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all Tom wanted. He would castles, has its reward. Common sense see to that ; nothing could be easier. in vain suggested to Harry that all the
“I shall go with you back to Engle- clouds which had been gathering round bourn this morning. I'll just leave a him for a year were not likely to melt note for Wurley to say that I'll be back away in a morning. some time in the day to explain matters gested that the sooner he got away the to him, and then we will be off at once.
which suggestion, indeed, he We shall be at the rectory hy breakfast handed on for what it was worth. But time. Ah, I forgot;-well, you can stop Tom treated prudence with sublime conat David's while I go and speak to my tempt.
tempt. They would go together, he uncle and to Miss Winter."
said, as soon as any one was up at the Harry didn't seem to see what would house, just to let him in to change his be the good of this; and David, he said, things and write a note. Harry needn't was not so friendly to him as he had fear any unpleasant consequences. Wurbeen.
ley wasn't an ill-natured fellow at bottom, “Then you must wait at the Red and wouldn't mind a few fish. Talking Lion. Don't see the good of it! Why, of fish, where was the one he had heard of course, the good of it is that you must kicking just now as Harry hauled in be set right with the Englebourn people the line. They went to the place, and, —that's the first thing to do. I shall ex- looking in the long grass, soon found plain how the case stands to my uncle, the dead trout, still on the night line, and I know I can get him to let you of which the other end remained in the have your land again if you stay in the water.
Tom seized hold of it, and, parish, even if he can't give you work pulling it carefully in, landed another himself. But what he must do is, to fine trout, while Harry stood by, looking take you up, to show people that he is rather sheepish. Tom inspected the your friend, Harry. Well then, if you method of the lines, which was simple can get good work-mind it must be real, but awfully destructive. The line was good, regular work—at farmer Grove's, or long enough to reach across the stream. one of the best farmers, stop here by all At one end was a heavy stone, at the means, and I will take myself the first other a short stake cut sharp, and driven cottage which falls vacant and let you into the bank well under the water. At have it, and meantime you must lodge intervals of four feet along the line short with old David. Oh, I'll go and talk pieces of fine gimp were fastened, ending him round, never fear. But if you
can't in hooks baited alternately with lobget regular work here, why you go off worms and gudgeon. Tom complimented with flying colours; no sneaking off under his companion on the killing nature of a cloud and leaving no address. You'll his cross-line. go off with me, as my servant, if you “Where are your other lines, Harry?" like. But just as you please about that. he asked ;
we may as well go and take At any rate, you'll go with me, and I'll take care
that it shall be known “ A bit higher up stream, Master that I consider you as an old friend. Tom ;" and so they walked up stream My father has always got plenty of work and took up the other lines. and will take you on. And then, Harry, “They'll have the finest dish of fish after a bit you may be sure all will go they've seen this long time at the house right, and I shall be your best man, and to-day," said Tom, as each line came out dance at your wedding before a year's with two or three fine thick-shouldered out."
fish on it; “I'll tell you what, Harry, There is something in this kind of they're deuced well set, these lines of thing which is contagious and irresist- yours, and do you credit. They do; I'm ible. Tom thoroughly believed all that not complimenting you." he was saying; and faith, even of such “I should rather like to be off, Master
gettin' on, and the men'll be about. He was within the ten minutes, but, "Twould be unked for I to be caught.” as he descended the back stairs in his
“Well, Harry, if you're so set on it dry things, became aware that his stay off with you, but".
had been too long. Noise and laughter “ 'Tis too late now; here's keper." came up from the stable-yard, and shouts
Tom turned sharp round, and, sure of “Go it keper," “ Keper's down," enough, there was the keeper coming “No, he bain't,” greeted his astonished down the bank towards them, and not a
down the last steps couple of hundred yards off.
and rushed into the stable-yard, where So it is,” said Tom ; "well, only he found Harry at his second wrestling hold your tongue, and do just what I tell match for the day, while two or three you."
stablemen, and a footman, and the garThe keeper came up quickly, and, dener, looked on and cheered the comtouching his hat to Tom, looked enquir- batants with the remarks he had heard ingly at him, and then at Harry. Tom. on his way down. nodded to him, as if everything were.
Tom made straight to them, and, tapjust as it should be.
He was taking a ping Harry on the shoulder, saidtwo-pound fish off the last line ; having "Now then, come along, I'm ready." finished which feat, he threw it on the Whereupon the keeper and Harry ground by the rest. “ There, keeper,” disengaged, and the latter picked up he said, “there's a fine dish of fish. Now, his cap. pick 'em up and come along.”
“You bain't goin', sir ?” said the Never was keeper more puzzled. keeper. He looked from one to the other, lifting “Yes, keeper.” the little short hat from the back of his Not along wi' he ?” head, and scratching that somewhat “ Yes, keeper." thick skull of his, as his habit was when “What, bain't I to take un?” engaged in what he called thinking, “ Take him! No, what for ?” conscious that somebody ought to be “For night poachin', look at all them tackled, and that he, the keeper, was being fish," said the keeper indignantly, pointmystified, but quite at sea as to how he ing to the shining heap. was to set himself straight.
“No, no, keeper, you've nothing to “Wet, bain't 'ee, sir?” he said at last, do with it. You may give him the lines nodding at Tom's clothes.
though, Harry. I've left a note for “Dampish, keeper,” answered Tom ; your master on my dressing-table," Tom “I may as well go and change, the ser- said, turning to the footman, “let him vants will be up at the house by this have it at breakfast. I'm responsible time. Pick up the fish and come along. for him," nodding at Harry. “I shall You do up the lines, Harry."
be back in a'few hours, and now come The keeper and Harry performed their along." tasks, looking at one another out of the And, to the keeper's astonishment, corners of their eyes, like the terriers of Tom left the stable-yard, accompanied by rival butchers when the carts happen to Harry. stop suddenly in the street close to one They were scarcely out of hearing beanother. Tom watched them, mischiev- fore the stable-yard broke out into upously delighted with the fun, and then roarious laughter at the keeper's expense, led the way up to the house. When and much rude banter was inflicted on they came to the stable-yard he turned him for letting the poacher go. But to Harry, and said, “Stop here; I the keeper's mind for the moment was shan't be ten minutes ;” adding, in an full of other things. Disregarding their under tone, “Hold your tongue now;" remarks, he went on scratching his and then vanished through the back head, and burst out at last with, door, and, hurrying up to his room, “Dang un; I knows I should ha' changed as quickly as he could.
“Drow your grandmother," politely
At luncheon the rector was to be remarked one of the stablemen, an ac- sounded on the subject of the allotquaintance of Harry Winburn, who knew ments. But in the middle of their plans his repute as a wrestler.
they were startled 'by the news that a “I should, I tell’ee,” said the keeper magistrate's warrant had arrived in the as he stooped to gather up the fish, “and village for the arrest of Harry as a night to think as he should ha' gone off. poacher. Master 'll be like any wild beast when Tom returned to the Grange furious, he hears on't. Hows'mever, 'tis Mr. and before night had had a worse quarrel Brown's doin's. 'Tis a queer start for a with young Wurley than with his uncle gen'lman like he to be goin' off wi' a before him. Had duelling been in poacher chap, and callin' of un Harry. fashion still in England they would pro"Tis past me altogether. But I s'pose he bably have fought in a quiet corner of bain't right in ’s ’ead ;” and, so solilo- the park before night. As it was they quizing, he carried off the fish to the only said bitter things, and parted, kitchen.
agreeing not to know one another in Meantime, on their walk to Engle- future. bourn, Harry, in answer to Tom's in- Three days afterwards, at petty sessions, quiries, explained that in his absence where Tom brought upon himself the the stable-man, his acquaintance, had severe 'censure of the bench for his come up and begun to talk. The keeper conduct on the trial, Harry Winburn had joined in and accused him point was committed to Reading gaol for blank of being the man who had thrown three months. him into the furze bush. The story of Readers who will take the trouble to the keeper's discomfiture on that occasion remember the picture of our hero's being well known, a laugh had been mental growth during the past year, atraised in which Harry had joined. This tempted to be given in a late chapter, brought on a challenge to try a fall then and the state of restless dissatisfaction and there, which Harry had accepted, into which his experiences and thoughts notwithstanding his long morning's work and readings had thrown him by the and the ducking he had had. They time long vacation had come round again, laughed over the story, though Harry will perhaps be prepared for the catacould not help expressing his fears as to strophe which ensued on the conviction how it might all end. They reached and sentence of Harry Winburn at petty Englebourn in time for breakfast. Tom sessions. appeared at the rectory, and soon he and Hitherto, notwithstanding the strength Katie were on their old terms. She was of the new and revolutionary forces delighted to find that he had had an ex- which were mustering round it, there had planation with Harry Winburn, and that always been a citadel holding out in his there was some chance of bringing that mind, garrisoned by all that was best in sturdy offender once more back into the toryism in which he had been decent ways ;-more delighted perhaps brought up-by loyalty, reverence for to hear the way in which he spoke of established order and established instiPatty, to whom after breakfast she paid tutions; by family traditions, and the a visit, and returned in due time with pride of an inherited good name. But the unfortunate locket.
now the walls of that citadel went down Tom felt as if another coil of the with a crash, the garrison being put to chain he had tied about himself the sword, or making a way to hide in out had fallen off. He went out into the of the way corners, and wait for a revillage, consulted again with Harry, and action. returned to the rectory to consider what It was much easier for a youngster, steps were to be taken to get him work. whose attention was once turned to such Katie entered into the matter heartily, subjects as had been occupying Tom, to
notions in those days than now. The manry and poor law guardians, the great state of Europe generally was far more towns were in almost worst case. Here dead and hopeless. There were no wars, too emigration had not yet set in to thin certainly, and no expectations of wars. the labour market; wages were falling, But there was a dull, beaten-down, pent- and prices rising; the corn law struggle up feeling abroad, as if the lid were was better understood and far keener screwed down on the nations, and the than in the country; and Chartism was thing which had been, however cruel gaining force every day, and rising into and heavy and mean, was that which a huge threatening giant, waiting to put was to remain to the end. England was forth his strength, and eager for the ocbetter off than her neighbours, but yet casion which seemed at hand. in bad case.
In the south and west You generation of young Englishmen, particularly, several causes had combined who were too young then to be troubled to spread a very bitter feeling abroad with such matters, and have grown into amongst the agricultural poor. First manhood since, you little knowamongst these stood the new poor law, may you never know !—what it is the provisions of which were rigorously to be living the citizens of a divided carried out in most districts. The poor and distracted nation. For the time had as yet felt the harshness only of that danger is past. In a happy hour, the new system. Then the land was and so far as man can judge, in time, in many places in the hands of men and only just in time, came the repeal
their last legs, the old sporting of the corn laws, and the great cause farmers, who had begun business as of strife and the sense of injustice young men while the great war was passed away out of men's minds. The going on, had made money hand over nation was roused by the Irish famine, hand for a few years out of the war and the fearful distress in other parts prices, and had tried to go on living of the country, to begin looking steadily with greyhounds and yeomanry uniforms and seriously at some of the sores which -horse to ride and weapon to wear- were festering in its body, and underthrough the hard years which had fol- mining health and life. And so the lowed. These were bad masters in every tide had turned, and England had way, unthrifty, profligate, needy, and already passed the critical point, when narrow-minded. The younger men who 1848 came upon Christendom, and the were supplanting them were introducing whole of Europe leapt up into a wild machinery, threshing machines and win- blaze of revolution. nowing machines, to take the little bread Is any one still inclined to make which a poor man was still able to earn light of the danger that threatened out of the mouths of his wife and child- England in that year, to sneer at the ren-so at least the poor thought and 10th of April, and the monster petition, muttered to one another; and the mut- and the monster meetings on Kenningterings broke out every now and then ton and other commons ? Well, if there in the long nights of the winter months be such persons amongst my readers, I in blazing ricks and broken machines. can only say that they can have known Game preserving was on the increase. nothing of what was going on around Australia and America had not yet be- them and below them, at that time, and come familiar words in every English I earnestly hope that their vision has village, and the labour market was become clearer since then, and that they everywhere overstocked; and last, but are not looking with the same eyes that not least, the corn laws were still in see nothing, at the signs of to-day. For force, and the bitter and exasperating that there are questions still to be strife in which they went out was at its solved by us in England, in this current height. And while Swing and his myr- half-century, quite as likely to tear the midons were abroad in the counties, and nation in pieces as the corn laws, no could scarcely be kept down by yeo- man with half an eye in his head can doubt. They may seem little clouds into beliefs and notions, at which Mrs. like a man's hand on the horizon just Grundy and all decent people could now, but they will darken the whole only lift up eyes and hands in pious heaven before long unless we can find and respectable horror, and became, soon wisdom enough amongst us to take the after the incarceration of his friend for little clouds in hand in time, and make night poaching, little better than a phythem descend in soft rain.
sical force Chartist at the age
of twentyBut such matters need not be spoken In which unhappy condition we of here. All I want to do is to put my shall now have to take a look or two at younger readers in a position to under- him in future numbers. stand how it was that our hero fell away
To be continued.
TRADE SOCIETIES AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION.1
BY J. M. LUDLOW.
of opinion which exists. There are em
ployers who deem trade societies beneI SUPPOSE there is no subject on which ficial ; there are working men who it is so easy to find equally sincere and combat them with all their might. able men holding diametrically opposite The fact is, I take it, that trade soopinions,—none on which it is so easy cieties will be found, at some one place for the same men sincerely to pass from or time or the other, to have justified one extreme of opinion to the other, almost every most opposite opinion which as that of trade societies. No doubt has been held respecting them. They opinion runs on such a subject in great have been schools of assassination; they measure according to class, and varies have been schools of morality. They according to position. The workman is have promoted drunkenness; they have in favour of trade societies, the employer vigorously checked it. They have enis adverse to them; the strong trades- couraged laziness and bad work; they unionist who merges into the rank of have strenuously battled for solidity and an employer-witness Lovejoy the book- honest workmanship. They have been binder in Mr. Dunning's interesting ac- composed of the dregs of the trade ; they count of the Bookbinder's Trade Society have gathered together the pick of it
. (Report, p. 83. often becomes in turn They have been led by selfish and dethe strongest of anti-unionists; and pro- signing spouters; they have had for bably, if the passage from the position leaders the most virtuous men of the of employer to that of journeyman were class. They have thwarted the most not as rare as the inverse transformation benevolent employers ; they have been is frequent, the anti-unionist employer their best of friends, their main support of to-day would, if reduced to weekly against the unprincipled. They have wages, deem many an argument on be- promoted and organized strikes ; they half of trade societies weighty which he have kept the trade free from them now holds worthless. But class interests during the life-time of a generation. are far from accounting for the diversity And who, that knows what the work
ing classes of this country are to the Trade Societies and Strikes. Report of present day—how various in intelligence, the Committee on Trade Societies, appoiuted education, morality, manliness, from by the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, presented to the Fourth
trade to trade, from district to district, Annual Meeting of the Association, at Glas
from town to town,-ay, from one end