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without any painful fatigue, and on Monday came hith- 1784. er, where I purpose to stay and try what air and regu- Etat. larity will effect. I cannot yet persuade myself that I 75. have made much progress in recovery. My sleep is little, my breath is very much encumbered, and my legs are very weak. The water has increased a little, but has again run off. The most distressing symptom is want of sleep."

August 19. Having had since our separation, little to say that could please you or myself by saying, I have not been lavish of useless letters; but I flatter myself that you will partake of the pleasure with which I can now tell you that about a week ago, I felt suddenly a

a sensible remission of my asthma, and consequently a greater lightness of action and motion. Of this grateful alleviation I know not the cause, nor dare depend upon its continuance, but while it lasts I endeavour to enjoy it, and am desirous of communicating, while it lasts, my pleasure to my friends.-Hitherto, dear Sir, I had written before the post, which stays in this town but a little while, brought me your letter. Mr. Davies seems to have represented my little tendency to recovery in terms too splendid. I am still restless, still weak, still watery, but the asthma is less oppressive.--Poor Ramsay !« On which side soever I turn, mortality presents its formidable frown. I left three old friends at Lichfield, when I was last there, and now found them all dead. I no sooner lost sight of dear Allan, than I am told that I shall see him no more. That we must all die, we always knew ; I wish I had sooner remembered it. Do not think me intrusive or importunate, if I now call, dear Sir, on you to remember it."

Sept. 2. “ I am glad that a little favour from the court has intercepted your furious purposes. I could not in any case have approved such publick violence of resentment, and should have considered any who encouraged it, as rather seeking sport for themselves, than honour for you. Resentment gratifies him who intended an injury, and pains him unjustly who did not in

4 Allan Ramsay, Esq. painter to his Majesty, who died August 10, 1784, in the 71st year of his age, much regretted by his friends.


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1784. tend it. But all this is now superfluous.--I still conÆtat.

tinue by God's mercy to mend. My breath is easier, 75. my nights are quieter, and my legs are less in bulk, and

stronger in use. I have, however, yet a great deal to overcome, before I can yet attain even an old man's health.-Write, do write to me now and then; we are now old acquaintance, and perhaps few people have lived so much and so long together, with less cause of complaint on either side. The retrospection of this is very pleasant, and I hope we shall never think on each other with less kindness."

Sept. 9. “I could not answer your letter before this day, because I went on the sixth to Chatsworth, and did not come back till the post was gone.—Many words, I hope, are not necessary between you and me, to convince you what gratitude is excited in my heart, by the Chancellor's liberality and your kind offices. I did not indeed expect that what was asked by the Chancellor would have been refused, but since it has, we will not tell that any thing has been asked.— I have enclosed a letter to the Chancellor, which, when you have read it, you will be pleased to seal with a head, or other general seal, and convey it to him ; had I sent it directly to him, I should have seemed to overlook the favour of your intervention.—My last letter told you, of my advance in health, which, I think, in the whole still continues. Of the hydropick tumour there is now very little appearance ; the asthma is much less troublesome, and seems to remit something day after day. I do not despair of supporting an English winter. --At Chatsworth, I met young Mr. Burke, who led me very commodiously into conversation with the Duke and Duchess. We had a very good morning.

The dinner was publick."

Sept. 18. “ I flattered myself that this week would have given me a letter from you, but none has come. Write to me now and then, but direct your next to Lichfield.— I think, and I hope am sure, that I still grow better ; I have sometimes good nights ; but am still in my legs weak, but so much mended, that I go to Lichfield in hope of being able to pay my visits on


with one.

foot, for there are no coaches. I have three letters this 1784. day, all about the balloon, I could have been content

Do not write about the balloon, whatever 75. else you may think proper to say.”

October 2. “I am always proud of your approbation, and therefore was much pleased that you

liked my letter. When you copied it, you invaded the Chancellor's right rather than mine. The refusal I did not expect, but I had never thought much about it, for I doubted whether the Chancellor had so much tenderness for me as to ask. He, being keeper of the King's conscience, ought not to be supposed capable of an improper petition.--All is not gold that glitters, as we have often been told; and the adage is verified in your place and my favour; but if what happens does not make us richer, we must bid it welcome, if it makes us wiser.- I do not at present grow better, nor much worse ; my hopes, however, are somewhat abated, and a very great loss is the loss of hope, but I struggle on as I can.

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To Mr. John NICHOLS. Lichfield, Oct. 20. “When you were here, you were pleased, as I am told, to think my absence an inconvenience. I should certainly have been very glad to give so skilful a lover of antiquities any information about my native place, of which, however, I know not much, and have reason to believe that not much is known. Though I have not given you any amusement, I have received amusement from you. At Ashbourne, where I had very little company, I had the luck to borrow “Mr. Bowyer's

, I Life ;' a book so full of contemporary history, that a literary man must find some of his old friends. I thought that I could, now and then, have told you some hints worth your notice; and perhaps. we may talk a life over. I hope we shall be much together; you must now be to me what you were before, and what dear Mr. Allen was, besides. He was taken unexpectedly away, but I think he was a very good man.--I have made little progress in recovery. I am very weak, and very sleepless : but I live on and hope.”



1784. This various mass of correspondence, which I have Ætat,

thus brought together, is valuable, both as an addition 75. to the store which the publick already has of Johnson's

writings, and as exhibiting a genuine and noble specimen of vigour and vivacity of mind, which neither age nor sickness could impair or diminish.

It may be observed, that his writings in every way, whether for the publick, or privately to his friends, was by fits and starts ; for we see frequently, that many letters are written on the same day. When he had once overcome his aversion to begin, he was, I suppose, desirous to go on, in order to relieve his mind from the uneasy reflection of delaying what he ought to do.

While in the country, notwithstanding the accumulation of illness which he endured, his mind did not lose its powers. He translated an Ode of Horace, which is printed in his works, and composed several prayers. I shall insert one of them, which is so wise and energetick, so philosophical and so pious, that I doubt not of its affording consolation to many a sincere Christian, when in a state of mind to which I believe the best are sometimes liable, s

And here I am enabled fully to refute a very unjust reflection, by Sir John Hawkins, both against Dr. Johnson, and his faithful servant, Mr. Francis Barber ; as if both of them had been guilty of culpable neglect towards a person of the name of Heely, whom Sir John chooses to call a relation of Dr. Johnson's. The fact is, that Mr. Heely was not his relation ; he had indeed been married to one of his cousins, but she had died without having children, and he had married another

Against inquisitive and perplexing thoughts. “ O LORD, my Maker and Protector, who hast graciously sent me into this world to work out my salvation, enable me to drive from me all such unquiet and perplexing thoughts as may mislead or hinder me in the practice of those duties which Thou hast required. When I behold the works of thy hands, and consider the course of thy providence, give me grace always to remember that thy thoughts are not my thoughts, nor thy ways my ways. And while it shall please thee to continue me in this world, where much is to be done, and little to be known, teach me by thy Holy Spirit, to withdraw my mind from unprofitable and dangerous enquiries, from difficulties vainly curious, and doubts impossible to be solved. Let me rejoice in the light which Thou hast imparted, let me serve Thee with active zeal and humble confidence, and wait with patient expectation for the time in which the soul which Thou receivest shall be satisfied with knowledge. Grant this, O LORD, for Jesus CHRIST'S sake. Amen."

woman ; so that even the slight connection which there 1784, once had been by alliance was dissolved. Dr. Johnson, Ætat. who had shewn very great liberality to this man while his 75. first wife was alive, as has appeared in a former part of this work, was humane and charitable enough to continue his bounty to him occasionally ; but surely there was no strong call of duty upon him or upon his legatee, to do more. The following letter, obligingly communicated to me by Mr. Andrew Strahan, will confirm what I have stated :





“ As necessity obliges you to call so soon again upon me, you should at least have told the smallest sum that will supply your present want; you cannot suppose that I have much to spare. Two guineas is as much as you ought to be behind with your creditor.If you wait on Mr. Strahan, in New-street, Fetter-lane, or in his absence, on Mr. Andrew Strahan, show this, by which they are entreated to advance you two guineas, and to keep this as a voucher.

... I am, Sir,

6. Your humble servant, Ashbourne, Aug. 12, 1784.

“ SAM. Johnson.”

Indeed it is very necessary to keep in inind that Sir John Hawkins has unaccountably viewed Johnson's character and conduct in almost every particular, with an unhappy prejudice.”


6 Vol. I. p. 414. • I shall add one instance only to those which I have thought it incumbent on me to point out. Talking of Mr. Garrick’s having signified his willingness to let Johnson have the loan of any of his books to assist him in his edition of Shak. speare ; Sir John says, (page 444,) “ Mr. Garrick knew not what risque he ran by this offer. Johnson had so strange a forgetfulness of obligations of this sort that few who lent him books ever saw them again.” This surely conveys a most unfa. vourable insinuation, and has been so understood. Sir John mentions the single case of a curious edition of Politian, which he tells us, “ appeared to belong to Pembroke College, which, probably, had been considered by Johnson as his own, før upwards of fifty years." Would it not be fairer to consider this as an inad

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