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Religious Denominations, &c. Present Stale of Rrligion, &c. POLYNESIA, Pelew Isles, La

OTAHEITE. drones, Carolines, Sandwich This is the only one of these Isles, Marquesas, Society Isles, islands on which a permanent &c.

mission has been established, afAfter all that Navigators have ter the perseverance of more than said, I dare not reckon the in- | 20 years. The king himself has habitants of these islands at made a profession of Christianmore than the preceding. Pink-lity, though not a very honourable erton remarks that navigators one ; schools have been estabhave overrated them at least ten lished to instruct the natives, to one.

particularly their children. A

Christian church has been formMarquesas, Society Islands, &c. ed among the natives of Otaheite,

This is proved to be the case and civilization may be expectwith Capt. Cook : and it is not ed to advance rapidly. Missionlikely that either Forster or La aries are solicited for some of the Perouse more accurate. other islands. On the whole, no Otaheite bad been rated at 160,- Pagan country in modern times 000. The missionaries found bas been Christianized with more it to contain little more thar success, than the islands of the 16,000. On the other hand, Mr. South Seas. Pinkerton, who makes this remark, has been quite as much mistaken in under-rating the population of some other places, particularly the Cape. I take ihe population collectively at 1,000,000.



States of Babary.

Barbary. Mahometans, with a considera- Christianity can be expected ble number of Jews ; but few to make no progress in these Christians, excepting what are states while the system of Piracy in a state of slavery. Population is tolerated, and


Christian 3,000,000. Government, des made a slave : but it is hoped potic.

the restoration of peace in Europe, will lead to the suppression of this system of cruelty and violence.

Western Coast. This district comprehends a Towards tbe end of the last great number of independent century a Company of Benevocribes or nations, as the Monsel. lent persons, in this country,

North Western Coast.

mines, formed a settlement with a view

to the civilization of Africa and

Religious Denominations, &c. Presenl Slale of Religion, &e. mines, Mongearts,* Foulahs, the extermination of the Slave Jaloofs, Feloops, Mandangos, Trade ; but the settlement was and many others, as far interior destroyed by some French ships, as the Great Desert. Most of and afterwards given up to the these are Pagans, except the British government. Mr. Ny. Foulahs, who are Mahometans, lander is chaplain of the Coloas are also the wandering inhabi- ny; and in 1811 the Wesleyan tants of the Desert. The Fou- Ařethodists sent out Missionaries lahs are a very powerful nation, thither. and make war on their neigh- The Church Society for Misbours to procure slaves for the isons to Africa and the East hare Europeans. Population 4,000,- stations at Bashia and Canofee 000.

(both on the Rio Pongos) where they have erected Churches and founded Schools. The govern ments of Great Britain and the United States have lately entered into a Convention for the purpose of effecting a total suppress sion of the slave-trade, on the coast of Africa, so long the hane of that degraded country. In this design it is expected that all Christian nations will concur. Should this measure succeed, and the present attempts to establish colonies of civilized coloured people, on the western coast, be found practicable, the prospects that Àfrica may become civilized, will be more favourable than they have been for ages.

Nigritia, or Negroland, and the

coast of Guinea, Runs far across the continent on the North side of the great chain of mountains, and furnishes, as well as Guinea, a considerable portion of victims for the slave trade. Some of these parts are very populous, as they must

* A Jew is not suffered to enter this country' under pain of being burnt alive.


Religious Denominations, &c.

Present State of Religion, &e.

be to furnish, as it is said they did, 100,000 slaves annually to the West Indies. The king of Benin, who possesses but a small part of this territory, is said to be able to raise an army of 100,000. Widah is also very popu; lous, and Haussa has been said (falsely no doubt) to be more populous than London. The French have agreed to give up the slave trade north of Cape Formosa. Population six milJions.

South Western Coast.

South West Coast. This includes the Kingdoms In the 15th century some Porof Loango, Congo, Angola, and tuguese missionaries persuaded the extensive country of the Ja- the King of Congo and his subgas,

and many other tribes as far jects to receive the Roman Cathsouth as the Damaras. The Por-olic Religion ; and they were tuguese sent Catholic missions followed by some others; but to some of these countries as they soon revolted again to Raearly as the 15th century ; and ganism, and have not yet been some converts have been made to visited by Protestant missionatheir Christianity, but in general ries.this part of Africa is involved in Paganism. See Negroes. Population, three millions.



Damara, Namaquas, and Coran

The Missionary Society (of The Damaras are divided into London) have two settlements in five tribes ; those who reside the Namaqua Country, Pella near the coast are very poor, and and Mr. Schinelin's station on the many become servants to the Orange River ; also one among Namaquas : farther inland soine the Corannas, called Orlam become rich in cattle (the only Kraal, and more recently Bethesriches of those countries) and da. upon the death of such, the horns and bones of the animals they have consumed are laid upon their graves as trophies. They are naturally mild, and treat their prisoners with humanity. The Namaquas are known to have 10 tribes, and the Coran. nas 15. (Campbell.] Population one million,

Religious Denominutions, &c.

Present State of Religion, &c.


men :

Colony of the Cape. Calvinists, and chiefly Dutch- The United Brethren have long

the settlement having had two flourishing Settlements been peopled from Holland ; but in this colony-one at Groene general toleration prevails under (formerly Bavian's) Kloof-the certain restrictions. The popu- other at Genadendal (Gnadenlation in 1810 was ascertained to thall) or Grace Vale. exceed 81,000, of whom 50,000

The Missionary Society of wêre Hottentots or slaves. London) bave several settle

ments in these parts-viz. at Stellenbosh (between the Mora. vian Stations)--at Tulbach or Rodesand, where Mr. Vos resides

at Zurbrak near Zwellendam-at Hooge Kraal in George Drosdy : and, towards the east end of the Colony, at Bethelsdorp near Algoa Bay, which was founded by Þr. Vanderkemp: but as this last has been found an

inconvenient situation for a Mis. Boshesmen's Country, and Caf- sion, a new Settlement has been

formed farther East (on a spot fraria. The Boshesmen, or Bushmen, and called Theopolis, which may

pointed out by the Governor) are a wild nation with no settled at present be considered as the to the extent of 8 or 9 degrees of principal missionary station of longitude, and plunder when

this Society in South Africa. An ever they can find opportunity: exists here, and another in Graaf

Auxiliary Missionary Society The term Caffraria, or the land Reynet, which approaches the of Infidels, was probably given to limit of the Colony towards Cafthis country by the Arabs, and it fraria. Here resides Mr. Kicheris certain they are in the rudest state of Heathenism ; but their er, the minister, and the 3 con

verted Hottentots, who visited country is far more populous than that of the Bushmen, or the Co. England in 1893, 4 ; a great reThese nations, with the taken place in all these stations :

vival of religion has recently inhabitants of the Cape,.,may and several African Preachers form a population of one million. (one a Hottentot) have been apGoverned by chiefs.

pointed as Itinerants to assist the European missionaries.


Griquas, Bootchuanas, and other

GRIQUAS. neighbouring Nations. The same Society have a misThese are numerous and pow. sion at Claarwater, now called erful, the city Latakoo alone has Griqua Town, where King Gika about 8000 inhabitants : and the and his people profess great capital of Makquanas is 3 times respect for Dr. Vanderkemp,



Religious Denominations, &c. Present State of Religion, &c. as large. They are all Pagans. who resided some time among (Campbell.] Population one them. million.

The King of Latakoo, on a visit from Mr. Campbell, expressed his willingness to receive missionaries, and promised to be a father to them. A mission is therefore immediately designed to Latakoo, and to Malapeetze, and Makoon's Kraal-Sta. tions farther to the East, where the inhabitants have expressed the same willingness to receive instruction.

EASTERN COAST. Tambookies, Mambookies, and the inhabitants of the coast, as far as Delagoa Bay, are Pagans and Mahometans, mixed with some Portuguese Christians, who of course are Catholics. Population one million.

INTERIOR COAST. As not more than half this quarter of the Globe has been hitherto explored by Europeans, and even that very imperfectly, it is but reasonable to assign a considerable population to this great extent of unknown country, which is wholly Pagan. Popu}ation four millions.



Christians of the Abyssinian In the latter part of the last Church (which see.) They prac-century the United Brethren sent tise circumcision, and some other Missionaries into Egypt, with a Jewish rites ; but were convert- hope of their penetrating into ed to Christianity between the this country, which proved im4th and 6th centuries, and still practicable, and the door at presretain the name of Christians. ent, seems shut against the GosPopulation three millions. Gov. pel, as inuch as in any pagan naernment, monarchical,

tion whatever. This country is the ancient Ethiopia, and the day cannot be very distant when Ethiopia shall stretch out her hand unto God.

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