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must be still further taxed. It would any but an “Eton man in an Eton be most unjust to attribute this strange place.” parsimony either to laziness or selfish- It is not merely that, even under his ness; the fellows have, we believe, system, the supply of fit candidates spared neither trouble nor expense where barely equals the demand. The best the benefit of these would be reaped ex- scholarship will not compensate for the lusively by the collegers; but the defi- general narrowness produced by such a ciencies of a system are obvious, which selection, a narrowness tending to perthưs perniciously narrows the scope of petuate routine, however obsolete, and the best intentions.

oppose reforms, however desirable. That Let us now turn to the case of the there should be a preponderance among assistants. It is against them that the the assistants of Etonians, who can best heaviest complaints have been brought; understand and appreciate the system against their quality, their number, and under which they were trained, is their work.

natural and right; that all others should With regard to the first count there be excluded, unnatural and wrong. has been considerable exaggeration. It In the other two complaints, which, in is, no doubt, an evil that they should fact, amount to one—that the number all up to a late period have been taken of assistants is too small and consefrom a single college at Cambridge, and quently their work too great—there that a small one ; but no Cambridge appears to be more truth. They are led man would have questioned the classical to take so many private pupils, that they reputation of King's. Obscure it may be cannot give to each 'the attention that called, as it made no appearance in the the parents have a right to expect. This class lists, and was so much cut off from probably arises, as we before observed, the rest of the university; but a slight from the fact that this “private busireference to the list of university scholar- ness," as it is called, is the only ships and prizes in the Cambridge ca- lucrative part of an assistant's work. lendar—the only honours formerly open No doubt, Dr. Goodford has done much to King's men—will speedily place its by making a rule, that no new master merits on their true footing.

The shall have more than forty pupils ; but Triposes were, a few years ago, thrown we wish he had put the limit lower, open to the King's men; and, though it and made the rule apply to all. We was some little time before they entered sympathize with his motives in not diswith alacrity into the novel competition, turbing old masters who had already they are now bidding fair to stand more; but it does seem a peculiarly insecond to none in classics, as the classical appropriate application of the principle Tripos list for 1860 shows. Here of vested interests. If the limit was a find four King's men, out of the six who lower one, say thirty, there would be went in, in a first class consisting of about five more assistants required, and eleven, two of these four being first the incomes of all would be diminished : and fourth. The size, however, of to compensate, we would propose an the college is quite inadequate to increased rate of payment for schoolthe supply of masters to a school like work, which would also remedy the Eton ; which Dr. Goodford has seen, already noticed inequality in the ratio and consequently introduced the prin- of the two kinds of payment. This ciple of selecting indifferently out of might be easily done if a portion of the the whole number of old Etonians. We

money now absorbed by the fellows hope, however, that he will go further were set free; but, as long as the system than this, and do away with all remains unaltered, there is no chance of it. restriction of choice altogether--that But, further, supposing the new masters he will not be bound by the irrational procured, where are they to be lodged ? prejudice which, grotesquely parodying Here again the obstructiveness of the



would require a new house with a pupil- deeply regret, if what we have said room; and it is well known that every should cause pain to any one, but we available house at Eton, within the nar- have thought it best to speak plainly. row bounds that the authorities pre- We believe that the actual fellows of scribe, is occupied. Now a large part of Eton are entitled to our highest respect; the land within these bounds is the

pro- which, of course, only makes our case perty of the College. Is there any hope stronger. It only shows the univerthat they will swerve from the principles sality of the rule that men are sure to on which they have hitherto gone?- injuriously influenced by being viz. not to enlarge the bounds, not to placed in unfortunate relations. Few build, and not to give any facilities for men, suddenly transferred from a sphere building Everyone knows what a of confined drudgery to 1,0001. a year, ruinous speculation house-building is, and nothing to do, would be likely to when undertaken without a large supply become useful members of society. Few of experience and capital; and can sym- men, who had grown old within a narrow pathize with any Eton master who may circle of traditions, would avoid overhave his net income considerably dimi- estimating their value; and few men, nished, and his anxieties increased, by with these and other disabling circumbeing tempted to engage in it without stances, would be likely to make good these qualifications.

governors to a school like Eton, which, Such work is exactly that which this more than any other, ought to keep wealthy unoccupied corporation is called pace with the advance of the

age. That upon to undertake; and we cannot but a Royal Commission will be called for, regret that its principles or prejudices sooner or later, to revise the Eton conlead it to throw this work on the shoul- stitution, we do not doubt; we only ders of busy individuals.

hope that it may be sooner rather Again, Sir J. Coleridge draws, with than later. When it is appointed, perhaps unconscious irony, the follow- the first thing it will have to consider ing ideal of what might take place, if will be whether the fellowships are to the assistants had less drudgery, and exist at all in their present state ; and more time for self-cultivation, and could if so, whether their value, their numhold reunions for mutual converse and ber, the work attached to them, and the counsel. “I presume,” he says, share they confer in the government of movement

their part

the school, are to be left unaltered. " would be met in a congenial and Of course, an obvious suggestion is,

co-operative spirit by the higher that some additional definite work should "authorities; the college library should be given them ; but it is hard to see how “ be thrown open

to them—there this is to be done. Even the function “ could be no better place for their of preaching in chapel which they at “ meetings—and they should be ad- present fulfil, seems hardly adapted for “mitted into free and friendly council them. Dr. Arnold's view— now gene“ in whatever improvement was con- rally acted upon—was that the head

templated for school or college.” We master should be also the preacher; and dare say that the Eton fellows ignore, as this plan, if occasionally sermons from a body, the assistants, out of whom they assistants are admitted, is surely the . have immediately risen. We know that best. The difficult task of influencing they have refused, though solicited, to boy-nature through sermons can only be admit them to the college library; and well performed by those who are that the most Utopian assistant, would brought into daily contact with their not, in his wildest moments, dream of hearers. And as to anything else, being admitted to “free and friendly when Sir John Coleridge suggests council," &c.

that the fellows should conduct the We must now close our remarks on half yearly examinations, and also imthis part of the subject. We should prove the boys' minds by lecturing on

" that

“ such




general subjects of interest, we cannot The decline is to agreat measure only comhelp feeling that his mind has entirely parative, being due to the improvement wandered from the dull reality in pur- effected in the foundation by throwing it suit of a pleasing ideal. Any attempt open to competitive examination; but it of this sort would, we think, only make is also positive, we fear, to some extent. the need of a radical change more keenly Sir J. Coleridge is disposed to attribute felt. When this time of change comes, it vaguely to general neglect. But two

. every respect will be paid-it always is definite causes can be assigned for it:

-to vested interests; but we hope that first, the want of any incentive for the no inopportune reverence for obsolete oppidans to work, while the collegers forms, and the letter of the founder's have their progress continually tested will, may prevent the utmost being by successive examinations, up to the done to make Eton more fit for the time of their leaving the school; secondly, glorious work she has undertaken-that the fact that the concentrating into one of educating the aristocracy of England. body, separate from the rest of the

We have not yet spoken of the pro- school, talent and application above the vost; and we have not indeed much to say average, tends to injure these qualities about him. The most ruthless reformer

among the rest, by forming a contrast could not have the heart to prevent the between talent and application on realisation of the charming picture, which the one hand, and wealth, rank, and Sir J. Coleridge draws of him; nor idleness on the other; and this contrast need the most conscientious one object itself, when once formed, tends perto a single sinecure, of this kind, in the petually to increase. With regard to gift of the Crown, which might always the first of these causes, two remebe so well bestowed. One likes to dies may be suggested : first, the founthink of some old diplomatist or states- dation of exhibitions for the oppidans, man, world-worn and longing for retire- to be held at school. These exhibitions ment, here devoting himself to study, must evidently be considered merely and to the infusion of a new and cheer- as honours and rewards of merit, and ing element into the social life of Eton. not at all as charities, or their effect will There would always be many an old be neutralised. Next, the prizes for Etonian--perhaps one who, though essays, poems, &c. may be made more

, earnest and talented, had not been tho- operative as a stimulus to work, by roughly successful in the great struggle giving them more publicity, and more of the world—who would thankfully éclat. A simple method of doing this hail this opportunity of returning to would be to publish the successful comdwell in the lovely and beloved spot, positions, as is done at the universities, where he might quietly, and without and at some schools. The second cause effort, be of so much real service.1 seems to show that the reforms of the

There is one more point deserving foundation, most commendable in themespecial notice. It is the fact, observed selves, have not produced unmingled with regret by several old Etonians, that good. It is hard to see how to remedy the scholastic attainments of the oppi- it thoroughly, except by doing away dans, as compared with the collegers, altogether with “ college,” as it now have lately so markedly declined. To exists, i.e. by transforming it into a inquire into the causes of this, and to number of scholarships, perfectly open attempt its removal, would be among the (so that the stigma, to which boys are first duties of any revising Commission. peculiarly sens

peculiarly sensitive, of receiving charity, i It is interesting to be told that the sad

might be removed), and by destroying dened and humbled spirit of the fallen Bacon as much as possible the social separayearned after this office. Had King James tion that now exists between foundagranted his request, it would have derived

tioners and non-foundationers. It will fresh lustre, from the most signal instance on record of fame lost in the forum and won

of course be said, that it would be throw them open to the rich; but of keeping the boys out of mischief, practically it is found in similar cases, we may be sure that it will soon that they are only even apparently become, as such, quite inoperative. wasted to a very slight extent. For, We are told that education is not inamong the educated classes, the poor are struction; and no doubt the spectacle so much more numerous than the rich, of an instructed but uneducated manand work, on the whole, so much harder, what is called a mere scholar-is most that they will always carry off more than lamentable. But instruction-undernine-tenths of the rewards of talent and taken as a reality and not a farce—is application, if impartially given; and the an indispensable element in every eduvast advantage accruing both to rich and cation : a truism which fathers who poor, from this equality and universality are men of the world, and even the of competition, would many times muscular and social among the educacompensate the apparent waste. The tors themselves, are sometimes in danger parallel case of the universities naturally of forgetting. We have heard Eton occurs to the mind. Every university praised for the democratic spirit that man will feel how much it would neu- exists among the boys. The praise is tralise the beneficial effect of a founda- perfectly just in a certain sense : but tion to exclude the rich from it, and the prevailing tone in Eton, as in other how bad a strongly marked social

public schools, may be better described separation between the scholars and as that of a broad-bottomed oligarchycommoners of a college would be for an oligarchy, of course, paying no reboth classes. The present system at spect to the ranks, as such, of the outer Eton also fosters the too prevalent world. Whether this oligarchy is based notion that the sons of the rich are upon right principles or not, is a quesr:eally sent to school for other reasons, tion of the deepest importance for the than to learn what the school professes school. Let us trust that it may always to teach. We cannot imagine a more be so at Eton, and that there physical pernicious belief: especially as the strength, gymnastic skill, and social attempt to keep it concealed from

talents, may ever yield in influence to the boys themselves is always fu- real intellectual pre-eminence and deep tile. If the parents look upon the earnestness of character. school instruction simply as a


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told you at once, had you happened to meet them, and enquire on the subject during the previous ten days, that

Brook Street was the place in which On the night which our hero spent by everybody who went anywhere ought to the side of the river, with the results spend some hours between eleven and detailed in the last chapter, there was a three on this particular evening. If great ball in Brook Street, Mayfair. It you did not happen to be going there, was the height of the season ; and, of you had better stay quietly at your club, course, balls, concerts, and parties of all or elsewhere, and not speak of your enkinds were going on in all parts of the gagements for that night. Great Babylon, but the entertainment A great awning had sprung up

in in question was the event of that evening. the course of the day over the pavePersons behind the scenes would have ment in front of the door, and


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the evening closed in, tired lawyers “He cannot get on faster, my dear. and merchants, on their return from the The carriages in front of us must set City, and the riders and drivers on their down, you know."

” way home from the park, might have “But I wish they would be quicker. seen Holland's men laying red drugget I wonder whether we shall know many over the pavement, and Gunter's carts people ? Do you think I shall get coming and going, and the police partners ?” “moving on" the street boys and servant- Not waiting for her mother's reply, maids, and other curious members of the she went on to name some of her masses, who paused to stare at the pre- acquaintance, whom she knew would be parations.

there, and bewailing the hard fate which Then came the lighting up of the was keeping her out of the first dances. rooms, and the blaze of pure white Mary's excitement and impatience were light from the uncurtained ball-room natural enough. The ball was not like windows spread into the street, and the most balls. It was a great battle in the musicians passed in with their instru

midst of the skirmishes of the season, ments. Then, after a short pause, the and she felt the greatness of the occacarriages of a few intimate friends, who sion. came early at the hostess's express desire,

Mr. and Mrs. Porter had for years began to drive up, and the Hansom cabs past dropped into a quiet sort of dinnerof the contemporaries of the eldest son, giving life, in which they saw few but from which issued guardsmen and their own friends and contemporaries. Foreign-office men, and other dancing. They generally left London before the youth of the most approved description. season was at its height, and had alThen the crowd collected again round together fallen out of the ball-giving the door-a sadder crowd now to the and party-going world. Mary's coming eye of any one who has time to look at out had changed their way of life. For it; with sallow, haggard-looking men her sake they had spent the winter at here and there on the skirts of it, and Rome, and, now that they were at home tawdry women joking and pushing to again, were picking up the threads of the front, througb the powdered foot- old acquaintance, and encountering the men, and linkmen in red waistcoats, disagreeables of a return into habits already clamorous and redolent of gin long disused and almost forgotten. The and beer, and scarcely kept back by the giver of the ball was a stirring man in half-dozen constables of the A division, political life, rich, clever, well connected, told off for the special dutyofattending and and much sought after. He was an old keeping orderon so important an occasion. schoolfellow of Mr. Porter's, and their

Then comes a rush of carriages, and by intimacy had never been wholly lai eleven o'clock the line stretches away half aside, notwithstanding the severance of round Grosvenor Square, and moves at a their paths in life. Now that Mary foot's-pace towards the lights, and the must be taken out, the Brook Street music, and the shouting street. In the house was one of the first to which the middle of the line is the comfortable Porters turned, and the invitation to chariot of our friend, Mr. Porter—the this ball was one of the first consecorners occupied by himself and his

quences. wife, while Miss Mary sits well forward If the truth must be told, neither her between them, her white muslin dress father or mother were in sympathy with looped up with sprigs of heather spread Mary as they gradually neared the place delicately on either side over their knees, of setting down, and would far rather and herself in a pleasant tremor of im- have been going to a much less imposing patience and excitement.

place, where they could have driven up “How very slow Robert is to-day, at once to the door, and would not have mamma! we shall never get to the been made uncomfortable by the shout


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