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It was unsafe to irritate a vain and ambitious man. I made Austria and Haynau words of reproach among all Madame Von Beck must have been a sharp thorn in the nations of the earth.” Görgey's side during the few weeks preceding the Her subsequent adventures in Hungary and Austria accompanying scene. He had ordered her to quit his are full of mournful interest. She makes her way to camp; but she seems to have been indifferent to the London—where she writes this book; and whence mandate, staying just as long as she chose, and going she hopes to make a journey to rejoin Kossuthi. Slie about in it as she chose. She treated him with closes her eloquent work with the following words ; contempt as a traitor; which was a daring thing to do they come direct from the heart, and speak to it :before his overt act.
" And the true children of my country, where are " At length, the 13th of August, the dark day of they? What nameless suffering do they endure because Hungary, arrived. The drums were beaten, and the they were faithful to the last? Some have carried their troops got under arms. I hastened to see the last of my sorrows to the primeral forests of America; there, at brave countrymen, who had so often scattered before least, they will be free. Some, and amongst them him them the very men to whom they were now about to whose lofty soul, adorned with more than human excelyield. Görgey rode at the head of the column; his brow lence, should have called forth the reverence of all who was still bound up, as he had not quite recovered from admire genius adorned by goodness, receive from the the wound he had received at Komorn. His staff rode hospitality of the Mussulman that refuge which Christian with him, accompanied by a large number of Russian Europe denied, lest it should thwart the murderous inofficers. I drove out too ; I was determined to see the stinct of a power claiming the name of the Redeemer. tragedy to an end, though my heart should break the Some have gone to lay down their lives in the struggle moment after. The sky was cloudless and the sun against Scandinavian lust of power; others wander shone brilliantly. I found our troops already drawn up throughout the cities of continental Europe in misery before the encampment, between Villagos and Szölös. and sorrow, or stalk through the streets of mighty Near the latter place was a stream crossed by a bridge, London, wondering all day at its wealth, its power and on the other side of which the Russians were drawn up liberty, and retiring at night to their miserable garrets,
in order of battle. Our troops marched in companies to dream of the past, and to die in anticipating the li to the bridge and laid down their arms, which were future.—Our sun rose brightly, it sunk in storms and li immediately taken possession of, and carried across the blackness; yet it was but one day in the cycle of time.
bridge by the Russians. It was a most piteous and That sun shall rise again, though we are forgotten ; and, affecting sight; our soldiers wept like children. The in the consolation of this hope, I cease from complainhouned kissed his musket, pressed it to his heart, and ing, and at length lay down my pen." laid it down like the rest. The huzzar dismounted from his horse, the beloved companion of his marches and his batiles; the faithful friend that had never failed him in time of need, with whom he had shared his last crust,
BARDS OF THE BIBLE. ll and his straw bed, in the wild bivouac. He knew not how to part with him; he embraced him and kissed his
BY GEORGE GILFILLAN. lips, he sobbed upon his neck, and wetted it with his
It is not long since a review of the “Literary cars; he repeated all the endearing names which he had given his charger, whilst the spirited and sagacious Portraits” of this author appeared in the columns of animal looked round as if trying to comprehend his our JOURNAL; he now essays a loftier and more master's agitation, and whined in response to his perilous flight. In his present volume there is the caresses. This was a scene painfully touching, and can
same “merciless cleverness” that characterised the be understood by those only who know the marvellous attachment that springs up between the huzzar, and his former; the same continued outpouring of glowing horse: to deprive him of his horse, was to take away phraseology, the same want of simplicity and confrom the huzzar a portion of his own existence. When densation of style. Both sentiment and expression he gave up the ani nal to the Russians, and returned to are, to our thinking, often exaggerated; yet we think his ranks, he was a broken-down and disconsolate that our readers will acknowledge that none but a man.
" The artillery was next delivered up; the gunners man of genius could have written passages like the speaking to the different pieces and bidding them following :farewell, as if they had been living creatures. Görgey stood by the bridge, surrounded with Russian officers.
THE HEBREW PROPHET. No tear fell from his eyes-no emotion was visible upon his countenance. He looked as cold and motionless as
“The Hebrew prophet, in his highest form, was a marble, betraying by no word or movement any sympathy solitary and salvage man, residing with lions, when with the manifest pain of the gallant warriors who had he was not waylaying kings, on whose brow the fought beneath his orders on so many battle-fields, and scorching sun of Syria had charactered its fierce and who were ever so fearless and devoted.
“A low murmur of rage and vengeance against him swartly hue, and whose dark eye swam with a fine rose from the Hungarian ranks, which he pretended for insanity, gathered from solitary communings with the a tiine not to hear; but by-and-by it became too evident sand, the sea, the mountains, and the sky, as well as to reinain unnoticed, and he rode away with the Russians witli the light of a divine afflatus. He had lain in into their encampment. Those who up to the last moment the cockatrice's den ; he had put his hand on the had believed him true, now condemned him for a traitor. By two o'clock in the afternoon, ten thousand men had hole of the asp; he had spent the night on lionlaid down their arms.
surrounded trees, and slept and dreamed amid their " The consequences are known to the world. Why hungry roar; he had swam in the Dead Sea, or repeat the often told tale of horror? the torrents, of haunted, like a ghost, those dreary caves which blood that were shed ? thc frightful violation of all the laws of heaven and earth? the bloody and dishonoured lowered around it; he had drank of the melted snow graves, and the long catalogue of crimes, which have on the top of Lebanon; at Sinai, lie had traced and
THE PARABLES OF JESUS.
trod on the burning footprints of Jehovah; he bad | He was not recognised by men, but the lilies of the heard messages at midnight, which made his hair to field looked up meaningly in his face, the waters arise, and his skin to creep; he had been wet with perceived him—they saw him well,' the winds linthe dews of the night, and girt by the demons of the gered amid his hair, the sunbeams smiled on his brow, wilderness ; he had been tossed up and down, like a the landscape from the summit seemed to crouch leaf, upon a strong and veering storm of his inspira- lovingly at his feet, and the stars from their far tion. He was essentially a lonely man, cut off, by thrones to bend him down obeisance. Hle, and He gulph upon gulpli, from tender ties and human as- alone, of all men, felt at home in nature, and able to see sociations. He had no home; a wife he might be it, and call it, ‘My father's house.' He felt not permitted to marry, but, as in the case of Hosea, the warmed by, but warming the sun—not walking in the permission might only be to him a curse, and to his light of, but enlightening the world, and could look people an emblem, and when (as in the case of on its great orbs as but the many mansions' for his Ezekiel) her death became necessary as a sign, she spiritual seed. Of all men he only (mentally and died, and left him in the same austere seclusion in morally) stood erect, and this divine uprightness it which he had existed before. The power which came was which turned the world upside down. The upon him cut, by its fierce coming, all the threads poetical point of riero of nature, is not that of distant which bound him to his kind, tore him from the plough, admirution or of cold inquiry, it is that of sympathy, or from the pastoral solitude, and hurried him to the amounting to immersion ; the poet's soul is shed, like a desert, and thence to the foot of the throne, or to drop, into creation ; but this process was never fully the wheel of the triumphal chariot. And how completed, sare in one—in him who ultered the Sermon startling his coming to crowned or conquering guilt! on the Mount.” Wild from the wilderness, bearded, like its lion-lord; the fury of God glaring in his eye; his mantle heaving to his heaving breast; his words stern, swelling, * Let us glance, first, at his parables, which are a tinged on their edges with a terrible poetry; his poetry in themselves. Truth, half betrayed in beauty, attitude dignity; his gesture power-how did he half shrouded in mystery, is the essence of a parable. burst upon the astonished gaze; how swift and solemn It is the truth wishing to be loved, ere she ventures his entrance ; how short and spirit-like his stay; how forth to be worshipped and obeyed. The multitude dreamy, yet distinctly dreadful, the impression made of Christ's parables is not so wonderful as their by his words, long after they had ceased to tingle on variety, their beauty, their brevity, and the sweet or the ears; and how mysterious the solitude into which fearful pictures which they paint at once and for ever he seemed to melt away! Poet, nay prophet, were a upon the soul. Here we see the good Samaritan feeble name for such a being. He was a momentary riding toward his inn, with his wounded brother incarnation-a meteor kindled at the eye, and blown before him. There, lingeringly, doubtingly, like a ! on the breath, of the Eternal."
truant boy at evening, returns the prodigal son to his
father, whose arms, at his threshold, stretched out, CHIRIST'S SOLACE IN NATURAL BEAUTY. seem wishing for wings to expedite the joyous "The manner of Christ's life, as he uttered his meeting. In that field stalks the sower, graver than parables and other sayings, was in the highest degree sowers are wont to be in the merry season of spring. poetical. It was the life of a stranger on this earth, On the opposite side, the fisherman, with joyful face, of a wanderer, of one who had no home but the house is drawing ashore his heavy-laden net. With yet not made with hands, which he had himself built. keener ecstacy depicted on his courtenance, you see Hence we identify his image with nature, and ever the merchantman lighting on a pearl of pearls, while see him on lonely roads, midnight mountains, silent or across from him is the treasure-finder, with circumstormy lakes, fields of corn, or the deep wildernesses spective and fearful looks, hiding his precious prize. of his country: Every step trode by the old seers, And, lo! how, under the dim canopy of night, was retrode by him, as if to efface their fiery vestiges, shadowing the barely-budding field of wheat, steals a and make the regions, over which they had swept like crooked and winged figure, trembling lest the very storms, green again. He was only sent to the lost darkness see him—the enemy-scattering tares in sheep of Israel, but he more than once approached to huddled abundance among the wheat. The morning the very boundaries of his allotted field. We find comes ; but, while revealing the rank tares growing him, for instance, in the neighbourhood of Tyre and among the good seed, it reveals also the large mustardSidon, straying by a mightier sea than that of Tiberias, tree which has shot up with incredible swiftness, ‘so and lifting his eyes to a loftier summit than that of that the fowls of the air do build in the branches Tabor. 'He must needs' see Lebanon, as well as thereof.' Here you see a woman mixing leaven with pass through Samaria. His were not, indeed, journeys her mcal, till the whole lump is leavened; and there of sentiment, but of mercy; and yet, why should he another woman, sweeping the room, how fast, yet not have gazed with rapture upon the peaceful, the intensely, for her lost piece of silver. There the pure, and the losty, in the works, while he did the servant of the marriage-host is compelling the wanwill, of God? This was, peradventure, the chief derers from the hedges to come in, his face all glowing sonrce of his solace anid suffering and weariness. with amiable anger and kindly coercion ; and yonder,
in the distance, with anxious eye and crook in his , and had he tried to depict a Luther, a Knox, a Savohand, hies the shepherd into the twilight desert, in narola, or any character in whose mind one great, search of his 'lost sheep.' And, hark; as the earnest idea was predominant, he had failed. The marriage-feast has begun, and the song of holy grey, clear, catholic sky beliind and above, would have merriment is just rising on the evening air, there made such volcanoes pale. Had he written on Knox, comes a voice, strangely concerting with it, hollow as Queen Mary would have carried away all his symthe grave—a whispered thunder. It is the voice of pathies; or, on Luther, he would have been more Dives, saying—' Father Abraham, have mercy on me, anxious to make Tetzel ridiculous, than the Reformer and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his reverend or great. Shakspeare was not, in short, an finger in water, and cool my tongue, for I am tor- earnest man, bardly even-strango as the assertion aented in this flame.' In such figures Jesus [has may seem-an enthusiast; and, therefore, stood in exhausted life, earth, eternity.”
exact contrast to the Hebrew bards....
“Goethe, we know, admired the Bible as a comTIE POLITENESS OP PAUL.
position, took great interest in its geography, and had "An old poet bas quaintly called Jesus. The first his study hung round with maps of the Holy Land. true gentleman that ever breathed.' Paul's politeness, But even less than Shakspeare did he resemble its too, must not be overlooked, compounded as it was poets. Universal genius bred in Shakspeare a love of dignity and deference. It appeared in the mildness for all things which he knew, without much enthuof the manner in which he delivered his most startling siasm for any in particular. An inferior, but more and shattering messages, both to Jews and heathens ; highly cultured degree of the same power, led Goethe in his graceful salutations; in his winuing reproofs- to universal liking, which at a distance seemed, and the 'excellent oil which did not break the head;' in some degree was, indifference. His great purpose, in the delicacy of his allusions to his own claims and after the fever of youth was spent, was to build up services; and, above all, in the calm, self-possessed, his Ego, like a cold, majestic statue, and to surround and manly attitude he assumed before the rulers of it with offerings from every region-from earth, his people and the Roman authorities. In the heaven, and hell! He transmuted all things into ink; language of Peter and Jolin to their judges, there is he analysed his tears ere suffering them to fall to the an abruptness savouring of their rude fisherman life, ground; his tortures he tortured in search of their and fitter for the rough echoes of the Lake of Galilee inmost meaning ; his vices he rolled like a sweet morsel, than for the tribunals of power. But Paul, while that he might know their ultimate flavour, and what equally bold and decided, is far more gracious. He legacy of lesson they hud to leave him ; his mental Cowers his thunderbolt before his adversary ere lie battles he fought o'er again, that he might become a launches it. His shaft is 'polished, as well as mightier master of spiritual tactics ; like the ocean, powerful. His words to King Agrippa—'I would to whatever came within his reach was engulphed, was God, that. not only thou, but also all that hear me this drenched in the main element of his being, went to day, were both almost and altogether such as I am, swell his treasures, and generally 'suffered a seaexcept these bonds'- !--are the most chivalric utter- change,' into something' at once 'rich,' 'strange,' ances recorded in history. An angel could not bend and cold. This was not the manuer of the rapt, more gracefully, or an attitude of more God-filled, self-emptied, sin-denouncing, impetuous, exalted courtesy."
and intense bards of Israel. Could we venture to
conceire Isaiah, or Ezekiel, entering Goethe's chamber SHAKSPEARE, GOETHE AND THE BIBLE.
at Weimar, and uttering one of their divine rhapsodies "Shakspeare-nature's favourite, though unbaptized -how mildly would he have smiled upon the fire-eyed and unconsecrated, child — has derived Jess from stranger-how attentively heard him-how calmly Scripture than any other great modern author, and sought to measure and classify him—how punctually affords fewer points of comparison with it. He was recorded in his journal the appearance of an 'exrather a piece of nature than a prophet. lIis real traordinary human meteor, a wonderful specimen of religion, as expressed in the words, We are such uncultured genius'-and how complacently inferred stuff as dreams are made of, and our little life is his own superiority!” rounded with a sleep,' seeins to have been a species of ideal Pantheism. He loved the fair face of nature; he saw also its poetic meaning; but did not feel, nor “The great charm of Abraham's character, is its has expressed so deeply its under-current of moral union of simplicity with grandeur. He rises like one law (?); nor the sublime attitude it exhibits, as of those great stones which are found standing alone leaning upon its God. Hence, while the most wide in the wilderness, so quiet in their age, so unique in and genial, and one of the least profane, he is also one their structure, and yet on which, if tradition be of the least religious of poets. His allusions to believed, angels have rested, wliere sacrifices have Scripture, and to the Christian faith, are few and been offered up, and round which, in other days, undecided. He has never even impersonated a throngs of worshippers have assembled. His prayers character of high religious enthusiasm. He never, pierce the heavens with the reverent daring of one of we think, could have written a good sacred drama; the mountain altars of nature. He is at once a
CHARACTER OY ABRAHAM.
OF THE APOSTLES.
shepherd and a soldier. He is true to the living, and at their variety; thirdly, at the delicacy with which jealous of the honour of the ashes of the dead. He they are discriminated; fourthly, at the manner in is a plain man, dwelling in tents, and yet a prince which they are exhibited so artless, brief, and with men and God.”
masterly-not by analyses or descriptions, but by
actions and words; fifthly, at the great moral and INDIVIDUALITY OF THE CHARACTERS IN THE ACTS emblematical lessons which they teach ; sixthly, at
the fact that the majority of these characters have “The Book of Acts presents us with a great many left duplicates to this hour; seventhly, at the honesty characters, of whom, besides the apostles, the rapt of the writers who record them; and, lastly, at this Stephen, the Ethiopian Eunuch, the brave Cornelius, significant fact, there is one character who appears the most marked are unhappily evil. Barnabas, Ana- transcendant above them all, at once in purity, power, nias, Philip, Aquila, Mark, Silas, Timotheus, and and wisdom." Luke himself, have not much that is individual and distinctive. The sameness of excellence attaches to
These extracts will enable the reader to form an them all. It is very different with the others. Their estimate of the beauties and faults (if such, indeed, shades are all dark, but all strikingly discriminated. he consider them) of Mr. Gilfillan's volume.
“There is, for example, Simon Magus, the begetter and name-giver to a distinct and dreadful crime (Simony), an original in wickedness, a genuine and
THE BORE RUSHING UP THE HOOGLEY. direct child of hell. No mistake about him. He thinks every thing, as well as every person, has its considered as one of the masterpieces of our English
This engraving, though small in scale, may be price,' and would bribe the very Spirit of God. You see him retiring from Peter's scorn and curse, blasted, critical inspection.
| landscape school. It will bear the closest and most
The subject is one which it cowering, half-ashamed, but unconverted. ...
" Then there is Gallio, another great original in the required the hand of a master to treat. It represents world of evil, the first representative of a large class Calcutta, accompanied by a heavy gale. The effect is
the sudden rush of the tide up the Hoogley river to who, in all ages succeeding, bave thrown the chill of their careless and cutting sneer upon all that
wonderfully striking; the ship almost on her beam earnest and lofty in nature or man, in life or in re- trees, and the distressed boat in the foreground, are
ends, cutting the lurid streak of light; the waving ligion. “Then there is the town-clerk of Ephesus, one of with a precision and power of the burin never, per
rendered in the highest feeling of art, and executed those persons who substitute prudence for piety, and
haps, surpassed. who find a sun in the face of a time-piece-who tell men when they are not to act, but never when the hour of action has fully come, and when delays are as
“ ACROSS THE ATLANTIC.” contemptible as they are dangerous.
“Then there is Tertullus the tool, servile, wiry, Tuis is the taking title of a right lively and hu. accommodating, plausible ; who talks, but never morous little book, which will be perused, from speaks ; and whose character may be studied as re- beginning to end, with unflagging interest, and for the presenting, in a full and ideal manner, all courtly general truthfulness of which those of us who have pleaders who have since appeared, as well as many visited America can personally vouch. Pitch where who have pled in nobler causes.
we may, we are pretty sure to light upon something “Then there is Felix, whom one trembling has clever, pointed, and characteristic. Take the following immortalised. Rude the lyre; but a great master sketch, for example, of the “Great Barnum :"stood once before it, and it vibrated to his touch. “ Barnum is not an ordinary showman. He is not Even nettleshade has sometimes been made musical in one who will be handed down to posterity, only on the the blast.
strength of the objects which he has exhibited, or “Then there is Agrippa, the “almost Christian' the curiosities which he has brought to light. He -one of thousands who, were Christianity and the stands alone. Adopting Mr. Emerson's idea, I should thrill produced by eloquence the same thing, would say that Barnum is a representative man. He reprebe believers; but who, as it is, will lose heaven by a sents the enterprise and energy of his countrymen in hair's-breadth, and feel little sorrow!
the nineteenth century, as Washington represented “ Then there is Festus, the emblem of the cool, their resistance to oppression in the century precedintellectual man, who finds an easy solution for the ing. By 'going-a-head' to an extent hitherto unproblem of earnestness, or genius, or enthusiasm, or precedented in his trade-devoid of any absurd religion—a problem which, otherwise, would distress delicacy as to the means by which the ends are to and disturb him—in the cheap cry, 'It is madness- be accomplished—he has endeared himself to the Paul, Burke, Chalmers, and Irving, were mad.' middle and lower ranks of his countrymen, and seems
“We close this rapid glance at the more peculiar to stand forth proud and preeminent as their model and striking of Scripture characters, by expressing of a speculator and a man. I firmly believe that there our amazement : First, at their multitude; secondly, I are few commercial people in the United States who