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He did not like to have this recalled, or, perhaps, think- 1779. ing that I boasted improperly, resolved to have a witty Ætat. stroke at me ; " Nay, Sir, it was not the wine that 70, made your head ache, but the sense that I put into it.” Boswell. “ What, Sir ! will sense make the head ache ? Johnson. “ Yes, Sir, (with a smile) when it is not used to it."--No man who has a true relish of pleasantry could be offended at this ; especially if Johnson in a long intimacy had given him repeated proofs of his regard and good estimation. I used to say, that as he had given me a thousand pounds in praise, he had a good right now and then to take a guinea from me.

On Thursday, April 8, I dined with him at Mr. Allan Ramsay's, with Lord Graham and some other company. We talked of Shakspeare's witches. John

They are beings of his own creation ; they are a compound of malignity and meanness, without any abilities : and are quite different from the Italian magician. King James says in his Dæmonology • Ma

· ' gicians command the devils : witches are their servants.' The Italian magicians are elegant beings.” RAMSAY. “Opera witches, not Drury-lane witches.”—Johnson observed, that abilities might be employed in a narrow sphere, as in getting money, which he said he believed no man could do, without vigorous parts, though concentrated to a point. Ramsay. “ Yes, like a strong

RAMSAY horse in a mill ; he pulls better.”

Lord Graham, while he praised the beauty of Lochlomond, on the banks of which is his family seat, complained of the climate, and said he could not bear it. Johnson. “ Nay, my Lord, don't talk so : you may bear it well enough. Your ancestors have borne it more years than I can tell.” This was a handsome compliment to the antiquity of the House of Montrose. His Lordship told me afterwards, that he had only affected to complain of the climate ; lest, if he had spoken as favourably of his country as he really thought, Dr. Johnson might have attacked it. Johnson was very courteous to Lady Margaret Macdonald. “Madam, (said he,) when I was in the Isle of Sky, I heard


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1779. of the people running to take the stones off the road, et lest Lady Margaret's horse should stumble.” Etat, 70. Lord Graham commended Dr. Drummond at Naples

as a man of extraordinary talents ; and added, that he
had a great love of liberty. Johnson. “ He is young,
my Lord ; (looking to his Lordship with an arch smile)
all boys love liberty, till experience convinces them
they are not so fit to govern themselves as they imag-
ined. We are all agreed as to our own liberty ; we
would have as much of it as we can get ; but we are
not agreed as to the liberty of others : for in propor-
tion as we take, others must lose. I believe we hardly
wish that the mob should have liberty to govern us.
When that was the case some time ago, no man was
at liberty not to have candles in his windows." RAM-
SAY. " The result is, that order is better than confu-
sion.” Johnson. “ The result is, that order cannot

be had but by subordination.”

On Friday, April 16, I had been present at the trial of the unfortunate Mr. Hackman, who in a fit of frantick jealous love, had shot Miss Ray, the favourite of a nobleman. Johnson, in whose company I dined today with some other friends, was much interested by my account of what passed, and particularly with his prayer for the mercy of heaven. He said, in a solemn fervid tone, “ I hope he shall find mercy.

This day a violent altercation arose between Johnson and Beauclerk, which having made much noise at the time, I think it proper, in order to prevent any future misrepresentation, to give a minute account of it.

In talking of Hackman, Johnson argued, as Judge Blackstone had done, that his being furnished with two pistols was a proof that he meant to shoot two persons. Mr. Beauclerk said, “ No ; for that every wise man who intended to shoot himself, took two pistols, that he might be sure of doing it at once.


's cook shot himself with one pistol, and lived ten days in great agony. Mr.

who loved buttered muffins, but durst not eat them because they disagreed with his stomach, resolved to shoot himself; and then he eat three buttered muffins for breakfast, before


shooting himself, knowing that he should not be 1779. troubled with indigestion : he had two charged pistols ;

Ætat. one was found lying charged upon the table by him, 70. after he had shot himself with the other.”_Well, (said Johnson, with an air of triumph,) you see here one pistol was sufficient." Beauclerk replied smartly, “ Because it happened to kill him.” And either then or a very little afterwards, being piqued at Johnson's triumphant remark, added, “ This is what


don't know, and I do." There was then a cessation of the dispute ; and some minutes intervened, during which, dinner and the glass went on cheerfully ; when Johnson suddenly and abruptly exclaimed, “ Mr. Beauclerk, how came you to talk so petulantly to me, as * This is what you don't know, but what I know ?' One thing I know, which you don't seem to know, that you are very uncivil.” BEAUCLERK. “ Because you began by being uncivil, (which you always are.)” The words in parentheses were, I believe, not heard by Dr. John

Here again there was a cessation of arms. Johnson told me, that the reason why he waited at first some time without taking any notice of what Mr. Beauclerk said, was because he was thinking whether he should resent it. But when he considered that there were present a young Lord and an eminent traveller, two men of the world with whom he had never dined before, he was apprehensive that they might think they had a right to take such liberties with him as Beaụclerk did, and therefore resolved he would not let it pass ; adding, “ that he would not appear a coward.” A little while after this, the conversation turned on the violence of Hackman's temper. Johnson then said, “ It was his business to command his temper, as

, my friend, Mr. Beauclerk, should have done some time ago." BEAUCLERK. “ I should learn of you, Sir.” " JOHNSON. “ Sir, you have given me opportunities enough of learning, when I have been in your company. No man loves to be treated with contempt.' BEAUCLERK. (with a polite inclination towards Johnson) “Sir, you have known me twenty years, and however I may have treated others, you may be sure



1779. I could never treat you with contempt.'

JOHNSON. Ætat. “ Sir, you have said more than was necessary.'


” Thus 70. it ended ; and Beauclerk’s coach not having come for

him till very late, Dr. Johnson and another gentleman sat with him a long time after the rest of the company were gone ; and he and I dined at Beauclerk's on the Saturday se'nnight following.

After this tempest had subsided, I recollect the following particulars of his conversation :

“ I am always for getting a boy forward in his learning ; for that is a sure good. I would let him at first read any English book which happens to engage his attention ; because you have done a great deal, when you have brought him to have entertainment from a book. He'll get better books afterwards."

. “ Mallet, I believe, never wrote a single line of his projected life of the Duke of Marlborough. He groped for materials ; and thought of it, till he had exhausted his mind. Thus it sometimes happens that men entangle themselves in their own schemes.

“To be contradicted, in order to force you to talk is mighty unpleasing. You shine, indeed ; but it is by being ground.

“ Of a gentleman who made some figure among the Literati of his time, (Mr. Fitzherbert,) he said, "What eminence he had was by a felicity of manner : he had no more learning than what he could not help.”

On Saturday, April 24, I dined with him at Mr. Beauclerk’s, with Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mr. Jones, (afterwards Sir William,) Mr. Langton, Mr. Steevens, Mr. Paradise, and Dr. Higgins. I mentioned that Mr. Wilkes had attacked Garrick to me, as a man who had no friend. Johnson. “I believe he is right, Sir. Oi ponoi, ou pinos-He had friends, but no friend.6 Garrick was so diffused, he had no man to whom he wished to unbosom himself. He found people always ready to applaud him, and that always for the same thing : so he saw life with great uniformity.” I took upon me, for once, to fight with Goliath's weapons, and play

6 See p. 12 of this vol, and vol. I. p. 165.



the sophist." Garrick did not need a friend, as he 1779

. got

from every body all he wanted. What is a friend? One who supports you and comforts you, while others 70. do not. Friendship, you know, Sir, is the cordial drop, 'to make the nauseous draught of life go down :' but if the draught be not nauseous, if it be all sweet, there is no occasion for that drop.” JOHNSON. “ Many men would not be content to live sa. I hope I should not. They would wish to have an intimate friend, with whom they might compare minds, and cherish private virtues.” One of the company mentioned Lord Chesterfield, as a man who had no friend. JOHNSON “ There were more materials to make friendship in Garrick, had he not been so diffused.” BOSWELL. “ Garrick was pure gold, but beat out to thin leaf. Lord Chesterfield was tinsel." JOHNSON. " Garrick was a very good man, the cheerfulest man of his age ; a decent liver in a profession which is supposed to give indulgence to licentiousness ; and a man who gave away, freely, money acquired by himself. He began the world with a great hunger for money ; the son of a half-pay officer, bred in a family whose study was to make four-pence do as much as others made four-pence halfpenny do. But, when he had got money, he was very liberal.”

I presumed to animadvert on his eulogy on Garrick, in his “ Lives of the Poets." say, Sir, his death eclipsed the gaiety of nations.” JOHNSON. “I could not have said more nor less. It is the truth ; eclipsed, not extinguished ; and his death did eclipse ; it was like a storm.” BOSWELL. “ But why nations ? Did his gaiety extend further than his own nation ?” Johnson. “ Why, Sir, some exaggerJOHNSON

. ation must be allowed. Besides, nations may be said -if we allow the Scotch to be a nation, and to have gaiety,-which they have not. You are an exception, though. Come, gentlemen, let us candidly admit that there is one Scotchman who is cheerful." BEAUCLERK. “ But he is a very unnatural Scotchman.” I, however, continued to think the compliment to Garrick hyperbolically untrue. His acting had ceased sometime before his death ; at any rate he had acted

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