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Reilgious Denominatious, &c.
Present State of Religion, &c.
A miserable country, and in some parts thinly peopled, chicfly with Mahometans. Senaar, however, one of its cities, is said to contain 100,000 persons, and Dongola about half as many. Population one and a half million. Governed by chiefs.
Mahometans, Jews and Copts. The Gospel was introduced This country is known to be very into Egypt before the close of populous. Cairo alone is reck - the first century, but expelled oned to contain 300,000 inhabi- again by Mahometanism during tants. Population three millions. the 7th and 8th. There is, how Government is invested in the ever, a considerable number of hands of 24 Beys.
Copts in the country, who retain
of the forms
of Christianity. MADAGASCAR, and other Isles on
MADAGASCAR. the Eastern Coast.
Dr. Vanderkemp had long inPagans, with some European tended a mission to this island, strangers of different nations. and was about entering upon it at The inhabitants, which are very the time of his death. Mr. Milnumerous, bear the character of ne has since visited it to make intelligence and hospitality. inquiries, and it will no doubt Population four and a half mil- become a missionary station of lions.
great importance. The London Missionary Society has sent missionaries to this Island, who have been received by the native gov: ernment with much attention and gratitude. The extent and population of Madagascar are sufficient for a great Christian country.
ISLANDS on the Western Coast.
Partly Pagans, and partly Catholics or Protestants, according to the European powers to whom they belong. Population one million.
Present State of Religion, &c
Religious Denominations, &c.
SPANISH Dominions, including SPANISH DOMINIONS.
The Spaniards consider these These nations being, by the nations as converts to Christianipower of Spain, and the arts of ty ; but it is, unhappily, to their the Jesuits, reduced under the own religious bigotry and superSpanish Doininion, of course pro- stition. There are said to be, fess the Catholic Religion, and however, in New Mexico, thirty are in great measure civilized. villages of Christian Indians, who The inhabitants in 1803 were live in society and industry, proestimated at six millions and a fessing the catholic faith. half, and supposing they were exaggerated, as some think, I cannot conceive they ought now to be taken at less than eight inillions.
UNITED STATES. Christians, of all denomina- The most numerous religious tions, Infidels, and Jews, with denomination in this country is equal rights and privileges. T'he the Congregationalists and PresNational government and most of byterians, who are united in comthe State governments explode munion and constant intercourse. all religious establishments, as Next to this is the Baptists, who inconsistent with the full enjoy- are in all parts of the country. ment of civil liberty. Public The Methodists are also numersentiment requires that no man ous, and not less extensive. shall have any better prospects There are also many Episcopaof civil privileges and promotion, lians, a considerable number of in consequence of being a Chris- Quakers, Dutch Reformed, Gertian, and that no one shall be re- man Lutherans, and others. The quired to support any of the in- Baptists, generally, agree with stitutions of religion but by his the Congregationalists, in docexplicit consent. There is, how-trine and ecclesiastical governever, in most of the constitutions, ment, differing only in Baptism. or, at least, in the practice of the The Methodists are generally governments, a general acknowl- agreed with the Episcopalians in edgment 21*
Religious Denomi ations, &c. Present State of Religion, &r. edgment of the truth and obli- doctrine and ecclesiastical gov. gations of Christianity. At the ernment, the principal difference same time, the great question being in the use of the liturgy. whether a community can exist, The number of worshipping asor will exist, without the influ- semblies on the Sabbath, and the ence of religion, can receive very number of persons devoted to the little light from this experiment. work of the ministry, are less, The United States were original in the United States, in proporly settled by Europeans who bad tion to the population, than in been accustomed to the estab- most other Christian countries. lishments of Christianity in their The only religious Institution, native countries. They brought which unites all denominations in their religious opinions and this country, is the American Biusages with them, and these con- ble Society. The annual income tinue to this day. Associations of that society is about 45,000 for religious purposes and regu- dollars. The American Board lar worshipping congregations of Foreign Missions is doing were founded in all the settled much for the heathen, and has parts of this country, and conve- an income of near 60,000 dollars. nient edifices were erected for The Baptist Board of Foreign the worship of God, with all their Missions is active and useful. necessary attachments and ven- All Christian denominations in erations, before this general re- the United States send missionJaxation of the laws took place. aries to the destitute parts of our This state of things, in our early own country, and several to forhistory, gave an impulse to the eign parts. No Christian country interests of religion, which will is more favoured with religious long have a powerful influence. revivals than this. Population, about 10,000,000. The United States have no
extensive Universities, like those
In the slave states, more liberal sentiments begin to prevail with regard to that unhappy portion of our population, and prųdent persons are permitted, in many instances, to teach the rudiments of education and the
Religious Denominntions. &c.
of Religion, &c. leading principles of the gospel to slaves.
BRITISH Dominions in America. BRITISH Dominions.
There are several missionary latter being the established Reli- stations also in the Back Settlegion in Canada, while the estab- ments of Canada, &c. supported lishment in New Brunswick, by various American Societies, Newfoundland, &c. is that of the by some in England, and by the Church of England. Population, United Brethren. The Society half a million.
for propagating the Gospel in ForThe Coasts of Labrador and eign Parts’employs Chaplains in West Greenland are too thinly many towns of Canada, Newpeupled to admit a distinct enu- Brunswick, and Newfoundland, meration in this brief Sketch. but few of them preach to the
heathen. The Methodists have also a number of missionaries in the same parts, and some con: siderable congregations.
The United Brethren have long established settlements in West Greenland, and on the coast of Labrador, which have given an evangelical tint (so to speak) to those inhospitable regions.
The population of South AmerThe inhabitants of this pro- lica in the interior consists chiefly vince, at the time of the French of independent Tribes of Indians. invading Spain, declared them. The inhabitants on the coast are selves independent; and are not mostly of European origin.—The willing to resign their independ- colonies, with the exception of ence, though the ancient family Peru, have established their inis restored They are Catholics. dependence-though the governPopulation, one million and a ments are in their infant state. halt. Government, Republican. The Portuguese and Spanish
Colonies in South America and NEW-GRANADA.
Mexico, as it regards education, Catholics. Population, one are grossly ignorant; schools are million and a half. Government, almost unknown. In Brazil there Republican.
is scarcely the appearance of education. Some efforts are now
inaking to promote education in Catholics. Population, two the countries which have bemillions. Gorernment, Spanish come independent. Lancasterian Monarchy.
Religions Denomination, &c. Present Slate of Religion, &c.
Schools are already commenced Catholics and Pagans. Popu- in Buenos Ayres. Sante Fe de lation, one million and a half. Bogota has a University,with two Government, Republican.
well endowed Colleges.-Lima, PARAGUAY, or Buenos Ayres.
Quito, Caraccas, Guamanga and Catholics. This province has Santiago have also Universities
. also claimed independence, and maintained a civil war with the Caraccas. Population, two millions. Government, Republican.
Catholics. On the conquest of Portugal by the French, the Royal Family removed and still resides in this Settlement, which has thereby the honour to be the seat of Royalty. Population, two millions. Government, claimed by Portugal.
NATIVES in the Interior. Pagans. The population but little known, but may be moderately estimated at three millions.
GUIANA. What was called French and The United Brethren, who Dutch Guiana has been conquer penetrate all the most desolate ed by the British, and the Estab- parts of the earth, have here ser. lishment is Protestant; but the eral settlements : viz. at Parampupulation is inconsiderable.
aribo, Bombay, Somelsdyk, and Hope on the Corentyn. The Missionary Society of London have also Missionaries at Demarara, Mahaica, and Esequibo,and the gospel has been attended with such success and advantages a: mong the slaves, that soine of the planters have encouraged it.
BAHAMA. Numerous and fertile, and sub- The Methodists have a project to England ; but few inhab- mising interest here, and have ited, and the population very built a Chapel which is well alinconsiderable. Government, tended, both by the white and monarchical.
black inhabitants. The Moravians have four missionaries bere.