject, that is, the 8 & 9 V., c. 127; 9 & 10 V., c. 95, are given in

their order under this title. These three last-mentioned Acts relate solely to the recovery of small debts under 201., which heretofore have been recoverable in the superior courts of common law, or in the county court, or in certain local courts established by Act of Parliament, or otherwise. The purpose of the last of these three Acts is to make all inferior courts for the recovery of debts under 201. to be alike in their constitution, and to be of the nature of county courts. 6 & 7 V., c. 66. Amending 3 G. 4, c. 39, as to secret Warrants of Attorney.

After reciting the 3 G. 4, c. 39, which provides for the entry of every cognovit actionem

and warrant of attorney, and for the inspection of the books, it is enacted that the said officer, in addition to the book in and by the said recited Act directed to be kept by him, shall keep another book or index, in which he shall cause to be fairly inserted, as and when such warrants of attorney or cognovits actionem are filed in manner as directed by the said Act, the names, additions, and descriptions of the respective defendants, or persons giving such warrants of attorney or cognovits actionem, but containing no further particulars thereof; which book or index all persons shall be permitted to search for themselves, paying to the officer for such search the sum of one shilling, such payment being in addition to the payment of sixpence, provided by the said Act to be paid for every search against one person, in the book provided to be

kept under the authority of this Act. 7 & 8 V., c. 70. Facilitating Arrangements between Debtors and Creditors.

Sect. 1.-Any debtor who is unable to meet his engagements with his creditors, such

debtor not being a trader within the meaning of the statutes relating to bankrupts, may, with the concurrence of one-third in number and value of his creditors (testified by their signing his petition) present a petition to the Court of Bankruptcy, setting forth a full account of his debts, and the consideration thereof, and the names, residences, and occupations of his creditors, and also a full account of his estate and effects, whether in possession, reversion, or expectancy, and of all debts and rights due to or claimed by him, and of all property of what kind soever held in trust for him ; and also setting forth that he is unable to meet his engagements with his creditors, and the true cause of such inability ; and also setting forth such proposal as he is able to make for the future payment, or the compromise of such debts or engagements, and that onetbird in number and value of his creditors have assented to such proposal (or such modification thereof as by the majority of his creditors should be determined) should be carried into effect under the superintendence and control of the said court; and that he the said petitioning debtor should in the meantime be protected from arrest, by order

of the said court. Sect. 2.-Upon the presentation of such a petition, one of the commissioners of the said

court, in such rotation as by order of the said court shall be appointed, shall privately examine into the matter of the said petition, and for that purpose shall have power to examine upon oath the petitioning debtor, and any creditor concurring in his petition, and any witness produced by such petitioning debtor ; and if such commissioner be satisfied of the truth of the several matters alleged in such petition, and that the debt of petitioning debtor have not been contracted by reason of any manner of fraud or breach of trust, or without reasonable probability at the time of the contract of being able to pay the same, or by reason of any judgment in any prosecution for breach of the revenue laws, or in any action for breach of promise of marriage, seduction, criminal conversation, libel, slander, assault, battery, or malicious suing out a fiat in bankruptcy, or a malicious trespass, and that such petitioning debtor has made a full disclosure of his debts and credits, estate and effects, and is desirous of making a bona fide arrangement with all his creditors, and that his proposal to that effect is reasonable and proper to be executed under the direction of the said court, such commissioner may direct that a meeting of the creditors of such petitioning debtor should be convened at such time and place as the said commissioner shall appoint, notice of such meeting being given in writing to every such creditor not less than seven nor more than twenty-eight days

before the same is held. Sect. 3.-The said commissioner shall appoint a fit and proper person, being a registrar or

official assignee of the said court, or one of the principal creditors to preside at such meeting, and report proceedings thereof to the said commissioner ; and (Sect. 4) if the major part in number and value, or nine-tenths in value, or nine-tenths in number whose debts exceed 201., assent to the proposal of such petitioner, the president of such meeting shall appoint another meeting to be held not earlier than seven or later than twenty-eight days from such first meeting, and notice thereof shall be given to all who were not present at the first meeting, three clear days before the day of such meeting

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