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in writing, reading, and geography, both and women employed in the house from to those born blind and to those who nine to six daily. In the latter were have since become so. He likewise about a dozen women busy over brushshowed us a system of musical notation, making, bead-work and leather-work. by means of which the blind can learn The brush-making was the most sucthe science as well as the practice of cessful, since in all ornamental work this their great solace and delight. the blind cannot hope to compete with Simple as these contrivances were, they those to whom the glory of colour and would be difficult to explain within the the harmonies of form have been familimits of this paper ; besides, persons liar unrecognised blessings all their interested therein can easily find out all lives. But it was a treat to see those for themselves by application at 127, poor women, some old, some young, all Euston Road, London: where, also, any so busy and so interested in their work; collector of objects of science, fossils, and to know that but for this Association minerals, stuffed animals, and the like- they would be begging in the streets, or not subject to injury from handling, sitting in helpless, hopeless, miserable may give entertainment and information idleness—the lowest condition, short of to many an intelligent mind, to whom actual vice, to which any human being otherwise the wonderful works of God in nature must for ever remain un- More strongly still one felt this among known. The delight his little museum the men: in some of whom it was easy affords is, Mr. Levy told us, something to read the history of the intelligent, quite incredible.
industrious respectable artizan, from Beside it, and more valuable still, is whom sudden loss of sight took away the circulating library of embossed his only means of subsistence, dooming books, for the use of the blind ; among him for the rest of his days to dethese is an American edition of Milton. pendence on his friends, or on the How the grand old man would have honest man's last horror, the workhouse. rejoiced could he have foretold the day One guessed how eagerly he would come when, without interpreters, the blind to such an establishment as this in Euston would be taught to behold all that he Road, which, offering to teach him a beheld when, although
blind man's trade, and to supply him
with work after he had learnt it, gave him “So thick a drop serene had quenched those orbs,"
a little hope to begin the world again.
The skill attainable by clever fingers he was able, perhaps all the more unguided by eyes is wonderful enough: through that visual darkness, to see clear but then the learning of a new trade into the very heaven of heavens. And in the dark requires of course double when, to show us how fast the blind patience and double time. Nay, at best, could read by touch only, Mr. Levy à man who has to feel for everything opened at random a Testament, and read cannot expect to get through the same as quickly as any ordinary reader some amount of work in the same number of verses—they happened to be in Revela- hours as the man who sees everythingtions--one felt how great was the blessing his tools, his materials, and the result of by which this (to us) blank white page his labour. The blind must always work was made to convey to the solitary blind at a disadvantage, but it is a great thing man or woman innages such as that of to enable them to work at all. No one the City “which had no need of the could look round on these men, most of sun, neither of the moon, to shine on it, them middle-aged, and several, we heard, for the glory of God did lighten it, and fathers of families, without feeling what the Lamb is the light thereof."
a blessing indescribable is even the Passing from this little sanctum, the small amount of weekly work and weekly centre of so much thought and ingenuity, wage with which they are here supplied,
whose lives is essentially work : who in " accepting it, they reduce their honest that darkness which has overtaken them “independence in the least possible at noon-day, have none of those elegant “degree." resources for passing time away, which This principle of the cultivation of solace the wealthy blind: to whom there independence, is the greatest and best is no pleasure in idleness—or, bitterer feature of the Association. Charity is still, to whom enforced idleness is simply a blessed thing, when all other modes of another word for starvation.
assistance fail: but till then, it should And here, to make clear the working never be offered to any human being; for of this part of the Association, let me
it will assuredly deteriorate, enervate, copy a few lines from notes that were and ultimately degrade him. Let him, furnished to me by its foundress :- to the last effort of which he is capable,
“ Those workmen who know a trade work for himself, trust to himself, edu“are employed at their homes, and cate and elevate himself. Show him “ receive the selling price for their work, how to do this-help him to help him' buying their materials of the Associa- self, and you will every day make of “tion. No extra charge is made to the him a higher and happier being. “public upon their work. ... Those who So thought I, while watching a lad of “are learning trades at Euston Road re- only twenty-one, who three
before “ceive a portion of their earnings for
had lost first sight and then hearing. “themselves: the rest pays for materials Totally deaf and blind, his only com“and goes as profit to the Institution. munication with the outer world is by “The teaching of trades is a costly part the sense of touch. Yet it was such a “ of the work. Many of the learners bright face—such a noble head and brow “cannot be supported by their friends, -you saw at once what a clever man he " and are therefore boarded in houses would have made. And there was such
connected with the Association—the a refinement about him, down to his “money being provided by those inter- very hands, so delicately shaped, so quick, “ested in the individual, or by his flexible, and dexterous in their motions “parish, or in both these
The -the sort of hands that almost inva“ weekly terms are 9s. for each man, riably make music, paint pictures, " and 78. 6d. for each woman-at which write poems. Nothing of that sort, alas !
rate the managers and matrons of each would ever come out of the silent dark“ house undertake to make it pay. They ness in which for the remainder of his “have no salary. In proportion as the days lay buried this poor lad's soul. Yet “pupil's earnings increase, the sum con- when Mr. Levy, taking his hand, began to “ tributed for his board diminishes. In talk to him on it—the only way by which
some instances the Association bears the blind can communicate with the deaf“ the chief cost. When he has learnt blind-he turned round the most affec“his trade, the Association may or may tionate delighted face, and caught the “not employ him, or he is at liberty to sentence at once. “start on his own account: but practi- “P-l-a plane, Lady wanting to see “cally he is sure to ask for employment. me plane? I'll get the board in a minute."
“The great object is to enable the The voice was somewhat unnatural, and “blind, as a class, to earn their own the words slowly put together, as if “livelihood, and to elevate their condi- speech, which he could still use, but “tion generally. If the sighted would never hear, were gradually becoming a dif“help the blind by acting to them the ficulty to him. But he set to his carpen"part of levers, to raise them out of tering with the most vivid delight; and “their present state, rather than of props having planed and sawed for our benefit, to support them in it—the blind would again lent himself to Mr. Levy's con
most thankfully recognise that aid versation. “which they cannot well dispense with, “Lady wishes to see my toys ? I'll “ but which they most prefer, because, in get them in a minute.” And as nimbly
as if he had eyes, the lad mounted to a “ Seventeen shillings a week, and high shelf, where were ranged, orderly could earn much more if we only had it in a row, a number of children's toys, to give him. But even that makes a manufactured in a rough but solid style great difference. When he came, he of cabinet-making—the last made, which was so moping and down-hearted, chiefly, he brought down and exhibited with he said, because it grieved him to be degreat pride, being a tiny table with a pendent on his two sisters. Now he is movable top and “turned” feet — a all right, and the merriest fellow possible. table that would be the envy of some I asked him the other day if he were ambitious young carpenter of seven years happy. Happy !' he said, “to be sure old, and the pride and glory of his sister's I am. What have I to make me otherdolls' tea-party ; as it may be yet—to wise? It would be a great shame if I bairns I know. How its maker's face were anything but happy.' kindled at the touch of the silver coin, Poor soul-poor simple, blessed soul ! and the shake of the hand, which was the greatest man on earth might be less the only way in which our bargain could enviable than this lad, totally deaf and be transacted.
blind. “She's bought my table. Lady's I have thus given a plain account of bought my table.” And then, with a what I saw and heard that day. Any sudden fit of conscientiousness, “Who one with more time, more money, and shall I give the money to ?” evidently more practical wisdom to spare, could thinking it ought to be counted among hardly expend them better than in behis week's wages, paid by the Association. coming "eyes to the blind” by a few
I inquired how much he earned. visits to 127, Euston Road.
THE GOLDEN ISLAND: ARRAN FROM AYR.
BY THE AUTHOR OF
JOHN HALIFAX, GENTLEMAN."
DEEP set in distant seas it lies;
The morning vapours float and fall, The noonday clouds above it rise,
Then drop as white as virgin's pall.
And sometimes, when that shroud uplifts,
Sparkle adown the hill-side bare.
Whether on seas dividing toss'd,
Or led through fertile lands the while, Better lose all things than have lost
The memory of the morning Isle !
And all is calm in earth and air,
The lonely Island rises fair ;
And clear, as noble lives nigh done ;
The broad sea-pathway to the sun. He wraps it in his glory's blaze,
He stoops to kiss its forehead cold; And, all transfigured by his rays,
It gleams—an Isle of molten gold. The sun may set, the shades descend, Earth sleep—and yet while sleeping
smile; But it will live unto life's end
But ah! mists gather, more and more ;
The lovely Island disappears.
O vanished Island of the blest !
O dream of all things pure and high ! Hid in deep seas, as faithful breast Hides loves that have but seemed to
It was about two o'clock in the after- At Benares, the mission settlement is noon when our boat anchored off Ráj between the dreary English station and Ghát, the landing-place just below Be- the picturesque native city. Of the nares. The city rose before us, stretch- station we shall say no more: let it rest ing along the left bank of the Ganges in its ugliness. To the missionaries we which here makes a picturesque bend, shall presently return. But now we had and is crossed by a bridge of boats. The better step into our friend's carriage, sun was too hot to allow us to land in and drive off to the city, where elephants comfort, and we sat contemplating the are waiting to take us through the distant houses and temples, with two streets, and where the Rája of Benares tall minarets rising above all
. Soon (just rewarded and panegyrised by the after four, we landed ; carriages were Viceroy for loyalty and good service) waiting for us, and we drove along a has lent us his boat, that we may see very dusty road to cantonments, where the view from the river. And, truly, we were to stay at a friend's house. We this is a sight worth seeing. The ground at once noticed two points of contrast on which the city is built rises gradually between the north-west provinces and from the water's edge ; and so its crest Bengal. There, from the dampness of affords a splendid position for the great the soil, the country was as green as mosque, built by Aurungzíb on the ruins England; to-day, all was parched, brown, of a temple of Vishnu. But though this and grassless. On the other hand, the mosque (except for its lofty minarets a bright, gay colours in which the Hin- worthless structure) has appropriated to dustanis dress, are more picturesque itself this commanding site, it was soon than the unvaried white clothing of the plain, as we rowed down the river, that Bengalis.
the city is not Mussulman, but Hindu ; Every Anglo-Indian town is divided and not only Hindu, but the very headinto at least two parts—the city, where quarters and sanctum sanctorum of Hinthe natives live, with its narrow streets, duism. The temples are countless; their bazaars, mosques, and temples; and the pyramidal tops tower in the background station, in which the English are settled, above the houses, like the spires in the with its white bungalows, dusty gar- city of London, or appear in front, flankdens, government buildings, and (gene- ing the magnificent ghâts, which rise rally very ugly) church or churches. from the river with their lofty flights of The city and station are often three or stone steps, relieved from monotony by four miles apart; and the station is fur- small projections, often crowned by ther divided into civil lines, where the kiosks. These ghâts are crowded in commissioner, judge, magistrate, and early morning by swarthy figures, coming other officials reside, and cantonments, down to wash away their bodily and with barracks, hospitals, and officers' spiritual pollutions in the holy Ganges, bungalows, usually stuck down, without or to fill with its water their bright order or symmetry, over a dusty mai- brazen vessels, sparkling in the first rays dan, or plain. Sometimes, too, there is of the rising sun. All these effects are a mission station, with a neat church, greatly enhanced by the fortunate bend schools, missionaries' houses, and gene- in the river, round which the houses rally a native Christian village. On the and temples group in the shape of a outskirts of cantonments there are, or crescent, and by the solid appearance of used to be, the sepoy lines, rows of native the buildings, fashioned as they are of huts; but now, in most places, these are good stone from the neighbouring quarin ruins, and will soon be removed. ries of Chunar, instead of being, like the cities of Bengal, mere masses of brick
This almost trifling detail of and plaster, green, black, and crumbling decoration marks the decline of Hindu from the effect of the periodical rains. architecture from the profuse but grand
But we must land at one of these and massive carving of the great rockghâts. Most of them have been built cut temples and other more ancient by Rájas, or other powerful natives, who buildings. In this temple, it is imposhope to be brought here in old age or sible to avoid admiring, in a measure, sickness, that they may breathe their pillars, arches, and spires, absolutely last close to the heaven-sprung river, in covered with minute sculpture; but, as a city of such sanctity, that even a the whole building is only fifty-one feet Christian dying in it may look for ad- high, and forty-seven feet long, the gemission to Paradise, if he have added to neral effect is puny, and reminded us this topographical virtue the merit of somewhat of a drawing-room ornament giving money liberally to Brahmans. kept under a glass case. From the narHence each ghất is provided with one row street in which the temple stands, or more temples, and with buildings to we entered a small court, in the centre accommodate its owner and his family. of which rises the actual sanctuary, with The ghất by which we are returning to the dome in the middle, and a spire or the city was the property of Nana Sahib; pyramid on each side; the colour of the and no doubt, if his conscience smote whole being a rich dark red. The dome him in that supreme hour, amidst the and one pyramid are covered with gildjungle of Nepál, he was assured by his ing, or, according to the Brahmans, are spiritual guides that the merit of its actually of gold; this being the only erection could not be washed out even place in which, by the permission of the by the blood of Cawnpore. We enter gods, the true splendour of Benares is the temple which he built close to his revealed to sinful man. For, in truth, ghât, and find it thronged by discord- the city is entirely golden; every temple, antly-shrieking worshippers. It is un- house, ghât, and pavement is of the like the generality of Hindu temples ; same precious material, though to our for the actual place of worship is on the impure vision they appear mere stone third story of the building, and is a and wood. Within the temple, the prinlarge hall, supported by richly-carved cipal objects of worship are the ordinary wooden arches, with a sanctuary at the symbol of Shiva, and an image of his end, containing an idol of the usual wife, Parvati. But even the elegant ugliness, resplendent with gold and sil- prettiness of the Vishveshwara is sadly ver, before which are scattered tasteful deformed by dirt; and the pleasure of bouquets and garlands of flowers. But seeing it was diminished by the need of the characteristic specimen of modern forcing a passage through the filthy Hindu temples, or at least of the temples worshippers ; among whom was a great of North India for those in the South Brahmin bull, several of whose divine are much larger and more imposing—is brethren we had seen strolling about the famous one of Vishveshwara (a name the bazaars at perfect liberty, eating of Shiva), which we visit after leaving what they liked in the vegetable stalls, Nana Sahib's ghât. Indeed, this is one butting whom they chose, and, in fact, of the holiest buildings in Hindustan leading lives of entire enjoyment, which It is, however, only about a hundred would certainly terminate in a green
old years old ; and its architecture, as usual age, but for the risk of being decoyed to with Hindu buildings after the estab- the slaughter-house of a Mussulman lishment of the Mogul dynasty, is much butcher, who has no religious scruples affected by Mohammedan influences. to prevent his turning any one of them Thus, it has a dome and an arcade, into commissariat beef for the English which are purely Mohammedan features, soldiers. The whole worship is so but are here assimilated to the Hindu noisy, dirty, and devoid of all elements